Zaynab bint Khuzayma

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Zaynab bint Khuzayma
Zaynab bint Khuzayma.png
Sunan yanka زينب بنت خزيمة
Haihuwa Zaynab bint Khuzaymah
595 AD
Mecca, Hejaz, Arabia
present-day Saudi Arabia
Mutuwa Rabiʽ al-Thani 4 AH ; c. September 626 AD
Medina, Hejaz, Arabia
(present-day Saudi Arabia)
Makwanci
Jannat al-Baqi, Medina, Hejaz, Arabia
(present-day Saudi Arabia)
Shahara akan Wife of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, Mother of the Believers
Title ʾumm ul-mumineen
ʾumm ul-masakin
Uwar gida(s) Ubaydah ibn al-Harith
Muhammad (m. 624-626 AD)
Yara Muawiya, Awn, Munqidh, Ibrahim, Harith, Rabta, Khadija, Sukhayla, Amina, Safiya
Iyaye(s) Khuzayma ibn Al-Harith
Hind bint Awf
Dangi
Iyali Banu Hilal (by birth)
House of Muhammad (by marriage)

Zainab bint Khuzaymah ( Larabci: زينب بنت خزيمة‎ ), wanda aka fi sani da Umm al-Masakin, "Uwar Talakawa", [1] An haife ta a 595 [2] ), Ta kasan ce tana ɗaya daga cikin matan annabin Islama Muhammadu . Sakamakon farkon mutuwarta, ba a san komai game da ita kamar sauran matansa ba. 'Ya'yanta sune Muawiya, Awn, Munqidh, Ibrahim, Harith, Rabta, Khadija, Sukhayla, Amina, Safiya. Duk waɗannan yaran an haife su tare da mijinta na baya, Ubayda ibn al-Harith. [3] [4]

Rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kuma Yawanci ana bayyana cewa shekarunta sunkai kusan kimanin 20s, kodayake wani lokacin ana cewa shekarunta 48, [5] ana bayyana ta da "kyakkyawa". [6] An san ta da "jinƙai da tausayin" ga matalauta. [7] [8] [9]

Zainab ta fara auren Tufail bin Harith, wanda ko dai ya sake ta [10] ko kuma ya mutu ba da jimawa ba. [5] Sannan Zainab ta auri dan uwan mijinta na farko wato, Ubaydah ibn al-Harith . A 624, mijinta ya mutu sakamakon raunukan da aka samu a yakin Badar, kuma ta fara rayuwa cikin talauci. Ibn Kathir, a karni na 14 na Sira, ya ambaci mijin Zaynab na farko da cewa shi ne Husayn bin al-Harith, kuma aurenta na uku da Abdullah bn Jahsh, wanda aka kashe a yakin Uhud . [11]

Akwai rahotanni masu karo da juna game da ko an guje ta kuma aka nemi aure, ko kuwa ta ki amincewa da tayin aure da yawa. [10] [12] Wasu ma suna ba da shawarar tana da miji na uku, shi ma ya mutu. [5]

Auren muhammad[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

San nan a shekaran jim kadan bayan ta aure to Hafsa xiyar Umar, [13] [14] Muhammad kusata ta da wani mahar na ko dai 400 Dirhams ko 12 ozoji na zinariya, kuma miƙa ya aure ta. [10] [15] An yi ta muhawara game da yadda aka gabatar da auren, a cikin Ibn Kalbi 's al-Isaba, ya yi iƙirarin cewa Muhammad ya gabatar da ita kai tsaye - yayin da Ibn Hisham ya rubuta cewa kawunta, Quobaisa bin Arm al-Hilali ne ya shirya maganar auren. [4]

San nan kuma an ce auren, wanda aka yi a cikin watan Ramadan, [4] an yi shi ne domin a tabbatar wa mabiyansa cewa mutuwarsu a yaƙi ba yana nufin danginsu za su ji yunwa ba ne kuma a yi watsi da su. [6] Ita ce farkon matansa da ta zo daga wajen ƙabilar kuraishawa . [5] [16] A wani lokaci, wani talaka ya zo gidanta yana rokon gari, sai ta ba shi na ƙarshen nata, kuma ba ta ci abinci a wannan daren. Jin tausayin ta ya motsa Muhammad, ya kuma fadawa sauran matan sa game da hakan kuma ya yi wa'azin cewa "idan kun yi imani da Allah ... zai wadata ku, kamar yadda yake yi wa tsuntsayen, wadanda ke barin gidajen su da yunwa da safe., amma ka dawo cike da daddare ". [10]

Mutuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Makabartar Jannat al-Baqi, inda aka binne Zainab.

Ta rasu ba ta fi watanni uku ba, ta biyu a cikin matan Muhammadu uku da suka mutu kafin shi. An nuna cewa ta mutu a cikin watan Rabi 'al-thani, shekaru hudu bayan Hijira . [4]

An binne ta a cikin Jannat al-Baqi, wanda Muhammad ya shigar da ita cikin kabarinta. [3] [10]

Bayan mutuwarta, iyalinta a cikin da'irar Muhammad sun kasance ba komai a wani sanannen lokaci, kafin matarsa ta shida, Ummu Salama ta koma ciki, kuma ta lura "Ya aure ni kuma ya kai ni ɗakin Zaynab bint Khuzayma, Uwar gidan Matalauta ". [17]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Lings, Martin, "Muhammad: his life based on the earliest sources", 1983. p. 201.
  2. Awde, Nicholas. "Women in Islam", 2000. p. 10
  3. 3.0 3.1 Khaled, Amr. The Mothers of the Believers: Zaynab Bint Khuzayma
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Rasoulallah.net, Lady Zainab bint Khozaima
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Prophet Muhammad for All, Hadrat Zainab
  6. 6.0 6.1 Wessels, Antonie. "A Modern Arabic Biography of Muhammad", p. 107
  7. Ibn Hisham, The Life of the Prophet, Book IV. c. 833.
  8. Kloppenborg, Ria. "Female stereotypes in religious traditions", p. 89
  9. Marriage to Daughter-in-law
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 Ahmed, M. Mukkaram. "Encyclopaedia of Islam", 2005. p. 141
  11. Ibn Kathir, The Life of the Prophet Muhammad, p. 419
  12. Hatimy, Said Abdullah Saif. "Woman in Islam", 1979. p. 105
  13. Isaba, Isti'ab, Jamhara, 262 and Tabari III, 179
  14. Sharma, KM. Denver Journal of International Law and Policy, "What's In a Name?", 1997.
  15. Muslim World League Journal, 1998
  16. Bodley, Ronald V. "The Messenger: The Wives of Mohammed", 1946.
  17. Ibn Hisham I, 345. II, 294. Tabari III, 177. Nasab Quraysh, 316