Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari
Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari 1980 stamp of India.jpg
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Mohammadabad (en) Fassara, 25 Disamba 1880
ƙasa British India (en) Fassara
Mazaunin Dar-Us-Salam (en) Fassara
Mutuwa Delhi (en) Fassara, 10 Mayu 1936
Karatu
Makaranta Madras Medical College (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Sana'a
Sana'a marubuci
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Jam'iyar siyasa Indian National Congress (en) Fassara

Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari (an haife shi a ranar 25 ga watan Disamban shekara ta 1880 - ya mutu a ranar 10 ga watan Mayun shekara ta 1936) ɗan kishin ƙasa ne kuma shugaban siyasa, kuma tsohon shugaban Majalisar Dokokin Indiya da na Kungiyar Musulmi a lokacin 'yancin Ƙasar Indiya . Daya daga cikin wadanda suka kafa Jami'ar Jamia Millia Islamia ya kasance shugaban ta a shekara ta 1928 zuwa shekara ta 1936. [1] [2]

Rayuwar farko da aikin likita[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari a ranar 25 ga watan Disamban shekara ta 1880 a garin Yusufpur- Mohammadabad a gabashin Uttar Pradesh ).

Yayi karatu a makarantar Victoria, Ansari da danginsa suka koma Hyderabad . Ansari ya sami digirin likita daga Kwalejin Likita ta Madras kuma ya tafi Ingila kan karatun malanta. Ya sami digiri na MD da na MS a shekara ta 1905. A cikin shekara ta 1910 Ansari ya sami Jagora na tiyata (ChM) daga Jami'ar Edinburgh don aikinsa na maganin cututtukan syphilis ta arylarsonates tare da tsokaci na musamman ga binciken kwanan nan . Ya kasance dalibi mai aji mafi girma kuma yayi aiki a Asibitin Lock na London da Charing Cross Hospital a London . Ya kasance ɗan Indiya ne na farko a aikin tiyata, kuma a yau akwai Ansari Ward a cikin Charing Cross Hospital, London, [3] don girmama aikinsa.

Daga shekara ta 1921 zuwa shekara ta 1935, Ansari ya ziyarci Vienna, Paris, Lucerne da London don ganawa da mashahuran masu ilimin uuro, da suka hada da Robert Lichtenstern, Eugen Steinach da Serge Voronoff, wasu daga cikin magabata na dashen kwayar halittar dabbobi akan mutane. A cikin shekaru goman karshe na rayuwarsa, Ansari ya gudanar da irin wadannan ayyukan narkar da sama da 700, yana mai daukar 440 a hankali. Daga waɗannan gwaje-gwajen ya wallafa littafinsa na sake haihuwa na mutum, wanda ya raba tare da babban amininsa Mahatma Gandhi. [4]

Ayyukan kishin ƙasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin shekara ta 1898, yayin ɗalibi a Madras, Ansari ya halarci zamansa na farko na duk taron Indiya, wanda AnandaMohan Bose ya jagoranta . A shekara ty1927, lokacin da aka sake gudanar da Zama a Madras, Ansari ya jagoranci zaman [3]

Dokta Ansari ya tsunduma cikin kungiyar ‘Yancin kan Indiya a lokacin da yake Ingila. Ya koma Delhi kuma ya shiga Majalisar Dokokin Indiya da ta Muslim League . Ya taka muhimmiyar rawa a tattaunawar yarjejeniya ta 1916 Lucknow Pact kuma ya yi aiki a matsayin shugaban kungiyar musulmin a cikin shekara ta 1918 da kuma shekara ta 1920 [5] . Ya kasance mai nuna goyon baya ga kungiyar Khilafat, [3] kuma ya jagoranci tawagar likitocin Kasar Indiya don kula da sojojin Turkiyya da suka ji rauni a lokacin yakin Balkan. (Syed Tanvir Wasti, Ofishin Jakadancin Red Crescent na Indiya zuwa Yaƙe-yaƙe na Balkan, Nazarin Gabas ta Tsakiya, Vol. 45, No. 3, 393-406, a Mayun shekara ta 2009)

Ansari ya yi aiki sau da yawa a matsayin Babban Sakatare Janar na AICC, da kuma Shugaban Majalisar Wakilan Kasa ta Indiya yayin zamanta na shekara ta 1927 [6] . Sakamakon yaƙe-yaƙe da rarrabuwar kawuna ta siyasa tsakanin Leagueungiyar a cikin shekara ta 1920s, kuma daga baya haɓakar Muhammad Ali Jinnah da rarrabuwar kai tsakanin Musulmi, Ansari ya kusanci Mahatma Gandhi da Jam'iyyar Congress .[ana buƙatar hujja]

Ansari ya kasance daya daga cikin Kwamitin Gidauniyar Jamia Millia Islamia sannan kuma yayi aiki a matsayin shugabar jami’ar Jamia Millia Islamia a Delhi jim kadan bayan mutuwar wanda ya kafa ta farko, Hakim Ajmal Khan a shekara ta 1927. [2]

Rayuwar mutum[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ansari ya kasance a cikin gidan sarauta, wanda ake kira Darus Salaam ko kuma Gidan aminci. Mahatma Gandhi ya kasance baƙo mai yawa lokacin da ya ziyarci Delhi, kuma gidan ya kasance tushe na yau da kullun don ayyukan siyasa na Majalisar.

Ansari ya mutu a shekara ta 1936 akan hanyarsa daga Mussoorie zuwa Delhi akan jirgin kasa sakamakon bugun zuciya. An binne shi a cikin harabar jami'ar Jamia Millia Islamia da ke Delhi.

Zuriya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Da yawa daga cikin dangin Ansari sun kasance a Kasar Indiya bayan rabuwa a shekara ta 1947, kuma sun zama 'yan siyasa a Kasar Indiya kyauta. Zuriyarsa da danginsa sun hada da:

  • Mukhtar Ansari . An lasafta shi domin girmama kakansa, Mukhtar Jr. dan majalisar dokokin jihar Uttar Pradesh ne daga mazabar Mau. Ya lashe zaben a shekara ta 2017 akan tikitin BSP. Shi ne Firayim wanda ake tuhuma a shari'ar kisan kai na Krishnanand Rai da sauran laifuka, kuma ya kwashe shekaru 13 a kurkuku. An sake shi a ranar 3 ga watan Yulin shekara ta 2019, bayan da shaidu a kansa suka zama masu adawa.
  • Sibakatullah Ansari
  • Afzal Ansari
  • Mohammad Hamid Ansari, tsohon Mataimakin Shugaban kasar Indiya . Sabanin yadda aka yi imani da shi, shi ba jikan Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari bane. Hasali ma, jika ne ga dan uwan Ansari. [3]

Daraja[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hanyar Ansari a cikin Daryaganj, tsohon Delhi an sa masa suna. [3] Ansari Nagar kusa da AIIMS, New Delhi.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Profile of Ahmed Ansari.
  2. 2.0 2.1 History and profile of Jamia Millia Islamia, Delhi (vice-chancellor Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari in 1927), jmi.ac.in.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 The Ansari connection.
  4. Dr Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari was a freedom fighter who also grafted animal testicles onto humans.
  5. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mukhtar-Ahmad-Ansari
  6. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mukhtar-Ahmad-Ansari