Talhah

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Talhah
طلحة بن عبيد الله.png
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Makkah, 595
ƙasa Khulafa'hur-Rashidun
ƙungiyar ƙabila Banu Taym (en) Fassara
Larabawa
Mutuwa Basra, 656
Yanayin mutuwa  (killed in action (en) Fassara)
Killed by Marwan I (en) Fassara
Yan'uwa
Abokiyar zama Umm Kulthum bint Abi Bakr (en) Fassara
Hammanah bint Jahsh (en) Fassara
Yara
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa da Shugaban soji
Aikin soja
Ya faɗaci Badar
Yaƙin Uhudu
Battle of the Camel (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci

Talhah ibn Ubaydullah ( Larabci: طلحة بن عبيدالله‎  ; 594-656) Ya kasance sahabin annabin musulunci Muhammad . A cikin Sunni Musulunci, galibi an san shi da zama Aljanna Goma . An fi saninsa da rawar da ya taka a yakin Uhud da na Raƙumi, wanda ya mutu a ciki, a wurin Ahlus-Sunnah Muhammad ne ya ba shi taken “Mai karamci”.

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Talhah c.594, [1] :171 dan Ubaydallah bin Uthman na dangin Taym na kabilar Kuraishawa a Makka . Mahaifiyarsa, al-Saaba bint Abdullah, ta fito daga kabilar Hadram. :163

An bayyana shi a matsayin mutum mai fata mai duhu mai yawan gashi, fuska mai kyau da kunkuntar hanci. Yana son sa tufafin saffron da miski. Ya yi tafiya cikin sauri kuma, idan ya firgita, zai yi wasa da zobensa, wanda yake na zinare kuma an saita shi da jan yaƙutu. [1] :167–168

Talhah ya kasance dan kasuwa mai fataucin kaya wanda daga karshe ya bar gidajan da aka kiyasta zai kai 30 dirhami miliyan. [1] :153,169–1670

Musulunta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A 612 ya ma'abũcin zumunta Abu Bakr dauki shi zuwa ziyarci Muhammad, da kuma Talhah zama Musulmi . [1] :164 Ance yana daga cikin farkon mutane takwas da suka tuba. [2] :115

A lokacin tsananta wa Musulmi a cikin 614-616, Nawfal bn Khuwaylid ya ɗaura Talhah ga Abubakar ya bar su da igiya tare. Babu wani daga dangin Taym da ya zo ya taimaka. [1] :164 Bayan haka an san su da "kungiyoyi Guda Biyu". [2] :127–128,337

Hijira zuwa Madina[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A watan Satumba na 622 Talhah yana kawo ayari gida daga Syria lokacin da ya sadu da Muhammad da Abubakar a al-Kharrar. Sun tsere daga Makka kuma suna yin hijira zuwa Madina . Talhah ya basu wasu kayan Siriya kuma ya ambata cewa al'ummar musulmai a Madina sun ce Annabinsu ya jinkirta zuwa. Yayin da Muhammad da Abubakar suka ci gaba da zuwa Madina, Talhah ya koma Makka don daidaita al'amuransa. Ba da daɗewa ba bayan haka, ya bi gidan Abubakar zuwa Madina, inda ya zauna. [1] :164

Da farko ya kwana da As'ad bn Zurarah, amma daga baya Muhammad ya ba shi wani yanki na fili wanda ya gina gidansa a kansa. An sanya shi dan uwansa a musulincin Sa'id bn Zaid . [1] :165 Talhah da Sa'id sun rasa fada a yakin Badar saboda Muhammad ya aike su ne don su gano ayarin Abu Sufyan. Koyaya, duka an basu hannun jari na ganimar, kamar suna nan. :165

Talhah ya fifita kansa a yakin Uhud ta hanyar kusantar Muhammad yayin da mafi yawan sojojin musulmai suka gudu. Ya kare fuskar Muhammad daga kibiya ta hanyar daukar harbin a hannunsa, sakamakon haka yatsun sa biyu sun shanye. An kuma buge shi sau biyu a kai, kuma an ce ya ji rauni duka 75 a yaƙin. [1] :165–166

Talhah ya kuma yi yaƙin a mahararen ruwa "da dukkan yaƙe-yaƙe tare da Manzon Allah". [1] :166

Yaƙe-yaƙe na Ridda[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin mako na uku na watan Yulin 632, Madina ta fuskanci mamayewa daga ridda daga rundunonin ridda na Tulayha, wani annabi da ke kiran kansa annabi. Abu Bakr ya hada runduna tare galibi daga dangin Hashim (na Muhammad), inda ya nada Talhah, Ali bin Abi Talib da Zubayr bin al-Awam a matsayin kwamandojin kashi daya bisa uku na sabuwar rundunar kowannensu. Koyaya, ba su fuskanci wani yaƙin ba yayin yaƙe-yaƙe na Ridda .[ana buƙatar hujja]

Iyali[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Talhah ya haifi aƙalla yara goma sha biyar ta akalla mata daban-daban takwas. [1] :163–164 [3] :298

  1. Hamna bint Jahsh na kabilar Asad, wacce ya aura a shekara ta 625.
    1. Muhammad al-Sajjad, wanda shi ma aka kashe a Yakin Rakumi.
    2. Imran.
  2. Khawla bint al-Qaaqaa na kabilar Tamim.
    1. Musa.
  3. Ummu Kulthum bint Abi Bakr .
    1. Zakariya.
    2. Yusuf, wanda ya mutu tun yana ƙarami.
    3. Aisha .
  4. Suda bint Aqf na dangin Murra.
    1. Isa.
    2. Yahya.
  5. al-Jarba bint Qasama (Umm al-Harith) ta kabilar Tayy.
    1. Ummu Ishaq, ta fara auren Hasan bn Ali sannan daga baya ta auri dan uwansa Husayn .
  6. Ummu Aban bint Utbah bn Rabi'ah
    1. Ya'qub "Mai karimci", wanda aka kashe a Yaƙin al-Harrah .
    2. Isma'il.
    3. Ishaq .
  7. Bawan Allah.
    1. al-Saaba.
  8. Wata Kuyanga.
    1. Maryam.
  9. al-Faraa bint Ali, kamammen yaki daga kabilar Taghlib.
    1. Salih.

Yaƙin Rakumi da mutuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kabarin Talha Bin Ubaydallah a Basra, Iraq

An yi yakin Raƙumi tsakanin Ali a gefe ɗaya da Aisha, Talhah da Zubayr a ɗaya gefen 10 Disamba 656. A yayin yakin, Marwan bn al-Hakam, wanda ke yaki a bangare daya da A’isha, ya harbe Talhah a cinya. Marwan ya yi tsokaci, "Bayan wannan ba zan sake neman wanda zai kashe Uthman ba." Talhah ya rungume dokinsa ya zabura daga filin daga. Ya kwanta ta amfani da dutse a matsayin matashin kai, yayin da mataimakan suka yi ƙoƙarin tsayar da jinin. Duk lokacin da suka daina latsawa, sai jini ya sake komawa. A ƙarshe Talhah ya ce, “Dakatar da shi. Wannan kibiya ce da Allah ya aiko. " Ya mutu sakamakon wannan raunin, yana da shekaru 64. [1] :170–171

A cikin wani hadisi, Muhammad ya sanya sunan Talhah a cikin Aljanna goma da aka yi Alkawari (Larabci: العشرة المبشرون بالجنة; al-`Ashara al-Mubasharūn bi-l-Janna ). [4]

Kabari[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kabarin Talha bn Ubaydullah yana cikin Basra, Iraq. Kabarin yana wani katafaren masallaci wanda yake da gine-ginen zamani. Kabarin da kansa yana karkashin cenotaf a ƙarƙashin dome, wanda aka gina shi da irin salo irin na cenotaf ɗin Anas Ibn Malik.

Masallacin da kabarin Talha Ibn Ubaydullah da 'yan kungiyar Shi'a Musulmai masu kama da masu daukar hoto suka tarwatsa. Mayakan sun dasa bama-bamai a cikin wurin ibadar, inda suka lalata masallacin da kabarin. [5]  Kabarin, wanda ke kan sake ginawa, har yanzu Ahlussunna sun ziyarci shi.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 3. Translated by Bewley, A. (2013. The Companions of Badr. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Muhammad ibn Ishaq. Sirat Rasul Allah. Translated by Guillaume, A. (1955). The Life of Muhammad. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  3. Muhammad ibn Saad. Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir vol. 8. Translated by Bewley, A. (1995). The Women of Madina. London: Ta-Ha Publishers.
  4. Abu Dawud 41:4632.
  5. [1]