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Alp Arslan

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Alp Arslan
Sultan of the Seljuq Empire (en) Fassara

4 Satumba 1063 - 15 Disamba 1072
Tughril I (en) Fassara - Malik-Shah I (en) Fassara
Rayuwa
Haihuwa 20 ga Janairu, 1029 (Gregorian)
ƙasa Seljuk Empire (en) Fassara
Mutuwa Amu Darya (en) Fassara, 15 Disamba 1072 (Gregorian)
Makwanci Merv (en) Fassara
Yanayin mutuwa  (stab wound (en) Fassara)
Ƴan uwa
Mahaifi Chaghri Beg
Abokiyar zama Seferiye Hatun (en) Fassara
Yara
Ahali Kavurt (en) Fassara da Yaquti (en) Fassara
Yare Seljuk dynasty (en) Fassara
Sana'a
Sana'a Shugaban soji
Imani
Addini Mabiya Sunnah

Alp Arslan, Cikakken suna Muhammad bin Dawud Chaghri shi ne na biyun Seljuk Sultan wanda ya yi sarauta daga 1063 zuwa 1072. Ya shahara da Girman mallaka na Anatolia bayan ya kayar da Rumawa a Yaƙin Manzikert da Faɗaɗa Daular Seljuk.

Bajintar da Muhammad bin Dawud Chaghri ya yi a fagen soja da kuma kwarewar yaki ya sa ake masa lakabi da Alp Arslan, wanda ke nufin "Jarumi Zaki" a Turkanci.

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Alp Arslan dan Chaghri ne kuma kane ga Tughril, wanda ya kafa daular Seljuk . Kakansa shi ne Mikail, wanda shi kuma dan sarkin yakin Seljuk ne . Ya kasance mahaifin 'ya'ya da yawa, ciki har da Malik-Shah I da Tutush I. [1] Ba a san ko wacece uwa ko uwayen yayansa ba. An san ya yi aure akalla sau biyu. Matansa sun hada da matar kawunsa Tughril, wata gimbiya Kara-Khanid da aka fi sani da Aka ko Seferiye Khatun, da 'yar ko kuma 'yar Bagrat IV na Georgia (wanda daga baya zai auri wazirinsa, Nizam al-Mulk ). [2] Ɗaya daga cikin sauran 'ya'yan Seljuk shi ne sarkin Turkic Arslan Isra'il, wanda ɗansa, Kutalmish, ya yi hamayya da ɗan'uwansa ga sarauta. Kanin Alp Arslan Suleiman ibn Chaghri da Qavurt su ne kishiyoyinsa. Kilij Arslan, dan kuma magajin Suleiman ibn Kutalmish (dan Kutalmish wanda zai zama Sarkin Rum daga baya) ya kasance babban abokin adawar Franks a lokacin yakin Crusade na farko da yakin Crusade na 1101 . [3]

Siffar jiki da hali[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kwatanta na zamani sun kwatanta Alp Arslan a matsayin "mai ban tsoro, mai mulki," "mai girma, kyakkyawa mai girma. Yana da dogon buhunan bura, sirara, wanda ya saba harba kibau. Kuma sun ce kibiyarsa ba ta taba bata ba. ... Daga saman maballin hularsa har zuwa karshen gashin baki yadi biyu ne" [4]

Majiyoyin musulmi sun nuna Alp Arslan a matsayin mai kishin addini amma adalci. Alp Arslan ya kasance mai sadaukarwa ga mazhabar Hanafiyya ta yadda ya kasance yana rike da wani Qaadi a gefensa, ciki har da yake-yake. Wakilinsa, Nizam al-Mulk, ya siffanta matashin sarkin:[5]

Farkon aiki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Alp Arslan ya raka kawunsa Tughril a yakin kudu da Fatimids yayin da mahaifinsa Chaghri ya kasance a Khorasan Bayan Alp Arslan ya koma Khorasan, ya fara aikinsa na gudanarwa bisa shawarar mahaifinsa. Yayin da yake can, mahaifinsa ya gabatar da shi ga Nizam al-Mulk, ɗaya daga cikin fitattun jagorori a tarihin musulmi na farko kuma mai jiran gadon Alp Arslan. [6]

Alp Arslan on kursiyin Majma al-Tawarikh na Hafiz Ab

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "THE SELJUKS AND THEIR SUCCESSORS: IRAN AND CENTRAL ASIA, C.1040-1250 Coin no. 3 of 14". This coin was struck at the mint of al-Ahwaz, the capital town of Khuzistan, which, together with al-Basra, was the main trading city at the head of the Arabian Gulf. On it, Alp Arslan clearly states his power and prestige as "the Exalted Sultan, King of Kings, King of Islam." In the inscription on his coins his name appears as Alb because Arabic lacks the letter "p", but to Persian and Turkish speakers his name is pronounced "Alp".
  2. "But the Battle of Manzikert opened Asia Minor to Turkmen conquest"
  3. Peacock, A.C,S.
  4. http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/ahmad-b-nezam
  5. Peacock, A.C,S., Great Seljuk Empire, Edinburgh University Press, 2015, pgs. 179, 183
  6. Empty citation (help)