Amoebiasis

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Amoebiasis
The life-cycle of various intestinal Entamoeba speciesAmoebiasis
The life-cycle of various intestinal Entamoeba speciesAmoebiasis
The life-cycle of various intestinal Entamoeba species
Rabe-rabe da ma'adanai da waje
SymptomsBloody diarrhea, abdominal pain[1]
ComplicationsSevere colitis, colonic perforation, anemia[1]
CausesEntamoeba histolytica [1]
DiagnosisStool examination, antibodies in the blood[1]
Similar conditionsBacterial colitis[1]
PreventionImproved sanitation[1]
TreatmentTissue disease: metronidazole, tinidazole, nitazoxanide, dehydroemetine, chloroquine,
Intestinal infection: diloxanide furoate, iodoquinoline[1]
Frequency~480 million[1]

Amoebiasis, ko amoebic dysentery, kamuwa ne na hanji wanda ya haifar da amoeba mai cutar Entamoeba histolytica . [2][3] Amoebiasis na iya kasancewa ba tare da a'a, mai sauƙi, ko alamomi masu tsanani ba. Alamomin na iya haɗawa da barci, asarar nauyi, cututtukan hanji, Ciwon ciki, zawo, ko zubar da jini. [4][1] Matsalar na iya haɗawa da kumburi da ulceration na hanji tare da mutuwar nama ko perforation, wanda zai iya haifar da peritonitis.[3] Rashin jini na iya tasowa saboda zubar da jini na ciki na dogon lokaci.[3][1]

Cysts na Entamoeba na iya rayuwa har zuwa wata daya a cikin ƙasa ko har zuwa minti 45 a ƙarƙashin yatsunsu. Rashin mamayewar hanji yana haifar da zubar da jini.[1] Idan kwayar cutar ta kai ga jini za ta iya yaduwa ta jiki, galibi tana ƙare a cikin hanta inda za ta iya haifar da cututtukan hanta.[1] Absen Hanci na iya faruwa ba tare da zawo na baya ba.[1] Ana yin ganewar asali ta hanyar binciken turare ta amfani da microscopy, amma yana iya zama da wahala a rarrabe E. hystolitica daga wasu nau'ikan entamoeba marasa lahani.[2] Ƙarin ƙwayoyin farin jini na iya kasancewa a cikin mawuyacin hali.[1] Gwajin da ya fi dacewa shine gano takamaiman magungunan rigakafi a cikin jini, amma yana iya kasancewa mai kyau bayan magani.[1] Kwayar cuta ta iya haifar da irin wannan alamun.[1][1]

Rigakafin amoebiasis shine ta hanyar inganta tsabta, gami da raba abinci da ruwa daga turare. Babu allurar rigakafi.[1] Akwai zaɓuɓɓukan magani guda biyu dangane da wurin kamuwa da cuta.[1] Ana kula da Amoebiasis a cikin kyallen takarda tare da ko dai metronidazole, tinidazole, Nitazoxanide, dehydroemetine ko chloroquine. Ana kula da kamuwa da cutar luminal tare da diloxanide furoate ko Iodoquinoline . [1] Kyakkyawan magani akan dukkan matakai na cutar na iya buƙatar haɗuwa da magunguna.[1] Ana iya magance cututtukan da ba su da alamomi tare da maganin rigakafi guda ɗaya, kuma ana kula da cututtuken da ke da alamomi da maganin rigwa guda biyu.[2]

Amoebiasis yana nan a duk faɗin duniya, kodayake yawancin lokuta suna faruwa a kasashe masu tasowa. [5] Kimanin mutane miliyan 480 a halin yanzu suna kamuwa da cutar tare da kimanin sabbin mutane miliyan 40 a kowace shekara tare da alamun bayyanar cututtuka.[1] Wannan yana haifar da mutuwar tsakanin mutane 40,000-100,000 a kowace shekara.[3] An rubuta shari'ar farko ta amoebiasis a cikin 1875. A cikin 1891, an bayyana cutar dalla-dalla, wanda ya haifar da kalmomin amoebic dysentery da amoebic hanta abscess.[3] Ƙarin shaidu daga Philippines a cikin 1913 sun gano cewa a kan haɗiye cysts na E. histolytica masu sa kai sun ci gaba da cutar.[3]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Mansons2013
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "General Information | Amebiasis | Parasites | CDC". www.cdc.gov (in Turanci). 29 December 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2022. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "CDC1" defined multiple times with different content
  3. 3.0 3.1 Carrero JC, Reyes-López M, Serrano-Luna J, Shibayama M, Unzueta J, León-Sicairos N, de la Garza M (January 2020). "Intestinal amoebiasis: 160 years of its first detection and still remains as a health problem in developing countries". Int J Med Microbiol. 310 (1): 151358. doi:10.1016/j.ijmm.2019.151358. PMID 31587966. S2CID 203849436. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Carrero" defined multiple times with different content
  4. Roy, Mrinalini; Rawat, Aadish; Kaushik, Sanket; Jyoti, Anupam; Srivastava, Vijay Kumar (August 2022). "Endogenous cysteine protease inhibitors in upmost pathogenic parasitic protozoa". Microbiological Research. 261: 127061. doi:10.1016/j.micres.2022.127061. PMID 35605309 Check |pmid= value (help). S2CID 248741177 Check |s2cid= value (help).
  5. Shirley DT, Farr L, Watanabe K, Moonah S (July 2018). "A Review of the Global Burden, New Diagnostics, and Current Therapeutics for Amebiasis". Open Forum Infectious Diseases. 5 (7): ofy161. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofy161. PMC 6055529. PMID 30046644.