Filin shakatawa na W

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Wikidata.svgFilin shakatawa na W
national park (en) Fassara, biosphere reserve (en) Fassara da protected area (en) Fassara
Elephants bath park w wide 2006.jpg
Bayanai
Bangare na W-Arly-Pendjari Complex (en) Fassara
Farawa 1954
IUCN protected areas category (en) Fassara IUCN category II: National Park (en) Fassara
Ƙasa Benin, Nijar da Burkina faso
Heritage designation (en) Fassara part of UNESCO World Heritage Site (en) Fassara
Significant place (en) Fassara Kandi (en) Fassara
Wuri
 12°00′N 2°30′E / 12°N 2.5°E / 12; 2.5

Filin shakatawa na W (Faransanci: Parc national du W)[1] ko Yankin shakatawa na W (Faransanci: W du Niger) babban filin shakatawa ne a Afirka ta Yamma a kusa da bakin ruwa a Kogin Niger mai kama da harafin W (Faransanci: double v). Dajin ya hada da yankuna na kasashen uku Niger, Benin da Burkina Faso, kuma gwamnatocin ukun ne ke kula da shi. Har zuwa shekara ta 2008, aiwatar da tsarin gudanarwar yanki ya sami tallafi daga aikin ECOPAS na Kungiyar EU (Kare Tsarin Yanayi a Sudano-Sahelian Afirka, Faransanci: Ecosystèmes protégés en Afrique soudano-sahélienne). Gidajen shakatawa guda uku suna aiki a ƙarƙashin sunan W Transborder Park. (Faransanci: Parc Yankin W).[2] Bangaren Filin shakatawa na W da ke kwance a Benin, wanda yakai sama da 8,000 km2 (3,100 sq mi), ya zo karkashin cikakken kulawar Parks na Afirka a watan Yunin 2020.[3] A cikin Benin, W National Park yana haɗuwa da Pendjari National Park wanda shima yana ƙarƙashin kulawar Parks na Afirka.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An kirkiro Filin shakatawa na W na Nijar ta hanyar doka a ranar 4 ga watan Agusta 1954, kuma tun daga 1996 aka sanya ta a matsayin Wurin Tarihi na UNESCO. A cikin Nijar, an sanya wurin shakatawa a matsayin Babban Gandun Kasa, IUCN Nau'in II, kuma yana daga cikin manyan hadaddun wuraren adanawa da wuraren kariya. Wadannan sun hada da Dallol Bosso da ke kusa da yankin (Ramsar) a gabar gabashin gabar kogin Neja da wani bangare na karamin 'Parc national du W' (Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)).[4] Wuraren shakatawa guda uku sune BirdLife International Muhimmin Yankin Tsuntsaye (IBAs) na nau'ikan A1 da A3 (lambobin IBA IBA NE001, IBA BF008, da IBA BJ001).

Labarin kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bends a cikin Kogin Niger wanda ya ba Filin shakatawa na W sunan ta daban

A cikin ƙasashe uku, Yankin Yankin ya mamaye kusan 10,000 km2 (3,900 sq mi) wanda yawancin mutane ba sa zama, kasancewar har zuwa 1970s wani yanki na Malaria na yankuna masu dausayi wanda ya haɗu ta hanyar tafkin Kogin Mékrou tare da Niger, wanda tsaunukan dutse suka farfasa. A tarihi, yankin ya kasance wani lokaci babban yanki na mazaunin ɗan adam, wanda aka yanke hukunci ta wurin mahimman wuraren tarihi na kayan tarihi (galibi kaburbura) da aka samu a yankin.

Flora[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin gandun dajin, an adana jimlar nau'ikan shuke-shuke 454, gami da orchids guda biyu da aka samo a Nijar kawai. Wurin shakatawa kuma shine iyakar kudu na rarraba tuddai a filayen daji a Neja.

Fauna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An san wurin shakatawa da manyan dabbobi masu shayarwa, gami da aardvark, dawa, da bauna na Afirka, da caracal, da cheetah, da giwar daji ta Afirka, da hippopotamus, da damisa ta Afirka, da zakin Afirka ta Yamma, da kuma dabbar daji. Wurin shakatawa na ba da gida ga wasu giwayen Afirka na ƙarshe na giwar Afirka. Koyaya, baƙauran rakumin dawa na Afirka ta Yamma, wanda a yau aka ƙayyade shi zuwa ƙananan yankuna na Nijar, ba ya wurin shakatawa. Park din W kuma sanannen abu ne na tarihi na tarin fakitin karen daji na Yammacin Afirka da ke cikin hatsari,[5] kodayake wannan kifin na iya karewa yanzu daga yankin.[6]

Gandun dajin na daya daga cikin wurare masu karfi na baya-bayan nan don yankin cheetah na yankin Arewa maso Yammacin Afirka. Populationananan mutane 25 aka kiyasta suna zaune a ƙetaren hadadden yankin W-Arli – Pendjari.[7]

W National Park shima an san shi da yawan tsuntsaye, musamman nau'ikan ƙaura masu wucewa, tare da gano sama da nau'ikan 350 a cikin wurin shakatawa.[8] BirdLife International ta gano wurin shakatawa a matsayin Muhimmin Yankin Tsuntsaye.[9]

Gallery[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Parc national du W". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. parc-w.net: Official site.
  3. https://www.africanparks.org/benin-government-commits-long-term-protection-w-national-park. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. "World Database on Protected Areas: W du Niger". Archived from the original on 2020-06-19. Retrieved 2021-06-26.
  5. W National Park. 2009
  6. C.Michael Hogan. 2009
  7. Durant, S.M., Mitchell, N., Groom, R., Pettorelli, N., Ipavec, A., Jacobson, A.P., Woodroffe, R., Böhm, M., Hunter, L.T., Becker, M.S. and Broekhuis, F., Bashir, S., Andresen, L., Aschenborn, O., Beddiaf, M., Belbachir, F.; et al. (2017). "The global decline of cheetah Acinonyx jubatus and what it means for conservation". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114 (3): 528–533. doi:10.1073/pnas.1611122114. PMC 5255576. PMID 28028225. Archived from the original on 2018-06-13. Retrieved 2021-06-26.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. United Nations Environment Programme-World Conservation Monitoring Centre (Content Partner); Mark McGinley (Topic Editor). 2009. "'W' National Park, Niger." In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). online Archived 2009-11-29 at the Wayback Machine
  9. BirdLife International. (2013). Important Bird Areas factsheet: 'W' National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/03/2013.

Adabi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Convers Arnaud, Chaibou Issa, Binot Aurélie, Dulieu Dominique (2007) La gestion de la transhumance dans la zone d’influence du parc régional du w par le programme ecopas: une « approche projet » pour l’aménagement de la périphérie du parc. Vertigo Hors Série 4. URL : http://vertigo.revues.org/761 ; DOI : 10.4000/vertigo.761
  • Benoit M (1998) Statut et usage du sol en périphérie du parc national du "W" du Niger. Tome 1 : Contribution à l’étude du milieu naturel et des ressources végétales du canton de Tamou et du Parc du "W". ORSTOM, Niamey, Niger, 41 p. [1]
  • Doussa S (2004) Les impacts de la culture cotonnière sur la gestion des ressources naturelles du Parc W. Maitrise, Université de Ouagadougou.
  • Grégoire JM, Fournier A, Eva H & Sawadogo L (2003) Caractérisation de la dynamique des feux et de l’évolution du couvert dans le Parc du W: Burkina Faso, Bénin et Niger. 64 S. [2]
  • Hogan C.Michael (2009) Painted Hunting Dog: Lycaon pictus, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg
  • Koster S, Grettenberger J (1983). "A preliminary survey of birds in Park W Niger". Malimbus. 5: 62–72.
  • Nacoulma, B.M.I. (2012): Dynamique et stratégies de conservation de la végétation et de la phytodiversité du complexe écologique du Parc National du W du Burkina Faso. PhD thesis, Université de Ouagadougou.
  • Nacoulma, B.M.I., Schmidt, M., Hahn, K., Thiombiano, A. (2020): A checklist of vascular plants of the W National Park in Burkina Faso, including the adjacent hunting zones of Tapoa-Djerma and Kondio. Biodiversity Data Journal 8: e54205. [3]
  • Poche R (1976). "A checklist of National Park W, Niger". Africa Mig. Field. 41 (3): 113–115.
  • Poche R (1973). "Niger's threatened park 'W'". Oryx. 12 (2): 216–222. doi:10.1017/s003060530001156x.
  • Rabeil T (2003) Distribution potentielles des grands mammifères dans le Parc du W au Niger. Doctoral Thesis, Univ. Paris VII. 463 S. [4][permanent dead link]
  • Price et al. (2003) The “W” Regional Park of Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger - Building on a Process of Regional Integration to Address both Local Interests and Transboundary Challenges. World Parks Congress 2003, Durban, RSA. In: Pansky, Diane (ed.). 2005. Governance Stream of the Vth World Parks Congress. Ottawa, Canada: Parks Canada and IUCN/WCPA. ISBN R62-375/2003E-MRC 0-662-40433-5. [5]
  • W National Park of Niger. 2009. [6]
  • Zwarg A, Schmidt M, Janßen T, Hahn K, Zizka G (2012) Plant diversity, functional traits and soil conditions of grass savannas on lateritic crusts (bowé) in south eastern Burkina Faso. Flora et Vegetatio Sudano-Sambesica 15: 15–24. [7]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]