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Zazzaɓi

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
(an turo daga Zazzabi)
hoton malariya a microscope

Zazzabi, wanda kuma ake kira da pyrexia, an bayyana shi azaman yanayin da zafin jiki yake karuwa sama da yanayin na yau da kullum saboda karuwa daga ainihin yanayin zafin jiki.[1][2][3][4] Babu wani tsayayye iyaka da aka yarda da shi dangane da yanayin zafin jiki na yau da kullum a yayin da wasu kafofi ke tsammani akalla tsakanin 37.2 and 38.3 °C (99.0 and 100.9 °F) a cikin mutane.[4] Ƙaruwar hauhawar iyakokin zafin jikin yana haifar da ƙaruwar ciwon jiki kuma yana haifar da sanyi ko kuma dari.[5] Wannan yana haifar da haɓakar zafi mai girma da ƙoƙarin kiyaye zafi.[6] Lokacin da yanayin zafin jikin ya dawo daidai, mutum ya kanji zafi, fatarsa tayi ja, sannan kuma yana iya fara gumi.[6] Da wuya zazzabi na iya haifar da ciwon zazzabi, tare da wannan ya zama ruwan dare a cikin kananan yara. [7] Zazzaɓi ba yawanci ya wuce 41 to 42 °C (106 to 108 °F) ba . [2]

Zazzabi na iya faruwa sanadin yanayin rashin lafiya da yawa wadanda suka bambanta daga marasa mahimmanci zuwa masu barazana ga rayuwa . [8] Wannan ya hada da kwayoyin cuta, kwayoyin cuta, da kwayar cututtuka na parasitic - irin su mura, ciwon sankarau, cututtuka na mahitsara, appendicitis, Lassa, COVID-19, da zazzabin cizon sauro . [8] [9] Abubuwan da ba su da cututtuka sun hada da vasculitis, thrombosis mai zurfi, cututtuka na nama, illa na magani ko alurar riga kafi, da ciwon daji . [8] [10] Ya bambanta da hyperthermia, a cikin wannan hyperthermia shine karuwa a cikin zafin jiki akan yanayin da aka saita, saboda ko dai yawan zafin jiki ko rashin isasshen zafi.

Alamomin da ke da alaqa

[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

a mafi yawan lokuta masassara tan akrewa da rashin lafiya wanda suka hada da gajiya, rashin cin abinci. yawan bacci,rashin ruwan jiki,da kuma rashin natsuwa. Bacci da zazzabi yakan iya haifar da mafalkai masu ban tsoro.

An samo kewayon yanayin zafi na yau da kullun . Yanayin tsakiya, kamar yanayin zafi na dubura, sun fi daidai yanayin zafi na gefe. [11] An yarda gabaɗaya zazzaɓi ya kasance idan yanayin zafi mai girma [12] ya faru ta wurin saita saiti kuma:

  • Zafin jiki na a cikin dubura ( dubura/ dubura) ya kai ko sama da Hakanan ana iya amfani da zafin kunne (tympanic) ko zafin goshi (na ɗan lokaci). [13] [14]
  • Zafin a cikin baki (na baka) yana a ko sama da da safe ko sama da da rana [15] [16]
  • Zafin a ƙarƙashin hannu (axillary) yawanci kusan ne ƙasa da ainihin zafin jiki. [17]
Zazzaɓi
Description (en) Fassara
Iri clinical sign (en) Fassara
neurological and physiological symptom (en) Fassara
Medical treatment (en) Fassara
Magani non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (en) Fassara, ibuprofen (en) Fassara, paracetamol, mefenamic acid (en) Fassara, salicylamide (en) Fassara, diflunisal (en) Fassara, phenacetin (en) Fassara, naproxen (en) Fassara da aspirin (en) Fassara
Identifier (en) Fassara
ICD-10 R50
ICD-9 780.6
DiseasesDB 18924
MedlinePlus 003090
eMedicine 003090
MeSH D005334
  1. Kluger MJ (2015). Fever: Its Biology, Evolution, and Function. Princeton University Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-1400869831.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Garmel GM, Mahadevan SV, eds. (2012). "Fever in adults". An introduction to clinical emergency medicine (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 375. ISBN 978-0521747769.
  3. Franjić, Siniša (31 March 2019). "Fever Can Be A Symptom of Many Diseases". Journal of Medicine and HealthCare: 1–3. doi:10.47363/jmhc/2021(3)146. S2CID 243837498.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Dinarello CA, Porat R (2018). "Chapter 15: Fever". In Jameson JL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Loscalzo, J (eds.). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. Vol. 1–2 (20th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 9781259644030. Retrieved 31 March2020.
  5. Sullivan JE, Farrar HC (March 2011). "Fever and antipyretic use in children". Pediatrics. 127 (3): 580–87. doi:10.1542/peds.2010-3852. PMID 21357332.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Huether, Sue E. (2014). Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children(7th ed.). Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 498. ISBN 978-0323293754.
  7. Dinarello CA, Porat R (2018). "Chapter 15: Fever". In Jameson JL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Loscalzo, J (eds.). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. Vol. 1–2 (20th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. ISBN 9781259644030. Retrieved 31 March 2020
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Laupland KB (July 2009). "Fever in the critically ill medical patient". Critical Care Medicine. 37 (7 Suppl): S273-8. doi:10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181aa6117. PMID 19535958
  9. Richardson M, Purssell E (September 2015). "Who's afraid of fever?". Archives of Disease in Childhood. 100 (9): 818–20. doi:10.1136/archdischild-2014-307483. PMID 25977564. S2CID 206857750
  10. Garmel GM, Mahadevan SV, eds. (2012). An introduction to clinical emergency medicine (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 401. ISBN 978-0521747769.
  11. Kiekkas P, Aretha D, Bakalis N, Karpouhtsi I, Marneras C, Baltopoulos GI (August 2013). "Fever effects and treatment in critical care: literature review". Australian Critical Care. 26 (3): 130–35. doi:10.1016/j.aucc.2012.10.004. PMID 23199670
  12. Franjić, Siniša (31 March 2019). "Fever Can Be A Symptom of Many Diseases". Journal of Medicine and HealthCare: 1–3. doi:10.47363/jmhc/2021(3)146. S2CID 243837498
  13. Garmel GM, Mahadevan SV, eds. (2012). An introduction to clinical emergency medicine (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0521747769
  14. Rodriguez-Morales AJ, Cardona-Ospina JA, Gutiérrez-Ocampo E, Villamizar-Peña R, Holguin-Rivera Y, Escalera-Antezana JP, Alvarado-Arnez LE, Bonilla-Aldana DK, Franco-Paredes C (13 March 2020). "Clinical, laboratory and imaging features of COVID-19: A systematic review and meta-analysis". Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease. 34: 101623. doi:10.1016/j.tmaid.2020.101623. PMC 7102608. PMID 32179124
  15. Dayal R, Agarwal D (January 2016). "Fever in Children and Fever of Unknown Origin". Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 83 (1): 38–43. doi:10.1007/s12098-015-1724-4. PMID 25724501. S2CID 34481402
  16. "Fever". MedlinePlus. 30 August 2014. Archived from the original on 11 May 2009.
  17. Abstract alone is in German and in English.