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Lemar Sararin Samaniya

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Lemar sararin samaniya
atmospheric layer (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Bangare na stratosphere (en) Fassara

Lemar sararin samaniya da turanci ana kiranta da Ozone layer ko (Layer) garkuwa ce a yanki na Duniyar (stratosphere) cewa garwaya da mafi yawan (Sun's ultraviolet radiation). Ya ƙunshi babban taro na ozone (O 3) dangane da sauran sassan sararin samaniya, kodayake har yanzu ƙarami ne dangane da sauran iskar gas a cikin stratosphere.[1]

Yawansa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Layer na ozone ya ƙunshi ƙasa da kashi 10 a cikin miliyan na ozone, yayin da matsakaicin taro na sararin samaniya a cikin sararin duniya gaba ɗaya shine kusan kashi 0.3 a cikin miliyan. Ana samun mafi girman lemar ozone a cikin ƙananan ɓangaren stratosphere, daga kimanin kilomita 15 zuwa 35 (9 to 22 mi) sama da Duniya, kodayake kaurinsa yana bambanta da yanayi da yanayinƙasa. Masanin kimiyyar lissafi na Birtaniya Sydney Chapman ya gano hanyoyin photochemical da ke haifar da lemar ozone.[2]

Samunsa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ozone a cikin stratosphere na duniya an halicce shi ne ta hanyar hasken ultraviolet wanda ke bugun kwayoyin halittar iskar oxygen da ke ɗauke da ƙwayoyin iskar oxygen guda biyu (O 2), ya raba su zuwa mafi kankantar iskar oxygen (atomic oxygen); da atomic oxygen sa'an nan hadawa da tsinke Yã 2 don ƙirƙirar lemar sararin samaniya, yã 3. Kwayar ozone ba ta da tsayayye (kodayake, a cikin madaidaiciyar rayuwa, tsawon rai) kuma lokacin da hasken ultraviolet ya buge ozone sai ya rarrabu zuwa kwayoyin O 2 da atom ɗin mutum ɗaya na iskar oxygen, ci gaba da ake kira zagayowar oxygen-oxygen.[3]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Ozone Basics". NOAA. 2008-03-20. Archived from the original on 2017-11-21. Retrieved 2007-01-29
  2. ^ McElroy, C.T.; Fogal, P.F. (2008). "Ozone: From discovery to protection". Atmosphere-Ocean. 46: 1–13. doi:10.3137/ao.460101. S2CID 128994884
  3. ^ "Ozone layer". Retrieved 2007-09-23.