Amadou Cheiffou

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Amadou Cheiffou
firaministan Jamhuriyar Nijar

26 Oktoba 1991 - 17 ga Afirilu, 1993
Aliou Mahamidou (en) Fassara - Mahamadou Issoufou
Member of the National Assembly of Niger (en) Fassara

Rayuwa
Haihuwa Kornaka (en) Fassara, 1 Disamba 1942 (78 shekaru)
ƙasa Nijar
Karatu
Makaranta French Civil Aviation University (en) Fassara
Harsuna Faransanci
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa
Imani
Jam'iyar siyasa Democratic and Social Convention (en) Fassara

Amadou Cheiffou (an haife shi 1 ga watan Disamba 1942) ɗan siyasan Nijar ne wanda ya kasance Firayim Minista na Nijar daga 26 ga Oktoba 1991 zuwa 17 Afrilu 1993, yana shugabancin gwamnatin riƙon ƙwarya. Ya jagoranci jam'iyyar Social Democratic Rally (RSD-Gaskiya), wata jam'iyyar siyasa, tun lokacin da a ka kafa ta a watan Janairun 2004. Cheiffou shi ne Shugaban Majalisar Tattalin Arziki, Tattalin Arziki da Al'adu ta Kasan Nijar (CESOC) daga Janairun 2006 zuwa Fabrairun 2010, kuma ya riƙe muƙamin Ombudsman daga Agusta 2011 zuwa Disamba 2015.

Harkar siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ya gama karatu daga ENAC, [1] Cheiffou dan Fula ne [2] [3] kuma an haife shi ne a Kornaka, a Sashen Maradi, a 1942. Kafin zama Firayim Minista, Cheiffou ya yi aiki a Dakar a matsayin wakili na Hukumar Kula da Sufurin Jiragen Sama ta Duniya (ICAO) don Afirka ta Tsakiya da Yammacin Afirka. Ya kasance wakili na ofungiyar Nigeran Nijer da ke atasashen Waje a Taron Kasa na 1991; a wurin Taron, shi ne zabin sasantawa don matsayin Firayim Minista, kodayake wakilai da ke wakiltar gwamnati sun yi adawa da shi, kuma an zabe shi a 26 ga Oktoba 1991. [4] [5] Zabarsa a matsayin Firayim Minista ya sami gogewa da ƙwarewar siyasarsa da rashin haɗuwa da tsohuwar gwamnatin Seyni Kountché da Ali Saibou . Cheiffou ya shugabanci gwamnatin riƙon ƙwarya da ta yi aiki daga 1991 zuwa 1993, a lokacin rikon kwaryar da ta haifar da zabuka da yawa. Ya kuma yi aiki a matsayin Ministan Tsaro na kasa a lokacin. Tare da Shugaba Saibou da André Salifou, Shugaban Majalisar Ƙoli ta Jamhuriya, Taron Kasa sun hana shi tsayawa takara a zaɓen shugaban ƙasa na watan Fabrairun 1993. [6]

Ya zuwa 2002, Cheiffou shi ne Babban Daraktan Yankin ICAO na Ofishin Yammacin Afirka da Tsakiyar ta. [7]

Cheiffou ya kasance Mataimakin Shugaban Jam’iyyar Demokradiyya da Taron Jama’a (CDS-Rahama) kafin ya balle tare da waccan jam’iyyar da Shugabanta, Mahamane Ousmane, ya kuma ƙirƙiro nasa jam’iyya, Social Democratic Rally (RSD-Gaskiya), a watan Janairun 2004. A zaben shugaban kasa da aka gudanar a ranar 16 ga Nuwamba 2004, Cheiffou ya sanya na hudu daga cikin ‘yan takara shida, inda ya lashe kashi 6.35% na kuri’un. An zaɓe shi ga Majalisar Dokoki ta Kasa a zaɓen majalisar dokoki na Disamba 2004 a matsayin dan takarar RSD a yankin Maradi.

Lokacin da Shugaba Mamadou Tandja ya nada mambobi 85 na Majalisar Tattalin Arziki, Al'adu da Al'adu (CESOC) a ranar 3 ga Janairun 2006, Cheiffou ya zama Shugaban CESOC.

RSD ta goyi bayan Shugaba Tandja a lokacin rikicin siyasa na 2009, kuma ta shiga cikin zaben majalisar dokoki na Oktoba 2009. 'Yan adawar, waɗanda suka fusata da kokarin Shugaba Tandja na sauya kundin tsarin mulki domin ya ci gaba da mulki, sun kaurace wa zaben. Kungiyar Tattalin Arzikin kasashen Afirka ta Yamma (ECOWAS), wacce ta bukaci a jinkirta zaɓen da fatan shawo kan rikicin siyasa, ta dakatar da Nijar daga cikinta nan da nan bayan an gudanar da zaɓen. Cheiffou ya kasance cikin mambobi 22 na Jamhuriyar Nijar da suka yi tattaki zuwa Abuja don tattaunawa da ECOWAS daga ranar 9 ga Nuwamba 2009. [8]

Har yanzu yana aiki a matsayin Shugaban CESOC, Cheiffou ya tsaya takara a zaɓen cikin gida na Disamba 2009 kuma aka zabe shi a matsayin kansila na birni a Kornaka. Shawarar da Cheiffou ya yanke na neman muƙamin na gida an dauke ta da matuƙar birgewa, kasancewar ba safai manyan shugabannin siyasa a Nijar ke yin hakan ba. [9]

An hambarar da Tandja a wani juyin mulkin soja na watan Fabrairun 2010 . A zaben shugaban ƙasa na watan Janairun 2011, wanda aka gudanar a ƙarƙashin mulkin riƙon ƙwarya, Cheiffou ya sake tsayawa takara, amma ya samu kaso kaɗan daga ƙuri'un. A ranar 10 ga Fabrairun 2011, ya sanar da goyon bayansa ga Mahamadou Issoufou, wanda ya sanya na farko, a zagaye na biyu na Maris din 2011. Ya marawa Issoufou baya tare da wasu 'yan takarar da dama da ba su yi nasara ba, yana mai ƙarfafa matsayin Issoufou a kan abokin hamayyarsa na biyu, Seyni Oumarou . [10] Bayan Issoufou ya ci zaɓe, an naɗa Cheiffou a matsayin Ombudsman a ranar 24 ga Agusta 2011. [11]

A ranar 13 ga Disambar 2015, an ayyana Cheiffou a matsayin dan takarar RSD na zaben shugaban kasa na watan Fabrairun 2016. [12] Dangane da takararsa, ya mika takardar murabus dinsa a matsayin Ombudsman ga Shugaba Issoufou a ranar 21 ga Disambar 2015, kodayake ya jaddada cewa ba a doka ta bukaci ya yi murabus ba. [13] An zaɓe shi ga Majalisar Dokoki ta Kasa a zaben watan Fabrairu na 2016. A matsayinsa na mafi dadewar mataimakin, ya shugabanci Majalisar Ƙasa lokacin da ta fara taro a ranar 24 Maris 2016, [14] har zuwa lokacin da aka zaɓi Ousseini Tinni a matsayin Shugaban Majalisar Ƙasa a ranar 25 ga Maris. [15]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. (in French)NIGER :NOMINATION DE M. AMADOU CHEIFFOU, MÉDIATEUR DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE.
  2. Myriam Gervais, "Niger: Regime Change, Economic Crisis, and Perpetuation of Privilege", in Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), ed. John F. Clark and David E. Gardinier, pages 96 and 107 (note 23).
  3. In French: Peul or Peulh; in Fula: Pullo
  4. Marie-Soleil Frère, Presse et démocratie en Afrique francophone, Karthala Editions, page 117 (in French).
  5. "Oct 1991 - Niger: Elections", Keesing's Record of World Events, volume 37, October 1991, Niger, page 38,520.
  6. "Niger's 1st Democratic Vote Beset by Revolt and Famine", The New York Times, 14 February 1993, section 1, page 22.
  7. "First Meeting of the AFI Air Traffic Services Providers", ICAO website, 26–28 November 2002.
  8. "Crisis talks on Niger start in Abuja", Agence France-Presse, 9 November 2009.
  9. "Cheiffou Amadou élu conseiller municipal", Roue de l'Histoire, issue 488, 31 December 2009 (in French).
  10. "Niger's Issoufou expands alliance ahead of run-off", Reuters, 11 February 2011.
  11. "Le communiqué du Conseil des ministres", Le Sahel, 25 August 2011 (in French).
  12. Mathieu Olivier, "Niger : l’ancien Premier ministre Cheiffou Amadou candidat à la présidentielle", Jeune Afrique, 14 December 2015 (in French).
  13. "Médiature de la République: Cheiffou Amadou rend le tablier", ActuNiger, 2 January 2017 (in French).
  14. Mathieu Olivier, "Niger : l’opposition boycotte la séance inaugurale de la nouvelle Assemblée nationale", Jeune Afrique, 24 March 2016 (in French).
  15. Mathieu Olivier, "Niger : Ousseini Tinni, député du PNDS, nouveau président de l’Assemblée nationale", Jeune Afrique, 25 March 2016 (in French).