Helena Gualinga

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Helena Gualinga
Helena Gualinga.jpg
Gualinga in 2020.
Haihuwa Sumak Helena Sirén Gualinga
Template:Birthdate and age
Sarayaku, Pastaza, Ecuador
Aiki Environmental and human rights activist
Shekaran tashe 2019–present
Yanar gizo


Sumak Helena Sirén Gualinga (an haife ta a ranar 27 ga watan Fabrairun shekara ta, 2002) 'yar asali ce mai rajin kare muhalli da kare haƙƙin ɗan Adam daga al'ummar Kichwa Sarayaku da ke Pastaza, Ecuador .

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Helena Gualinga ne a ranar 27 ga Fabrairu, shekara ta 2002, a cikin Kan Kichwa Sarayaku na igenan Asalin da ke Pastaza, Ecuador. Mahaifiyarta, Noemí Gualinga 'yar asalin Ecuador ce tsohuwar shugabar ƙungiyar Kichwa ta Mata. Babbar 'yar uwarta mai fafutuka Nina Gualinga . Goggonta Patricia Gualinga da kakanta Cristina Gualinga masu kare hakkin mata ne na Indan Asalin a cikin yankin Amazon da dalilan muhalli. Mahaifinta shine Anders Sirén, farfesan finafinan finafinan a sashen nazarin kasa da kasa a Jami'ar Turku.[1][2][3][2][4] [5][1][5]

Gualinga an haife shi ne a yankin Sarayaku a Pastaza, Ecuador. Ta kasance mafi yawan shekarunta suna zaune a Pargas sannan daga baya a Turku, Finland inda mahaifinta ya fito. Tana zuwa makarantar sakandare a Cathedral School of Åbo .

Tun daga ƙuruciya Gualinga ta shaida tsanantawar da aka yiwa iyalinta saboda tsayayya da bukatun manyan kamfanonin mai da tasirin muhallinsu ga igenan Asalin. Shugabanni da yawa daga cikin jama'arta sun rasa rayukansu a cikin rikice-rikicen rikici da ya shafi gwamnati da kamfanoni. Ta bayyana wa Yle cewa tana ganin tarbiyyarta ba da son ranta ba a irin wannan yanayi na tashin hankali a matsayin dama.

Kunnawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gualinga ta zama kakakin ƙungiyar yan asalin Sarayaku. Yunkurin nata ya hada da fallasa rikici tsakanin al'ummarta da kamfanonin mai ta hanyar isar da sako mai karfafa gwiwa tsakanin matasa a makarantun cikin gida a Ecuador . Ta kuma nuna wannan sakon a bayyane ga al'ummomin duniya da fatan isa ga masu tsara manufofi.

Gandun daji a Bolivia, A shekara ta 2016

Ita da iyalinta sun bayyana hanyoyi da yawa da su, a matsayinsu na ofan asalin ƴan asalin yankin a cikin Amazon, sun sami canjin yanayi, gami da yawaitar gobarar daji, kwararowar hamada, lalacewar kai tsaye da cutar dake yaduwa ta ambaliyar ruwa, da saurin narke dusar kankara akan tsaunukan dutse . Wadannan tasirin, in ji ta, sun kasance sananne kai tsaye a rayuwar dattawan gari. Gualinga ta bayyana cewa waɗancan dattawan sun san canjin yanayi ba tare da la'akari da ƙarancin ilimin kimiyya ba.

Gualinga ta riƙe wata alamar da ke cewa "sangre indígena, ni una sola gota más" (Jinsin 'yan asalin ƙasar, ba wani digo ɗaya ba) a waje da hedkwatar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya a birnin New York a wani zanga-zangar tare da ɗaruruwan wasu matasa masu rajin kare muhalli yayin aikin Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya a shekara ta 2019. Taron

Helena Gualinga ta halarci COP25 a Madrid, Spain. Ta yi magana game da damuwarta kan gwamnatin Ecuador da ke ba da izinin hakar mai a cikin 'yan asalin ƙasar. Ta ce: "Gwamnatin kasarmu har yanzu tana ba da yankunanmu ga kamfanonin da ke da alhakin sauyin yanayi. Wannan laifi ne. " Ta soki gwamnatin Ecuador kan da'awar da take da ita na kare Amazon a yayin taron maimakon halartar bukatun mata 'yan asalin Amazon da aka kawo wa gwamnati yayin zanga-zangar Ecuador ta 2019 . Ta kuma nuna rashin jin dadinta game da rashin sha'awar shugabannin duniya na tattauna batutuwan da 'yan asalin yankin suka kawo taron.

Ta fara yunkurin " Pollutter Out " tare da wasu masu fafutukar kare muhalli 150, a ranar 24 ga Janairu, Shekara ta 2020. Takardar neman motsi ita ce "Nemi Patricia Espinosa, Babbar Sakatariya a Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya Tsarin Mulki kan Canjin Yanayi (UNFCCC), Ki Neman Kuɗi Daga Kamfanonin Fosil Fuel Na COP26!"

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ElUniverso2019
  2. 2.0 2.1 Castro, Mayuri (2020-12-13). "'She goes and helps': Noemí Gualinga, Ecuador's mother of the jungle". Mongabay (in Turanci). Archived from the original on 2021-01-26. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  3. Carlos Fresneda, Puerto (2020). Ecohéroes: 100 voces por la salud del planeta. RBA Libros. ISBN 9788491877172. En la Amazonia, las guardianas de la Pachamama (Madre Tierra) han sido secularmente las mujeres. Nina Gualinga (nacida en 1994) es la heredera de una largea tradición que viene de su abuela Cristina, de su madre Noemí y de su tía Patricia, amenazada de muerte por defender su tierra frente al hostigamiento de las grandes corporaciones petroleras, mineras or madereras.
  4. "Helena Gualinga: Who is the young voice against climate change?". Ecuador Times (in Turanci). 13 December 2019. Archived from the original on 15 January 2021. Retrieved 2021-03-31.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Koutonen, Jouni (11 October 2019). "Helena Sirén Gualinga, 17, taistelee ilmastonmuutosta vastaan Greta Thunbergin taustalla: "Tämä ei ollut valinta, synnyin tämän keskelle"". Yle Uutiset (in Yaren mutanen Finland). Archived from the original on 6 November 2019. Retrieved 2019-12-12.