Najeriya

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Globe icon.svgNajeriya
Nijeriya (ha)
Naigeria (ig)
Nàìjíríà (yo)
Tutar Najeriya Tambarin Najeriya
Tutar Najeriya Tambarin Najeriya

Take Arise, O Compatriots (en) Fassara

Kirari «Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress»
«Единство и вяра, мир и прогрес»
«Good people, great nation»
Suna saboda Nijar
Wuri
Nigeria (orthographic projection).svg
 9°N 8°E / 9°N 8°E / 9; 8

Babban birni Abuja
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 190,886,311 (2017)
• Yawan mutane 206.64 mazaunan/km²
Harshen gwamnati Turanci
Yarbanci
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Afirka ta Yamma
Yawan fili 923,768 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Tekun Atalanta
Wuri mafi tsayi Chappal Waddi (en) Fassara (2,419 m)
Wuri mafi ƙasa Lagos Island (−0.2 m)
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Taraiyar Najeriya
Ƙirƙira 1 Oktoba 1963
Tsarin Siyasa
Tsarin gwamnati Jamhuriyar Tarayya
Majalisar zartarwa Majalisun Najeriya
Gangar majalisa Majalisar Taraiyar Najeriya
• Shugaban ƙasar Najeriya Muhammadu Buhari (29 Mayu 2015)
Ikonomi
Kuɗi Naira
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Suna ta yanar gizo .ng (en) Fassara
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho +234
Lambar taimakon gaggawa *#06# da 112 (en) Fassara
Lambar ƙasa NG

Nigeria (/naɪˈdʒɪəriə/) da (Hausa:Najeriya ko Najeriya), A gwamnatance Tarayyar Najeriya, ƙasa ce a cikin Afirka ta Yamma tana da iyaka da kasar Nijar daga Arewa,Chadi daga Arewa maso gabas, Kamaru daga gabas, da Benin daga yamma, daga kudanci kuma ta na gabar Tekun Guinea na tekun Atlantika . Najeriya ita ce jamhuriya ta tarayya da ta kunshi jihohi 36 da Babban Birnin Tarayya inda babban birnin tarayya yake wato Abuja.


Abuja ɗaya daga cikin manyan birane a duniya.[1]

Shopping District

Najeriya ta kasance gida ga dama 'yan asalin pre-mulkin mallaka jihohin da mulkoki tun da na biyu millennium (BC), tare da Nok Wayewa tun kasance karo na farko da kasar da aka kenan ƙ a cikin 15th Century BC A zamani jihar samo asali da Birtaniya colonialization a cikin Karni na 19, yana daukar yanayin yanayinta na yanzu tare da hade yankin kudancin Najeriya da kuma Kare Arewacin Najeriya a cikin shekarar 1914 ta Lord Lugard . Ingilishi ya kafa tsarin gudanarwa da na doka yayin aiwatar da mulkin kai tsaye ta hanyar shugabannin gargajiya. [2] Najeriya ta zama tarayyar da ke da 'yanci kai tsaye a ranar 1 ga Oktoba, 1960. Ta fuskanci yakin basasa daga 1967 zuwa 1970, sannan a biyo bayan zababbun gwamnatocin farar hula da mulkin kama-karya na soja, har sai an sami tabbatacciyar dimokuradiyya a 1999 ; zaben shugaban kasa na 2015 shi ne karo na farko da shugaban kasa mai ci ya fadi sake zabensa. [3]

Najeriya kasa ce mai yawan kasashe da ke zaune sama da kabilu 250 wadanda ke magana da yarurruka daban daban guda 500, dukkansu suna dauke da al'adu iri daban daban. [4] [5] [6] Manyan kabilun guda uku sune Hausa – Fulani a Arewa, Yarbawa a yamma, da kuma Igbo a gabas, wadanda suka hada da kashi 60% na yawan mutanen. [7] Yaren hukuma shine Ingilishi, wanda aka zaba don sauƙaƙe haɗin harshe a matakin ƙasa. [8] Tsarin mulkin Nijeriya ya tabbatar da ‘yancin yin addini ; [9] kuma gida ne ga ɗayan manyan musulmai da Krista na duniya, a lokaci guda. [10] Najeriya ta kasu kashi biyu tsakanin musulmai, wadanda galibi ke zaune a arewa, da kuma kiristoci, wadanda galibi ke kudu, tare da 'yan tsirarun da ke yin addinin asalin, kamar waɗanda ke cikin ƙabilar Ibo da Yarbawa.[11]

Najeriya ita ce kasa mafi yawan mutane a Afirka, kuma kasa ta bakwai mafi yawan mutane a Duniya, tare da kimanin mutane miliyan 206 . Tattalin arzikinta shine mafi girma a Afirka, na 26 mafi girma a duniya ta hanyar GDP maras faɗi, kuma na 25 mafi girma daga PPP . Najeriya galibi ana kiranta da "Giant of Africa", saboda yawan jama'a da tattalin arzikinta, [12] kuma Bankin Duniya yana ɗaukarta a matsayin kasuwa mai tasowa. Poweraramar yanki ce a cikin Afirka, matsakaiciyar ƙarfi a cikin al'amuran ƙasa da ƙasa, sannan kuma ƙarfi ne mai tashe a duniya . Koyaya, ƙasar tana ƙasa sosai a cikin exididdigar Ci gaban Humanan Adam, kuma har yanzu tana ɗaya daga cikin ƙasashe masu rashawa a duniya. [13] [14] Najeriya mamba ce ta kafuwar Tarayyar Afirka kuma mamba ce a kungiyoyin kasa da kasa da dama, wadanda suka hada da Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, Kungiyar Kasashe, ECOWAS, da OPEC . Shi ne kuma memba na na yau da kullum Mint kungiyar kasashen, kuma yana daya daga cikin Next goma sha tattalin arziki.

Kirkira[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sunan Nijeriya an ɗauke shi daga Kogin Neja da ke ratsa ƙasar. Wannan sunan ya samo asali ne a ranar 8 ga watan Janairun a shekara ta1897, dan jaridar Ingila Flora Shaw, wanda daga baya ya auri Lord Lugard, mai kula da mulkin mallaka na Burtaniya . Nijar da ke makwabtaka da ita sun samo sunan daga wannan kogin. Asalin sunan Nijar, wanda asali ana amfani da shi ne kawai zuwa tsakiyar Kogin Neja, ba tabbas. Wataƙila kalmar ta canza sunan Tuareg egerew n-iger ewen da mazauna ke amfani da shi a tsakiyar kogin da ke kusa da Timbuktu kafin mulkin mallaka na Turai na ƙarni na 19. [15] [16]

Birnin Tarayyar Najeriya fadar Gwamnatin Shugaban kasar
Babban Birnin Tarayyar Najeriya fadar Shugaban Kasa

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Babban bankin Nigeria

Tarihi ya nuna cewar Nijeriya dadaddar kasa ce, kuma tarihi yanuna kasar nanan tun a shekara ta 500 kafin haihuwar Yesu Almasihu wato Annabi Isah (A.S), a wannan lokaci suka samata Ƙasar Hausa, addinin musulunci ya shiga Kasar Hausa ne tun karni na goma sha uku miladiya, akarshen karni na goma sha daya zuwa tsakiyar karni na goma sha hudu miladiya, kanim barno suka mamaye Kasar Hausa, kuma fulani sun mamaye kasar Hausa a farkon karni na goma sha tara miladiya har zuwan turawan mulkin malaka suka mamaye Lagos a shekara ta 1881 miladiya, ana cikin Yakin duniya I na farko sai turawan mulkin mallaka suka karo sojojin ruwa saboda suna tsoran jamusawa da ke kamaru kada sumamaye Nijeriya, amma mulkin Nijeriya na farko a hannun turawan Purtgal. A shekara ta 1885 sai turawan Birtaniya suka mamaye duk fadin Nijeria har zuwa 01 ga oktoba 1960 Nijeriya ta samu 'yancin kanta daga a turawan Biritaniya.

Addini[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Babban Masallacin Kasa dake Abuja
    Babban Masallacin Kasa dake Abuja
    Addinin Musulunci 60%
  • Babbar Mujama,ar Kasa dake Abuja
    Babbar Mujama,ar Kasa dake Abuja
    Addinin Kristanci 35%
  • sauran kashin 5% basuda kowane irin Addini

Tsarin Mulki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Muhammadu Buhari Shugaban kasar Najeriya
Muhammadu Buhari Shugaban Najeriya na yanzu

A shekara ta 1966 zuwa shekara ta 1979 sojoji ne ke ikon kasar, a shekara ta 1979 akayi tsari wanda yabawa talaka ikon zaben gwamna. A shekara ta 1983 sojoji suka rushe wannan tsarin da juyin mulki har zuwa shekara ta 1998 bayan rasuwar Sani Abacha, sai aka maido da tsarin mulki na dimokaradiya akabawa talakawa ikon zaben shugaban da suke so, a shekara ta 1999 aka yi zabe a kasa Obasanjo ya lashe zabe yazama shugaban kasa na farko wanda talaka suka zaba yahau karo na biyu har zuwa shekara ta 2007, a wannan shekara aka yi zabe, Umaru Yar'Adua ya lashe shine shugaban kasa a 2011. Dukkan su sun fito daga kungiya dayane (PDP). hukuncin nasu shima duk taure ne dan saboda da karfin iko sukaci zabe

Jihohi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Adadi Sunan Jiha Birnin Tarayya Gwamna
  1. Abia
  2. Adamawa
  3. Anambra
  4. Akwa Ibom
  5. Bauchi
  6. Bayelsa
  7. Benue
  8. Borno
  9. Cross River
  10. Delta
  11. Enugu
  12. Edo
  13. Ebonyi
  14. Ekiti
  15. Filato
  16. Gombe
  17. Imo
  18. Jigawa
  19. Kano
  20. Katsina
  21. Kaduna
  22. Kebbi
  23. Kogi
  24. Kwara
  25. Lagos
  26. Neja
  27. Nasarawa
  28. Ogun
  29. Osun
  30. Oyo
  31. Ondo
  32. Rivers
  33. Sokoto
  34. Taraba
  35. Yobe
  36. Zamfara
Hoton Taswirar Jihohin Najeriya 36 har da Babban Birnin Tarayyar Abuja
Hoton Taswirar Jihohin Najeriya 36 har da Babban Birnin Tarayyar Abuja

Babban birnin tarayya Abuja

Yarika[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manyan yarika a Najeriya sune guda uku, Hausa, Yarbanci da inyamuranci, yaran fulani ma yana daya daga cikin manyan yare a Najeriya.

Hausa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ebo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yoroba[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yarabawa sun kasance na biyu a wanda suka fi kowa yawa a cikin kasar Najeriya, suna zaune a garuruwa irin su, Legas, Ondo, Oyo, Osun, Kwara da kuma Kogi.

Arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wasanni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Fannin tsaro[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kimiya da Fasaha[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sifiri[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sifirin Jirgin Sama[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sifirin Jirgin Kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Al'adu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mutane[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Matasa sanye da kayan Fulani a lokacin biki a Arewacin Najeriya

Yaruka[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Abinci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tufafi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Addinai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musulunci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kiristanci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hotuna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mnazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Muhammadu Buhari
  2. Achebe, Nwando, 1970-. The female king of colonial Nigeria : Ahebi Ugbabe. Bloomington. ISBN 978-0-253-00507-6. OCLC 707092916.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. "Nigeria's Buhari wins historic election landslide". Reuters (in Turanci). 2015-03-31. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
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  15. The Arabic name nahr al-anhur is a direct translation of the Tuareg.
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