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Canjin yanayi a Afirka

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Canjin yanayi a Afirka
climate change by country or territory (en) Fassara
Bayanai
Facet of (en) Fassara Afirka
Nahiya Afirka
Taswirar Afirka na rarraba yanayin na Köppen.

Canjin yanayi a Afirka babbar barazana ce ga 'yan Afirka kasancewar Afirka na daga cikin nahiyoyin da ke fama da matsalar sauyin yanayi.[1][2] Canjin yanayin Anthropogenic ya riga ya zama gaskiya a Afirka, kamar yadda yake a wasu wurare a duniya. A cewar Kungiyar gwamnatoci a kan Canjin Yanayi. Halin rashin daidaito na Afirka ga canjin yanayi yana haifar da abubuwa da dama wadanda suka hada da adadin daidaitawa mai rauni, dogaro kacokan kan kayayyakin halittu na rayuwa, da karancin tsarin samar da kayan gona.[3] Hadarin canjin yanayi kan noma, wadatar abinci, albarkatun ruwa da aiyukan samar da muhalli na iya haifar da mummunan sakamako ga rayuka da cigaba mai dorewa a Afirka.[4] Gudanar da wannan haɗarin yana buƙatar haɗakar raguwa da dabarun daidaitawa wajen kula da kayayyaki da aiyukan halittu, da tsarin samar da aikin noma a Afirka.[5]

A cikin shekaru masu zuwa, ana tsammanin ɗumama daga canjin yanayi a kusan duk faɗin Duniya, kuma ƙimar ruwan sama na duniya zai ƙaru.[6] Tasirin yanki akan ruwan sama a cikin yankuna masu zafi ana tsammanin zai zama mai saurin canzawa sosai kuma alamar canji a kowane wuri ba kasafai yake tabbata ba, kodayake ana tsammanin canje-canje. Daidai da wannan, yanayin yanayin ƙasa gaba ɗaya ya karu a kan Afirka tun daga ƙarshen ƙarni na 19 zuwa farkon ƙarni na 21 da kusan 1 ° C, amma a cikin gida kamar 3° C don mafi ƙarancin zafin jiki a Sahel a ƙarshen lokacin rani.[7] Yanayin hazo da aka lura yana nuna banbancin yanayi da na lokaci kamar yadda ake tsammani.[8][2] Canje-canjen da aka lura a cikin yanayin zafin jiki da hazo sun bambanta yankuna.[9][8]

Dangane da kokarin daidaitawa, 'yan wasan matakin yanki suna samun cigaba. Wannan ya haɗa da haɓakawa da karɓar dabarun sauyin yanayi na yanki da yawa[10] misali takaddar Canjin Yanayi na (SADC),[11] da kuma dabarun karbuwa ga bangaren ruwa.[12] Bugu da kari, akwai sauran kokarin da aka yi na inganta sauyin yanayi, kamar shirin tafiya na sauyin yanayi da ragi a Gabashin Afirka da Kudancin Afirka (COMESA-EAC-SADC).[13]

A matsayinta na babbar kungiyar kasashe 55 mambobi, Kungiyar Tarayyar Afirka ta gabatar da manufofi 47 da ayyuka daidai a cikin wani daftarin rahoto na 2014[14] don yaƙi da rage sauyin yanayi a nahiyar. Sakatare Janar na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ya kuma bayyana bukatar a samu hadin kai sosai tare da Tarayyar Afirka domin magance canjin yanayi, daidai da burin cigaba mai dorewa na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya.

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Schneider, S.H.; et al. (2007). "19.3.3 Regional vulnerabilities". In Parry, M.L.; et al. (eds.). Chapter 19: Assessing Key Vulnerabilities and the Risk from Climate Change. Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability: contribution of Working Group II to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge University Press (CUP): Cambridge, UK: Print version: CUP. This version: IPCC website. ISBN 978-0-521-88010-7. Archived from the original on 2013-03-12. Retrieved 2011-09-15.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Niang, I., O.C. Ruppel, M.A. Abdrabo, A. Essel, C. Lennard, J. Padgham, and P. Urquhart, 2014: Africa. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Barros, V.R., C.B. Field, D.J. Dokken et al. (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, pp. 1199-1265. https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/02/WGIIAR5-Chap22_FINAL.pdf
  3. Ofoegbu, Chidiebere; Chirwa, P. W. (2019-05-19). "Analysis of rural people's attitude towards the management of tribal forests in South Africa". Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 38 (4): 396–411. doi:10.1080/10549811.2018.1554495. ISSN 1054-9811. S2CID 92282095.
  4. Niang, I., O.C. Ruppel, M.A. Abdrabo, A. Essel, C. Lennard, J. Padgham, and P. Urquhart, 2014: Africa. In: Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Part B: Regional Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Barros, V.R., C.B. Field, D.J. Dokken et al. (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, and New York, NY, USA, pp. 1199-1265. https://www.ipcc.ch/site/assets/uploads/2018/02/WGIIAR5-Chap22_FINAL.pdf Samfuri:Verify source
  5. Ofoegbu, Chidiebere; Chirwa, P. W.; Francis, J.; Babalola, F. D. (2019-07-03). "Assessing local-level forest use and management capacity as a climate-change adaptation strategy in Vhembe district of South Africa". Climate and Development. 11 (6): 501–512. doi:10.1080/17565529.2018.1447904. hdl:2263/64496. ISSN 1756-5529. S2CID 158887449.
  6. "Global Warming of 1.5 ºC —". Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  7. Rural societies in the face of climatic and environmental changes in West Africa. Impr. Jouve). Marseille: IRD éditions. 2017. ISBN 978-2-7099-2424-5. OCLC 1034784045.CS1 maint: others (link)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Collins, Jennifer M. (2011-03-18). "Temperature Variability over Africa". Journal of Climate. 24 (14): 3649–3666. Bibcode:2011JCli...24.3649C. doi:10.1175/2011JCLI3753.1. ISSN 0894-8755. S2CID 129446962.
  9. Conway, Declan; Persechino, Aurelie; Ardoin-Bardin, Sandra; Hamandawana, Hamisai; Dieulin, Claudine; Mahé, Gil (2009-02-01). "Rainfall and Water Resources Variability in Sub-Saharan Africa during the Twentieth Century". Journal of Hydrometeorology. 10 (1): 41–59. Bibcode:2009JHyMe..10...41C. doi:10.1175/2008JHM1004.1. ISSN 1525-755X.
  10. "Southern African Development Community :: Climate Change Adaptation". www.sadc.int. Archived from the original on 8 August 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  11. Lesolle, D (2012). SADC policy paper on climate change: Assessing the policy options for SADC member stated (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-03-08. Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  12. Climate change adaptation in SADC: A Strategy for the water sector (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2021-03-08. Retrieved 2021-01-07.
  13. "Programme on Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA-EAC-SADC)". Southern African Development Community. Archived from the original on 8 August 2019. Retrieved 8 August 2019.
  14. AFRICAN STRATEGY ON CLIMATE CHANGE (PDF). African Union. 2014.