Ƙananan ciwon baya

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Ƙananan ciwon baya (LBP) cuta ce ta yau da kullum da ta shafi tsokoki, jijiyoyi, da kasusuwa na baya.[1] Ciwo na iya bambanta daga rashin jin daɗi na yau da kullun zuwa ji mai kaifi kwatsam.[1] Za'a iya rarraba ƙananan ciwon baya ta tsawon lokaci a matsayin mai tsanani (rauni na kasa da makonni 6), ƙananan lokaci (6 zuwa 12 makonni), ko na yau da kullum (fiye da 12 makonni).[2] Za'a iya ƙaddamar da yanayin ta hanyar asali kamar ko dai na inji, wanda ba na inji ba, ko kuma zafi.[3] Alamun ƙananan ciwon baya yawanci suna inganta a cikin 'yan makonni daga lokacin da suka fara, tare da 40-90% na mutane gaba daya mafi kyau ta makonni shida.[4]

A mafi yawan lokuta na ƙananan ciwon baya, ba a gano wani takamaiman dalili ba ko ma nema, tare da jin zafi da aka yi imani da shi saboda matsalolin injiniya kamar tsoka ko haɗin gwiwa.[5][1] Idan ciwon bai tafi tare da magani mai ra'ayin mazan jiya ba ko kuma idan yana tare da "tutoci ja" irin su asarar nauyi da ba a bayyana ba, zazzabi, ko manyan matsaloli tare da ji ko motsi, ana iya buƙatar ƙarin gwaji don neman matsala mai mahimmanci.[3] A mafi yawan lokuta, kayan aikin hoto irin su X-ray computed tomography ba su da amfani kuma suna ɗaukar nasu kasada.[6][7] Duk da haka, yin amfani da hoto a cikin ƙananan ciwon baya ya karu.[8] Wasu ƙananan ciwon baya suna haifar da lalacewa ta hanyar fayafai na intervertebral, kuma gwajin ɗaga kafa madaidaiciya yana da amfani don gano wannan dalili.[3] A cikin wadanda ke fama da ciwo mai tsanani, tsarin sarrafa ciwo na iya yin aiki mara kyau, yana haifar da ciwo mai yawa don amsawa ga abubuwan da ba su da mahimmanci.[9]

Ana ba da shawarar kulawa ta farko tare da magungunan da ba na magani ba.[10] Ana ba da shawarar NSAIDs idan waɗannan ba su da isasshen tasiri.[10] Ya kamata a ci gaba da aiki na al'ada gwargwadon yadda zafi ya ba da izini kuma motsa jiki yana da amfani a cikin dogon lokaci mai zafi.[4][11] Ana ba da shawarar magunguna na tsawon lokacin da suke taimakawa.[12] Akwai wasu zaɓuɓɓuka masu yawa ga waɗanda ba su inganta tare da jiyya na yau da kullun ba. Opioids na iya zama da amfani idan magungunan zafi masu sauƙi ba su isa ba, amma ba a ba da shawarar gabaɗaya ba saboda illa.[1][13] Tiyata na iya zama da amfani ga waɗanda ke da alaƙa da ciwo mai raɗaɗi da nakasu ko taurin kashin baya.[14][15] Ba a sami fa'ida bayyananniya ga wasu lokuta na ƙananan ciwon baya na musamman ba.[16] Ƙananan ciwon baya sau da yawa yana rinjayar yanayi, wanda za'a iya inganta shi ta hanyar shawarwari ko maganin damuwa.[13][17] Bugu da ƙari, akwai madadin hanyoyin kwantar da hankali na magunguna da yawa, amma babu isassun shaidun da za su ba da shawarar su da gaba gaɗi.[18] Shaidar don kula da chiropractic[19] da magudi na kashin baya sun haɗu.[20][21][22][23]

Kusan 9-12% na mutane (miliyan 632) suna da LBP a kowane lokaci na lokaci, kuma kusan kashi 25% na rahoton samun shi a wani lokaci a cikin kowane wata guda.[24][25] Game da 40% na mutane suna da LBP a wani lokaci a rayuwarsu,[24] tare da ƙididdiga kamar 80% tsakanin mutane a cikin duniya masu tasowa.[26] Wahala yawanci yana farawa tsakanin shekaru 20 zuwa 40.[5] Maza da mata haka abin ya shafa.[1] Ƙananan ciwon baya ya fi kowa a tsakanin mutanen da ke tsakanin shekaru 40 zuwa 80, tare da yawan adadin mutanen da abin ya shafa ana sa ran su karu yayin da yawan jama'a.[24]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

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