Muhammad

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Manzo Muhammad Al-Habib ɗan ʿAbdullahi (Sallallahu ʿAlaihi wa Sallam).

Muhammad ɗan Abdullahi ɗan Abdul-Muɗɗalibi ɗan Hashimi ɗan Abdu-Manafi ɗan Ƙusayyi ɗan Kilabi, Sallallahu alaihi wa aalihi wa sallam, (Harshen Larabci: Abūl-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim ibn ˁAbd Manāf ibn Qusayy ibn Kilāb) nasabarsa maɗaukakiya tana tuqewa zuwa ga Annabi Ibrahim, alaihi salatu wassalam. Manzon Allah ne. Khataman-Nabiyyin da addinin Musulunci.

Mahaifiyarsa: Ita ce Aminatu (Āminah) 'yar Wahbi ɗan Abdu-Manaf ɗan Zuhrata ɗan Kilabi (Radhi Allahu anha). Alkunyarsa: Abul-Qasim, Abu Ibrahim.

Laƙabinsa: Al-Musɗafa yana da sunaye da suka zo a cikin Ƙur'ani Mai Girma kamar, Khataman-Nabiyyin, da Al-Ummi da Al-Muzzammil da Al-Muddassir da An-Nazir da Al-Mubin da Al-Karim da An-Nur da An-Niˁima da Ar-Rahma da Al-ˁAbdu da Ar-Ra'uf da Ar-Rahim da Ash-Shahid da Al-Mubasshir da An-Nazir da Ad-Da'i da sauransu.

Tarihin haihuwarsa: 17 Rabi'ul Auwal Shekarar Giwa (571m) bisa mash'hurin zance gun Ahlul-Baiti (a.s), an ce, 12 ga watan da aka ambata.

Wurin haihuwarsa: Makkah.

Aikoshi: An aiko shi a Makkah 27 Rajab yana ɗan shekara arba'in.

Koyarwarsa: Ya zo da daidaito tsakanin dukkan halitta da 'yan-uwantaka da rangwame na gaba ɗaya ga wanda ya shiga musulunci, sa'annan ya kafa shari'a maɗaukakiya da dokoki na adalci da ya karɓo daga wajan Allah su kuma musulmi suka karɓa daga gare shi.

Mu'ujizozinsa: Mu'ujizarsa madauwamiya ita ce Ƙur'ani amma waɗanda suka faru a farkon Musulunci suna da yawa ba sa kuma kirguwa.

Kiransa: Ya kira mutane zuwa ga Tauhidi a Makkah a ɓoye shekara uku ya kuma kira su a bayyane shekara goma.

Hijirarsa: ya yi hijira daga Makkah zuwa Madinah a farkon watan Rabi'ul Auwal bayan shekara 13 daga aikensa, wannan ya faru ne sakamakon cutarwa daga kafirai gare shi da kuma ga sahabbansa.

Yaƙoƙinsa: Allah ya yi wa Manzo izinin yaƙar mushirikai da kafirai da munafukai, sai ya yi ɗauki ba daɗi da su a wurare da yawa da mafi girmansu sune: Badar- Uhud- Al-Khandak (Ahzab)- Khaibar- Hunaini.

Matansa: Khadijah (Hadiza) 'yar Khuɗwailid (a.s) ita ce matarsa ta farko, amma sauran su ne: Saudatu 'yar Zamˁa da ˁA'isha 'yar Abubakr da Ghaziyya 'yar Dudan (Ummu Shariq) da Hafsa yar ˁUmar da Ramla 'yar Abu Sufyan (Ummu Habibia) da Ummu Salama 'yar Abu Umayya da Zainab 'yar Jahash da Zainab 'yar Huzaima da Maimunah 'yar Al-Haris da Juwairiyya 'yar Al-Haris da Safiyya 'yar Huyayyi ɗan Akhdabl (r.a).

'Ya'yansa: 1-ˁAbdullah 2-Al-Qasim 3-Ibrahim 4-Faɗima/Fatimah (a.s) a wani ƙaulin da Zainab da Ruqayya da Ummu Kulthum.

Ammominsa: Tara ne, su 'ya'yan ˁAbdul-Muɗɗalib ne: Al-Haris da Zubair da Abu Ɗalib da Hamza da Al-Ghaidaq da Dirar Al-Muqawwam da Abu Lahab da ˁAbbass.

Ammominsa mata: Su shida ne daga iyaye mata daban-daban su ne: Aminah da Ummu Hakima da Barra da Atiqa da Safiyya da Arwa. Wasiyyansa goma sha biyu ne, su ne: Amirul-Mu'minina Ali ɗan Abi Ɗalib (a.s) da Hasan ɗan ˁAli da Hussain ɗan ˁAli da ˁAliyyu ɗan Husaini da Muhammad ɗan ˁAli da Jaˁfar ɗan Muhammad da Musa ɗan Jaˁfar da ˁAli ɗan Musa da Muhammad ɗan ˁAli da ˁAli ɗan Muhammad da Alhassan ɗan ˁAli da Muhammad ɗan Hassan Mahadi (a.s).

Mai tsaron ƙofarsa: Anas ɗan Malik.

Mawaƙinsa: Hassan ɗan Sabit, da ˁAbdullahi ɗan Rawahata, da Ka'abu ɗan Malik.

Mai kiran sallarsa: Bilal Al-Habashi da ˁAbdullahi ɗan Ummu Maktum da Saˁad Al-Kirdi.

Tambarin zobensa: Muhammadur Rasulullah!

Tsawon rayuwarsa: shekaru 63.

Tsawon lokacin Annabtarsa: shekaru 23.

Tarihin wafatinsa: 28 Safar 11 H.

Wajan da ya yi wafati: Madinah.

Inda aka binne shi: Madinah a Masallaci Maɗaukaki Mai Alfarma. Ka sani cewa Muhammad (S.A.W) shi ne ƙarshen annabawa kuma addininsa shi ne musulunci mai shafe duk wani addini kuma shari'arsa zata wanzu har zuwa qiyama kuma ita kaɗai ce shari'ar da zata arzuta mutum da tabbatar masa da burinsa da amincinsa har zuwa ƙarshen rayuwar duniya da lahira. Kamar yadda shi kaɗai ne mutum abin koyi ga dukkan duniya baki ɗaya, dukkan mutanen duniya idan suna son alheri ga kawukansu to dole ne su bi tarfarkinsa su yi koyi da kyawawan halyensa (S.A.W) da kuma sanin sashen tarihinsa da ba makawa mu kawo wasu daga siffofinsa (S.A.W): Shi ne Muhammad ɗan ˁAbdullah (S.A.W) kuma babarsa ita ce Aminatu 'yar Wahab. An haife shi a Makkah ranar juma'a goma sha bakwai ga watan Rabi'ul awwal bayan ɓollolwar alfijir a shekarar giwa, a zamanin sarki mai adalci Kisra . (wato idan an kwatanta shi da ire-irensa).

Aiko Annabi Mai Daraja (S.A.W)

An aiko Annabi Muhammad (S.A.W) da saqo a 27 ga Rajab bayan yana ɗan shekara 40 yayin da Jibrilu (A.S) ya sauka gareshi daga wurin Allah (S.W.T) yana kogon Hira wanda yake dutse ne a Makkah ya ce masa ka karanta kuma ya saukar masa da ayoyi biyar na surar Alaƙi . Sai ya zo ya tsaya a kan dutsen Safa a masallaci mai alfarma na Makkah a lokcin akwai jama'a masu yawa a wurin da ake taruwa ya isar da saƙon Allah na shiryar da mutane zuwa ga imani da shi yana cewa da su: "Ku ce babu abin bauta sai Allah kwa rabauta" .

A lokacin tunda mutanen Makkah mushrikai ne, kuma suna ganin maslaharsu ita ce shirka kuma suna tsoron maslaharsu sai suka riƙa yi masa isgili suna yi masa dariya suna cutar da shi. Kuma duk sa'adda ya dage wajen shiryar da su sai su dage wajen cutar da shi har ya ce: "Ba a cutar da wani Annabi ba kamar yadda aka cutar da ni" . Ba wanda suka yi imani da shi sai mutane ƙalilan, na farkonsu Imam ˁAli sannan sai matarsa Khadijah (A.S) sannan sai wasu mutane. Farkon wanda ya yi imani da shi daga maza Imam Ali sannan daga mata sai Hadiza (A.S).

Yayin da takurawar mushrikai ta yi yawa sai ya yi hijira zuwa Madinah wannan kuwa ita ce hijirar farko a tarihin Musulmi, yayin da suka yi yawa sai qarfinsu ya daɗu kuma suka samu koyarwa daga Manzon Allah da shari'arsa Mai Sauƙi Mai Hikima, da kuma misali na kyawawan halaye da mutumtaka da wayewa da cigaba a Madinah har suka fi dukkan duniya da addini na sama da waɗanda ba na sama ba. Kuma an samu yaƙoƙi masu yawa a Madinah kuma dukkanninsu sun zama domin kare kai ne daga maƙiya mushrikai da yahudawa da kiristoci da suke kai hari kan musulmi, kuma Annabi a kowne lokaci yana zaɓar ɓangaren sulhu da zaman lafiya ne da rangwame, don haka ne ma adadin waɗanda ake kashewa daga ɓangarorin biyu ba su da yawa a dukkan yaƙoƙinsa tamanin da wani abu, wato; waɗanda aka kashe na musulmi da kafirai duka ba su kai sama da dubu ɗaya da ɗari huɗu ba.

Mutuwa Mai Zafin Gaske Tun lokacin da aka aiko Annabi da saƙo har ya tafi daga duniya wahayi yana sauka gareshi kuma Jibrilu (A.S) shi ne ake aiko masa daga wajen Ubangiji (S.W.T) a hankali a hankali har littafin Ƙur'ani ya ciki a cikin shekaru ishirin da uku, sai Manzo (S.A.W) ya yi umarni da a haɗa shi kamar yadda yake a yau ɗin nan. Manzo (S.A.W) ya kasance yana tsara wa musulmi duniyarsu da addininsu, yana sanar da su littafi da hikima kuma yana yi musu bayanin dokokin ibada da biyayya da mu'amala da zamantakewa da siyasa da tattalin arziki da sauransu.