Polci

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Polci
Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-3 plj
Glottolog da polc1243 nyam1284 da polc1243[1]

Polci (Palci) harshen Chadic a Jihar Bauchi, Nijeriya ne.

Kalmomi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kalmomin Polci da Hausa da Turanci:[2][3]

Turanci Hausa Polci
world (duniya) atl kwaŋ
earth, land doron ƙasa atl
earth=ground, soil ƙasa atl
dust ƙura; ura ruŋ
mud taɓo; laka ndwap
sand yashi nyaasən
mountain, hill dutse; duc̣i; jigawa; tsauni goŋ; ɓyaŋ; ɗee
plain, field sarari daasə
valley kwari; kware luut
island tsibiri
mainland nahiya
shore gaɓa bə sal
cave kogo; kwarga koroŋ; koroŋ tat; koroŋ pət
water ruwa maa
sea teku tapga maa
foam kumfa
ocean teku
lake tafki tapga
wave igiyar ruwa
river, stream, brook kogi sal; ɗwaarə
spring, well idon ruwa googa
swamp fadama luut
waterfall zubowan ruwa
woods, forest daji; jeji zəŋəm
tree (cf 08.600) bishiya pət
wood itace nyansə
stone, rock dutse tat
earthquake girgizar ƙasa atl dəŋəl
sky sama leyam
sun rana piɗii
moon wata car
star tauraro taŋətlə
lightning walƙiya vancibi
thunder tsawa bədlaa gaam
lightning (as striking) walƙiya vancibi
storm ruwa da iska van te yətər
rainbow bakan gizo dlantukure
light (noun) haske wuutu
darkness duhu dzughən
shade, shadow inuwa gwoŋsə
dew raɓa səsər
air iska yatər
wind iska; guguwa yatər
cloud gajimare; girgije; hadari gajimaare; shaar leyam; zunzuuru
fog hazo ɓwandi
rain (noun) ruwan sama van
snow (noun) ƙanƙara
ice ƙanƙara; ayas
weather yanayi
fire wuta wuutu
flame (noun) harshen wuta nyatl uutu
smoke (noun) hayaƙi kələm
ashes toka geedlə
embers garwashi gəsəŋ wuutu
burn (vb trans) ƙona bak
burn (vb intrans) ƙuna cirəp
light, kindle, ignite kunna fat
extinguish kashe mbis
match (noun) ashana; karawa (ashaana); kərəɓə
firewood makamashi; itacen girki nyansə
charcoal gawayi ndughən
person, human being mutum (masc.); mutuniya (fem.); ɗan Adam mbaam
man (vs. woman) namiji mani
woman mace ger
male namiji mani
female mace ger
boy yaro miir
young man (adolescent) ƙaramin yaro wun kon
girl yarinya mii gwe
young woman (adolescent) ƙaramar yarinya wun gwe
child yaro (masc.); yarinya (fem.) miir
infant, baby jariri wumbarto
husband miji baa keen
wife mata (uwargida)
marry aura kap ger
marriage, wedding aure kaptə
divorce saki ŋgartə
father uba; mahaifi baa
mother uwa; mahaifiya dee
parents mahaifa; iyaye mərgən
married man magidanci
married woman matar aure uwargida
son ɗa wun
daughter 'ya; ɗiya wun gwe
offspring (son or daughter) 'ya'ya miir
brother ɗan'uwa; shaƙiƙi yees
older brother wa daŋ yees
younger brother ƙane win yees
sister 'yaruwa; shaƙiƙiya (?) waas
older sister ya waas
younger sister ƙanwa waas
sibling 'yan'uwa
twins tagwaye paas
grandfather kaka (namiji) jer
old man tsoho gwaasi
grandmother kaka (mace) jer
old woman tsohuwa basi manya
grandson jika wun jer
granddaughter jikanya wun jer
uncle kawu kawo
mother's brother rafani; kawu (?) kawo
father's brother baffa baaba
aunt gwaggo wobna
mother's sister gwaggo (?) kawo
father's sister baba wobna
nephew ɗan-
niece 'yar-
cousin ɗan'uwa; 'yaruwa; abokin wasa; taubashi yees; waas
ancestors mutanen dauri; kakannin-kakanni
descendants zuriya
father-in-law (of a man) suruki kwam
father-in-law (of a woman) suruki kwam
mother-in-law (of a man) suruka; sarakuwa kwam
mother-in-law (of a woman) suruka; sarakuwa kwam
son-in-law (of a man) suruki kwam
son-in-law (of a woman) suruki kwam
daughter-in-law (of a man) suruka; sarakuwa kwam
daughter-in-law (of a woman) suruka; sarakuwa kwam
stepfather mijin uwa baa gən
stepmother kishiyar uwa
stepson agola (agoola)
stepdaughter agoliya (agoola)
orphan maraya (masc.); marainiya (fem.) kəi
widow matar takaba takaba
widower gwauruwa; matar takaba
relatives, kinsmen dangi zuuriya
family iyaye; iyali iyaali
I ni am
you (singular) kai (masc.); ke (fem.) kii
he/she/it shi (masc.); ita (fem.) yaa
we mu mii
we (inclusive) mu mii
we (exclusive) mu mii
you (plural) ku kii
they su wur
animal dabba; naman daji tloo
male (adj) namiji mani
female (adj) mace mədli
livestock dabbobin kiwo tloo bən
pasture makiyaya ləəp
herdsman makiyayi kon lii
stable, stall barga kanja
cattle (bovine) shanu tlaa
bull bijimi tlaa
ox sa tlaa
cow saniya tlaa
calf maraƙi nyalbi
sheep tunkiya təm
ram rago gaŋlaŋ
ewe tunkiya təm
lamb 'ya'yan tumaki mii təm
boar gadu; mugun dawa; alhanzir shiŋərim
sow (2) macen alade (alade)
pig alade alade
goat akuya maar
he-goat bunsuru gwapshəŋ
kid ɗan akuya; 'yar akuya wun maar
horse (equine) doki pərsə
stallion ingarma
mare goɗiya (goɗiya)
foal, colt duƙushi wun pərsə
ass, donkey jaki shyaaki
mule alfadari (alfadari)
fowl kaza kooro
cock, rooster zakara toghsə; twaghsə
hen kaza kooro
chicken kaza kooro
duck agwagwa (agwagwaa)
goose agwagwaa maa
nest sheƙa; gidan tsuntsu been yaadli
bird tsuntsu yaadli
heron zalɓe gwarmadak
eagle gaggafa; juhurma gəəm
hawk shaho suura
vulture ungulu kwaɗak
bat jemage zəŋər
parrot aku (aku)
crow hankaka ŋgwaak
dove kurciya ciguuru; cugooro
owl mujiya; duji zhizhi
dog kare (masc.); karya (fem.) yar
rabbit zomo zom
cat kyanwa; mage; kule muus
mouse, rat ɓera kusum
fish kifi geesi
fin (dorsal) fiffiken kifi bəghəm geesi
fishscale sikelin kifi kor geesi
gill harza bəghəm geesi
shell ƙumba gyiŋgyal
lion zaki bor
fox yanyawa byau
deer barewa mbaran
monkey biri garə; bərr; dzuŋbər
elephant giwa liŋ
camel raƙumi (rakˀumi)
insect ƙwaro pupələm
louse ƙwarƙwata kwarkwata
nit (louse egg) ƙoyin ƙwarƙata
flea ƙuma twadlii
centipede shanshani dzuŋganca
scorpion kunama yində
cockroach kyankyaso pupələm
ant kiyashi
spider gizo-gizo loghən
spider web saƙar gizo-gizo been loghən
bee ƙudan zuma dzom
beeswax kakin zuma
beehive amya
wasp zanzaro hiŋhiŋ
fly ƙuda yaləm
sandfly (midge), gnat ƙuda; wani irin
mosquito sauro furen
worm tana byamlak
snake maciji koŋkoŋ
firefly maƙesuwa mbil
butterfly malam-buɗa-littafi pakpaksher
grasshopper fara kaaɓən
snail dodon koɗi toŋlaŋ
frog kwaɗo tajoori
lizard ƙadangare tablaŋ
crocodile, alligator kada korom
turtle kunkuru kurbi
body jiki dlii
skin, hide fata kur
flesh tsoka sooka
hair (head) gashi; suma (male) tsuruŋ
beard gemu bəmzə
body hair gashi tsuruŋ dlii
pubic hair gashin gaba tsuruŋ gaamwar
dandruff amosani tsagha gaam
blood jini buran; bəran
vein, artery jijiya tsop buran
bone ƙashi gooloo
rib haƙarƙari goolə gəp
horn ƙaho mbee
tail jela (fem.); bindi (masc.); wutsiya tsər
back baya kar
spine ƙashin baya goolə kar
head kai gaam
side of head, temple gefen kai kum gaam
skull ƙoƙon kai gooloo gaam
brain ƙwaƙwalwa ɓurgo gaam
face fuska yiir
forehead goshi naŋ gaam
jaw muƙamuƙi goolaŋa
cheek kunci gəsh kəəˑm
chin haɓa boghom
eye ido yiir
eyebrow gira gəŋ iir
eyelid fatar ido kur-yiir
eyelash gashin ido tsuruŋyir
blink ƙifta ido njəpyiir
ear kunne kəəm
earlobe fatar kunne wal kəəm
earwax dauɗon kunne nzuk kəəm
nose hanci cin
nostril kafar hanci shuu cin
mucus (nasal) majina naghan
mouth baki bii
beak bakin tsuntsu bii yadli
lip leɓe wal bii
tongue harshe nyatl
tooth haƙori shen
gums dasashi deelim
molartooth matauni karagha
neck wuya yuwar
nape of neck ƙeya; bayan wuya
throat maƙogwaro ŋgwaŋəlaŋ
shoulder kafaɗa bablaŋ
shoulderblade allon kafaɗa goolə bablaŋ
collarbone ƙashin wuya goolə yuwar
arm hannu aam
armpit hamata dlaŋgo
elbow gwiwar hannu ŋgwatl
wrist wuyar hannu yuwar aam
hand hannu aam
palm of hand tafin hannu gip aam
finger yatsa mii aam
thumb babban ɗan yatsa goŋ aam
fingernail farce mbek
claw ƙambori mbek
leg ƙafa asəm
thigh cinya; katara tsəghən
calf of leg sha-raɓa
knee gwiwa gaam kwitlkən
foot ƙafa asəm
ankle idon ƙafa; idon sawu yiir asəm
heel diddige; digadigi; dugadugi; dunduniya ɓəpsə asəm
footprint sawun ƙafa rəp asəm
toe yatsa; yatsan ƙafa mii asəm
wing fiffike bəghəm
feather gashi tsuruŋ
chest ƙirji bəgəəp
breast (of woman) nono; mama neen
nipple, teat kan nono bəneen
udder hantsa neen
navel cibiya mbutl
heart zuciya mbatl
lung huhu vaktarak
liver hanta mbatl
kidney ƙoda mbarləm
spleen saifa labaara
stomach ciki tuu
intestines, guts hanji wat
waist ƙugu ndaŋ; gəsh tuu
hip kuturi kuŋtukuŋ
buttocks ɗuwawu gəsh; gish
womb mahaifa; ciki tler gərəghən
testicle golo jindi
penis azzakari wagham
breathe, breath yi numfashi səghəntə
yawn, gape hamma həəm
hiccough shaƙuwa tləghət
cough tari itlaa
sneeze yi atishawa disha
perspire yi gumi; yi zufa saaləmtə
spit tofa topa
vomit yi amai biighən
bite ciza; cizo nyaŋsə
lick tanɗa ɓəəp
dribble ɗigowan ruwa
sleep barci yimbur
snore minshari kwaraghən
dream yi mafarki farwali
wake up tashi daga barci tlet
break wind yi tusa; huta ti ish; ti
urinate yi fitsari ti baas
defecate yi kashi ndzom ish
have sexual intercourse yi jima'i kwak
shiver yi ɓari dlaar
bathe yi wanka fwaptə
beget (of father) haifi
born (to be) haifa gər
pregnant (mai) ciki tuughə gərtə
conceive ɗau ciki pər tuu
live, living, life rai; rayuwa shik-; baltə
die, dead mutu; mutuwa məs; məsi
drowned cinyewar ruwa
kill kashe kashe
corpse gawa vuni
bury (the dead) binne laaptə
grave, tomb kabari gaam gipsə
strong, mighty, powerful ƙaƙƙarfa nyap; nyapkən
weak rauni foghəl
well, health lafiya tlet kalaw
sick, sickness ciwo; cuta; rashin lafiya shekamkam
fever zazzaɓi ŋanŋən
goiter maƙoƙo mwaɗəyuwar
cold (catarrh) mura naaghan
wound, sore rauni ciwo
bruise ƙujewa mok
swelling kumburi mwat
itch ƙaiƙayi kaptə
blister bororo
boil (noun) ƙurji; maruru wanjaane
pus ɗiwa roo
scar tabo lowan
cure, heal warkar fəɗə
physician likita likitən; kon woghən
medicine, drug magani woghən; woghən bən
poison guba; dafi maa woghən; pyas woghən
tired, weary gajiya gəji
rest huta səghən
lazy malalaci
bald sanƙo mogha gaam
lame gurgu ŋgurum
deaf kurma ndwaghəm
mute bebe ɓaaɓa
blind makaho dzuwaan
intoxicated buguwa ɗok nə zuri
naked, bare tsirara (siraara)
eat ci ci
food abinci rəpci
cooked dafu tsor
raw danya ɗeghai
ripe nuna nyoo
green, unripe ɗanye gwaami
rotten ruɓaɓɓe roos
drink sha tlee
hunger yunwa gusum
famine yunwa raaraka
thirst ƙishirwa gər maa
suck tsotsa ɓəəp
chew tauna ɗaam
swallow haɗiya zəngaa
choke ƙwara; ƙwaru ŋgap yuwar
cook girka; dafa tsor
boil (vb) tafasa ful
roast, fry gasa; soya bak
bake gasa bak
oven obin; tanderu tandeeruu
pot, cooking vessel tukunya caan; taŋ
kettle buta caan
pan kwano
dish tasa; kwano
plate faranti
bowl kwano; kasko
pitcher, jug tulu; buta
cup, drinking vessel kofi
saucer fale; faranti
spoon cokali kəŋga
knife (2) wuƙa sərəp
fork (2) cokali mai yatsu
tongs hantsaki ŋgal
meal (a) kalaci rəpci
breakfast karin kumallo rəpcighə tlitliin
lunch abincin rana rəpcighə piɗi
dinner abincin dare rəpcighə vor
supper abincin dare rəpcighə vor
peel ɓare tyat
sieve, strain tace tsərəŋ
scrape kuje; kankare; katse wagha
stir, mix juya; dama; tuƙa kətl
bread (burodi)
dough kwababben fulawa
knead cuɗa
meal, flour gari; tsaki cap
crush, grind ɓarza; niƙa nok; noghvon
mill ma'aikata rəp mbaaɓə
mortar (2) turmi itlaŋ
pestle taɓarya aam itlaŋ
meat nama tloo
soup, broth romo; miya miitli
vegetables kayan lambu rəpkə lambu
bean wake zaam
potato dankali lawur
fruit 'ya'yan itace gər pət
bunch tari; ɗauri dzom
fig ceɗiya; ɓaure tsorom
grape inabi
nut 'ya 'yan itace
olive zaituni
oil mai ɗiin
grease, fat maiƙo ɗogho
salt gishiri kwi
pepper barkono talas
chili pepper barkono
honey zuma dzom
sugar sukari (səkar)
milk (noun) madara; nono madara
milk (vb) tatsa zhootə neen
cheese cuku; cukwi
butter man shanu ɗiin tlaa
beverage, drink abin sha
mead giya; giyar zuma ɗok
wine giya; giyar inabi
beer giya; barasa ɗok
fermented drink giyar hatsi ɗok
egg ƙwai mbwatl
egg yolk ƙwanduwa
put on (clothes) sanya ŋgar loghət
clothing, clothes kayan jiki; sutura loghət
tailor tela; maɗinki (tela)
cloth yadi; zane
wool ulu
cotton audauga pəɗək
silk siliki; alharini
fur gashi tsuruŋ
leather fata; ƙirgi kur
spin kaɗa mbok
spindle mazari kaskara
weave saƙa tsoghay
loom masaƙa
sew ɗinka rap
needle allura alluura
awl mahuji zhoŋar
thread zare; arafiya; abawa abawa
dye rini
cloak alkyabba
poncho taguwa
woman's dress zane
coat kwat; manto
shirt taguwa
collar kwala; wuya
skirt siket
grass-skirt siketi; ɗan-tofi ŋgar wal
trousers wando
stocking, sock safa
shoe takalma cugopsi
boot (but) (but)
shoemaker, cobbler baduku
hat, cap hula; malafa (taagiiya)
belt, girdle bel; santir
glove safar
veil hijabi (hijaab)
pocket aljihu (aljuhu)
button maɓalli (aniinii)
pin fin; allura
ornament, adornment abin ado; kayan ado ərəm ado
jewel dutse
ring (for finger) zobe (zobbe)
bracelet abin hannu yit
necklace abin wuya zululu
bead dutsen ado
earring 'yan kunne
headband, headdress ɗankwali kwaali
tattoo shasshawa tloolə
handkerchief, rag mayani; hanciki
towel tawul (taawul)
comb matsefi zaar
brush buroshi
braid kitso; kitsa; tufka; taura tsoghə gaam
razor aska; (reza) (reza)
ointment maganin shafawa ɗiin
soap sabulu (saabulu)
mirror madubi (maganii)
dwell, live zauna; zama shik
house gida keen; tlaap
hut ɗaki; bukka kanja
garden-house gidan gona
tent laima; tanti
yard, court farfajiya ɗəl keen
meeting house gidan taro
room ɗaki tlaap
door, gate ƙofa; ƙyaure biibi
doorpost, jamb dokin ƙofā; ƙofar ɗaki gaam biibi
lock (noun) makulli (makulli)
latch, door-bolt sakata (sakata)
key makulli; mabuɗi (mabuuɗi)
window taga (taaga)
floor daɓe (daɓee)
wall bango; garu tu keen
fireplace ɗakin girki been tsop
stove murhu pyeghət
chimney bututun hayaƙi; mafitar hayaki
ladder tsani; kwaranga dlaŋtaŋ
bed gado gudu
pillow matashin kai ərkənnə
blanket bargo bargoo
chair kujera daan
table tebur (teebur)
lamp, torch fitila (pitila)
candle kyandir (kyandir)
shelf kanta aam kir
trough komi; akala kumtə
roof (rufi); jinka yar
thatch jinka yar
ridgepole azaran rumfa ghart
rafter azaran jinka
beam ginshiƙi; azara; (bim) taŋka
post, pole turke; tsarnu; dirka tsaŋ
board katako (kaataakoo)
arch baka məəm
mason magini; mason
brick tubali; birgi goŋraŋ
mortar kwaɓi gurugho
adobe tubali
farmer manomi mun ŋgərəghə
field (for cultivation) gona zhim
garden lambu (lambu)
cultivate, till yi noma ŋgərəghə
fence shinge; danga (darni)
ditch kwalbati; gata; gwalalo (gada)
plow kafta; garma jer
furrow kunya zhel
dig haƙa; kaftu; nome; rora; farta; tona ɗok shuu; kəptə
spade shebur; tebur yuuru
shovel shebur
hoe fartanya yuuru
fork cokali mai yatsu
rake manjagara (manjagara)
sow shuka kəp
seed iri batər
mow, reap yanke ciyawa; girba tloo
sickle, scythe lauje (lauje)
thresh sussuka zok
threshing-floor masussuka
crop, harvest shuka-shuka (girbi)
grain (barley, oats etc) hatsi wu
wheat alkama
barley sha'ir
rye hatsi
oats hatsi
maize, corn masara buŋgwaaren
rice shinkafa shiŋga
grass ciyawa məi
hay ingirici; busasshiyar ciyawa kun məi
plant (noun) shuka; tsiro kəp
plant (vb) shuka kəp
root saiwa tlertə pət; tler pət
branch reshe bə aam; aam pət
leaf ganye wal
flower fure pas
tree itaci; bishiya pət
vine raɓa-danni
tobacco (taba) taaba; tunkura
smoke (tobacco) sha (taba) kələm
pipe lofe cantaaba
tree stump kututture; tushiya ndənzə pət
tree trunk gangar jiki
forked branch gwafa ŋgapcaŋ
bark ɓawo koor pət
sap ruwan bishiya nzuk
palm tree bishiyar kwakwa (kwaakwaa)
coconut kwakwa (kwaakwaa)
citrus fruit (lemo)
banana tree bishiyar ayaba ayaba
banyan bishiyar banyan
sweet potato dankali lawur
yam doya gutlum
tapioca, manioc, cassava rogo
gourd duma kaalə
pumpkin, squash kabewa ɓaar
bamboo gora məghə
sugar cane rake (rike)
fish poison (root) dafin kifi maakoba; maakuba
nettle tsiro
mushroom naman kaza #NAME?; mbarmat; ləɗəntə; gaŋgaŋ zoomoo
do, make yi pur
work aiki səntə
bend lanƙwasa; sunkuya ŋgwoŋ
fold ninke; karya naak
tie, bind ɗaura ləŋ
untie kwance; sunce təs
chain sarƙa sarka
rope, cord igiya tler
knot (noun) ƙulli kutl
strike (hit, beat) doka; duka; buga dzu
pound with fist daka; kirɓa; casa ɗok
cut yanka njaŋ
cut down sare rapsə
chop, hew datsa rapsə
stab soka ɓəŋ
knife wuƙa sərəp
scissors, shears almakashi
ax adda; gatari; kurada wotkə
adze gizago; masassaƙi kas
break fasa; karya; tsinka tsak
broken karya ŋgəl
split raba vye rop
tear yaga tarr; tla�ktə
flay, skin feɗe lurr
rub, wipe goga; goge berrdlek
stretch miƙa tək
pull ja jaa
spread out watsa baza
hang up rataya zat
press goge; danna dənna
squeeze, wring matsa zho
pour zuba gasaŋ
wash wanke fwap
sweep share saat
broom tsintsiya səndaarə
tool kayan aiki ərəm mbaaɓə
carpenter kafinta (kaapinta)
build gina tsok
bore ɓusa; huda ɓəŋ
hollow out rarake kumtə
saw zarto zartə
hammer guduma fəmbə
nail ƙusa mbek
glue liƙi
smith, blacksmith maƙeri shugop
forge ƙera; ƙira shugop
anvil uwar maƙera been shugop
cast (metals) ƙera
gold zinari zinari
silver azurfa tookiya
copper, bronze tagulla lagham val
iron baƙin ƙarfe dzuŋ val
lead (noun) darma; dalma (dalmaa)
tin, tinplate kuza gyenəŋ
potter mai ginin tukwane ger (kon) tsogho waasən
mold (clay etc) yi zubi
clay laka
glass gilashi
weave, plait saƙa tsok
basket kwando gəəptə
mat tabarma kwaasə
rug darduma; kilago darduma
netbag jaka mai raga-raga kataŋkoo
fan (noun) mafici; fanka; figini mafifici
fan (vb) fīfīta; hura (fifita)
carve sassaƙa ɓok
sculptor masassaƙi kon ɓok; kon ɓogha
statue mutum-mutumi wun baam
chisel cisur; maƙanƙari giŋgyal
paint (noun) shafe; fenti (penti)
paint (vb) yi wa fenti pur (penti)
move motsa pərdli
turn over juya bal; bali
turn around karkata ŋgwaktə
wind, wrap naɗa naak
roll gara; cura tumti
drop (vb) ya da; faɗi nda
twist murɗa byaŋar
rise tashi tswa; tsoo
raise, lift ɗaga ɗaga
fall faɗi nda
drip ɗiga; tarara
throw jefa ŋgar
catch (ball) kama; cafe guɓi
shake kaɗa; girgiza dəŋəl
flow gudana
sink nitse mbul
float taso kan ruwa; yi iyo məər adan maa; tlet adanmaa
swim yi iyo dali maa
dive tsinduma
splash fantsama pyaasa
sail (vb) tashi
fly (vb) tashi tleda leyam
blow kaɗa; busa fwaat
creep, crawl rarrafa gurruptə
kneel durƙusa zhok
crouch laɓe gurup
slide, slip zame sheləŋtə
jump, leap tsalle raam
kick buga; shura mbok; omti mvok
dance rawa tlaar
walk yi yawo dəksə
limp yi dingishi ŋgurum
run gudu kətər
go tafi nduu
go up haura tswa; tsoo
climb hau tsoo
go down sauka myes; mees
go out fita ɗəl
come zo rit
come back dawo; komo mən
go away, depart tafi nduu
disappear ɓace mal
flee sheƙa da gudu pyar tee kətərtə
follow bi bilti
pursue fafara ndaa tee aakar
reach, arrive isa tsullə
approach dosa; raɓa roomat
enter shiga soo; tsət
carry (bear) ɗauka kən
carry-in-hand riƙa guɓi
carry-on-shoulder ɗauka a kafaɗa
carry-on-head ɗauki a ka
carry-underarm rataya
bring kawo yoor ...rit
send aika sən
lead (vb) yi wa ja-gora; shugabanci
drive tuƙa ləm
ride hau tsoo
push, shove tura; ture tum
road hanya tsop
path turba; 'yar hanya tsop
bridge gada (gada)
carriage, wagon, cart kura; keken shanu; amalanke; (wagunu); taragu
wheel wili garegare
axle asil
yoke sandar keken shanu
ship jirgin ruwa babba
boat jirgin ruwa ƙarami
canoe kwale-kwale; jirgi kumtə
raft gadon fito
oar sandar tukin jirgin ruwa meelaŋ kaɗa tu jirgi
paddle (noun) matuki
row (vb) tuƙa (tukai)
rudder sandar tukin jirgin ruwa
mast sandar kyallen cikin jirgin ruwa
sail (noun) zanen jirgin ruwan
anchor ƙugiya
harbor, port bakin ruwa; tashar jirgin ruwa
land (vb) isa gaɓa; isa bakin ruwa
have karɓa kap
own, possess mallaka
take ɗauka; karɓa kən
seize, grasp ƙwace voktə
hold riƙe guɓi
get, obtain samu pat
keep, retain keɓe; ajiye vundər
thing abu ərəm
give bayar buri
give back mayar məndər
preserve, look after adana
save, rescue kuɓutar ɗəlti
destroy halaka lii
harm, injure, damage raunana (cucee)
seek, look for nema mbək; mbəghə
find samu; gano; tsintsa paɗi
lose ya da; ɓace; ɓatar; ci; kasa mal
release, let go saka ŋgar
money kuɗi wurɓə
coin tsabar kuɗi saaba
rich mai kuɗi; attajiri yan rəp
poor matalauci barak rəəp
beggar maroƙi; almajiri bara
avaricious, stingy marowaci ɗaasə
lend ranta; ara wa dzur
borrow ara; ranta kap dzur
owe bi bashi biltədzur
debt bashi dzur
pay (vb) biya kwaat
account, reckoning bayyana tsul
tax, tribute haraji wurɓə gandu
hire yi haya; ɗauka hayaa
wages albashi; kuɗin sati; kuɗin ƙwadago kwattəghə caar
earn sami lada; sami albashi
buy saya ɗep
sell sai da; sayar ɗeeɓər
trade, barter furfura; yi ciniki (kasuwanci)
merchant ɗan kasuwa kon kasuwa
market (place) kasuwa; maciya (kaasuwa)
store, shop kanti; shago (kanti)
price kuɗi; farashi (laada)
dear (costly, expensive) tsada (saada)
cheap araha (araha)
share (distribute) raba vye
weigh auna pyaghsə
after bayan taŋkar
behind bayan; baya kar
beside gefen aa bə; bə
down, below a ƙasa aa atl
before kafin panti; dede
front gaba nan
inside, in ciki a gip
outside waje; baya kaari
under ƙar̃ƙashin aa gəsh
up, above a sama aa leyam
place wuri rəəp
put sa; saka; sanya; ajiye naa
sit zauna shik
lie down kwanta; yi kwanciya məər
stand tsaya dler
remain, stay tsaya; zauna ɓəətəŋ
remains, left overs saura; rage pasaŋi
collect, gather tara dzomi
pick up ɗaga / ɗauko; ɗauka kən
pile up tara; tsiba kashi
join, unite haɗa; haɗu maŋ
separate ware; raba vye
divide raba vye
open buɗe ta
shut, close rufe git
cover rufe zupti
hide, conceal ɓoya vundər
high bisa; sama leyam
low fasa; maras tsayi atl
top sama byaŋ
bottom gindi; ƙar̃ƙashi gəsh
end ƙarshe liŋ
pointed tsini byertə
edge gefe; baki bii
side gefe; ɓangare kar
middle, center tsakiya dlam
right (side) dama shimlə
left (side) hagu kalaŋ
near (adv) kusa da mat
far (adv) nesa dleyam
east gabas vaari tee mi
west yamma leyam teemi
north arewa areewa
south kudu kudu
grow ƙaru; girma
measure auna; gwada gwada
span, fathom ɗani
large, big babba daŋai
small, little ƙarami gəɓi
long tsawo; dogo zhaŋti
tall dogo lwii
short gajere ndəghei
wide, broad faɗi; faffaɗa ŋaləŋai
narrow maras fāɗi; tsukakke maɓi
thick (in dimension) kauri tswa
thin (in dimension) siriri jalaŋlal
deep zurfī; zuzzurfa goroŋ; goroŋi
shallow maras zurfi goroŋ nəŋ
flat bai daya; lebur kwaghal
straight miƙaƙƙe təghei
crooked lanƙwashe ŋgwoŋ
hook ƙugiya (kuugiyaa)
corner kwana; kusurwa duŋgu
cross (kuros)
square murabba'i
round kewayayye; zagayayye
circle da'ira; kewaye kugh loghəi
sphere, ball ƙwallo
line layi
hole rami shuu
like, similar kamar waa
change sake; canja (canji)
zero, nothing sifiri
one ɗaya nəm; bəgya
two biyu rop
three uku meen
four huɗu woopsə
five biyar naamtam
six shida maagh
seven bakwai wussərəmeen
eight takwas wusupsə
nine tara nantorəpsə
ten goma zup
eleven goma sha ɗaya zup tlii nəəm
twelve goma sha biyu zup tlii rop
fifteen sha biyar zup tli naamtam
twenty ashirin ziirop
hundred ɗari te nəm
thousand dubu (duɓənəəm)
count ƙirga; ƙidaya dliim
every, all kowane; kowace kwaŋ
much, many yawa; da yawa ŋaar
more ɗaɗa; ƙara; sake; fi (daɗa)
little (quantity), few kaɗan gəp
enough isa; isasshe kəmi
some wani; wata bəjən
multitude, crowd taro taaroo mbaam
full cika; cikakke kəmi
empty bakome a ciki regiiraŋ
part, piece kashi; yanki; ɓangare; shashi jaŋei
half rabi (rabi)
alone, only kaɗai woŋgən
first farko; na farko faari
last ƙarshe; na ƙarshe talləm
second na biyu kə rop
pair ƙafa; taki; biyu-biyu rop rop
two times sau biyu asəmii rop
third na uku kə meen
three times sau uku asəmii meen
time lokaci; loto lokaci
age shekara
new sabo məri
young ƙarami
old tsoho gwaasi
early da wuri rəɓi
late makara; latti makara
now yanzu ɗagi
immediately nan take; yanzu-yanzu (maza-maza)
swift, fast, quick sauri
slow maras sauri leelee
hasten, hurry yi sauri; gaggauta; hanzarta batl
retard, delay makarar; tauye laŋagaam
begin, beginning fara; soma; farko sooma
last, endure ɗore
end (temporal) ƙarshe pagha
finish gama pagha
cease, stop tsaya; dakata
ready shirye; shirya (shirya)
always koyaushe; kullum; daɗai (kullum)
often sau da yawa adəne adəne
sometimes wasu lokatai lokaci gələm
soon an jima; da wuri; jim kaɗan (an juma)
long-time (for a) tsawon lokaci zhəŋtə lookacii
never taɓa taɓa
again kuma panti
day rana piiɗi
night dare vor
dawn assalatu; wayewar gari; asuba tloghən ŋə rəp
morning safiya tli tliin
noon, midday tsakar rana piiɗi
afternoon rana; yamma piiɗi
evening maraice; yamma siitə
today yau pit goon; piɗi gon
tomorrow gobe tlii
day-after-tomorrow jibi tlii ghə gwa
yesterday jiya mbor
day-before-yesterday shekaranjiya mbuga
hour sa'a; awa awa
clock, timepiece agogo
week mako; sati saati
Sunday Lahadi
Monday Litinin (liitini)
Tuesday Talata Talata
Wednesday Laraba
Thursday Alhamis
Friday Juma'a; Jumma'a
Saturday Asabar; Sati
month wata car
year shekara shekaara
season lokacin shekara
smell (vb intrans) yi ƙanshi; yi wari ɗusuŋ
sniff sansana; shinshina jaa kəmshi
smell (vb trans) sansana; shinshina uusughi
fragrant, good smelling ƙanshi kəmshi
stinking, bad smelling wari; ɗoyi ɗusuŋi
taste ɗanɗana nyaasəm
sweet zaƙi təm
salty mai gishiri kwi
bitter ɗaci ɗaasə
acid, sour tsami; mai yami manzəŋai
brackish zartsi kəŋwa
hear ji wom
listen saurara; sauraro; saurare dler waagii
sound, noise amo; ƙara amo
loud ƙarfi nyap
quiet, silence shiru yoghən
see gani yen
look, look at duba; diba yeni
show nuna; gwada yenti
shine yi haske; yi ƙyalli tari
bright haske
color launi (kala)
light (in color) haske pelaŋai
dark (in color) duhu; baƙi-baƙi dzughən
white fari faali
black baƙi dzuŋi
red ja lagham; laghəmi
blue shuɗi shuuɗi
green kore (koore)
yellow rawaya; ruwan ɗorawa maa mbetlim
touch taɓa; taɓawa nduk
pinch muntsuna; muntsine riŋga
feel ji; taɓa; gani wom
hard tauri nyaɓi
soft laushi; taushi nyapɗaŋ
rough kaushi woghshəp
smooth sumul; santsi; laushi mul
sharp kaifi ciighən
blunt, dull dasashe eeciiraŋ; ndus
heavy nauyi ŋaɓər
light (in weight) maras nauyi həptələm
wet, damp jiƙaƙƙe dəghi
dry busasshe kuuni
hot zafi ŋaani
warm ɗumi ŋaani
cold sanyi rəp shimti; (sanyi)
clean tsabtatacce; shararre tsapta
dirty, soiled dauɗa; datti dusəkin; dzuntun
wrinkled yamutsattse nughur
soul, spirit ruhu; ruhi səghəntə
surprised, astonished mamaki
good fortune, luck sa'a (saa)
misfortune, bad luck rashin sa'a saaʔaarəŋ
joyful, glad, happy farin ciki faltu
laugh dariya gaatlə
smile yi murmushi pur bəgaam dler
play yi wasa baatə; sur
love so; ƙaunata ndəkti
kiss sumbata
embrace runguma ruŋguma
pain ciwo ciwo
grief, sorrow, sadness baƙin ciki dzuŋtu
anxiety, worry juyayi; damuwa tlakkən
regret, be sorry yi baƙin ciki; yi nadama sannu
pity tausayi (tausayi)
cry, weep yi kuka naagha
tear (noun) hawaye lum
groan gunaguni (surutu)
hate tsana ŋgeetə
anger fushi; hasala maŋtə
envy, jealousy kishi; ƙyashi bəstu
shame (noun) kunya kwamlə
proud mai girman kai; alfahari gərtə
dare ƙalubalanta (kalubalanta)
brave jarumi; namiji laghəmani
fear, fright tsoro bərtə
danger haɗari; hatsari karo
desire, want so; yi sha'awa ndək
choose zaɓa kən
hope fata; sa rai (paataa)
faithful na ƙwarai; amintaccen
true na gaskiya gaskiya
lie, tell lies yi ƙarya loghabi
deceit ruɗi; yaudara loghabi
forgive yafe wa (yaafee)
good mai kyau; na kirki mbon
bad maras kyau; mugu bəsi
right, correct daidai deidei
wrong ba daidai ba deideiraŋ
fault laifi; aibu; kure (laifi)
mistake, error kuskure; kure maləghən
blame zarga yen yiri
praise yaba; yabo (yaabaa)
beautiful kyakkyawa mbon
ugly mummuna bəsi
greedy mai zari; hanamau; haɗama (haɗama)
clever mai azanci; dabara; fasaha; wayo azanci
mind tunani; ƙwalwa; basira ɓurgo gaam
think (= reflect) tunani (sammani)
think (= be of the opinion) gani; ji (sammani)
believe yarda da; yi imani yarda
understand fahimta; gane womwa
know sani nəmi
guess cita; cinta; canka dak am faɗi
imitate kwaikwaya kumtə
seem nuna alama eeca
idea, notion shiri; shawara (dabaara)
wise wayayye kwaikwai
foolish, stupid sauna; wawa suuru
insane, crazy taɓaɓɓe suuru
learn koyo kwaləm
study karanta; yi nazari
teach koya wa kwaləm
pupil ɗalibi; ɗan makaranta wun kwalləmi
teacher malam; malami
school makaranta (makaranta)
remember tuna taŋ
forget manta məsəŋ
clear, plain zahiri apiili
obscure ɓoyayye vundiri
secret asiri; sirri (asiri)
sure, certain tabbata tabbata
explain bayyana tsul
intention, purpose nufi; niyya; manufa nupi; nufi
cause sa daliili
doubt yi shakka; yi kokwanto shakka
suspect zarga; yi wa zargi
betray ci amana (ci ama ana)
need, necessity bukata; wajibi
easy sauƙi (sauki)
difficult wuya; wahala eeŋan
try, attempt yi ƙoƙari; gwada (gwada)
way, manner hanya; yanayi tsop
and da; kuma maa
because saboda waagii caa; sabo tee bə
if in; idan an
or ko (ko)
yes, affirmative i; na'am waa gii ghən
no, negative a'a; babu aaʔaa
how? yaya nii ghənə
how many? nawa maniighənə; mani
how much? nawa mani-mani
what? me; mene ne noghən no
when? yaushe; wane lokaci te rəpni
where? ina ani
which? wane bəgya ghənə
who? wa; wane ne geenəghənə
why? don me; me ya sa noghən saa
voice murya yuwar
sing rera waƙa waasər
shout, cry out yi ihu dəŋ yuwar
whisper raɗa shige
mumble yi gunguni; yi gunaguni pur bada bada
whistle yi fito fifiyaatə
shriek, screech yi ƙara dəŋ yuwar
howl yi kuka; yi ƙara; yi ƙugi naktə
speak, talk yi magana mambur
stutter, stammer yi i'ina zham; zhamtə
say ce; faɗa woli
tell story bada labari bə labaari
speech (make a) jawabi (jawaabi)
silent (be) yi shiru yoghən
language harshe; yare bii
word kalma mambur
name suna suŋ
ask (question, inquire) tambaya dzoni
answer amsa wa kaɓə
admit, confess yarda yarda
deny musa; yi inkari; toge ŋgee
ask, request roƙa kam
promise yi alkawari (alkawari)
refuse ƙi ŋgee
forbid hana ləmtə
rebuke, scold kyara; tsawata wa
call (=summon) sammaci; kira (saamaci)
call (=name) kira ŋgaabə
announce ba da sanarwa; shelanta fowur
threaten yi wa barazana; ba da tsoro (barazana)
boast cika baki; kambama kai kas(ə)ban
write rubuta njar
read karanta (karanta)
paper warƙa; takarda (warka)
pen alƙalami; biro
book littafi
poet mawaƙi; sha'iri kon sər
flute siriƙi; sarewa; tiliɓoro mbuzhar
drum ganga gaŋga
horn, trumpet kakaki mbee
rattle caki
country ƙasa atl
one's native country ƙasar mutum ta haihuwa
city, town birni bən
village ƙauye bən
boundary iyaka liŋ
people (populace) mutane; jama'a mbaam
tribe, clan kabila (zuuriya)
chief, chieftain sarki goŋ
staff, walking stick sanda meelaŋ
rule, govern shugabanta; yi mulki
king, ruler sarki goŋ
queen sarauniya
noble, nobleman bafada; maimartaba daŋ mbaam
citizen, subject ɗan ƙasa mun atl; mun bən
master maigida baa keen
slave bawa ɓyak
servant bara; baranya
freeman 'yantaccen mutum
command, order umarta
obey bi; kiyaye (ladabi)
let, permit yarda; bari tər
friend, companion aboki yerim
enemy abokin gaba ŋgaasha
neighbor maƙwabci (makwabcii)
stranger baƙo maɗak
guest baƙo maɗak
host mai masauki rəpgi wun meese
help, aid taimako; agaza səmtire
hinder, prevent hana; tauye ɗak
custom al'ada gaado
strife, quarrel husuma; faɗa tleridlaŋ
conspiracy, plot ƙullalliya; haɗinbaki moŋabi
meet gamu; sadu maŋ; jaŋ tee tsop
prostitute karuwa; kilaki pur məŋtə
fight (vb) yi faɗa; yi yaki dlaŋ
war, battle yaƙi maŋtə
peace lumana; zaman lafiya shikkən laafiya
army dakaru (soja)
soldier soja (soja)
weapons, arms makamai; kayan yaƙi ərəm maŋti
club kulki ndoktlum
battle-ax taƙwabin yaki adda
sling majajjawa tlim baaro
bow baka məəm
arrow kibiya pyas
spear mashi gas
sword takobi adda
gun, cannon bindiga; igwa
armor (defensive) sulke loghət val
helmet hular kwano taagiya kwaano
shield garkuwa koptəŋ
fortress ganuwa
tower hasumiya
victory nasara
defeat kayarwa; samun galaba
attack yi farmaki yoor maŋtə
defend tsare; kare kai; kariya dləghəbi
retreat ja da baya; koma da baya mənakar
surrender sallama; ba da kai; miƙa wuya tərə yuwar
captive, prisoner fursunan; yaƙi ɓyak
guard, sentinel mai gadi gaadi
booty, spoils ganima
ambush fako; kwanto; faka
fisherman masunci (suu)
fishhook fatsa ŋgar kugiya
fishing line igiyar fatsa
fishnet taru
fish trap tarkon kifi
bait naman jikin ƙugiya
hunt farauta ləəp
shoot harba; harbi mbok
miss (target) kuskure baala
trap (noun) tarko (kapito)
trap (vb) kama da tarko
law shari'a; doka (shariy'a); (doka)
court kotu (kotu)
judge (vb) yanke hukunci (yankˀe); (hukunci)
judgment hukunci (hukunci)
judge (noun) alƙali; mai shari'a (alkˀali)
plaintiff mai ƙara (mai kara)
defendant wanda ake ƙara (wanda ake kara)
witness mai shaida (saida)
swear rantse; yi rantsuwa (rantsuwa)
oath rantsuwa (daukan alkawari)
accuse tuhuma; caja; ɗafa wa (zargi)
condemn yi tir da; yanke wa hukunci (hukuncin kisa)
convict (vb) zartar da hukunci; sami da laifi (zartar da hukuncin)
acquit saka; sallama (saki)
guilty mai laifi (laifi)
innocent maras laifi (maras laifi)
penalty, punishment horo hooroo
fine tara (tara)
prison, jail kurkuku; gidan yari (gidan yari)
murder kashe (kashe)
adultery kwartanci; zina (farka)
rape yi wa fyaɗe (fyaɗee)
arson aikata laifin ƙone-ƙone (kone-kone)
perjury shaiɗar zur; ƙarya a kotu loghabi
steal sata məghər
thief ɓarawo məghər
religion addini caapi
God Ubangiji; Allah leyam
temple, church wajen bauta; ɗakin ibada rəp bauta
altar teburin hadaya
sacrifice, offering hadaya
worship bauta (bauta)
pray roka; yi salla kan bi
priest fada buwaarə
holy, sacred tsarki; tsarkakke
preach yi wa'azi
bless albarkata (albarka)
curse yi tir; zaga; la'anta
fast (vb) yi azumi (azumi)
heaven sama; Aljanna; Lahira aljanna
hell Wuta; Jahanama wuutu
demon (evil spirit) shaiɗan; ibilis; aljan (sheetan)
idol gunki waarə
magic, witchcraft, sorcery tsafi; dabo; maita məŋti
sorcerer, witch maye; mayya koni məŋtə; ger məŋtə
fairy, elf aljana loɗi
ghost, phantom fatalwa waal
omen, portent ishara; alama
calm (of sea) yətər raŋ

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). da polc1243 "Polci" Check |chapterurl= value (help). Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. Ronald Cosper. 2015. Hausa dictionary. In: Key, Mary Ritchie & Comrie, Bernard (eds.) The Intercontinental Dictionary Series. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. (Available online at http://ids.clld.org/contributions/220, Accessed on 2019-12-31.)
  3. Ronald Cosper. 2015. Polci dictionary. In: Key, Mary Ritchie & Comrie, Bernard (eds.) The Intercontinental Dictionary Series. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. (Available online at http://ids.clld.org/contributions/221, Accessed on 2019-12-31.)