Abakaliki

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Globe icon.svgAbakaliki
Abakaliki metropolis with Azugwu Hill in background 03.jpg

Wuri
 6°20′N 8°06′E / 6.33°N 8.1°E / 6.33; 8.1
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaNajeriya
Jerin jihohi a NijeriyaEbonyi
Babban birnin
Labarin ƙasa
Altitude (en) Fassara 170 m

Abakaliki (lafazi: /abakaliki/) birni ne, da ke a jihar Ebonyi, dake kudu-maso-gabashin Najeriya. Tana da nisan kilomita 64 km (40 mi) daga kudu-maso gabashin Enugu.[1] Yawancin mazauna garin Abakaliki Inyamurai ne.[2] Bisa ga ƙidayar jama'a a shekarar 2006, jimilar mutane 151,723 ne. Birnin ta kasance hedikwatan tsohuwar gundumar Ogoja kafin kirkirar yankin Kudu-maso-Gabashin Najeriya a 1967.

Asalin Suna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Asalin kalmar Abakaliki na nufin 'Aba Nkaleke' kuma sunan wata alkarya ce a kasashen Izzi (Nkaleke).

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Abakaliki ta kasance muhummiyar cibiyar kasuwancin bayi a karni na 17.[3] Cinikayyar bayin ya wanzu har tsawon shekaru da dama tare da hare-haren Aro a zuwa karni na 18.[4]

Akwai kungiyar asiri na Odozi Obodo Society wanda suka wanzu a tsakanin shekarun 1954 da 1958 a Abakaliki.

Old Abakaliki, ca.1910

Tattalin Arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Abakaliki ta kasance a da cibiyar kasuwancin kayan noma kaman doya, rogo, shinkafa da su manja, man-kadanya da dai makamantansu. Kuma tayi fice a fannin hake-haken ma'adanai kaman lead, zinc, gishiri, farar kasa da sauransu.[5][6] Tana da filayen wasannin golf da kuma otel-otel da dama. Har wayau akwai gidajen gona na kaji da kwayaye a garin.


Yawan jama'a[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hasashen karshe da akayi akan yawan mutanen Abakaliki ya kai akalla 915,438 (a shekara ta 2019). Idan habakar yawan al'umma ya cigaba kaman a tsakanin shekara ta 2006–2015 (+15.31%/year), an ayyana cewa yawan mutanen Abakaliki a 2021 ya kai kimanin 1,179,280.[7]

Mutane[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Akasarin mutanen Abakaliki Inyamurai ne. Mutanen da suka fi yawa a garin sun kasance Inyamuran kudu maso gabacin yankin Afikpo-Abakaliki.[8] Ana amfani da kalman Abakaliki wajen nuni ga mutanen tsohuwar Abakaliki da suka hada da Ohaukwu-Ishielu-Izzi-Ezza-Ikwo

Gine-Gine[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Abakaliki na nan daura da titunan Afikpo da Ogoja na jihar Enugu. Akwai asibitin gwamnatin tarayya a Abakaliki,[9] wanda ke taimakawa wajen harkokin lafiya na mutanen birnin da jihar baki daya. Akwai manya manyan gine-ginen zamani dake gudana a yankunan biranen garin, kamar tituna, wuraren siyayya na zamani da kuma kasuwanni.

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jami'ar Ebonyi State University na nan daga wajen garin.

Addini[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mutanen Abakaliki kamar dai sauran mutanen kudancin Najeriya Kiristoci ne. Sauran addinai sun hada da addinan Gargajiya da kuma Musulunci da makamantansu wanda ke da mabiya kadan kuma ba yawanci ba 'yan asalin garin ba. A ranar 1 ga watan Mayun 1973, birnin ta zmanto mazaunin Roman "Catholic Diocese of Abakaliki".[10]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Cohen, Saul B., ed. (1998). "Abakaliki". The Columbia Gazetteer of the World. Vol. 1: A to G. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-11040-5.
  2. "Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abakaliki". Encyclopedia Britannica. Vol. 1: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. ISBN 978-0-85229-961-6. LCCN 2002113989.
  3. Oriji 2011, pp. 107–108
  4. Oriji 2011, p. 126
  5. Hoiberg 2010, p. 7
  6. Cohen 1998, p. 2
  7. "Abakaliki – Population". population.city. Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  8. Oriji, John N. (2011). Political Organization in Nigeria Since the Last Stone Age: A History of the Igbo People. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-62193-0. LCCN 2010025628.
  9. "Ebonyi rates highest on drug abuse, says official". Vanguard News. 2021-06-25. Retrieved 2021-06-27.
  10. "Steensel, Nico van (1996). The Izi: Their History and Customs. Abakaliki Literacy and Translation Committee.