Dutsen Karthala

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Wikidata.svgDutsen Karthala
shield volcano (en) Fassara
Karthala volcano-Comoros.jpg
Bayanai
Nahiya Afirka
Ƙasa Komoros
Ƙasantuwa a yanayin ƙasa Grande Comore
Heritage designation (en) Fassara Ramsar site (en) Fassara
Volcano observatory (en) Fassara Karthala Volcano Observatory (en) Fassara
Wuri
 11°45′37″S 43°21′11″E / 11.76028°S 43.35306°E / -11.76028; 43.35306
ƘasaKomoros

Dutsen Karthala ko Karthola (Larabci: القرطالة Al Qirṭālah) dutsen mai fitar da wuta ne kuma wuri mafi girma na Comoros a mita 2,361 (kafa 7,746) a saman tekun. Wannan shine kudu mafi girma daga dutsen tsaunuka masu kariya biyu da ke kafa tsibirin Grande Comore, babban tsibiri a cikin ƙasar Comoros. Dutsen Karthala yana aiki sosai, ya ɓarke ​​fiye da sau 20 tun ƙarni na 19. Fashewa akai-akai sun tsara tsaunin dutsen mai nisan kilomita 3 zuwa kilomita 4 a tsaunin caldera, amma tsibirin ya fi tserewa daga halaka mai yawa. Rushewa a ranar 17 ga Afrilu, 2005 da 29 ga Mayu, 2006 sun ƙare da lokacin shiru.

Aikin Volcanic[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hoton tauraron dan adam daga dutsen da ya fashe bayan fashewar Nuwamba Nuwamba 2005, tare da toka da ke rufe tsibirin

Fashewar Afrilu 2005[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Fashewar, wacce ke dauke da kasadar kwararar ruwa da iskar gas mai kashe wuta, ta yi sanadiyyar kwashe mazauna 30,000. Bayyanannen rami ya sauya ta hanyar fashewa. Filin toka mai toka yana kewaye da ramin kuma caldera kanta da alama tana da girma da zurfi. Kogin rami, wanda aka kafa bayan fashewar Karthala ta ƙarshe a cikin 1991 kuma ya taɓa mamaye caldera, yanzu ya ɓace gaba ɗaya. A wurinta akwai duwatsu masu duhu, duhu mai duhu, mai yiwuwa lava mai sanyaya ko tarkace daga ramin da ya rushe.

Ayyukan Mayu 2006[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A ranar 29 ga Mayu, kamfanin dillacin labarai na Reuters ya ruwaito cewa mazauna garin na Moroni na iya ganin kwararar lava a saman dutsen mai fitar da wuta.[1] Cikin yan kwanaki kadan sai aikin aman wuta ya lafa.

Flora da fauna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Dutsen yana cike da gandun daji mai danshi mai nisan kusan mita 1800 sama da matakin teku. Higherasa da ciyayi ta ƙunshi bishiyoyi masu tsattsauran ra'ayi da heathland inda babban heather Erica comorensis ke tsiro. Dajin dutsen na fuskantar barazanar itace da yaduwar noma. An ba da shawarar ajiyar yanayi don rufe dutsen; ba a halicce shi ba tukuna. Yawancin jinsunan da aka samo a kan dutsen sun kasance na musamman ga Comoros kuma ana samun nau'ikan tsuntsaye guda huɗu ne kawai a gangaren Dutsen Karthala: Grand Comoro drongo, jirgin sama na Humblot, Karthala scops owl, da Karthala mai farin ido.

Yankin Tsuntsaye mai mahimmanci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yankin BirdLife International ya ayyana fili mai girman hamsin 14,228 (35,160-acre) wanda ya hada da gangaren na sama da kuma tsaunuka a matsayin Yankin Tsuntsaye Mai mahimmanci (IBA), saboda yana tallafawa yawan mutanen tattabarai masu launin shudi na Comoros, kwatankwacin Comoros, Comoros zaitun din Comoros, Comoros thrushes, Grand Comoro goblers, Grand Comoro bulbuls, Grand Comoro drongos, Humblot's flycatchers, Hbirlot's sunbirds, Karthala scops owls, Karthala white-eyes, and Malagasy hariers.[2]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Comoros volcano tremors grow stronger, more frequent". Reuters. 21 January 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  2. "Karthala Mountains". BirdLife Data Zone. BirdLife International. 2021. Retrieved 1 March 2021.