Ahmed Deedat

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Ahmed Deedat
Ahmed Dedat.png
Personal
Haihuwa
Ahmed Hoosen Deedat[1]

(1918-07-01)1 Yuli 1918
Surat, Bombay, India a karkashin mulkin turawa
Mutuwa 8 Ogusta 2005(2005-08-08) (shekaru 87)
Verulam, KwaZulu-Natal, Afirka ta kudu
Makwanci Verulam cemetery
Addini Musulunci
Reshan addini Sunna
Kwarewa Da'awah
Faƙihi

Marubuci
Senior posting
Lamban girma King Faisal International Prize (1986)
Aiki Da'awah
Faƙihi

Marubuci
Yanar gizo www.ahmed-deedat.net
Ahmed Deedat
Shekaran tashe 1942–1996
Shahara akan Kiran kiristoci


Ahmed Hoosen Deedat (an haife shi a ranar 1ga watan Yuli shekarar 1918 ya mutu a ranar 8 ga watan Augustan shekarar 2005) Marubucin kasar Afirka ta Kudu, kuma mai magana da yawun jama'ar musulmi, shi dan asalin kasar Indiya ne . [2] [3] wanda aka fi sani a matsayin Musulmi mai da'awa zuwa ga musulunci ta hanyar kiran Kiristoci, an gudanar da dayawan karatun shi a gidajen talabijin dana rediyo a fadin duniya, jama'a suna taruwa domin kallan muhawarar sa, daga ciki harda muhawar da yayi tare da wani shahararran Kirista mai suna IkklesiyoyinIkklesiyoyin, wanda bishop ne, kazalika akwai bidiyoyi na lak'cocin Chouch shi a kan Musulunci, Kiristanci, da kuma Littafi Mai Tsarki. Deedat ya kafa kungiyar IPCI, wata kungiyar wa'azi ce ta duniya, kuma ta rubuta littattafai da yawa da'aka rarraba kan Musulunci da Kiristanci. An ba shi lambar yabo ta kasa da kasa ta Sarki Faisal a 1986 saboda shekaru hamsin na aikin da'awa, Ya yi rubutu da lakca a harshen Turanci. [4]

Farkon rayuwa 1918-1942[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Deedat a garin Tadkeshwar, Surat, Bombay, Biritaniya ta Indiya a wancan lokacin a shekarar 1918. Mahaifinsa ya yi ƙaura zuwa Afirka ta Kudu jim kaɗan bayan haihuwar sa, a lokacin yana ɗan shekara 9, Deedat ya bar Indiya don ya haɗu da mahaifinsa a cikin yankin da ake kira Kwazulu-Natal a yanzu . Mahaifiyarsa ta mutu ne kawai 'yan watanni bayan tafiyarsa. Lokacin da ya isa Afirka ta Kudu, Deedat ya himmatu a bangaran karatun sa, ya shawo kan matsalar yaren kuma ya yi fice a makaranta, har ma ya sami ci gaba har sai da kammala, a lokacin yana da misalin shekara 6. Koyaya, saboda larurar kuɗi, dole ya bar makaranta ya fara aiki tun yana ɗan shekara 16.

A shekara ta 1936, yayin da yake aikin sayar da kayan daki, ya hadu da wasu gungun masu da'awar Kristanci, a wata makarantar hauza ta kiristoci da ke gabar tekun Natal ta Kudu, a yayin kokarinsu na sauya mutane daga addinin musulinci, sukan zargi Annabin Islama Muhammad da cewa “ya yi amfani da takobi” kawo mutane zuwa ga Musulunci, Irin wadannan zarge-zargen sun bata wa Deedat rai kuma ya haifar da sha'awan kiran mutane zuwa ga addinin musulunci kwatankwacin su. [1]

Deedat ya daɗa himma sosai a cikin bahasin addini bayan da ya ci karo da littafin Izhar ul-Haqq ( Bayyanar da Gaskiya ), [5] wanda Rahmatullah Kairanawi ya rubuta, yayin da yake ta faman karanta littattafai. [6] Wannan littafin ya bada labarin kokarin mishan mishan a Indiya karni daya da suka gabata. Littafin ya yi tasiri sosai a kan Deedat, wanda ya sayi Baibul kuma ya yi muhawara da tattaunawa tare da masu wa’azi a ƙasashen waje, waɗanda a da ya kasa amsa tambayoyinsu. [7]

Ya fara halartar azuzuwan karatun addinin Islama wanda wani musulmin yankin mai suna Mista Fairfax ya gudanar. Ganin sanannun karatun, Mista Fairfax ya ba da damar karantar da wani karin bayani a kan Baibul da yadda za a yi wa Kiristocin wa’azi game da Musulunci. [8] Ba da daɗewa ba bayan haka, Fairfax ya ja da baya kuma Deedat, a wannan batun masani ne sosai game da Baibul, ya karɓi aikin koyar da aji, wanda ya yi shekara uku. [9] Deedat bai taɓa samun horo a hukumance a matsayin malamin Musulmi ba.

Aikin da'wa na farko 1942-1956[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Karatun farko na Deedat, mai taken "Muhammad: Messenger of Peace", an gabatar da shi ne a 1942 ga masu sauraron mutane goma sha biyar a silima ta Durban mai suna Avalon Cinema. [10]

Babbar motar aikin mishan da Deedat yayi shine 'Shiryayyun balaguro' na Masallacin Jumma a Durban . Babban Masallacin Jumma ya kasance babban wuri mai ban sha'awa a cikin garin Durban mai daɗin shakatawa. An kirkiro wani shiri na cin abincin rana, jawabai da bayar da kyauta don baiwa dimbin masu yawon bude ido na duniya abin da galibi ke musu kallon Islama. Deedat da kansa yana ɗaya daga cikin jagororin, ya karɓi baƙuwar yawon buɗe ido tare da gabatar da addinin Islama da alaƙar sa da Kiristanci.

A cikin 1949, Deedat ya ƙaura zuwa Pakistan tare da iyalinsa ya zauna a Karachi shekara uku. [11] A cewar wata hira da aka yi da shi a Gidan Talabijin na Pakistan, ya kasance mai goyon bayan ra'ayin kafa kasar Musulunci. [11]

IPCI da as-Salaam 1956–1986[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Daga cikin manyan abokan Deedat akwai Goolam Hoosein Vanker da Taahir Rasool, waɗanda da yawa ke kiransu da 'gwarzayen da ba a san su ba a aikin Deedat'. A shekarar 1957, wadannan mutane uku suka kafa Cibiyar Yada Addinin Musulunci ta Kasa da Kasa (IPCI) da nufin buga littattafai daban-daban kan addinin Musulunci tare da bayar da ajujuwa ga sabbin Musulmai da suka musulunta. Shekarar mai zuwa Deedat ya kafa makarantar hauza ta islamiyya mai suna As-Salaam Educational Institute akan kyautar 75 acres (30 ha) yanki wanda yake a Braemar a kudancin lardin Natal. [12] Gwajin bai yi nasara ba, saboda, rashin karfi da rashin kudi na IPC, kuma kungiyar Matasan Musulmin Afirka ta Kudu ta karbe shi a shekarar 1973. Deedat sannan ya dawo zuwa Durban kuma ya faɗaɗa ayyukan IPC. [13]

Yunkuri[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A farkon 1980s aikin Ahmed Deedat ya fara zama sananne a wajen ƙasarsa ta Afirka ta Kudu. Bayanansa a duniya ya karu a 1986, lokacin da ya sami lambar yabo ta Sarki Faisal saboda ayyukansa ga Musulunci a fagen Dawah (aikin mishan na Musulunci). [14] Sakamakon haka, Deedat yana ɗan shekara 66, ya fara shekaru goma yana yawon buɗe ido a duniya. Yawon shakatawa ya hada da:

  • Saudi Arabia da Misira (a lokuta da yawa)
  • United Kingdom (a lokuta da dama tsakanin 1985 da 1988, da Switzerland a 1987)[ana buƙatar hujja]
  • Pakistan, inda Deedat ya sadu da Zia al-Haq [15]
  • UAE da tsibirin Maldives (Nuwamba – Disamba 1987), inda Shugaba Maumoon Abdul Gayoom [15]
  • Amurka (ƙarshen 1986 wanda ke nuna muhawara tare da Swaggart, Robert Douglas da laccoci da yawa ciki har da biyu a Arizona)
  • Sweden da Denmark (ƙarshen 1991, wanda ke nuna muhawara uku)
  • Amurka da Kanada (1994, yawon shakatawa da ke nuna muhawara a Kanada da laccoci a Chicago)
  • Ostiraliya (yawon shakatawa na ƙarshe a farkon 1996, gab da bugun jini)

A gefe guda kuma, Deedat ya sami kakkausar suka daga kungiyoyin Musulmai masu sassaucin ra'ayi a Afirka ta Kudu wadanda suka ji yana wakiltar Musulunci ba daidai ba kuma ba ya haƙuri da mutanen wasu addinai, ciki har da Kiristoci, Hindu, Yahudawa da Jains. Sau da yawa a kowane wata na mujallar Muslim Digest na Afirka ta Kudu (Yuli, Agusta, Satumba, Oktoba) a 1986 kusan duka an sadaukar da sukar matsayin Deedat da "ayyukansa masu haɗari iri-iri". [16]

Matsaloli sun taso bayan bugawa Daga Daga Hindu zuwa Islama (1987), suka game da imani da ayyukan Hindu. [17] Daga cikin wasu, Deedat ya soki mabiya addinin Hindu na Afirka ta Kudu saboda yin addu'a ga gumakansu daban-daban kuma a sauƙaƙe ya juya zuwa Kiristanci. 'Yan Hindu da Kiristoci sun girmama fasaharsa da maganganunsa har zuwa lokacin. Amma yanzu, sun ƙi Deedat kuma sun haɗa kai da sauran ƙungiyoyin musulmin Afirka ta Kudu wajen yin tir da harin da yake yi wa wasu addinai. Shekaru biyu bayan haka, yahudawa suka shiga suka bayan Deedat ya buga Larabawa da Isra'ila - Rikici ko Sulhu? [17]

A cikin 1988, biyo bayan buga littafin kirkirarren labari na Salman Rushdie The Shaidan Shafan, Deedat ya goyi bayan fatawar Ayatollah Khomeini da ke kira ga mutuwar Rushdie. Ya ce Rushdie "munafuki ne kuma ya zagi mutane masu tsarki. Kada a gafarta masa. ” [18]

A rangadinsa na karshe zuwa Ostiraliya, sanarwar da Deedat ya gabatar ya sa Franca Arena, memba a Majalisar Dokoki ta gwamnatin New South Wales yin sharhi a jawabinta game da wariyar launin fata:

Rashin lafiya da ajali[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A ranar 3 ga Mayu, 1996, Ahmed Deedat ya kamu da bugun jini wanda ya sa ya shanye daga wuya zuwa ƙasa saboda haɗarin jijiyoyin bugun jini da ya shafi ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwar, ya bar shi ya kasa magana ko haɗiyewa. An wuce da shi zuwa asibitin kwararru na Sarki Faisal da ke Riyadh, inda aka ba da rahoton cewa ya kasance a faɗake. Ya koyi yin magana ta hanyar motsawar ido ta hanyar jadawalin yadda zai kirkiro kalmomi da jumloli ta hanyar yarda da wasiƙun da aka karanta masa.

Ya kwashe shekaru tara na rayuwarsa a gado a gidansa a Afirka ta Kudu, wanda matarsa, Hawa Deedat ke kula da shi, yana ƙarfafa mutane su shiga Da'awah (musuluntar da musulinci). Ya karɓi ɗaruruwan wasiƙu na tallafi daga ko'ina cikin duniya, kuma baƙi na cikin gida da na ƙasashen waje sun ci gaba da ziyartarsa da yi masa godiya kan aikinsa. [19]

A 8 ga watan Agusta 2005, Ahmed Deedat ya mutu a gidansa a kan Titin Trevennen a Verulam a lardin KwaZulu-Natal . An binne shi a makabartar Verulam. Hawa Deedat ta mutu a ranar Litinin 28 ga Agusta 2005 tana da shekara 85 a gidansu. [20] Ismail ibn Musa Menk ne ya jagoranci sallar jana’izar tasa.

Rubutu da jawabai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ta hanyar tallafi daga ƙasashen yankin Tekun Fasha, Deedat ya buga kuma aka samar da ɗumbin bookan littattafai masu girman dabino da ke kan manyan jigogi masu zuwa. Mafi yawan laccocin Deedat da yawa, da kuma yawancin maganganun nasa a zahiri, suna mai da hankali ne a kan waɗannan maudu'in. Sau da yawa wannan jigo ɗaya yana da laccocin bidiyo da yawa don darajarsa, an kawo su a lokuta daban-daban da wurare daban-daban.

  • Littafi Mai Tsarki Kalmar Allah ce?
  • Abin da Littafi Mai Tsarki Ya Faɗi Game da Muhammadu.
  • Kitaddamar da Kit ɗin Game da Againwaƙan Baibul.
  • Gicciye ko Cruci-almara?
    • da yawa kananun taken-zagaye kan takamaiman fannoni na Gicciyen
  • Muhammadu: Magajin Halitta na Kristi.
  • Kristi a Islama
  • Muhammad Mafi Girma.
  • Al-Kur'ani Mu'ujizar Al'ajibai

Amfani da shahararsa a Gabas ta Tsakiya biyo bayan karɓar lambar yabo ta Sarki Faisal, Deedat ya sami tallafi don buga tarin littattafai huɗu na shahararrun littattafansa. Kwafin 10,000 na wannan littafin mai suna Zabi: Musulunci da Kiristanci an fara buga su ne a watan Afrilu 1993; [21] wannan littafin ya shahara sosai a cikin 1990s, ana samun shi kyauta a yawancin mishaneri da yawa a Arewacin Amurka. Bayan haka, gidajen buga takardu da yawa sun ba da ƙarin bugawa, kuma a cikin shekaru biyu an sake buga wasu kofi 250,000 a cikin bugawa da yawa a duk Gabas ta Tsakiya.

Daga baya, kundin rubutu na biyu mai taken Zaɓi: Juzu'i na biyu wanda ke ɗauke da ƙarin letsan littattafan Deedat shida. Deedat ya kuma tallata buga Afirka ta Kudu mai fassarar Alkur'ani Mai Girma wanda Abdullahi Yusuf Ali ya yi tare da sharhi da cikakken bayani. An sayar da wannan ko'ina cikin kuɗin tallafi ga jama'a, kuma galibi ana ambatarsa a cikin maganganun Deedat.

Deedat ya kuma samar da wani ɗan littafi mai taken "Al-Qur'ani: Babban Mu'ujiza" wanda ke dauke da ka'idar 'Lambar 19' wanda wani masanin ilimin kwamfuta na Masar Dakta Rashad Khalifa ya yada . Koyaya, an cire wannan ɗan littafin bayan Dakta Khalifa ya bayyana wasu imani masu rikitarwa, gami da kin amincewa da gabaɗaya littattafan Hadisi na Islama.

Salan da'awa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cewar wani masanin, Brian Larkin, " Da'awar Deedat iri ce iri. Ba shi da abin cewa game da kuskuren Sufism ko Shi'anci, alal misali, kuma ba ya neman wata kafa ta kafa kasar Musulunci (duk da cewa yana goyon bayan wadannan kokarin a Najeriya). Maimakon haka duk kokarinsa ya shafi lalata da karyata wa'azin kirista da baiwa musulmai makamai ne daga harin kirista. Don haka shahararsa ba ta dogara da ƙwarewar ilimin addinin Islama ba amma game da cikakken iliminsa na Baibul. Kamar yadda wani ɗan Nijeriya ya siffantu da shi, Deedat "ya buɗe idanun miliyoyin musulmai cikin kyakkyawar fasahar tattaunawa tsakanin addinai." Iliminsa na Turanci, da iyawarsa wajen tattaunawa, da kuma iya sarrafa wasu nassosi "sun ƙaunace shi ga miliyoyin da suka ga faya-fayensa ko karanta littattafansa, miliyoyin ana aika su kyauta a duk duniya. . . . To, tushen tushen Deedat ba sabon abu bane, wanda ya danganta da kwarewar kirista fiye da na musulmai da kuma kwarewar sa da Turanci maimakon larabci. ”

[22]

Suka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ya bayyana cewa cibiyarsa ta dawah, IPCI, dangin Bin Laden ne ke daukar nauyinta sannan kuma ya hadu da Osama Bin Laden, wanda ya siffanta shi da mai ra'ayi mai kyau. Muhawara da rubuce-rubucen Deedat an lakafta su a matsayin nau'i na neman gafara [23] daga Lloyd VJ Ridgeon, farfesa a Nazarin Addinin Musulunci a Jami'ar Glasgow .Wani malamin addinin musulinci Farid Esack ya soki Deedat, inda ya kamanta shi da masu tsattsauran ra'ayi irin su Rabbi Meir Kahane da Jerry Falwell, kuma ya rubuta:[24]

"Yawan bidiyon Deedat na adawa da Kirista, yahudawa da Hindu, sun gaya mana duk abin da za a ba da labarin ɗayan, kuma mun yarda da hakan. Tabbas, akwai lokuta, lokacin da tambayoyi suka bayyana game da mahimmancin koyarwar daidai, game da mahimmancin alamomin ga Allah wanda muke gaskatawa yana gani fiye da alamun kuma yana duban zuciyar mutane. Maimakon bin waɗannan tambayoyin, sai mu hanzarta komawa mu nemi mafaka cikin "sanannu." Muna yin oda ga waɗancan kaset ɗin na Deedat".

Cibiyar Stephen Roth ta Nazarin Rashin Tsarin Addini da Wariyar Zamani da ake kira Deedat "mai adawa da yahudawa" amma bai yi wani bayani ba. A Faransa sayarwa da rarraba littattafansa an hana su tun 1994 saboda an ce suna da mummunar adawa da yamma, kyamar gaba da kuma haifar da kyamar launin fata.

Magoya bayan sa, a cikin su dan sa sun tabbatar da cewa shi "mai tallata magana da tattaunawa," [25] yayin da Abdulkader Tayob na Jami'ar Cape Town ya ce yana maida martani ne kawai ga musuluntar da kirista ta hanyar da "ba kyau ko mara kyau - amma ya cancanci tunani. " [25]

Duba nan[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Obituary (Archive): Ahmed Hoosen Deedat (1918–2005): by Goolam Vahed, Department of History, University of KwaZulu Natal
  2. Ahmed Deedat – How It All Began, by Fatima Asmal, Islamic Voice, September 2005
  3. Dziewanski, Dariusz (8 August 2015). "Remembering the life of Sheikh Ahmed Deedat". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  4. David Westerlund, Ahmed Deedat's Theology of Religion: Apologetics through Polemics. Journal of Religion in Africa, 33(3). 2003
  5. M.Rahmatullah Kairanvi (2003) Izhar-ul-haq (The Truth Revealed Part 1-2-3), TAHA 08033994793.ABA
  6. Ahmed Deedat exposes lies of Shia scholar on YouTubeTemplate:Additional citation needed Interview. Retrieved 18 March 2012.
  7. Obituary (Archive): Ahmed Hoosen Deedat (1918–2005): by Goolam Vahed, Department of History, University of KwaZulu Natal
  8. Obituary (Archive): Ahmed Hoosen Deedat (1918–2005): by Goolam Vahed, Department of History, University of KwaZulu Natal
  9. "Ahmad Deedat: Man of mission". Arab News. 8 December 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  10. Demystifying Islam and Debating Christianity Error in Webarchive template: Empty url., Imran Garda, 2006
  11. 11.0 11.1 Ahmed Deedat On Pakistan Television (Interview) on YouTube
  12. Islamic icon leaves behind a legacy, Independent Online,South Africa 9 August 2005
  13. Obituary (Archive): Ahmed Hoosen Deedat (1918–2005): by Goolam Vahed, Department of History, University of KwaZulu Natal
  14. Obituary (Archive): Ahmed Hoosen Deedat (1918–2005): by Goolam Vahed, Department of History, University of KwaZulu Natal
  15. 15.0 15.1 Obituary (Archive): Ahmed Hoosen Deedat (1918–2005): by Goolam Vahed, Department of History, University of KwaZulu Natal
  16. Muslim Digest, July–October 1986: 140
  17. 17.0 17.1 Obituary (Archive): Ahmed Hoosen Deedat (1918–2005): by Goolam Vahed, Department of History, University of KwaZulu Natal
  18. Vahed, Goolam; Ahmed Deedat: The Man and his mission, 2013, Islamic, Page 207
  19. Obituary (Archive): Ahmed Hoosen Deedat (1918–2005): by Goolam Vahed, Department of History, University of KwaZulu Natal
  20. Wife of Sheikh Ahmed Deedat passes on... Error in Webarchive template: Empty url. by Shahid Akmal, The Muslim News, 7 September 2006
  21. The Choice: Islam and Christianity, by Ahmed Deedat
  22. Vahed, Goolam; Ahmed Deedat: The Man and his mission, 2013, Islamic, Page 215
  23. David Westerlund, Ahmed Deedat's Theology of Religion: Apologetics through Polemics. Journal of Religion in Africa, 33(3). 2003
  24. To whom shall we give access to our water holes?, by Farid Esack
  25. 25.0 25.1 Dziewanski, Dariusz (8 August 2015). "Remembering the life of Sheikh Ahmed Deedat". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 15 August 2015.