Willibald Alexis

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Willibald Alexis
Willibald Alexis.jpg
Rayuwa
Cikakken suna Georg Wilhelm Heinrich Häring
Haihuwa Wrocław (en) Fassara, 29 ga Yuni, 1798
ƙasa Kingdom of Prussia (en) Fassara
Mutuwa Arnstadt (en) Fassara, 16 Disamba 1871
Makwanci Thuringia (en) Fassara
Karatu
Makaranta Humboldt University of Berlin (en) Fassara
University of Wrocław (en) Fassara
Harsuna Jamusanci
Sana'a
Sana'a maiwaƙe, marubuci, poet lawyer (en) Fassara, ɗan jarida da literary critic (en) Fassara
Jagoranci literary realism (en) Fassara
IMDb nm3134979
Signatur Willibald Alexis.PNG
Willibald Alexis

Willibald Alexis, sunan da ba a yarda da shi ba na Georg Wilhelm Heinrich Häring (An haife shi ne a ranar 29 ga watan Yuni 1798 – 16 ga watan Disamba 1871), ya kasan ce ɗan littafin tarihin Jamusanci ne, wanda aka ɗauka wani ɓangare na ƙungiyar Matasan Jamus .

Rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Alexis a Breslau, Silesia . Mahaifinsa, wanda ya fito daga dangin Faransa dan gudun hijira, mai suna Hareng, ya rike babban mukami a sashin yaki. Ya halarci Werdersche Gymnasium a Berlin, sannan kuma, a matsayin mai ba da gudummawa a cikin kamfen na 1815, ya shiga cikin kewaye da ƙauyukan Ardenne . Bayan dawowarsa, ya yi karatun lauya a Jami’ar Berlin da ta Breslau ya kuma shiga aikin lauya, amma ba da daɗewa ba ya yi watsi da wannan aikin ya dukufa ga adabi . Saita zama a Berlin, ya gyara, daga 1827 zuwa 1835, Berliner Konversationsblatt, wanda a cikin shekaru biyu na farko Friedrich Christoph Forster (1791-1868) ya taimaka masa; kuma a cikin 1828 aka kirkiro likitan falsafar ta Jami'ar Halle . A 1852 ya yi ritaya zuwa Arnstadt a Thuringia, inda bayan shekaru da yawa na rashin lafiya ya mutu. [1]

Ayyuka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayan an sanya sunansa a farko a matsayin marubuci ta hanyar wani adyll a hexameters, Die Treibjagd (1820), da kuma gajerun labaru da dama, sunan marubucinsa ya fara kafawa ne da littafin tarihin Walladmor (1823), wanda aka buga shi a matsayin "an fassara shi kyauta Ingilishi na Sir Walter Scott, tare da gabatarwa daga Willibald Alexis ". Wannan aikin ya zama sananne nan da nan kuma an fassara shi zuwa harsuna da yawa, gami da Ingilishi. [1]

Shi kuma Schloss Avalon (1827) ya biyo baya, wanda marubucin ya yi amfani da dabaru iri ɗaya kuma tare da nasarorin daidai. Ba da daɗewa ba bayan haka, Alexis ya wallafa wasu gajerun labarai da suka yi nasara ( Gesammelte Novellen, juzu'i 4, 1830-1831), wasu littattafan tafiye-tafiye, kuma a cikin littattafan Das Haus Dusterweg (1835) da Zwölf Nächte (1838) da aka nuna na wani lokaci jingina ga makarantar "Matasan Jamusanci". A cikin Cabanis (1832), amma, labarin lokacin Frederick Mai Girma, ya shiga fagen soyayyar kishin ƙasa da tarihi, inda ya sami sunan "der Märkische Walter Scott" (Walter Scott na Mark). [1]

Daga 1840 zuwa gaba ya buga a cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci jerin soyayya, kowane ɗayan yana ma'amala da wani zamanin a tarihin Brandenburg . Littafinsa mai suna Der Werwulf an saita shi a lokacin Gyara Furotesta . A cikin 1840 aka buga littafinsa na tarihi Der Roland von Berlin . [1] Wannan shine asalin wasan opera na Ruggero Leoncavallo mai wannan sunan.[Ana bukatan hujja] Wannan ya biyo bayan Der falsche Woldemar (1842), Die Hosen des Herrn von Bredow (1846-1848), Ruhe ist die reste Bürgerpflicht (1852), Isegrimm (1854), and Dorothe (1856). [1]

Alexis ya kuma yi suna ga kansa a fagen aikata laifuka ta hanyar farawa a cikin 1842, tare da haɗin gwiwa tare da mai tallata Julius Eduard Hitzig (1780-1849), bugawar Der neue Pitaval (vols 36, Leipzig, 1842-1865; sabon fitowar), 24 vols., Leipzig, 1866-1891), tarin maganganu na laifuka da suka faru daga dukkan ƙasashe da kowane lokaci. [1]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Works by Willibald Alexis at Project Gutenberg
  • Works by or about Willibald Alexis at Internet Archive
  • Works by or about Georg Wilhelm Heinrich Häring at Internet Archive
  • Works by Willibald Alexis at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Chisholm 1911.