Fenjin

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Fenjin
South Shetland-2016-Deception Island–Chinstrap penguin (Pygoscelis antarctica) 04.jpg
Scientific classification
KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata (en) Chordata
ClassAves
OrderSphenisciformes (en) Sphenisciformes
dangi Spheniscidae
Bonaparte, 1831
Geographic distribution
Penguin range.png
General information
Movement bipedalism (en) Fassara
Penguins

Temporal range: Paleocene-Recent, 62mya–present
Chinstrap penguin

(Pygoscelis antarctica)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Sphenisciformes
Family: Spheniscidae
Range of penguins, all species (aqua)

Fenjin tsuntsayen teku ne a cikin dangin tsuntsaye rukunin Spheniscidae . Suna amfani da fikafikan su don yin tafiya a ƙarƙashin ruwa, amma ba za su iya tafiya cikin iska ba wato tashi sama. Suna cin kifi da sauran abincin teku . Penguins suna yin ƙwai kuma suna kiwon 'ya'yansu a ƙasa.

Fenjin suna zaune ne kawai a Kudancin Kasan duniya: Antarctica, New Zealand, Australia, Afirka ta Kudu da Kudancin Amurka . Yankin arewa mafi nisa da suka samu shine tsibirin Galapagos, inda sanyin Humboldt Current ke gudana a da.

Bayanin jiki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Duk Fenjin suna da farin ciki da duhu, galibi baƙi, baya. Wannan nau'ikan sake kamanni ne don kiyaye su lokacin da suke iyo, saboda hakan yana sa su haɗu da asalin su. Launi fari da baƙi suna yin tasirin da ake kira countershading . Lokacin da mai farauta yana kallon ƙasa ya ga farin ciki da fikafikan penguin na ninkaya, ba za su iya ganin penguin din da kyau ba saboda hasken yana zuwa daga sama. Koyaya, idan aka gani daga sama, baƙar fatar penguin yana haɗuwa da ruwan duhu a ƙasa, saboda haka suna da wahalar gani.

Manyan penguins na iya tsayawa kusan kafa 4 (110 cm) kuma yana iya ɗaukar kusan fam 100 (40 kg). Mafi ƙarancin nau'in ƙafa ɗaya ne kawai (32 cm) tsayi.

Penguins da farin ciki Layer na leɓe mai kumbura cewa yana taimaka musu wajen ci gaba da dumi, da kuma su gashinsa suna sosai tam cushe yin wani murfin. Har ila yau, suna da fuka-fukai na gashin ulu, a karkashin gashin gashin da ke waje wanda aka sanya shi da wani irin mai wanda yake sa su hana ruwa.

Penguins suna da ƙafafu masu faɗin taki waɗanda sukan yii

i amfani da su a cikin ruwa. Ba za su iya tafiya da kyau ba, saboda haka suna ci gaba. Penguins ba za su iya tashi ba, amma suna iya iyo sosai. Fukafukan su sun zama masu kauri da ƙananan flippers na ninkaya. Suna da kyau ji kuma suna iya gani a karkashin ruwa .

Rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yawancin fenjin suna yin ƙwai biyu a kowace shekara amma fenjin na sarki suna sa ɗaya ne kawai. Bayan Fenjin ɗin sun haɗu, uwar za ta sa ƙwai ko ƙwai kuma ba da daɗewa ba ta shiga cikin teku don cin abinci. Uba da uwa suna juyawa suna kula da ƙwan, kuma kajin suna da dumi bayan ƙyanƙyashe. Iyayen da ke kan aikin jariri ba su da abin da za su ci. Iyayen penguins suna kira don neman juna tsakanin dubban tsuntsaye lokacin da suka dawo daga filin ciyarwar. Lokacin da mahaifi daya ke kadai tare da qwai ko kajin da yunwa na iya kasancewa makonni ko watanni ya danganta da irin nau'in penguin da suke. Idan mahaifi daya bai dawo ba, dayan dole ne ya watsar da kwan ya je ya ci.

Fenjin suna cin kifi, da sauran ƙananan dabbobi daga cikin teku, wanda suke kamawa. Suna gida a cikin teku. Suna zuwa kan ƙasa ko kankara don yin ƙwai kuma su kiwon kaji. Ba sa cin abinci a wurin saboda suna zaune a wuraren da ƙasar ba ta da abinci. A yawancin jinsunan tsuntsayen duk suna gida tare a cikin wani babban rukuni, wanda ake kira rookery . Galibi suna yin gida gida da duwatsu ko laka.

Fenjin ba za su iya dandana kifi ba. An gano wannan lokacin da ƙungiyar bincike ta lura cewa sun ɓace wasu mahimman ƙwayoyin halitta don ɗanɗano. [1] Bincike mafi kyau akan DNA na penguins ya nuna cewa duk nau'ikan basu da kwayoyin halitta masu aiki ga masu karban na zaki, umami, da dandano mai daci. Ba ruwan su, saboda sun haɗiye kifin baki ɗaya.

Ire Iren Su[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Akwai 15-20 nau'in jinsin (nau'in) na penguins. Frenguin da aka zana fari-fata a yau ana ɗaukar saɓo na ƙananan penguin. Har yanzu ba a fayyace ba idan penguin na masarauta wani yanki ne na macaroni penguin . Masana kimiyya suma basu da tabbas kan ko penguins din dabbare daya ne, biyu, ko uku.

Jerin rarrabuwar Fenjin[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Abun ciki
    • King penguin ( Aptenodytes patagonicus )
    • Sarkin penguuin ( Aptenodytes forsteri )
  • Pygoscoscelis
    • Adélie penguuin ( Pygoscelis adeliae )
    • Chinstrap penguin ( Pygoscelis Antarctica )
    • Gentoo penguin ( Pygoscelis papua )
  • Eudyptes ( guguwar penguins )
    • Rockhopper penguin ( Yarinyan chrysocome )
    • Fiordland penguin ( Eudyptes pachyrhynchus )
    • Tarkon penguin ( Eudyptes robustus )
    • Royal penguin ( Eudyptes schlegeli )
    • Kwancen penguin da ya dace da tsaka-tsakin ( Eudyptes sclateri )
    • Macaroni penguin ( Eudyptes chrysolophus )
  • Megadyptes
    • Penguin mai ruwan ido mai launin rawaya ( Magadyptes antipodes )
  • Cikakken
    • Little penguin ( Eudyptula karami )
    • Frenguin mai farin haske ( Eudyptula qananan albosignata )
    • Penguin na Afirka ( Spheniscus demersus )
    • Penguin Magellanic ( Spheniscus magellanicus )
    • Humboldt penguin ( Spheniscus humboldti )
    • Galápagos penguin ( Spheniscus mendiculus )

Hotuna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sauran yanar gizo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Briggs, Helen 2015. Penguins lost ability to taste fish. BBC News Science & Environment.