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Masallacin Sulaymaniyya

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Masallacin Sulaymaniyya
التكيّة السليمانيّة
Wuri
ƘasaSiriya
Governorate of Syria (en) FassaraDamascus Governorate (en) Fassara
BirniDamascus
Coordinates 33°30′44″N 36°17′29″E / 33.512309°N 36.291338°E / 33.512309; 36.291338
Map
History and use
Opening1554
Shugaba Suleiman Mai Girma
Suna saboda Suleiman Mai Girma
Karatun Gine-gine
Zanen gini Mimar Sinan (en) Fassara
Style (en) Fassara Ottoman architecture (en) Fassara

Masallacin Sulaymaniyya ko Masallacin Sultan Sulayman (Larabci: التَّكِيَّة السُّلَيْمَانِيَّة, romanized: at-takiyya s-sulaymāniyya, Baturke: Süleymaniye Külliyesi) wani katafaren masallaci ne a Damascus, a kasar Siriya, dake gabar kogin Barada.[1]

Sultan Suleiman I wanda ya yi rashin ‘ya’ya biyu a kwanakin baya, yayin da ya kashe dansa Şehzade Mustafa, sai Şehzade Cihangir wanda ya mutu saboda bakin ciki, ya so ya kafa masallaci domin ceton ransa, don haka ya zabi wurin mahaifinsa Selim I na da. fada a Damascus. An ba da umarnin ginin a cikin 1554-55 lokacin mulkin gwamna Şemsi Pasha, har zuwa lokacin da aka kammala shi a 1558-59.[2]

Katafaren ginin da aka fi sani da takiyya, Mimar Sinan ne ya shirya shi, kuma masu sana'a na cikin gida ne suka gina shi,[3] a daidai wurin da fadar Ablaq ta Baibars take da sojojin Tamerlane suka lalata a lokacin da suka mamaye birnin Damascus.[4]

Sarkin Musulmin daular Usmaniyya Selim na biyu ya gina masallacin Sultan Selim a unguwar da ke wajen birnin Damascus a wancan lokaci ta hanyar fadada babban birnin mahaifinsa (Suleiman I).[5] Bugu da kari, an fara aikin gina madrasa har zuwa shekarar 1566-67, wadda ake yi wa lakabi da Madrasa Al-Salimiyah, kuma tana karkashin makarantar Hanafiyya.[6]

Katafaren ginin ya kunshi wani katon masallaci dake gefen kudu maso yammacin wani gida, gefen wani layi daya na ajiye duwatsu, sai kuma dakin girki na miya da ke tsakar gidan da ke arewa maso yamma, gefen gine-ginen asibitoci.[7] Masallacin yana da minara biyu da katanga mai canza launin haske da ratsan duhu. An bayyana shi a matsayin "Kyakkyawan misali na gine-ginen Ottoman a Damascus".[7][8]

Cibiyar daga baya ta zama wurin tarukan mahajjata masu son shiryawa aikin Hajjin shekara.[4]

Makabartar da ke kusa da masallacin ita ce makabartar Sarkin Musulmi Mehmed na shida na karshe, wanda aka tumbuke shi aka tilasta masa yin gudun hijira a lokacin da aka kawar da mulkin Daular Usmaniyya a shekara ta 1922. Ya rasu a ranar 16 ga Mayu, 1926 a Sanremo na kasar Italiya kuma aka binne shi a birnin Sanremo na kasar Italiya. makabartar masallacin Sultan Selim. An zabi masallacin ne saboda yana cikin kasa mafi kusa da musulmi da Turkiyya kuma kakanninsa ne suka gina shi. Akwai kusan wasu kaburbura talatin na daular Usmaniyya da suka mutu a gudun hijira kuma ba a yarda a binne su a Jamhuriyar Turkiyya a lokacin ba.

  1. "Takiyya Sulaymaniyya, Damascus, Syria". Archnet Digital Library. Retrieved 20 March 2017..
  2. Necipoğlu 2005, pp. 222–230.
  3. Necipoğlu 2005, p. 224.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Darke 2010, p. 116.
  5. "SULTAN II. SELİM'İN BANİLİK FAALİYETLERİ" [Construction activities of Sultan Seli̇m II] (PDF) (in Turkish). 2014. p. 755.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  6. Necipoğlu 2005, p. 225.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "التكية السليمانية". islamicart.museumwnf.org (in Larabci).
  8. Dumper, Stanley & Abu-Lughod 2007, p. 126.

Bayanan kula

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]
  • Darke, Diana (2010). Syria. Bradt Travel Guides. ISBN 9781841623146.
  • Dumper, Michael; Stanley, Bruce E.; Abu-Lughod, Janet L. (2007). Cities of the Middle East and North Africa: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781576079195.
  • Necipoğlu, Gülru (2005). The Age of Sinan: Architectural Culture in the Ottoman Empire. London: Reaction Books. ISBN 1-86189-244-6.