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Ciwon Gilbert

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Ciwon Gilbert
Description (en) Fassara
Iri bilirubin metabolic disorder (en) Fassara
cuta
Specialty (en) Fassara hepatology (en) Fassara
family medicine (en) Fassara
Genetic association (en) Fassara UGT1A1 (en) Fassara
Suna saboda Augustin Nicolas Gilbert (en) Fassara da Einar Meulengracht (en) Fassara
Identifier (en) Fassara
ICD-10-CM E80.4
ICD-10 E80.4
ICD-9 277.4
OMIM 143500 da 143500
DiseasesDB 5218
MedlinePlus 000301
eMedicine 000301
MeSH D005878
Disease Ontology ID DOID:2739

Ciwon Gilbert (GS) wani yanayi ne mai laushi da aka gada wanda yawanci ba ya haifar da lahani.[1] Gabaɗaya babu alamun bayyanar.[2] Wani lokaci launin rawaya kaɗan na fata ko fararen idanu na iya faruwa, musamman a lokacin kowace irin rashin lafiya.[2] Da wuya, akwai yuwuwar gajiya, rauni, da ciwon ciki.[2] Sau da yawa ba a lura da shi har zuwa ƙarshen ƙuruciya zuwa farkon girma.[3]

A cikin ciwon Gilbert, hanta ba ta sarrafa bilirubin yadda ya kamata.[2] Ya faru ne saboda maye gurbi a cikin kwayar halittar UGT1A1 wanda ke haifar da raguwar ayyukan bilirubin uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase enzyme.[2][4] Yawanci ana gadonsa a cikin tsarin koma baya na autosomal kuma lokaci-lokaci a cikin mafi girman tsarin da ya danganta da nau'in maye gurbi.[4] Abubuwan jaundice na iya haifar da damuwa kamar motsa jiki, haila, ko rashin ci.[4] Bincike ya dogara ne akan mafi girman matakan bilirubin da ba a haɗa su a cikin jini ba tare da ko dai alamun wasu matsalolin hanta ko rushewar kwayar jini ba.[3][4]

Yawanci ba a buƙatar magani.[2] Idan jaundice yana da mahimmanci, ana iya amfani da phenobarbital.[2] Ciwon Gilbert yana shafar 2 zuwa 7% na mutane.[1] 5 zuwa 15% na mutanen da abin ya shafa suna da tarihin iyali na jaundice.[1] Maza sun fi gano cutar fiye da mata.[2] An fara kwatanta yanayin a cikin 1901 ta Augustin Nicolas Gilbert.[3][5]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Foster, Graham; O'Brien, Alastair (2020). "34. Liver disease". In Feather, Adam; Randall, David; Waterhouse, Mona (eds.). Kumar and Clark's Clinical Medicine (in Turanci) (10th ed.). Elsevier. p. 1272. ISBN 978-0-7020-7870-5.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 "Gilbert syndrome". GARD (in Turanci). 2016. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Gilbert Syndrome". NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders). 2015. Archived from the original on 20 February 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Gilbert syndrome". Genetics Home Reference (in Turanci). 27 June 2017. Archived from the original on 27 June 2017. Retrieved 2 July 2017.
  5. "Whonamedit – dictionary of medical eponyms". www.whonamedit.com (in Turanci). Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2017.