Siddiq Abubakar III

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Siddiq Abubakar III
Sultan na Sokoto

Rayuwa
Haihuwa Najeriya, 15 ga Maris, 1903
ƙasa Najeriya
Mutuwa Najeriya, 1988
Yan'uwa
Yara
Sana'a
Kyaututtuka

Sir Siddiq Abubakar III, KBE (1903–1988) ya kasance shugaban musulmin Nijeriya. Ya yi aiki a matsayin Sultan na Sokoto tsakanin 1938 da 1988, shi ne mafi tsawo mulki Sultan na Sokoto.

Rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Abubakar a garin Dange a ranar 15 ga Maris 1903.

Dan Muazu, dan Usman Shehu, jika ne ga Mu'azu kuma, ta hanyar sa, ɗan gidan Usman Dan Fodio kai tsaye. Abubakar ya kasance magaji ne na ƙarni na huɗu ga karagar mulki da aka kafa a ƙarni na biyu wanda kakansa, Sheikh Usman Dan Fodio (1754-1817) shugaban makarantar Malikiyya ta Islama da reshen Qadiri na Sufanci ya kafa .

Abubakar ya yi karatun Islamiyya. Ya riƙe muƙamai da dama kafin ya gaji kawunsa, Hassan Ibn Muazu, yana da shekara 35. Ya kasance marubuci a gundumar Dange tsakanin 1929 da 1931 kuma an naɗa shi Sardaunan Sakkwato a watan Fabrairun 1931. A matsayinsa na Sardauna, ya yi aiki daga Sakkwato, yana cikin aikin yanke shawara na Hukumar 'Yan Asalin Sakkwato da kuma kula da gidajen yari da sassan' yan sanda. Fifikon sa ya tashi a Sakkwato kasancewar matsayin sa ya sa ya iya isa ga mutane, amma kuma hakan ya haifar da rikici tsakanin sa da Sultan Musazu. A cikin 1938, an nada shi Kansilan Karamar Hukumar Kula da Yan Asalin Sakkwato (Shugaban Talata Mafara), wani gari a bayan gari. An nada shi minista ba tare da aiki ba tare da wasu sarakuna da dama kamar Muhammadu Sanusi na Kano a 1958. Lokacin da Abubakar yake takarar sarauta tare da sauran sarakuna, kamar su Ahmadu Rabbah da Ahmadu Isa na Gobir, kyawawan abubuwan da mutanen Sakkwato suka nuna masa sun taimaka wajen ganin hawansa ya yiwu. Hakanan, Turawan ingila suna da sha'awar nada shugaba wanda yake da amincewar mutane a cikin tsarin siyasa na dokar kai tsaye, don haka suka ba da sunan Abubakar ga masu sarautun. A watan Yunin 1917, aka naɗa shi Sarkin Musulmi.

Ya rarrabe kansa ta hanyar iyawar mulki, da ƙwarewar gudanar da daukaka kara daga kotunan gargajiya, da kuma kyakkyawan kulawa da hakimai da shugabannin kauyuka. Abubakar ya taka muhimmiyar rawa wajen magance tashin hankali a Sakkwato bayan kisan Ahmadu Bello, Firayim Ministan yankin wanda ke rike da muƙamin Sardaunan Sakkwato, yana kwantar da hankulan mutanen da ke son tashin hankali. A shekarar 1984, lokacin da aka cire wani dan Sokoto, Shehu Shagari daga mulki, Abubakar ya yi wa’azin zaman lafiya a tsakanin masarautar da kuma alakarta da sabuwar gwamnatin. Kotun sa ta sadaukar da lokaci da ma'aikata don mayar da hankali kan walwala da matsalolin al'ummar sa, tare da aiwatar da al'adun gargajiyar da Uthman Dan Fodio ya gabatar.

A ranar 18 ga watan Yulin 1974, Shugaba Moktar Ould Daddah, wanda ke ziyarar aiki a Najeriya, ya ziyarci Sultan Abubakar, wani ɗan malamin addinin Islama, kuma aboki tare da Janar Yakubu Gowon .

Gado[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ya bar ’ya’ya 52 da jikoki 320 kai tsaye. An nada shi Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire a 1955.

Sultan Abubakar na III ya fi tunawa da ‘yan uwansa a matsayinsa na shugaban addini wanda ya tashi daga rikice-rikicen addini na zamaninsa kuma a duk rayuwarsa ya taka rawar zaman lafiya da uba ga kowa.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]


Sarakunan Sokoto
Usman Dan Fodiyo | Muhammadu Bello | Abubakar Atiku | Ali Babba bin Bello | Ahmadu Atiku | Aliyu Ƙaramin | Ahmadu Rufai | Abubakar II Atiku na Raba | Mu'azu | Umaru bin Ali | Abderrahman dan Abi Bakar | Muhammadu Attahiru I | Muhammadu Attahiru II | Muhammadu dan Muhammadu | Hassan dan Mu'azu Ahmadu | Siddiq Abubakar III | Ibrahim Dasuki | Muhammadu Maccido | Sa'adu Abubakar