Tachycardia

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Tachycardia
Electrocardiogram of Ventricular Tachycardia.png
Description (en) Fassara
Iri heart arrhythmia (en) Fassara
finding of heart rate (en) Fassara
Specialty (en) Fassara cardiology (en) Fassara
Treatment (en) Fassara
Magani lidocaine (en) Fassara
Identifier (en) Fassara
ICD-9-CM 785.0
MeSH D013610

Tachycardia shine bugun zuciya wanda ya wuce bugun 100 a cikin minti daya a cikin manya, kodayake yana da matukar damuwa idan ya wuce 150.[1][2] Alamun na iya bambanta daga babu zuwa mai tsanani.[1] Waɗannan na iya haɗawa da bugun zuciya, kai haske, ƙarancin numfashi, ciwon ƙirji, ko daidaitawa.[1]

Nau'o'in sun haɗa da sinus tachycardia, tachycardia supraventricular paroxysmal, fibrillation na atrial, atrial flutter, ƙarin bugun jini kamar bugun da ba a kai ba da bugun zuciya, tachycardia na ventricular, da fibrillation na ventricular.[3] Abubuwan da ke tattare da haɗari sun haɗa da ƙarancin iskar oxygen, zazzabi, cututtukan zuciya, abubuwan motsa jiki, da rashin daidaituwa na electrolyte.[1][2] Ana gano cutar ta hanyar electrocardiogram (ECG).[1] Za a iya raba su zuwa kunkuntar hadaddun da fadi da hadaddun kuma fiye da kara rarraba zuwa na yau da kullun da na yau da kullun.[1]

Jiyya ya dogara da nau'in tachycardia.[1] Wani dalili na iya buƙatar magance shi, idan akwai.[2] Idan mutum ba shi da kwanciyar hankali saboda tachycardia, ana ba da shawarar yin aiki tare da cardioversion gabaɗaya, kodayake a wasu lokuta ana iya amfani da adenosine.[2] Idan hadaddun QRS ya kasance kunkuntar kuma mutumin ya kasance barga vagal maneuvers, ana iya amfani da adenosine, beta blockers, ko masu hana tashar calcium.[2] Tachycardia na kowa.[4]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Awtry, Eric H.; Jeon, Cathy; Ware, Molly G. (2006). Blueprints cardiology (2nd ed.). Malden, Mass.: Blackwell. p. 93. ISBN 9781405104647.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Neumar RW, Otto CW, Link MS, et al. (November 2010). "Part 8: adult advanced cardiovascular life support: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care". Circulation. 122 (18 Suppl 3): S729–67. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.110.970988. PMID 20956224.
  3. Katz, Arnold M. (2010). Physiology of the Heart (in Turanci). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 431. ISBN 978-1-60831-171-2.
  4. Smith, Michael Gordon; Surgeons, American Academy of Orthopaedic (2003). ACLS for EMT-basics (in Turanci). Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-7637-1505-2.