Tafkin Nasser

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Tafkin Nasser (Larabci: بحيرة ناصر Boħēret Nāṣer, Balarabe: [boˈħeːɾet ˈnɑːsˤeɾ]) babban tafki ne a kudancin Misira da arewacin Sudan. Tana daya daga cikin manya manyan tabkuna a duniya.[1] Kafin ginin, Sudan ta sabawa ginin Tafkin Nasser saboda zai mamaye filaye a Arewa, inda mutanen Nubia suke. Dole ne a sake musu wurin zama.[2][3] A karshen kasar Sudan da ke kusa da yankin Tafkin Nasser galibin tabkin ya mamaye shi.[4]

Tsanani, "Tafkin Nasser" yana magana ne kawai ga yanki mafi girma na tabkin da ke yankin ƙasar Masar (kashi 83% na duka), tare da mutanen Sudan waɗanda suka fi son kiran ƙaramin jikinsu na Tafkin Nubia (Balaraben Masar: بحيرة النوبة Boħēret Nubeyya, [Boˈħeːɾet nʊˈbejjæ]).[5]

Bayani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hoton tauraron dan adam na Tafkin Nasser

Tekun yana da nisan mil 298 (kilomita 479) da 9.9 kilomita (16 kilomita) a ƙetaren wurin da ya fi faɗi, wanda yake kusa da Tropic of Cancer. Ya mamaye duka fili wanda yakai 5,250 km2 (2,030 sq mi) kuma yana da karfin ajiya na kusan 132 km3 (32 cu mi) na ruwa.[6]

An kirkiro tafkin ne sakamakon gina babbar madatsar ruwa ta Aswan da ke tsallaka kogin Nilu tsakanin 1958 da 1970.[7] An sanya wa tabkin suna Gamal Abdel Nasser, daya daga cikin shugabannin juyin juya halin Masar a 1952, kuma Shugaban kasa na biyu. na Misira, waɗanda suka fara aikin Babban Dam. Shugaba Anwar Sadat ne ya buɗe tafkin da madatsar ruwa a cikin 1971.[8]

Al'amuran yau da kullun[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kasar Masar ba ta da ruwan da take bukata domin noma da wutar lantarki.[9] Babbar Dam din Renaissance ta Habasha, wacce ake ginawa a Habasha a halin yanzu, akwai yiwuwar ta shafi tasirin ruwan da ikon mallaka ya ba shi wanda ya bar Habasha da sauran al'ummomin da ke gaba. Yayinda Dam din Renaissance zai amfani Habasha, ya haifar da rikici tsakanin Masar da Sudan da Habasha. Kasar Masar tana cikin fargabar cewa sabon madatsar ruwan zai dakatar da Kogin Nilu yadda yakamata ya cika Tafkin Nasser.[10] Ruwan tabkin Nasser yana samar da wutar lantarki, kuma akwai damuwar cewa rage ruwa da ke kwarara cikin Tafkin Nasser zai shafi tasirin Aswan Dam na samar da wutar lantarki. Akwai tashoshin yin famfo da ke kula da ruwan da ke shiga Tafkin Nasser, kuma a halin yanzu wannan aikin yana samar da miliyoyin kilowatt-biliyan na wutar lantarki ta kowace shekara ga Misra.[11]

Wasanni da yawon shakatawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yin kamun kifi a kogin Nilu, daga duka gaɓar teku da jiragen ruwa, sananne ne.[12][13]

Kafin tabkin Nassar ya cika, yawancin wuraren tarihin Misira da yawa an sake matsuguni a zahiri zuwa sabbin wurare sama da babban ruwan tekun. Ko yaya, ba a sake tura wasu ba, kamar babban katafaren Buhen, wanda yanzu ke cikin ruwa.[14] Matsayin wuraren bautar a Abu Simbel, ɗayan ɗayan sanannun wuraren tarihi a Misira, shine mafi yawan talla.[15][16]

Tafkin jirgin ruwan Nassar, wanda ya haɗa da ziyartar wuraren tarihi da wuraren bauta a gefen tafkin Nassar, sun shahara. Ziyarci gidajen ibada a Abu Simbel shine mafi girman waɗannan rangadin.[17]

Gallery[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. "Aswan High Dam, River Nile, Sudan, Egypt". Water Technology. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  2. Scudder, Thayer (September 2, 2016). Aswan High Dam Resettlement of Egyptian Nubians. Springer. ISBN 9789811019357. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
  3. Sofer, Amon (1999). Rivers of Fire: The Conflict Over Water in the Middle East. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 36. ISBN 9780847685110.
  4. "Governorates of Egypt". Statoids Administrative Divisions of Countries ("Statoids"). Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  5. Roest, F.C.; Crul, R. C. M. (1995). Current Status of Fisheries and Fish Stocks of the Four Largest African Reservoirs: Kainji, Kariba, Nasser/Nubia and Volta. Food & Agriculture Org. p. 81. ISBN 9789251036839.
  6. Muala, Eric; Mohamed, Yasir A.; Duan, Zheng; van der Zaag, Pieter (August 13, 2014). "Estimation of Reservoir Discharges from Lake Nasser and Roseires Reservoir in the Nile Basin Using Satellite Altimetry and Imagery Data". Remote Sensing. 6 (8): 7526. Bibcode:2014RemS....6.7522M. doi:10.3390/rs6087522.
  7. "Life-Giving Nile River (Aswan Dam, Egypt)". National Geographic. 2012-12-20. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  8. Encyclopedia of Architectural and Engineering Feats. ABC-CLIO. 2001. p. 23. ISBN 9781576071120. president nasser, high dam project.
  9. "Egyptian agriculture crisis worsens, mainly due to lack of water". Daily News Egypt. September 27, 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  10. "Water Politics - Sharing the Nile". The Economist. January 16, 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  11. "Life-Giving Nile". National Geographic. 2012-12-20. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  12. "Nile Perch Fishing on Lake Nasser". Trip Advisor. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  13. Vartorella, Bill (2002). "Egyptology fellowship chairman shares giant fish story". The Rotarian. 180 (6): 14. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  14. Gohary, Jocelyn (1998). Guide to the Nubian monuments on Lake Nasser. American University in Cairo Press. ISBN 9789774244629. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  15. "Rescuing Abu Simbel" (PDF). The New York Times. November 4, 1963.
  16. "Restored Abu Simbel Keeps Ancient Grandeur". The New York Times. October 10, 1967.
  17. Maroon, Fred J.; Newby, Percy Howard (1979). The Egypt story: Its art, its monuments, its people, its history. Chanticleer Press Edition. p. 42.