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Methane

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.

Methane (US: /ˈmɛθn/, UK: /ˈmθn/ shine kemikal kompound tare da wani kemikal formula (daya carbon atom bonded zuwa ga hudu hydrogen atoms). Yana da group-14 hydride, mafi sauki alkane, kuma babban abun ciki na natural gas. Dangantakar yawan methane akan Duniya ya sa ya zama mai kyan tattalin arziki man fetur, kodayake kamawa da adana shi yana haifar da ƙalubale na fasaha saboda gas eous yanayi a ƙarƙashin al'ada yanayi. don zafin jiki da matsa lamba.

Methane da ke faruwa a zahiri ana samun su a ƙasa da ƙasa da ƙarƙashin palin teku kuma ana samun su ta hanyar tsarin ilimin ƙasa da na halitta. Mafi girma takwalwa na methane yana ƙarƙashin belin teku a cikin sigar methane clathrate s. Lokacin da methane ya isa saman da kuma atmosphere ana kiransa da atmospheric methane.[1] Matsalolin methane na duniya ya ƙaru da kusan kashi 160 tun daga shekara ta 1750, tare da kaso mai tsoka daga ayyukan ɗan adam.[2] Ya kai kashi 20% na jimlar radiative force daga duk tsawon rayuwa da kuma na duniya baki ɗaya. hade greenhouse gas es, bisa ga rahoton 2021 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.[3] Ƙarfi, mai sauri kuma mai dorewa ragewa a cikin iskar methane zai iya iyakance dumamar yanayi na kusa da inganta ingancin iska ta hanyar rage sararin samaniyar ozone.[4]An kuma gano methane a sauran duniyoyi, ciki har da [Mars], wanda ke da tasiri ga binciken astrobiology.[5]

Abubuwan da ke haifar da sinadarai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Babban halayen sinadarai na methane su ne konewa, mai gyara tururi zuwa syngas, da halogenation. Gabaɗaya, halayen methane suna da wahalar sarrafawa.

Uwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Man fetur[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ana amfani da Methane azaman fuel don tanda, gidaje, injinan ruwa, kilns, motoci,[6]<ref name="Cornell-2008">{{cite news|quote=Tsarin iskar gas ana ɗaukarsa a matsayin 'mafi tsafta. ƙona madadin man fetur da ake samu, tunda sauƙin ƙwayar methane yana rage fitar da hayaƙin wutsiya na gurɓata daban-daban da kashi 35 zuwa 97%. Ba kamar yadda yake da ban mamaki ba shine raguwar gurɓataccen iskar gas, wanda kusan daidai yake da ethanol na masara a kusan kashi 20% akan mai.

Nazari[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Khalil, M . K. .645. Cite journal requires |journal= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. Samfuri:Ka buga rahoto
  3. [HTTPCC.CHETICK = Mataki na HTTS = HTTPS: / /web.archive.org/web/20210822165901/https://www.ipcc.ch/assessment-report/ar6/ "Cujin Yanayi 2021. Tushen Kimiyyar Jiki. Takaitaccen bayani ga masu tsara manufofi. Rukunin aiki na bayar da rahoton rahoton wannan Wgi na shida na Rahoton Gwamnatin Wgi a kan canjin yanayi"] Check |URL= value (help). Retrieved Agusta 22, 2021. Unknown parameter |shafin yanar gizo= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |mawallafi= ignored (help); Check date values in: |access-date= and |archive-date= (help)
  4. [1] Archived 2013-07-16 at the Wayback Machine .ch/rahoto/ar6/syr/zazzagewa/rahoto/IPCC_AR6_SYR_SPM.pdf IPCC, 2023: Takaitaccen bayani ga Masu tsara Manufofi]. A cikin: Canjin Yanayi 2023: Rahoton Haɗin Kai. Rahoton Kwamitin Tsare-tsare Kan Sauyin Yanayi. Gudunmawar Ƙungiyoyin Aiki I, II da III zuwa Rahoton Kima na Shida na Ƙungiyar Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararrun Ƙwararru, H. Lee da J. Romero (eds.)). IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, shafi na 26, sashe na C.2.3
  5. Etiope, Giuseppe; Lollar, Barbara Sherwood. "Abiotic Methane on Duniya". Bibcode:2013RvGeo..51..276E. doi:10.1002/rog.20011. S2CID 56457317. Unknown parameter |shafukan= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |kwanan wata= ignored (help); Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. locates-kilns-at-landfill-to-use-methane-0115981/ "Kamfanin Lumber Ya Nemo Kilns a Gidan Wuta don Amfani da Methane - Manajan Makamashi A Yau Maris 11, 2016" Check |url= value (help). Unknown parameter |tarihin-kwanaki= ignored (help)