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Aliyu Makama

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Aliyu Makama
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Bida, 1905
Mutuwa 1980
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa
Imani
Jam'iyar siyasa Northern People's Congress (en) Fassara

Aliyu Makama Bida (an haife shi a shekara ta 1905- ya mutu a shekara ta 1980), [1] MHA, CMG, CFR, OBE, CBE, ɗan siyasan Nijeriya ne. Shi ne Ministan Ilmi da Walwalar Jama’a na Arewa na farko, sannan daga baya ya zama Ministan Kudi da Ma’ajin NPC.[2]

Rayuwar farko

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An kuma haifi Aliyu Makama Bida a shekara ta 1905 a garin Bida, jihar Neja. Mahaifinsa sanannen malamin Qur'ani ne a Kotun Masu Daraja. Shigarsa cikin makarantar firamare ta hanyar tasirin mahaifinsa ne.

Yawanci ga yankin Arewa, Aliyu ya kuma fara karatun sa na farko a Makarantar Al-Qur'ani a cikin Bida, kafin yin rajista a makarantar firamaren wucin gadi ta garin Bida. Kadan galibi, bai ƙare karatunsa ba a wannan matakin. Ya cigaba da zuwa Kwalejin Katsina, inda kuma ya haɗu da yawancin 'yan-Arewa. Yakamata su ɗauki nauyi da ɗaukar nauyin tsara albarkatun siyasa, tattalin arziki da zamantakewar Arewa tare da jagorantar yankin ga mulkin kai.[3]

Bayan ya kammala karatunsa na sakandare a Kwalejin Katsina a shekara ta 1927, aka ɗauke shi aiki don koyarwa a Neja Middle School. Daga baya ya zama shugaban makarantar. A shekara ta 1942, hukumar 'yan asalin Bida [4] (NA) ta dauke shi aiki a matsayin Kansilan da ke kula da harkokin ilimi na gundumar.

Aliyu ya kuma hau kan aikin sa lokacin da ya tafi kwasa-kwasai a Ƙaramar Hukumar da ke Ingila a shekarar 1945. Daga baya, ya kasance memba na Taron Afirka. A cikin shekarar 1952, ya koma Ingila don taron Cambridge kan Ilimi. Yana daga cikin wasu kalilan da suka halarci tattaunawar Tsarin Mulki ta kuma 1953, tare da wasu manyan ‘yan Arewa daga al’ummar Nijeriya, a Ingila.

Yayin da yake aiki a majalisar gargajiya ta Etsu Nupe, Aliyu Mahmud kamar yadda aka san shi sosai an karrama shi da sarautar gargajiya ta Makama Nupe. A shekarar 1955, Aliyu ya yi aikin hajji na farko zuwa Makka tare da rakiyar Sir Ahmadu Bello, Sardaunan Sokoto da sauran Ministoci.

Shekara guda kafin waccan aikin hajji, Gwamnatin Mulkin Mallaka ta ga iyawa, ƙarfin zuciya da juriya na Aliyu, wanda a koyaushe yake duk abin da aka ba shi. A matsayinsa na mutumin da ya nuna babban alkawari, gwamnatin Sherwood Smith ta nada Aliyu a matsayin Wazirin Arewa na Farko na Ilimi da Jin Dadin Jama’a a shekara ta 1952. Ma'aikatar Ilimi da Walwalar Jama'a ta buƙaci kulawa da kyau a matsayin wuri na alhakin aza tushe don tsara mai zuwa kuma wannan shine dalilin da ya sa aka sanya shi a kan karagar mulki.

Harkar siyasa

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Daga malami har zuwa shugaban makaranta, zuwa kansila na NA da kuma wani Babban Minista da ke da babban mukami a harkar Ilimi, Aliyu Makama ya zama titan a lamuran Arewa kuma a matsayinsa na memba na Northern Peoples Congress (NPC). Ya hau kan matsayin Ma'ajin Jam'iyyar kuma ya dauki nauyin bangarorin kudi na NPC. Ya riƙe muƙamin a duk tsawon lokacin Jam’iyyar. Duk da cewa ya girmi Sardaunan Sokoto, amma ana daukar sa a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin makusanta da aminan Sardauna. Duk hakan ya faru ne sakamakon nuna amanar da Sardaunan Sakkwato ya yi wa Aliyu Makama Bida. Aliyu ya kan yi aiki a matsayin Firimiyan Arewacin Najeriya kowane lokaci Firayim Ministan ya yi tafiya zuwa waje kuma nadin ya kasance daga Sardauna da kansa. Aliyu ya kuma yi aiki a matsayin Ministan Kudin Arewa a duk tsawon rayuwar gwamnatin su.[5]

Aliyu Makama Nupe shi ma dan kungiyar tsaro ta farar hula ne kafin ya zama Kwamandan Neja. Ya kasance Shugaba Jama'atu Nasrul Islam. Dan siyasa mai taurin kai, mai karewa da amintacce shima dan wasa ne a lokacin karatun sa. Ya bar rikodin shekaru 30 a cikin yadudduka 100. Dattijon ya mutu ne a shekara ta 1980 a matsayin Shugaban farko na Jam'iyyar National Party of Nigeria (NPN) ta lokacin; jam'iyar da aka ɗauka a matsayin reshen kungiyar Jama'ar Arewa (NPC). Aliyu Mahmud Makama Bida an karrama shi da jami'in Order of British Empire, (OBE) kafin ya mutu.

Alhaji Aliyu Makama ya kuma mutu a shekara ta 1980 ba tare da sanadinsa ba.[6]

 

  1. Adoyo, Sarah (24 March 2013). "Students Cry Out Over Filthy Toilets in Higher Institutions". Naija.ng – Nigeria news. Archived from the original on 30 December 2017. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  2. Bida, Aliyu Makaman (1963). Budget Speech by the Hon. Alhaji Aliyu C.B.E., Makaman Bida, Minister of Finance, Northern Nigeria, in the House of Assembly on Saturday 9th March, 1963 (in Turanci). Government Printer.
  3. Hakeem, Oladele (17 September 2016). "Bikin yancin kai na 56: Manyan yan Arewa 12 ba za'a manta da su ba (HOTUNA)". Naija.ng – Nigeria news. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
  4. Hubbard, James Patrick (2000). Education Under Colonial Rule: A History of Katsina College, 1921–1942 (in Turanci). University Press of America. ISBN 9780761815891.
  5. Jr, C. Sylvester Whitaker (2015). The Politics of Tradition: Continuity and Change in Northern Nigeria, 1946–1966 (in Turanci). Princeton University Press. ISBN 9781400871766.
  6. "FEATURE: 50 prominent Nigerians with surnames derived from names of their hometowns – Premium Times Nigeria". Premium Times Nigeria. Rotimi Fabiyi. 7 June 2016. Retrieved 30 December 2017.

Kara karantawa

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]
  • Masu yin Arewacin Najeriya, ta hanyar jam’iyyun siyasa . Aboki ya buga Nijeriya, yankunan Arewacin Nijeriya, 1965.
  • Siyasa da yin a yankin Arewacin Najeriya . Bugun Afirka kuma aka buga, 1960–1999.
  • Prominant [ . Odinka Nigeria, 1900–1999.
  • Arewacin Najeriya masu yin siyasa, Sokoto Nigeria. 1900-1960.
  • Siyasa da al'adu, cigaban al'adu a Arewacin Najeriya . Jami'ar Princetown ta buga. 1942.
  • " Politicalungiyoyin Siyasar Najeriya: inarfi a cikin Yankin Afirka Na Farko. Pp.381-38, Africa World Press, 2004.