Tsaftar hannu

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Tsaftar hannu
Cuci tangan pakai sabun.jpg
subclass ofwashing, preventive medicine, personal protective measure Gyara
bangare nahuman behaviour Gyara
contributing factor ofpreventive medicine Gyara
fabrication methodsoap Gyara
objective of project or actionhygiene, cleanliness Gyara
useeveryday life Gyara
facet ofhand Gyara

Dalilin yaduwan cutan COVID-19 a duniya, ya dakatar da harkokin kasuwanci a duniya ya kuma kawo rashin lafiya na mutane. Ana kan kokarin a hanna yaduwan wannan cuta da kuma a rege yawan mutane da suke kamu da wanna cuta ta COVID-19. Hukumoni Lafiya na duniya na cigaba da aiki da ilimi na masaman domin su lura da wayenda su ka kamu da cuta nan, sun na kuma anfani da ilimin likitoci domin lura da wayenda su kamu da cutan da kuma a samu rigankarfe da sai ya maganta cutan.

Mu ma muna iya hanna yaduwar wannan virus ba tare da a keshe kudi ko a keshe kudi ba mai yawa, wannan igantacen hanya ne kuma ya na bukata mu chanza yaneyin ayuka rayuwa mu, don mu yi gaba da wannan mugun cuta, a al’umma mu.

A wannan jerida za a bayana yanda wanke hannaye da sauran ayukan tsabta ke kahre daga kamu da mugum cuta. Za a kuma bayana masaloli da mutane ke samu game da anfani da wannnan bayani, da yanda za a samu nasara kan anfani da bayanin nan.

Wanin locaci ne ya kamata a wanke hannaye?[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sau da yawa a bayana ce wai igantacen hanyar mai sauki ta hanna kamu ko yaduwa da irin cuta ta COVID-19 shi ne a wanke hannaye kulum da sabulu a ruwa da ke gudana. Ama mai a ke nufi da wanke hannaye kulum?

Manya a sashi na kula da lafia ke ce wa a wanke hannaye duk locacin da an

-         Gama bayi

-         Kamin a wanke jikin kanana yara  bayan su yi bayi, da kuma bayan and gama wanke su

-         Kamin a ba wa yara abinci

-         Kamin a dafa abinci ko bayan an yi dafuwa da nama, ko kifi, ko kaji

-         Kamin a gyara rauni da kuma bayan an gama gyaran rauni

-          Bayan an yi atishawa, ko tari, ko hura anci

-         Bayan hannaye su taba ko wasa da dabobi ko bayan hannaye su taba kashin dabobi

-         Bayan an taba shara ko bolla

-         Bayan hannaye su taba wurare a cikin jama’a

YANDA ZA A WANKE HANNU[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ya na da mahimanci, kuma hanlin mai tsabta ne a wanke hannaye kulum da sabulu a ruwa da ke gudana. Ama wanke hannaye ba shi da anfani in ba wanke hannaye inda ya kamata  Yanda ya kamata a wanke hannu shi ne kama haka:

-         A wanke hannaye kulum da sabulu a ruwa da ke gudana, ana iya anfani da ko wane irin sabulu, in kuma babu sabulu kusa, ana iya anfani da touka.

wayar da kai akan wanke hannu

-         Wani hanya kuma na wanke hannaye da kuma kula da watsar da ruwa, shi ne a yi anfani da mahn wanke hannu mai kashe kwayar cuta, a kula a tabattar da ce wa wannan mahn ya na da allamu giya cikinsa a misali keshi sitin (60) zuwa sama. Ga yawan giya da ke cikin mahn shi ke nuna karfin aikin mahn. Ana samu wannan mahn a kantin magunguna, ko kuma wurin yan kasuwa masun manyan shaguna, in har ba sami wannan mahn, toh a wanke hannaye da sabulu da ruwa.

-         A sa mahn a tafin hannu sai a shafa hannaye de kwazo kama misali digo ashirin (20), a shafa tsakanin yatsun hannu, da bayan hannu, da wiyan hannu da kuma karkashi farshe.

-         Wanke hannaye a ruwa da ke gudana

-         Busar da hannaye da tawul mai tsabta

Lalai ana samu matsalan ruwa mai tsabta ko ruwa mai gudana a al’ummai, ama har yanzu an tabatar da ce wa ruwa mai gudana shi ne a ke bukatar na wanke hannaye don a kiyaye kamu da kwayar cuta.

Nan gaba za mu duba mai za a yi in ba sami ruwa mai tsabta da ke gudana.

WANI PANIN DABBAN NA TABBATAR DA SAMUN RUWA MAI TSABTA DA KUMA GUDANA[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

In har ba a samu ruwa mai gudana, ana iya anfani da ruwa daga rafi ko madatsar ruwa, ama sai an gyara ruwa don a rabu da kwayar cuta, gyaran ruwa ke bukata a yi:

(a)  Barna: annan ana cire manyan barbashi da kuma galibi a cikin ruwa, sama da kashi amsin (50) na kwayoyin cutar da ke cikin ruwa.

(b) Tacewa: wannan ya ƙunshi cire ƙananan ƙwayoyin ruwa da datti kuma har zuwa kusan 90% na ƙwayoyin cuta marasa ganuwa da ido.

(c)   Cutar da datti na ruwa a matsayin wani matakin karshe a cikin tsarin kulawa zai magance kuma zai kashe sauran kwayoyi [vi].

Cibiyar Nazarin Ruwa da Tsarkake Masana'antu sun tsara matattarar mai amfani-da-ruwa mai sauƙin amfani gina wanda sed sed, filters da disinfect ruwa mai datti.

Je zuwa https://resources.cawst.org/construction-manual/a90b9f50/biosand-filter-construction-manual, don saukewa aikin ginin.

Da zarar ruwan ya tsarkaka, to ya kamata ya gudana yayin da kake wanke hannuwanka. Zamu iya gina wasu

na'urori masu sauki, ta amfani da kayan girke-girke. Peter Morgan ya ɓullo da littafin wannan yana jawo kwarewarsa a Zimbabwe. Ana samunsa a adireshin mai zuwa: https: //wwwaquamor.info

Kammalawa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wanke hannuwanku sau da yawa sosai tare da sabulu ko touka da ruwa mai gudana sune hanya mafi-saukin kudi da mahimmanci don hana yaduwar cututtuka. A irin Lokacin Kaman  haka yanda cutar ta duniya baki daya kamar cuta COVID-19 yana barazana ga rayuwarmu, yana da matukar muhimmanci a aiwatar da wasu halayen chanji ,arin abu, kamar nesantawar jama'a da saka masan fuskoki a cikin jama'a.

Tunani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

[i] Rotterdam M.L. (1984). Tsarin tsabtace hannun. Akwai a: ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedz/6358686.

[ii] Kungiyar Lafiya ta Duniya. Yaya za a kula da tsabta na mutum a cikin mawuyacin yanayi?

Akwai shi a adireshin da ke gaba: https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/fr/

[iii] UNICEF Halin yara a wurin aiki. 2008. Rayuwar yara. Akwai shi a shafin: https://www.unicef.org/fr

iv] Cibiyoyin Kula da Cututtuka da Cututtuka. Yaushe kuma yadda ake wanke hannayenku. 4 ga Disamba, 2019.

An isa ga: https://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/when-how-handwashing.html

[v] Mayo Clinic. Hanya madaidaiciya don wanke hannayenku. Ana iya samunshi a adireshin da ke gaba:

mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/handwashing/art-20046253

[vi] Cibiyar Inganta Ruwa da Tsarin Fasaha. Tace biosand. M

https://resources.cawst.org/construction-manual/a90b9f50/biosand-filter-construction-manual