Ibrahim Niass

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ibrahim Niass
Baye .jpg
Shaykh Ibrahim Niasse
Title Shaykh al-Islām
Personal
Haihuwa
Ibrahim Niass

(1900-11-08)8 Nuwamba 1900
Mutuwa 26 Yuli 1975(1975-07-26) (shekaru 74)
London, United Kingdom
Addini Islam
Reshan addini Sunni
Mazhabi Maliki[1]
Akida Ash'ari[1]
Darika Tijani
Dangi Hassan Cisse (grandson), Ahmad Tijani Ali Cisse (grandson), Ousmane Oumar Kane (grandson)

Ibrāhīm Niasse (1900–1975) - ko (Faransanci Ibrahima Niasse) , Wolof , Larabci: شيخ الإسلام الحاج إبراهيم إبن الحاج عبد الله التجاني الكولخي‎ التجاني الكولخي Shaykh al-'Islām al-Ḥājj Ibrāhīm ibn al-Ḥājj ʿAbd Allāh at-Tijānī al-Kawlakhī - ya kasance babban shugaban Senegal (wolof) na Tijānī Sufi na Islama a Afirka ta Yamma . Mabiyansa a yankin Senegambiya suna kiran shi a harshen Wolof a matsayin Baay, ko "uba."

Rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Niasse shi ne mutumin Afirka ta Yamma na farko da ya jagoranci Masallacin al-Azhar a Misira, bayan an yi masa laƙabi da "Sheikh al-Islam". Ya kasance kusa da masu gwagwarmayar neman ƴanci da yawa a Afirka ta Yamma saboda gudummawar da ya bayar don samun' Ƴanci a Ƙasashen Afirka. Ya kasance abokai kuma mai ba da shawara ga Shugaban Ghana na farko, Kwame Nkrumah, da abokai tare da Gamal Abdel Nasser da Sarki Faisal na Saudi Arabia. Sheikh ya kasance Mataimakin Shugaban Ƙungiyar ƙa

Kasashen Musulmi ta Duniya tare da Faisal a matsayin Shugaba.

An haife shi a 1900 a ƙauyen Tayba Ñaseen (wanda aka rubuta lafazin Taïba Niassène a Faransanci), tsakanin garin Kaolack na Senegal da iyakar Gambiya, shi ɗa ne ga Allaaji Abdulaay Ñas (1840-1922), babban wakilin Tijānī Sufi Umarni, wanda galibi ake kira Tareeqat al-Tijjaniyya a, a yankin Saalum a farkon ƙarni na ashirin. A lokacin samartakarsa, Sheykh Ibrahim ya sake komawa tare da mahaifinsa zuwa garin Kaolack, inda suka kafa zāwiya (cibiyar addini) na Lewna Ñaseen. Bayan rasuwar mahaifinsa a Lewna Ñaseen a 1922, babban yayan Shaykh Ibrāhīm, Muhammad al-Khalīfa, ya zama magajin mahaifinsa ko Khalīfa . Shaykh Ibrāhīm mai shekaru 22 ya shafe mafi yawan lokacinsa yana noma a gonar danginsa tare da koyar da yawan almajirai a ƙauyen da ke kusa da Kóosi Mbittéyeen. Duk da cewa Shaykh Ibrāhīm bai taba ikirarin cewa shi ne magajin mahaifinsa ba, saboda kwarjini da ilimin da yake da shi, ya samu dimbin almajirai, kuma rikici ya tashi tsakanin almajiransa da na babban yayansa, Muhammad al-Khalifa. A cikin 1929, yayin da yake cikin gona a Kóosi Mbittéyeen, saurayin Shaykh Ibrāhīm ya ba da sanarwar cewa an ba shi Mabuɗin Sirrin Ilimin Allah, kuma don haka ya zama Khalifa na Sheykh Tijani a cikin Dokar Tijaniyya, matsayin da ba wanda ya samu kamar yadda na wancan lokacin. Daga nan Sheikh Ibrahim ya bayyana cewa duk wanda yake son ya sami ma'arifa, matakin Tabbacin Allah a cikin Darikun Sufaye, dole ne ya bi shi. A shekarar 1930, bayan addu'ar ofd al-Fiṭr (karshen watan Ramadān), fada ya barke tsakanin almajiran Shaikh Ibrahim da na Muhammad al-Khalīfa Lamarin da ya sa Shaihin Ibrahim nan da nan ya yanke shawarar komawa tare da almajiransa zuwa sabon wuri. A wannan maraice, ya tashi tare da wasu rukuni na kusa da almajiransa don nemo sabon wurin zama, washegari kuma suka kafa sabon zāwiya a Madina Baay, wani ƙauye wanda daga baya aka sanya shi cikin garin Kaolack mai girma . A cikin shekaru masu zuwa, shehin ya raba lokacinsa tsakanin koyarwa a lokacin rani a Madina Baay da noma a lokacin damina a Koosi Mbittéyeen. A lokacin bazara na 1945 ya sake kafa kansa a gidan mahaifinsa a ƙauyensa na asali na Tayba Ñaseen, sake ginawa da sake tsara garin bayan da gobara ta lalata yawancinta.

Shahararren Shaykh Ibrahim ya bazu cikin sauri a cikin ƙauyuka, kuma mafi yawan almajiran mahaifinsa daga ƙarshe sun zama almajiransa duk da matsayin ƙarami a cikin iyali. Kodayake almajiransa sun kasance 'yan tsiraru a cikin Senegal, amma sun kasance mafi girman reshe na Tijānīyyah a duk duniya. A cikin rawar da ba ta dace ba a lokacin 1930, shugabannin da yawa na Larabawa 'Idaw ʿAli na Mauritania-ƙabila ɗaya da suka gabatar da umarnin Tijānī zuwa Yammacin Afirka - sun bayyana kansu almajiran Shaykh Ibrahim. Sanannen cikinsu shine Shaykhāni, Muḥammad Wuld an-Naḥwi da Muḥammad al-Mishri. Tareeqa al-Tijaniyya al-Ibrahimiyya, kamar yadda aka san almajiran shaikhu, ya bunkasa kuma ya sami ɗimbin mabiya a cikin shekarun 1930s da 1940 a duk Arewacin da Yammacin Afirka. A shekarar 1937 lokacin da suka haɗu da Shaykh Ibrahim a lokacin aikin hajji a Makkah, Sarkin Kano, Najeriya, Alhaji 'Abdullahi Bayero ya yi mubaya'a ga shehin kuma ya bayyana kansa almajirin shaikh Ibrahim. Wannan lamarin ya sa Shaykh Ibrahim ya sami amincewar da yawa daga fitattun shugabannin Tijānī na Arewacin Najeriya da ma wasu da dama wadanda ba Tijani ba kafin wannan lokaci.

Alhaji Abdulmalik Atta - basarake ne daga Okene kuma Babban Kwamishina na farko a Najeriya zuwa Ingila - yana daya daga cikin manyan almajiran sheik Ibrahim da kuma surukin shehin ta hanyar ‘yarsa Sayyida Bilkisu. Shaykh Ibrahim ya zama sanannen Shaykh al-Tareeqa (Jagoran Darikun Sufaye) a ko'ina cikin yankunan Hausa na Yammacin Afirka. A ƙarshe, yana da almajirai nesa da Senegal fiye da shi. A lokacin rasuwarsa a 1975 a Landan, Ingila, Shaykh Ibrahim Niass yana da miliyoyin mabiya a duk Yammacin Afirka.

Reshensa na Tijāniyya, Tareeqa al-Tijaniyya al-Ibrahimiyya ya zama mafi girma reshe a duniya. Bayan mutuwarsa, babban almajirinsa, Shaykh Aliyy Cisse da babban ɗan Niass, Alhaji Abdulahi Ibrahim Niass ne suka jagoranci garin. Khalīfa na yanzu a Madina Baye shine babban ɗansa mai rai, Sheikh Ahmad Tijani Niass wanda ya zama khalifa a cikin 2010 bayan mutuwar ɗan'uwansa khalifa Ahmadu Niass, wanda aka fi sani da "Daam", a ranar Talata 18 Mayu 2010. Iyalan Cisse sun gudanar da aikin Shaykh Ibrahim a matsayin babban Limamin masallacin Madina Baye. Yayin da suke hidima a matsayin Limamin Madina Baay, Shaykh Hassan Cisse, dan Shaykh Aliyy Cisse da kuma jikan mahaifiya ta Shaykh Ibrahim, sun ɗauki koyarwar Shaykh Ibrahim zuwa Amurka, Ingila da sauran kasashen yamma da yawa. Ana kallon Shaykh Hassan Cisse a matsayin shugaban Tareeqa al-Tijaniyya al-Ibrahimiyya a duniya har zuwa lokacin da ya mutu kwatsam a watan Agusta, 2008. Tun daga wannan lokacin, aka bai wa kanen Shaykh Hassan Shaykh Tijānī Cisse mukamin Limamin Madina Baye.

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ayyukan assiass sun haɗa da:

  • Sabilu ssadaam fi ibkaa'il maqaam - littafi ne da aka rubuta don kare jihar da Maqam Ibrahim ya kasance.
  • Kāshif al-'ilbās ʿan Fayḍati l-Khatmi 'Abī l-ʿAbbās ("Dauke rikice-rikice game da Fayḍa [Ambaliyar) na hatimin [tsarkaka] Abū l-ʿAbbās [Ahmad at-Tijānī]"). Shaykh Tijānī īAlī Sīse ne ya shirya. Ash-Sharīka ad-dawliyya li-ṭ-ṭibāʿa, Alkahira, Misira.
  •  978-1-891785-47-4
  • Jawāhir ar-rasā'il ("Lu'ulu'u na haruffa"), jerin haruffa, fatawoyi, da sauran gajerun hanyoyin sadarwa na Ibrāhīm Ñas.
  • As-sirr al-'akbar ("Babban sirrin") * Tarihin wakoki marasa adadi, wadanda aka buga a cikin Ad-Dawāwīn as-Sitt Wanda Awwal Baba Taofiq ("Anthologies shida") ya fassara zuwa Turanci, Jāmiʿ Jawāmiʿ ad- Dawāwīn ("tarin tarin"), da Maūʿ Riḥlāt ash-Shaykh 'Ibrāhīm ("enaddamar da tafiye tafiyen Shaykh Ibrāhīm"). Dukkan wadannan an shirya su ne daga dansa Shaykh Muḥammad al-Ma'mūn Ibrāhīm Ñas.
  • Kitāb at-taṣrīf ("Littafin ilimin ilimin larabci"), littafi ne da aka saba amfani da shi a makarantun larabci a duk ƙasar Senegal.
  • Manāsik al-ḥajj al-mubārakah al-musammāt: tuḥfat 'ahl al-ḥādirah bi-mā yanfaʿ al-ḥājj siyyamā fī ṭ-ṭā'irah ("Ibadoji na aikin hajji mai albarka, ko: duwatsu masu daraja ga mutanen gari don amfanin mahajjata, musamman wanda ke tafiya a jirgin sama "). Shaykh Tijānī īAlī Sīse ne ya shirya.
  • Ruhul Adab (Ruhun kyawawan halaye da horo) wanda Sheikh Hassan Cisse ya fassara zuwa Ingilishi.
  • AlIfriqiyya lil Ifriqiyyin (Afirka ga 'yan Afirka) shugabannin Afirka da masu rajin neman' yanci karkashin jagorancin Gamal Abd al-Nasser na Masar sun ba da amanar buga wannan littafin ga Sheikh Sani Auwalu wani almajirin Najeriya na Sheikh Ibrahim Inyass (RA).
  • Da dama daga cikin fatawa s (ra'ayoyi na shari'a), gami da: Wajh at-taḥqīq fī kawn jāmiʿ medīna huwa l-ʿatīq ("Tabbatar da cewa dokar da ta daɗe na keɓance masallaci birni ne"), game da yanayin da ranar Juma'a ta kasance ya kamata a gina masallaci; da Baḥth fī thubūt ru'yat al-hilāl ("Nazari kan tabbatar da ganin sabon wata"), game da lokacin da za a kawo karshen watan Ramaḍan da azuminsa. Baya ga ayyukan da ya buga, kaset ɗin kaset na Ibrāhīm Ñas da yawa ana samunsu a Senegal, gami da cikakken Tafsirin Al-Qur'ān (fassarar Alkur'ani) a Wolof da Larabci, karatuttuka da yawa na Maulid an-nabawī ( haihuwar [da rayuwar] Muhammad), kuma a yaren Wolof da Larabci, da jawabai kan batutuwan addini da na aikace a cikin Wolof. "Dawawin Al-Sittah" (aikin waƙoƙi mai yawa a cikin yabo da ɗaukaka Muhammadu), "Risalatul-Tauba" (ɗan littafin da ke bayyana ainihin tuba ta gaskiya ga Allah)
  • Rihlat conakiriyya
  • Rihlat comashiyya
  • Hujjal baaligha,
  • Bayaan wa tab'een ... et al.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Brigaglia, Andrea. "Two Exegetical Works from Twentieth-Century West Africa: Shaykh Abu Bakr Gumi's Radd al-adhhān and Shaykh Ibrahim Niasse's Fī riyāḍ al-tafsīr." Journal of Qur'anic Studies 15.3 (2013): 253-266.