Mohamed Rahmoune

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Mohamed Rahmoune
محمد (رابح) رحمون (1940-2022).jpg
general secretary (en) Fassara

1997 - 2022
Rayuwa
Cikakken suna محمد رحمون البوسحاقي العيشاوي الزواوي
Haihuwa Soumâa da Thénia, 15 ga Augusta, 1940
ƙasa Aljeriya
Mazauni Soumâa
Thénia
Harshen uwa Larabci
Mutuwa Thénia, 6 ga Faburairu, 2022
Makwanci Makabartar Thenia
Yanayin mutuwa Sababi na ainihi
Ƴan uwa
Ƴan uwa
Yare Rahmoune (en) Fassara
Karatu
Makaranta Zawiyet Sidi Boushaki
Rahmaniyya
Algerian Islamic reference (en) Fassara
Harsuna Larabci
Faransanci
Malamai Ali Boushaki
Brahim Boushaki
Yahia Boushaki (Shahid)
Sana'a
Sana'a soja, revolutionary (en) Fassara, ɗan/'yar siyasa, local politician (en) Fassara da mataimaki
Tsayi 168 cm
Employers National Organization of Mujahideen (en) Fassara
Wanda ya ja hankalinsa Abderrahmane Boushaki, Mohamed Seghir Boushaki, Yahia Boushaki (Shahid) da Boualem Boushaki (en) Fassara
Mamba National Organization of Mujahideen (en) Fassara
Algerian nationalism (en) Fassara
Zawiyas in Algeria (en) Fassara
Rahmaniyya
Fafutuka Algerian nationalism (en) Fassara
Sunan mahaifi Si Rabah
Aikin soja
Fannin soja National Liberation Army (en) Fassara
Digiri capitaine (en) Fassara
Ya faɗaci Algerian War of Independence (en) Fassara
Battle of Algiers (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Mabiya Sunnah
Ash'ari (en) Fassara
Sufiyya
Jam'iyar siyasa Movement for the Triumph of Democratic Liberties (en) Fassara
Special Organisation (en) Fassara
National Liberation Front (en) Fassara
Democratic National Rally (en) Fassara

Mohamed Rahmoune (Larabci: محمد رحمون‎) ya kasance shugaban mai kishin kasa na Aljeriya, a lokacin yakin neman 'yancin kai na Aljeriya.[1][2]

Ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Rahmoune a shekara ta 1940 a garin Soumâa, mai tazarar kilomita 53 gabas da birnin Algiers, a cikin dangin marabitic na Kabyl da suka fito daga masanin tauhidi Sidi Boushaki (1394-1453).[3]

Haihuwarsa a lokacin tsakiyar yakin duniya na biyu yana nufin kawar da rayuwar fararen hula a Aljeriya na Faransa da kuma kafa tsarin mulki na musamman tare da dakatar da halartar kawunsa Mohamed Seghir Boushaki (1869-1959) a cikin mulkin mallaka na mulkin mallaka a matsayin mai ba da shawara kuma wakilin 'yan asalin Aljeriya.[4]

Duk da wannan yanayi na ban mamaki, ya fara karatu a shekarar 1945 tare da dan uwansa Djillali hukunce-hukuncen Alqur'ani da harshen Larabci a cikin Zawiyet Sidi Boushaki kamar sauran 'yan uwansa, karkashin kulawa da kulawa na mufti da muqaddam Ali Boushaki (1855-1965) da sauran limamai da malamai.[5]

Kisan gillar da aka yi a watan Mayu na shekara ta alif 1945, a nasu bangaren, daga karshe ya rufe hukuncin da aka yi wa tsaunukan Aljeriya da mazauna karkara cewa tsarin shiga zaben kananan hukumomi ba zai iya kwace hakkin jama'a da na siyasa da ake da'awa tun bayan zaben shekarar dubu 1920 a Aljeriya, kuma haka yake tun lokacin da Mohamed Rahmoune ya hade tun yana karami a cikin tsarin da kawai ya ga 'yancin kai da makamai a hannun zamaninsa.[6]

Daga cikin 'yan uwansa na kurkusa wadanda suka yi masa wahayi a Soumâa da kishin kasa da kishin kasa akwai dan uwansa Yahia Boushaki (1935-1940) wanda ya dauki nauyinsa kuma ya tallafa masa daga shekarar 1951 don shirya shi ga ayyuka masu tsauri da yanke hukunci na yunkurin tayar da kayar baya a kan sojojin Faransa.[7][8]

Yakin 'Yanci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yankin Khachna a kusa da Thénia.

Tun bayan barkewar juyin juya halin Aljeriya a lokacin yana dan shekaru 14 kacal, ya kasance cikin shiri sosai a siyasance da kuma ta zahiri don shiga cikin makiya da jajanta wa mayaƙan Aljeriya wajen yaƙi da sojojin maƙiya da nufin kawar da tsarin mulkin mallaka na Faransa daga ƙasar Aljeriya.[9][10][11]

Amma bayan bikin taron kogin Soummam a ranar 20 ga watan Agustan shekarar 1956 da kuma tsarin juyin juya hali na kasar Aljeriya, an damka wa 'yan ta'addan Mohamed wadanda suke da shekaru sama da 16 daukar makamai don tayar da tarzoma don ci gaba da shi ta hanyar kai hari ga muradun 'yan mulkin mallaka a garuruwa, irin su Thénia (tsohon Ménerville) wanda ke da nisan kilomita 3 kacal a arewacin garinsu na Soumâa.[12][13][14]

Don haka, ya shiga tare da dan uwansa Bouzid Boushaki, wajen dasa bom a ofishin gidan waya a tsakiyar kasar Thénia, da kuma ayyukan zagon kasa iri-iri a yankunan noma na 'yan mulkin mallaka da ke kewayen wannan birni na layin dogo.[15][16][17]

Bayan da dan uwansa Djilali Rahmoune ya rasu a matsayin shahidi (shahid) a fagen girmamawa a shekarar 1957, ya shiga sahun rundunar soji ta kasa (ALN) a gunduma ta uku, shi ne na farko a wilaya ta hudu na tarihi, inda ya shiga cikin sahu a cikin yaƙe-yaƙe da yawa.[18][19]

Kurkuku[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ferme Gauthier

Bayan shiga wani harin kwantan bauna da sojojin kasar Faransa suka kai a shekara ta 1957 a kusa da garin Beni Amrane, an kama Mujahid Rahmoune tare da wasu sojojin da suka tsira domin kai su sansanin azabtarwa da cin zarafi na Ferme Gauthier[20] da ke arewacin garin Souk El Had.[21][22][23]

Daga nan sai aka gana masa azabar wutar lantarki da munanan raunuka yayin da aka binne shi tare da dan uwansa Bouzid Boushaki a cikin ramukan rumfunan ruwan inabin da masu azabtarwa Scarfo da Mathieu suka mayar da su zuwa sansanin taro da kuma kawar da su ba bisa ka'ida ba.[24][25][26]

Yayin da yawancin fursunonin da ake tsare da su a wannan mugunyar wurin azabtarwa suka shiga cikin wahala da cin zarafi da aka yi musu, aka boye gawarwakinsu da gawarwakinsu a cikin rijiyoyi ko kuma a jefa su cikin ruwan kogin Isser, an mayar da Rahmoune bayan ‘yan makonni na azabtarwa zuwa gidan yari Serkadji a Kasbah na Algiers tare da shugabannin yankin na juyin juya hali domin gurfana a gaban kotu.[27][28][29]

Gudu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wilaya shida na tarihi na ALN a lokacin yakin Aljeriya.

Rahmoune ya samu nasarar tserewa daga gidan yarin Boghar a shekara ta 1959 tare da wasu mayaka mujahidai guda hudu, kuma hakan ne bayan ya murmure bayan yakin shekarar 1957 da kuma nau’ukan azaba da ya sha.[30]

Bayan ya tsallaka rafin Chahbounia tare da abokansa, sojojin sojojin juyin juya hali na Aljeriya suka dauke shi zuwa hedkwatar wilaya ta tarihi ta hudu domin ganawa da Kanar M'Hamed Bougarra, wanda daga baya aka nada shi sakataren soji a farko yankin wannan wilaya mai tarihi.[31]

Daga nan sai ya bukaci kwamandan juyin juya halin Musulunci da ya sanya shi yankin Sour El Ghozlane (tsohon Aumale) wanda ya san shi sosai kuma yana da alaka mai karfi a cikin juyin juya hali, inda ya ci gaba da yunkurinsa na kawo cikas ga Turawa da sojojin Faransa.[32]

Yayin da yake tafiya a shekarar 1960 zuwa tsaunin Dirrah da ke kallon Sour El Ghozlane don gudanar da daya daga cikin ayyukan soji da ya ke kitsawa, ya fuskanci arangama kai tsaye da sojojin Faransa makiya, inda ya samu munanan raunuka a gwiwarsa.[33]

Wannan rauni na ƙuntatawa ya sa ya yi wuya a gare shi ya motsa a cikin maquis, wanda ya sauƙaƙa wa sojojin Faransa su sake kama shi kuma su kai shi cibiyar azabtarwa (ofishi na biyu) a Sour El Ghozlane.

An sake tsare Rahmoune a gidan yarin Boghar, kuma na tsawon watanni 7 nan da nan a gidan yarin CMS inda sojojin Faransa suka gana masa azaba akai-akai.

Ya kasance fursuna a CMS har zuwa ranar 23 ga watan Fabrairu, shekara ta 1962, 'yan makonni kafin tsagaita wuta a ranar 19 ga Maris a jajibirin samun 'yancin kai.

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Moudjahid Rahmoune ya mutu a ranar 4 ga watan Fabrairu, shekara ta 2022 a gidan danginsa a Thénia yana da shekaru 82.[34]

An binne shi a washegari a makabartar Djebanat El Ghorba da ke kudancin Thénia a gefen ƙauyen Soumâa a gaban danginsa da abokansa da kuma wata tawaga ta gwamnatin Aljeriya.[35]

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. https://www.aps.dz/ar/algerie/120842-2022-02-06-15-40-33
  2. https://www.aps.dz/algerie/135156
  3. https://www.aps.dz/algerie/135156
  4. https://www.djazairess.com/fr/apsfr/535156
  5. https://bak-press.dz/site/news/s/8725
  6. https://www.djazairess.com/fr/lnr/270731
  7. "Kwafin ajiya". Archived from the original on 2021-12-22. Retrieved 2022-04-10.
  8. https://lequotidienalgerie.org/2016/05/10/si-la-torture-nous-etait-contee/
  9. https://www.djazairess.com/akhbarelyoum/225204
  10. https://www.djazairess.com/fr/liberte/353574
  11. https://www.aps.dz/regions/96610-les-camps-de-tortures-a-boumerdes-un-autre-temoin-de-la-barbarie-du-colonisateur
  12. https://www.djazairess.com/elmassa/142106
  13. "Kwafin ajiya". Archived from the original on 2017-10-26. Retrieved 2022-04-10.
  14. https://www.djazairess.com/fr/lqo/5223843
  15. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bd6t584691c/f3.item.r=Bouzid+Boushaki.zoom
  16. https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bd6t585286x/f2.item.r=Boushaki+Bouzid.zoom
  17. https://www.aps.dz/ar/regions/49053-2017-10-29-11-05-35
  18. https://www.aps.dz/ar/societe/82410-2020-01-15-15-03-56
  19. https://www.elitihadcom.dz/%D8%A8%D9%88%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B3-%D8%AA%D8%A3%D8%AE%D8%B1-%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%AD%D9%8A%D9%84-%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%B7%D9%86%D9%8A-%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%AA%D9%82%D9%84-%D8%AD%D9%88%D8%B4-%D9%82%D9%88/
  20. https://wikimapia.org/31109243/Ferme-Gautier-de-Souk-El-Had
  21. https://www.djazairess.com/echchaab/200718
  22. https://www.djazairess.com/essalam/131831
  23. "Kwafin ajiya". Archived from the original on 2022-04-17. Retrieved 2022-04-10.
  24. https://www.djazairess.com/fr/lnr/270731
  25. https://www.djazairess.com/echchaab/96645
  26. https://www.djazairess.com/fr/lequotidien/34647
  27. https://www.aps.dz/ar/regions/78828-2019-10-30-15-04-30
  28. https://www.el-massa.com/dz/%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%A8%D9%88%D8%B1%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%B7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%AA/%D9%85%D8%B1%D9%83%D8%B2-%D8%BA%D9%88%D8%AA%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%87-%D9%84%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%B0%D9%8A%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%87%D8%AF%D9%8A%D9%86-%D9%8A%D8%B4%D9%87%D8%AF-%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%89-%D9%81%D8%B8%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%B1
  29. https://www.djazairess.com/fr/lequotidien/34647
  30. https://www.aps.dz/ar/algerie/120842-2022-02-06-15-40-33
  31. https://bak-press.dz/site/news/s/8725/
  32. https://www.djazairess.com/aps/520842
  33. https://www.djazairess.com/fr/apsfr/535156
  34. https://www.djazairess.com/aps/520842
  35. https://www.aps.dz/algerie/135156