Ƴancin Ƙungiya da Kariya na Haƙƙin Shirya Yarjejeniya

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Infotaula d'esdevenimentƳancin Ƙungiya da Kariya na Haƙƙin Shirya Yarjejeniya
C087
Iri International Labour Organization Convention (en) Fassara
Wuri San Francisco
Applies to jurisdiction (en) Fassara Guernsey

[1]Yancin Ƙungiya da Kariya na Haƙƙin Shirya Yarjejeniya (1948) No 87 Yarjejeniya ce ta Ƙungiyar Kwadago ta Duniya, kuma ɗaya daga cikin yarjejeniyoyin takwas waɗanda ke zama tushen dokar aiki ta ƙasa da ƙasa, kamar yadda sanarwar da aka fassara a kan mahimman ka'idoji da haƙƙoƙin aiki.[2][3][1]

Abun ciki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

'Yancin Ƙungiya da Kare Haƙƙin Shirya Yarjejeniya ya ƙunshi jigon da ke biye da sashe huɗu tare da jimilar labarai guda 21. Gabatarwar ta ƙunshi gabatar da kayan aikin na yau da kullun, a taro na talatin da ɗaya na babban taron ƙungiyar ƙwadago ta duniya, a ranar 17 ga Yuni na shekara ta 1948. Sanarwar "la'akari" da ke haifar da kafa daftarin aiki. Wadannan la'akari sun hada da gabatarwar kundin tsarin mulkin kungiyar kwadago ta duniya ; tabbatar da sanarwar Philadelphia game da batun; da bukatar da Babban taron Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya yi, bayan amincewa da rahoton da aka samu a baya na shekara ta 1947, na "ci gaba da duk wani kokari domin a iya yin amfani da Yarjejeniyar kasa da kasa daya ko dayawa." A cikin rufewa, gabatarwar ta bayyana ranar da aka ɗauka: Yuli 9, 1948.

Sashe na 1 ya ƙunshi labarai goma waɗanda ke fayyace haƙƙoƙin ma'aikaci da ma'aikata don "shiga ƙungiyoyin da suka zaɓa ba tare da izini na baya ba." Hakanan ana ba wa ƙungiyoyin kansu haƙƙin tsara dokoki da tsarin mulki, zaɓen jami'ai, da tsara ayyukan gudanarwa ba tare da tsangwama daga hukumomin gwamnati ba. Har ila yau, akwai tsayuwar tsammanin da aka sanya akan waɗannan ƙungiyoyin. Ana buƙatar su, wajen aiwatar da waɗannan haƙƙoƙin, su mutunta dokar ƙasa. Hakanan, dokar ƙasa, "ba za ta kasance kamar tawaya ba, kuma ba za a yi amfani da ita ba don lalata, garantin da aka tanadar a cikin wannan Yarjejeniyar." A karshe, labarin na 9 ya bayyana cewa, wadannan tanade-tanaden ana amfani da su ne a kan rundunonin soji da na ‘yan sanda kawai kamar yadda dokokin kasa da ka’idojin kasa suka tsara, kuma ba su maye gurbin dokokin kasa da suka gabata wadanda ke nuna hakkoki iri daya na irin wadannan dakarun ba. Mataki na 1 ya ce duk membobin ILO dole ne su aiwatar da wadannan tanade-tanade.

Sashe na 2 ya bayyana cewa kowane memba na ILO ya yunƙura don tabbatar da "dukkan matakan da suka dace kuma masu dacewa don tabbatar da cewa ma'aikata da masu daukan ma'aikata na iya amfani da 'yancin tsarawa kyauta ." An faɗaɗa wannan jumla a cikin Yarjejeniyar Haƙƙin Tsara da Haɗin Kai, 1949 .

Sashe na 3, wanda ya ƙunshi labarai na 12 da 13, ya yi magana ne kan batutuwan fasaha da suka shafi Yarjejeniyar. Ya zayyana ma'anar wanda zai iya karɓa (tare da ko ba tare da gyara ba), ko ƙin yarda da wajibcin wannan Yarjejeniyar dangane da "yankin da ba na birni ba", wanda ikon mulkin kansa ya mamaye wannan yanki. Har ila yau, ya tattauna hanyoyin bayar da rahoto don gyaggyarawa sanarwar da ta gabata game da karɓar waɗannan wajibai. Sashe na 4 yana zayyana hanyoyin tabbatar da Yarjejeniyar a hukumance. An ayyana Yarjejeniyar za ta fara aiki watanni goma sha biyu daga ranar da aka sanar da Darakta-Janar na amincewa da kasashe biyu. Wannan kwanan wata ya zama Yulin 4, shekara ta1950, shekara guda bayan Norway (wanda Sweden ta rigaya) ta amince da Yarjejeniyar. Sashe na 4 ya kuma fayyace tanade-tanade don yin Allah wadai da Yarjejeniyar, gami da zagayen wajibci na shekaru goma. Tattaunawa ta ƙarshe tana ba da haske kan hanyoyin da za su gudana a yayin da a ƙarshe aka maye gurbin Yarjejeniyar da sabon Yarjejeniya, gabaɗaya, ko wani sashi.

Amincewa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Amincewa da yarjejeniyar

Ya zuwa watan Oktoban shekara ta 2020, guda 155 daga cikin 187 membobin ILO sun amince da yarjejeniyar su ne kamar haka:[4]

Country Date
Flag of Albania.svg Albaniya June 3, 1957
Flag of Algeria.svg Aljeriya November 19, 1962
Flag of Angola.svg Angola June 13, 2001
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda February 2, 1983
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina January 18, 1960
Flag of Armenia.svg Armeniya January 2, 2006
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Asturaliya February 28, 1973
Flag of Austria.svg Austriya November 18, 1950
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan May 19, 1992
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas June 14, 2001
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladash June 22, 1972
Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados May 8, 1967
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus (as the Byelorussian SSR) November 6, 1956
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Beljik November 23, 1951
Flag of Belize.svg Belize December 15, 1983
Flag of Benin.svg Benin December 12, 1960
Flag of Bolivia (state).svg Bolibiya January 4, 1965
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Herzegovina June 2, 1993
Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana December 22, 1997
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgairiya June 8, 1959
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina faso November 21, 1960
Flag of Burundi.svg Burundi June 25, 1993
Flag of Cambodia.svg Kambodiya August 23, 1999
Flag of Cameroon.svg Kameru June 7, 1960
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Kanada March 23, 1972
Flag of Cape Verde.svg Cabo Verde February 1, 1999
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Jamhuriyar Afirka ta Tsakiya October 27, 1960
Flag of Chad.svg Cadi November 10, 1960
Flag of Chile.svg Chile February 2, 1999
Flag of Colombia.svg Kolombiya November 16, 1976
Flag of the Comoros.svg Komoros October 23, 1978
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Jamhuriyar Kwango November 10, 1960
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Jamhuriyar dimokuradiyya Kwango June 20, 2001
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica June 2, 1960
Template:Country data Côte d'Ivoire November 21, 1960
Flag of Croatia.svg Kroatiya October 8, 1991
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba June 25, 1952
Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus May 24, 1966
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic January 1, 1993
Flag of Denmark (state).svg Kingdom of Denmark (en) Fassara June 13, 1951
Flag of Djibouti.svg Jibuti August 3, 1978
Flag of Dominica.svg Dominica February 28, 1983
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic December 5, 1956
Flag of East Timor.svg Timor-Leste June 16, 2009
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador May 29, 1967
Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt November 6, 1957
Flag of El Salvador.svg Salvador September 6, 2006
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Gini Ikwatoriya August 13, 2001
Flag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea February 22, 2000
Flag of Estonia.svg Istoniya March 22, 1994
Flag of Ethiopia.svg Habasha June 4, 1963
Flag of Fiji.svg Fiji April 17, 2002
Flag of Finland.svg Finland January 20, 1950
Flag of France (1794–1815, 1830–1974, 2020–present).svg Faransa June 28, 1951
Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon November 14, 1960
Flag of The Gambia.svg Gambia September 4, 2000
{{country data Georgia}} August 3, 1999
Flag of Germany.svg Jamus March 20, 1957
Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana June 2, 1965
Flag of Greece.svg Greek March 30, 1962
Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada October 25, 1994
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala (ƙasa) February 13, 1952
Flag of Guinea.svg Gine January 21, 1959
Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana September 25, 1967
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti June 5, 1979
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Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint Lucia May 14, 1980
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Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen August 29, 1976
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Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Dokokin aiki na duniya
  • Sanarwa Akan Ƙa'idodi na Musamman da Haƙƙin Aiki
  • Dokar aiki ta Burtaniya

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  2. Ratifications of C087 - Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention, 1948 (No. 87)
  3. The time allocated for running scripts has expired.
  4. Resource: International Labour Organization, ILO. [1]

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]