Makkah Masjid, Hyderabad

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Makkah Masjid, Hyderabad
Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad, India.jpg
Wuri
ƘasaIndiya
State of India (en) FassaraTelangana
Megacity (en) FassaraHyderabad
Coordinates 17°21′42″N 78°28′29″E / 17.361599°N 78.474654°E / 17.361599; 78.474654
History and use
Opening1694
Maximum capacity (en) Fassara 20,000
Architecture (en) Fassara
Material(s) granite (en) Fassara
Style (en) Fassara Indo-Islamic architecture (en) Fassara

Masallacin Makka ko Masallacin Makka, masallaci ne na jama'a a cikin Hyderabad, Indiya . Yana daya daga cikin manya-manyan masallatai a India masu daukar Kimanin mutum 20,000. An gina masallacin ne a tsakanin ƙarni na 16 da na 17, kuma shi alama ce da ke da kariya daga jihar wacce take a tsakiyar tsohon garin Hyderabad, kusa da wuraren tarihi na Charminar, Fadar Chowmahalla da Laad Bazaar .

Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, sarki na biyar a masarautar Qutb Shahi, ya ba da bulo da za a yi daga kasar da aka kawo daga Makka, wurin da ya fi kowane addini musulunci, kuma ya yi amfani da su wajen gina tsakiyar masallacin, don haka ya ba masallacin da sunanta. Ita ce ta kafa cibiyar da Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah ya shirya garin .

Tarihi da gini[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An gina Masallacin Makka a lokacin mulkin Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, Qutb Shahi Sultan na biyar na Golconda (yanzu Hyderabad). Hanyoyi guda uku  An sassaka daga dutse guda ɗaya, wanda ya ɗauki shekaru biyar ana sassaka shi. Fiye da ma'aikata 8,000 ne aka ba aikin gina masallacin. Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah da kansa ya aza harsashin ginin kuma ya gina ta. An yi watsi da ginin bayan mutuwar Sarki.

Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, ɗan asalin Kasar Faransa, mai bincike, a cikin littafin balaguronsa ya lura cewa:

"Kimanin shekaru 50 kenan da fara gina wata kyakkyawar dabi'a a garin wanda zai kasance mafi girma a duk Indiya idan aka kammala shi. Girman dutsen shine batun cikawa ta musamman, kuma na wani ginshiƙi, wanda shine wurin addu'arsa, babban dutse ne wanda yake da girman gaske wanda suka kwashe shekaru biyar suna sassaka shi, kuma maza 500 zuwa 600 suna aiki koyaushe a kan aikinta. Ya buƙaci ƙarin lokaci don mirgine shi don isar da shi ta inda suka kawo shi cikin pagoda; kuma uda sun dauki shanu g1400 da za su zana ” [1]

Makka masallacin kallo daga charminar

Nizams na Hyderabad (ban da na farko da na ƙarshe) ana binne su a harabar masallacin.

A ranar 18 ga watan Mayun shekara ta 2007, wani bam ya fashe a cikin Masallacin Makka lokacin da ake sallar Juma'a, ya kashe a kalla mutane goma sha uku tare da jikkata wasu da dama.

In pic: In Green cover is the grave of [[Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI]]
Kaburbura na da 2nd zuwa 6th Nizams a Makkah Masjid

Kabbarori[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kofar farfajiyar ɗayan ɗayan fasali ne na masallaci wanda yake da murabba'i mai kusurwa huɗu, kibiya, da kuma shimfidawa wanda ke ɗauke da kabarin marmara na sarakunan daular Asaf Jahi. Wannan tsari an kirkireshi ne a lokacin mulkin sarakunan Asaf Jah. Tana dauke da kaburburan dukkan shuwagabannin Asaf Jahi banda na 1 da na karshe Nizam, Mir Osman Ali Khan, wanda aka binne shi a Masallacin Judi daura da Fadar Sarki Kothi.[2][3]

A kowane karshen wannan wurin hutun na Asaf Jahi akwai wasu bangarori masu kusurwa huɗu tare da minaret guda huɗu kowanne. Wadannan minarets suna da baranda masu kyau da madauwari tare da ƙananan ganuwar ado da baka. A saman su akwai wata faranti mai jujjuya murabba'i wanda sauran minarets suke hawa sama har sai da aka kama shi ta hanyar dome da spire.[4]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, Travels in India (English translation), Oxford University Press, Humphrey Milford, translated by Ball, London 1925 pg 205.
  2. "Welcome to TCI".
  3. "50 years after Hyderabad Nizams death, kin say his contributions neglected". Feb 24, 2017.
  4. "Makkah masjid is dying! Does anyone in Hyderabad cares?? | Deccan Digest".