Samia Suluhu

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Samia Suluhu
Samia Suluhu Hassan in May 2017.jpg
President of Tanzania (en) Fassara

19 ga Maris, 2021 -
John Magufuli (en) Fassara
Vice President of Tanzania (en) Fassara

5 Nuwamba, 2015 - 19 ga Maris, 2021
Mohamed Gharib Bilal (en) Fassara
Member of the National Assembly of Tanzania (en) Fassara

Rayuwa
Haihuwa Makunduchi (en) Fassara, 27 ga Janairu, 1960 (61 shekaru)
ƙasa Tanzaniya
Harshen uwa Harshen Swahili
Karatu
Makaranta University of Manchester (en) Fassara
Mzumbe University (en) Fassara
Southern New Hampshire University (en) Fassara
The Open University of Tanzania (en) Fassara
Harsuna Turanci
Harshen Swahili
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa da Mai tattala arziki
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Jam'iyar siyasa Party of the Revolution (en) Fassara

Samia Suluhu Hassan (an haife ta a 27 ga Janairun 1960) ƴar siyasar Tanzaniya ce wanda ke aiki a matsayin shugaban ƙasa na shida na ƙasar Tanzania. Ta hau mulki ne a ranar 19 ga Maris 2021 bayan mutuwar shugaban da ya gabata, John Magufuli, kwana biyu da suka gabata. Mamba ce a jam'iyyar mai sassaucin ra'ayi, mai mulkin dimokiradiyya Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), ita ce mace ta farko da za ta shugaban kasar Tanzania. Suluhu ita ce mace ta uku da ke shugabar wata kasa ta wata kungiyar kasashen gabashin Afirka (EAC), bayan Sylvie Kinigi a Burundi da Agathe Uwilingiyimana a Rwanda .

Suluhu ƴa rasalin Zanzibar ce ta yi aiki a matsayin minista a yankin mai cin gashin kansa lokacin gwamnatin Shugaba Amani Karume . Ta yi aiki a matsayin ‘yar majalisa mai wakiltar mazabar Makunduchi daga shekarar 2010 zuwa 2015 sannan kuma ta kasance karamar minista a ofishin Mataimakin Shugaban Kasa kan Harkokin Kungiyoyi daga 2010 zuwa 2015. A shekarar 2014, an zabe ta a matsayin mataimakiyar shugaban majalisar zartarwar da aka dorawa nauyin rubuta sabon kundin tsarin mulkin kasar.

Suluhu ta zama mace ta farko da za ta zama mataimakiyar shugaban kasar Tanzania bayan babban zaben shekarar 2015, bayan an zabe ta a tikitin takarar CCM tare da Shugaba Magufuli. Suluhu da Magufuli an sake zabarsu a karo na biyu a shekarar 2020 . Ta yi aiki a matsayinta na shugabar mata ta rikon kwarya na biyu a cikin EAC – shekaru 27 bayan Sylvie Kinigi ta Burundi, ta yi wani aiki a karshen shekarar 1993.

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Suluhu a ranar 27 ga Janairun 1960 a cikin Masarautar Zanzibar .

Ta kammala karatunta na sakandare a shekarar 1977 kuma ta fara aiki. Bayan haka, ta bi wasu ƙananan gajerun kwasa-kwasan kan lokaci-lokaci. A cikin 1986, ta kammala karatun digiri daga Cibiyar Gudanar da Ci Gaban ( Jami'ar Mzumbe ta yanzu ) tare da difloma a cikin harkokin gwamnati .

Tsakanin 1992 da 1994, ta halarci Jami'ar Manchester kuma ta sami difloma difloma a fannin tattalin arziki. A cikin 2015, ta sami MSc a cikin Ci Gaban Tattalin Arziki ta hanyar haɗin gwiwa tsakanin shirin Open University of Tanzania da Kudancin New Hampshire University .

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayan karatun sakandaren ta, ma'aikatar tsare-tsare da ci gaba ta dauke ta aiki a matsayin magatakarda. Bayan ta kammala karatunta na digiri na aikin gwamnati, an dauke ta aiki a wani shiri wanda Hukumar Abinci ta Duniya ta dauki nauyinta.

Harkar siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekarar 2000, ta yanke shawarar tsayawa takarar mukaman gwamnati. An zabe ta a matsayin mamba ta musamman a Majalisar Wakilai ta Zanzibar kuma Shugaba Amani Karume ne ya nada ta minista. Ta kasance ita kaɗai mace Minista mai babban matsayi a hukumar.

A cikin 2010, ta nemi zaɓen Majalisar ƙa

asa, ta tsaya a yankin majalisar dokoki na Makunduchi kuma ta ci sama da 80%. Shugaba Jakaya Kikwete ya nada ta a matsayin Karamar Ministar Harkokin Tarayyar . A shekarar 2014, an zabe ta a matsayin mataimakiyar shugaban majalisar zartarwar da aka dorawa nauyin rubuta sabon kundin tsarin mulkin kasar.

A watan Yulin 2015, dan takarar shugaban kasa na CCM John Magufuli ya zabe ta a matsayin abokiyar takararsa a zaben 2015, wanda hakan ya sa ta zama mace ta farko da za ta tsaya takarar a tarihin jam’iyyar. A ranar 5 ga Nuwamba Nuwamba 2015 daga baya ta zama mace ta farko da ta zama mataimakiyar shugaban kasa a tarihin kasar kan nasarar Magufuli a zaben. Dukansu Magufuli da Suluhu an sake zaban su a karo na biyu na shekaru biyar a ranar 28 ga Oktoba 2020.[ana buƙatar hujja]

A ranar 17 ga Maris 2021, Suluhu ta ba da sanarwar cewa Magufuli ya mutu bayan doguwar rashin lafiya; Tun karshen watan Fabrairu ba a sake ganin Magufuli a bainar jama'a ba. An rantsar da ita a matsayin wacce zata gaje shi a ranar 19 ga Maris 2021, kuma za ta yi aiki daidai da lokacin Magufuli na shekaru biyar na biyu. Jinkirin fara wa'adinta ya zo ne saboda Kundin Tsarin Mulki na Tanzania ya fito karara ya bukaci mataimakin shugaban kasar da ya yi rantsuwar shugaban kasa kafin ya hau kan kujerar shugabancin kasar; shugabannin adawa sun nuna damuwa game da yiwuwar lokacin da 18 ga Maris ta wuce ba tare da an rantsar da Suluhu ba. Bayan rantsar da ita, Suluhu ta zama shugabar kasa mace ta farko a Tanzania. Ita ce kuma Zanzibari ta farko da za ta rike mukamin, kuma Musulma ta uku bayan Ali Hassan Mwinyi da Jakaya Kikwete . Ta kuma kasance daya daga cikin mata shugabannin mata biyu a Afirka, tare da Habasha Sahle-Work Zewde . A karkashin Kundin Tsarin Mulki, tunda ta hau karagar mulki tare da sauran shekaru sama da uku a wa’adin Magufuli, za ta cancanci samun cikakken wa’adi daya ne a karan kanta.  

Rayuwar Keɓance[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin 1978, Suluhu ta auri Hafidh Ameir, wani jami'in aikin gona wanda, a shekarar 2014, ya yi ritaya. Suna da yara hudu. 'Yarta Wanu Hafidh Ameir (an haife ta a shekarar 1982), ɗa na biyu ga ma'auratan, ita ce mamba ta musamman a Majalisar Wakilai ta Zanzibar .

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]