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Yaren Abui

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
(an turo daga Abun harshe)
Yaren Abui
bahasa Abui — bahasa Barawahing — bahasa Barue — bahasa Namatalaki
Lamban rijistar harshe
ISO 639-3 abz
Glottolog abui1241[1]

Abui yare ne wanda ba na Australiya ba na Tsibirin Alor . Ana magana da shi a tsakiyar Tsibirin Alor a Gabashin Indonesia, lardin East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) ta Mutanen Abui. Sunan asali a cikin yaren Takalelang shine Abui tanga wanda a zahiri ke fassara shi a matsayin 'harshe na dutse'.

Rarraba[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Abui memba ne na yarukan Alor-Pantar, a cikin dangin yaren Timor-Alor-Pantar . [2] da sababbin samfurori na sauti, Abui yana daga cikin ƙungiyar Alor tare da Blagar, Adang, Klon, Kui, Kamang, Sawila, da Wersing. Sabanin ikirarin da ya gabata, har yanzu babu wata hujja da ta danganta yarukan Timor-Alor-Pantar da dangin Trans-New-Guinea.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Alor-Pantar, a kalla, ~ shekaru 3,000 ne.

[3] bayyana kamar masu magana da Proto-AP sun aro wasu kalmomin Austronesian kafin rushewar Proto-AP; waɗannan kalmomin rance sun sami canjin sauti na yau da kullun sabili da haka ana iya sake gina su don Proto-AP.

Yankin da aka rarraba[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kimanin masu magana 16,000 ne ke magana da Abui a tsakiyar tsibirin Alor a Gabashin Indonesia, lardin Nusa Tenggara ta Gabas (NTT).

Bambancin ciki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Abui tana [4] yare da yawa: Arewa, Kudancin da Yamma. Yaren arewa da ake magana a kusa da ƙauyukan Mainang, Masape, Takalelang da Atimelang sun kasance batun nazarin harshe.Ana magana da yarukan kudanci a kusa da Kelaisi da Apui; ana magana da yaren yamma a kusa da Mataru, Fanating da Moru. Wadannan yarukan sun kasance ba a yi nazari ba.

Fasahar sauti[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Abui yana da kayan aiki mai sauƙi tare da 16 na asali da 3 na aro. Akwai gajerun wasula 5 kowannensu yana da takwaransa mai tsawo. A lokuta da yawa ana samun sautin ƙamus. Dukk bayanai a cikin wannan sashe sun fito ne daga Kratochvíl 2007.

Sautin da aka yi amfani da shi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Harshen /cç/, /ɟń/, da /g/ ba na asali ba ne, an aro su daga Malay a cikin 'yan shekarun nan. Kamar yadda ginshiƙi da ke sama ya nuna, Abui yana da /r/ da /l/ a matsayin alamomi daban-daban.

Sautin sautin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Monophthongs[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yaren Abui". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Holton_Robinson
  3. Empty citation (help)
  4. Grimes, Charles E & Alfa Omega Foundation (1997).