Kisan Kwangila

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kisan kwangila wani nau'i ne na kisan gill a inda wasu ɓangare suke ɗaukan wata ƙungiya don ta kashe wani mutum da aka yi niyya ko mutane da yawa. Ya ƙunshi yarjejeniya ba bisa ƙa'ida ba tsakanin ɓangarori biyu ko sama da haka wanda ɓangare ɗaya ya yarda ya kashe abin da aka nufa don musayar ta wani nau'i na ko yani da hanyan biyan kuɗi, na kuɗi ko akasin haka. Kowane bangare na iya zama mutum, rukuni, ko ƙungiya. Kashe kwangila yana da alaƙa da aikata laifuka, ƙulla makircin gwamnati, da wuraren talla . Misali, a kasar Amurka, gungun masu kisan kai, Inc. sun yi kisan gillar daruruwan mutane a madadin kungiyar Laifuka ta Kasa a tsakanin shekarun 1930 zuwa 1940.

Tsari[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kisan kwangila tana ba wa mai daukar aikin damar ba tare da aiwatar da ainihin kisan ba, wanda ke sa ya zama da wahala ga jami'an tsaro su hada wannan bangaren da kisan. Da alama cewa hukumomi za su tabbatar da laifin wancan bangare na aikata laifin, musamman saboda rashin kwararan shaidun da ke da nasaba da bangaren da ke daukar kwangilar, ya sa lamarin ya zama mai wahala a jingina shi zuwa ga bangaren da aka dauka aikin.

Basaja[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kisan kwangilar na iya nuna halaye na kisan kai, amma galibi ba a sanya su haka saboda manufofin kashe-ɓangare na uku da kuma cire kuɗi da motsin rai. [1] Duk da haka, akwai wasu lokuta wasu mutane waɗanda ake lakafta su azaman duka masu kai hari da masu kashe mutane.

Wanda yake kisan kwangila ana kiransa da suna Makashi . Waɗanda aka ba da kwangilar da ke aiki don ƙungiyoyin masu laifi kuma aka ba su kisan mutum da aka yi niyya galibi sanannu ne a matsayin masu tilastawa .

Bincike[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wani bincike da Cibiyar Nazarin Laifin Laifin ta Australiya ta 162 ta yi ko kuma ainihin kisan gillar da aka yi a Ostiraliya tsakanin 1989 da 2002 ya nuna cewa mafi yawan dalilin kisan-da-haya shi ne biyan biyan inshorar . Binciken ya kuma gano cewa matsakaicin kudin da aka biya na “bugawa” dala 15,000 tare da bambancin daga $ 5,000 zuwa $ 30,000 kuma makaman da aka fi amfani da su sune bindigogi . Kashe kwangila ya kai kashi 2% na kisan kai a Ostiraliya a lokacin. Har ila yau, kashe-kashe na kwangila sun yi kama da kusan duk kashe-kashen a wani wuri. Misali, sun kai kusan 5% na duk kisan da aka yi a Scotland daga 1993 zuwa 2002.

Sanannen lamari[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mad Dog Coll ya bar kotu tare da jami'an 'yan sanda kewaye da shi, 1931
  • Vincent "Mad Dog" Coll, wani Ba'amurke dan asalin Amurka wanda ya yi aiki ga Dutch Schultz da Owney Madden
  • Glennon Engleman, likitan haƙori na Amurka wanda ya haskaka a matsayin mai bugawa
  • Ray Ferritto, Ba’amurken Ba’amurke mai buga jarumi kuma soja ga dangin Cleveland da Los Angeles, wanda aka fi sani da kisan Danny Greene ; daga baya ya zama mashaidin gwamnati kuma ya bayar da shaida akan gungun mutanen
  • Christopher Dale Flannery, sanannen dan Australia ne
  • Giuseppe Greco, ɗan Sicilian ne wanda ya kashe aƙalla mutane 58 a lokacin Yaƙin Mafia na Biyu
  • Charles Harrelson, Ba'amurke mai bugawa, mahaifin ɗan wasa Woody Harrelson
  • Marinko Magda, dan kasar Serbia da aka yanke wa hukuncin kisa kan 11, ciki har da dangin Hungary
  • Tommy "Karate" Pitera, Ba'amurke dan asalin Amurka kuma soja a cikin dangin Bonnano . Ya kasance sananne ne saboda yana da halaye irin na mai kisan kai, kuma ya kasance gwani ne a fagen fama .
  • Frank "Ba'amurke" Sheeran, wani jami'an kungiyar kwadago kuma fitinannun mutane, wainda suka hade da Russell Bufalino . Sheeran ta yi ikirarin kashe tsohon shugaban Teamsters Jimmy Hoffa .
  • Biliyaminu "Bugsy" Siegel, Bayahude ne wanda ya jagoranci kwari da Meyer Mob kuma ya kasance mai kai hare-hare ga Murder, Inc .; Siegel shi ma babban dan adawar dan Italiya ne yayin Haramtawa
  • Alexander Solonik, fitaccen dan Rasha, wanda aka san shi da ɗaukar bindiga a kowane hannu, wanda ya kashe shugabanin mafia na Rasha fiye da 30
  • Robert Young, wanda aka fi sani da Willie Sanchez, wanda aka tsere da laifi kuma ya kashe kwangila wanda Majalisar ta yi aiki da shi, ƙungiyar ƙa'idar aikata laifuka ta Nicky Barnes .

Wadanda abin ya shafa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Griselda Blanco, batun fim din Uwargidan Cocaine (2018), wani tsohon mashahurin mai safarar miyagun kwayoyi ne aka kashe a ranar 3 ga Satumba, 2012
  • Li Fuguo, wani baban daular Tang wanda wani mashahuri wanda sarki Tang Daizong ya haya ya kashe
  • Harry Greenberg, abokin aikin Mafia na Charles "Lucky" Luciano, Meyer Lansky, da Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel's. Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Albert Tannenbaum, da Frankie Carbo ne suka kashe shi a shekarar 1939.
  • Shiori Ino, wani dalibin jami'a mai shekaru 21 wanda dan bindigar Yoshifumi Kubota ya kashe, wanda yayi shekaru 18 a gidan yari saboda kisan. Tsohon saurayin Ino da dan uwan tsohon saurayin ne suka biya Kubota.
  • Salvatore Maranzano, shugaban Mafia na Castellammarese kuma abokin hamayyarsa da Masseria a yakin Castellammarese wanda Siegel da wasu mazaje suka kashe a 1931
  • Dan Markel, wani lauya kuma masanin ilimin shari'a da aka kashe a Tallahassee, Florida a cikin 2014
  • Joe Masseria, Siegel, Vito Genovese, Albert Anastasia, da Joe Adonis suka kashe maigidan Mafia a cikin 1931
  • Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel, shugaban masu zanga-zangar Las Vegas kuma mai gidan otal din Flamingo, wanda wasu da ba a san ko su waye ba suka kashe a 1947
  • Grady Stiles, wani ɗan wasan kwaikwayo na wasan kwaikwayo wanda danginsa suka yi hayar wani mahaluki don ya kashe shi saboda zagin sa
  • John H. Wood Jr., wani alkalin Ba'amurke da aka fi sani da "Maximum John" saboda yanke hukuncin dauri mai tsanani a kan laifukan miyagun kwayoyi, wanda Charles Harrelson ya kashe bisa umarnin aikata laifi

Masu ɗauka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Dana Ewell, wanda aka yankewa hukuncin daukar abokin karatun sa a kwaleji don kashe mahaifin Ewell, mahaifinsa, da ‘yar’uwar sa kan kadarorin dalar Amurka milian takwas $ 8,000,000. Yin wa'adin
  • Ruthann Aron, da aka samu da laifin hayar wani dan daba don ya kashe mijinta da kuma wani lauya da ya yi nasara a shari’ar zamba da ita.
  • Mike Danton, tsohon dan wasan NHL, ya yi hayar wakilin tarayya don ya kashe wakilinsa na wasanni.
  • Shugaban laifi -Ba'amurke-Ba'amurke John Gotti ya yi hayar 'yan bindiga don su kashe Paul Castellano a wajen Sparks Steak House ; an aiwatar da kisan a watan Disambar 1985.
  • Wanda Holloway : Haƙiƙanin Gaskiya Kasada na zargin Texas Cheerleader-Murdering Mom ta dogara ne da hayar Holloway da wani dan damfara don kashe mahaifiyar yarinyar da ke gasa tare da 'yarta cikin farin ciki.
  • Lawrence Horn, mai gabatar da rikodi wanda hayarsa ta kai hari ya haifar da shari'ar Rice v. Paladin Latsa
  • Silas Jayne, Chicago -area mai mallakar barga, an yanke masa hukunci a 1973 na hayar mutane don kashe ɗan'uwansa ɗan'uwansa George.
  • Tim Lambesis, mai raira waƙoƙin kidan karfe Kamar yadda na mutu, injin mutuƙar Austriya da Pyrithion, waɗanda suka yi ƙoƙarin hayar wani don kashe matarsa ta hanyar tuntuɓar sa a gidan motsa jikin sa. Wanda ake zargin "hitman" ya zama dan sanda da ya yi kamannin mutum kamar mai bugawa.
  • Charlotte Karin Lindström, 'yar bautar kasar Sweden / samfurin wacce tayi yunƙurin ɗaukar hayar wani maharbi don ya kashe mutanen da ke ba da shaida game da saurayinta a shari'ar shan kwayoyi a Australia.
  • Charles "Lucky" Luciano, Mafia Ba'amurke da shugabar dangi masu aikata laifi . An umarci Siegel, Tannenbaum, Genovese, Buchalter, Carbo, da Krakower su kashe Mustache Petes Joe Masseria da Sal Maranzano a cikin 1931, da kuma tantabaru Harry Greenberg a 1939.
  • Joseph Maldonado-Passage (wanda aka fi sani da sunan wasansa Joe Exotic ), wani mai gidan namun daji na Amurka a halin yanzu yana aiki shekaru 22 a kan laifuka biyu na yunƙurin kisan kai-da-haya (da kuma wasu tuhume-tuhumen ). Ya yi ƙoƙari ya yi hayar wani maharbi don ya kashe Carole Baskin, Shugaba na Babban Ceto Ceto (wanda yake tare da shi tsawon lokaci da rikice-rikicen jama'a), amma ya ƙare da yin magana da wani jami'in FBI da ke ɓoye da ke nuna cewa yana da ƙarfi. Shari'ar ita ce batun farko na jerin shirye-shiryen shirye-shirye na 2020 Netflix Tiger King .
  • Diana Lovejoy, wata marubuciya a fannin fasaha, da malamarsa mai harbi Weldon McDavid an same su da laifin hada baki wajen kisan mijin Lovejoy a shekarar 2016.
  • Jennifer Pan, wata 'yar kasar Kanada wacce ta dauki hayar wasu maza uku don yin fyaden gida domin kawar da iyayenta a shekarar 2010.
  • Nicole Doucet Ryan ta yi ƙoƙari ta ɗauki hayar wani ɗan sanda mai kula da Royal Canadian Mounted Police don kashe mijinta. Bayan mulki cewa ta iya yin amfani da tsaro na duress, da Kotun Koli da Canada da umarnin ta ba za a iya retried.
  • Pamela Smart na Derry, New Hampshire, wacce ta yi fice a kanun labarai a 1991 saboda daukar saurayinta Billy Flynn da abokansa don su kashe mijinta Gregory Smart.
  • Wallace Souza, wani mai gabatar da shirye-shiryen talabijin a Brazil wanda aka zarga da yin hayar mutane don kashe aƙalla mutane biyar a cikin 2009 don haɓaka ƙimar shirinsa .
  • Kwamitin, hukumar mulkin Mafia Ba'amurke ce ta ba da umarnin kisan Siegel a 1947.
  • Majalisar, kungiyar masu aikata laifuka da kuma daukar nauyin masu kashe kwangila kamar su Robert Young aka Willie Sanchez, wanda Nicky Barnes ke shugabanta .
  • Thomas Bartlett Whitaker, Ba'amurke wanda ya yi hayar mutane don su far wa iyayensa da ɗan'uwansa a mamayewar gida a 2003.

A al'adun gargajiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

HBabu wani abu na sirri jerin shirye-shiryen talabijin ne wanda ke mai da hankali kan labaran kashe-kashen kwangila.

An nuna shari'oin almara na kisan kwangila ko "hitmen" a cikin shahararrun nau'ikan almara a cikin ƙarni na 20 da 21, gami da littattafan ban dariya, fina-finai, da wasannin bidiyo. Kwangilar kwangila shine babban al'amari game da ikon mallakar bidiyo game da Hitman, in da mai kunnawa ke sarrafa wani dillalin da aka ɗauka haya wanda kawai ake kira Agent 47 . A cikin wasan Hotline Miami, ɗan wasan yana sarrafa mutumin da aka karɓi kira mai ban mamaki yana gaya masa ya kashe membobin Mafia na Rasha.

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Kisan kai
  • Kasuwar kisa
  • Emoƙari
  • Mai tsabta (laifi)
  • Laifin Tarayya a Amurka
  • Fixer (mutum)
  • Sojojin haya
  • Kisa, Inc.
  • Tsarukan laifi
  • Mutane v. Babban Kotun (Decker)
  • Kamfanin soja mai zaman kansa
  • Waya

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Holmes & Holmes 1998.

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]