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Najeriya

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Najeriya
Nijeriya (ha)
Naigeria (ig)
Nàìjíríà (yo)
Tutar Najeriya Tambarin Najeriya
Tutar Najeriya Tambarin Najeriya


Take Tashi Ya Yan Kasa

Kirari «Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress»
«Единство и вяра, мир и прогрес»
«Good people, great nation»
«Undod a Ffydd, Heddwch a Chynnydd»
Official symbol (en) Fassara Costus spectabilis (en) Fassara
Suna saboda Nijar
Wuri
Map
 9°N 8°E / 9°N 8°E / 9; 8

Babban birni Abuja
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 211,400,708 (2021)
• Yawan mutane 228.85 mazaunan/km²
Harshen gwamnati Turanci
Labarin ƙasa
Bangare na Afirka ta Yamma
Yawan fili 923,768 km²
Wuri a ina ko kusa da wace teku Tekun Atalanta
Wuri mafi tsayi Chappal Waddi (2,419 m)
Wuri mafi ƙasa Lagos Island (−0.2 m)
Sun raba iyaka da
Bayanan tarihi
Mabiyi Taraiyar Najeriya
Ƙirƙira 1 Oktoba 1963
Tsarin Siyasa
Tsarin gwamnati Jamhuriyar Tarayya
Majalisar zartarwa Majalisun Najeriya
Gangar majalisa Majalisar Taraiyar Najeriya
• Shugaban ƙasar Najeriya Bola Ahmad Tinubu (29 Mayu 2023)
Majalisar shariar ƙoli Kotun Koli Ta Najeriya
Ikonomi
Nominal GDP (en) Fassara 440,833,583,992 $ (2021)
Kuɗi Naira
Bayanan Tuntuɓa
Kasancewa a yanki na lokaci
Suna ta yanar gizo .ng (en) Fassara
Tsarin lamba ta kiran tarho +234
Lambar taimakon gaggawa *#06# da 199 (en) Fassara
Lambar ƙasa NG
Wasu abun

Yanar gizo nigeria.gov.ng

Najeriya (/naˈdʒɪəriyə/) ko Nijeriya (/niˈdʒɪəriyə/) da (turanci: Nigeria), A gwamnatance Tarayyar Najeriya, ƙasa ce da ke a Afirka[1] ta Yamma. Tana da iyaka da kasar Nijar[2] daga Arewa da Chadi[3] daga Arewa, maso gabas da Kamaru daga gabas da Benin daga Yamma daga Kudanci kuma tana a gaɓar Tekun Atlantika. Jamhuriyar Tarayyar Najeriya, ta ƙunshi Jihohi guda 36, tare da babban birnin tarayya (Federal Capital Territory) Abuja inda fadar shugaban ƙasa take.[4][5][6]

Abuja tana daya daga cikin manyan birane a duniya.[7]

Shopping District

Najeriya ta kasance gida da dama ga 'yan asalin Turawa masu mulkin mallaka, jihohin da suka mallaka tunda (BC), tare da Nok Wayewa ta kasance ita ce karo na farko da Turawan mulkin mallaka suka fara mallakewa a Yammacin Africa a cikin ƙarni na sha biyar (15) A zamani jihar an samo asali da Birtaniya a cikin ƙarni na dha tara (19), yana ɗaukar yanayin na yanzu tare da haɗe yankin Kudancin Najeriya da kuma kare Arewacin Najeriya a cikin shekara ta alif dubu daya da ɗari tara da goma sha hudu (1914) ta Lord Lugard. Ingilishi ya kafa tsarin gudanarwa da na doka yayin aiwatar da mulkin kai tsaye ta hanyar shugabannin gargajiya.[8] Najeriya, ta zama ƙasar tarayyar da ke da ƴanci kai tsaye a ranar 1 ga watan Oktoba, shekara ta alif dubu daya da dari tara da sittin (1960). Ta fuskanci yaƙin basasa daga shekara ta 1967 zuwa shekarar 1970, sannan a biyo bayan zaɓaɓɓun gwamnatocin farar hula da mulkin kama-karya na soja, har sai an sami tabbatacciyar dimokuradiyya a shekara ta alif 1999; zaɓen shugaban ƙasa na shekara ta 2015, shi ne karo na farko da shugaban ƙasa mai ci ya faɗi zaɓensa. [9][10]

Najeriya ƙasa ce mai yawan Al’umma da ke zaune, sama da ƙabilu guda Dari, biyu da hamsin (250), waɗanda ke magana da yarurruka daban daban guda 500, dukkansu suna ɗauke da al'adu iri daban daban. Manyan ƙabilun guda uku su ne Hausa – Fulani a Arewa, Yarbawa a Yamma, da kuma Igbo a gabas, waɗanda suka haɗa da kashi 60% na yawan mutanen. Yaren hukuma shi ne Ingilishi, wanda aka zaɓa don sauƙaƙe haɗin harshe a matakin ƙasa. Tsarin mulkin Nijeriya ya tabbatar da ƴancin yin addini ; kuma ƙasa ce dake ɗauke da Al’ummar musulmai da Kirista, a lokaci guda. Najeriya ta kasu kashi biyu tsakanin musulmai, waɗanda yawanci ke zaune a arewacin ƙasar, da kuma kiristoci, waɗanda yawanci ke zaune a kudancin ƙasar, tare da ƴan tsirarun da ke yin addinin asali, kamar waɗanda ke cikin ƙabilar Igbo da kuma yarbawa.[11][12]

Bola Tinubu shugaban kasar na yanzu

Najeriya ita ce ƙasa mafi yawan mutane a Afirka, kuma ƙasa ta bakwai mafi yawan mutane a Duniya, tare da kimanin mutane miliyan 206. Tattalin arziƙinta shine mafi girma a Afirka, kuma shi ne na 26 mafi girma a duniya ta hanyar GDP maras faɗi, kuma na 25 mafi girma daga PPP. Najeriya galibi ana kiranta da "Giant of Africa", ma'ana ƙarfin Afrika saboda yawan jama'a da tattalin arziƙinta, kuma Bankin Duniya yana ɗaukarta a matsayin kasuwa mai tasowa. Ƙaramar yanki ce a cikin Afirka, matsakaiciyar ƙarfi a cikin al'amuran ƙasa da ƙasa, sannan kuma tana ɗaya daga cikin ƙasashe mafi yawan Al’umma a duniya. Koyaya, ƙasar tana ƙasa sosai a cikin jerin ƙasashen duniya, kuma har yanzu tana ɗaya daga cikin ƙasashe masu rashawa a duniya. Najeriya memba ce ta kafuwar Tarayyar Afirka, kuma memba ce a ƙungiyoyin ƙasa da ƙasa da dama, waɗanda suka haɗa da Majalisar Ɗinkin Duniya, ƙungiyar ƙasashen Yammacin Africa (ECOWAS), kungiyar ƙasashe masu arzikin man fetur, (OPEC), kuma memba na yau da kullum a gamayyar MINT, kuma tana ɗaya daga cikin Ƙasashe goma sha ɗaya masu tashen ƙaruwan tattalin arziƙi wato "Next Eleven".[13]

Ƙirƙira[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sunan Nijeriya an ɗauke shi daga Kogin Neja wanda ya ratsa ƙasar. Wannan sunan ya samo asali ne a ranar 8 ga watan Janairun shekara ta1897, ɗan jaridar Ingila Flora Shaw, wanda daga baya ya auri Lord Lugard, mai kula da mulkin mallaka na Burtaniya. Nijar da ke maƙwabtaka da ita sun samo sunan daga wannan kogin. Asalin sunan Nijar, wanda asali ana amfani da shi ne kawai zuwa tsakiyar Kogin Neja, ba tabbas. Wataƙila kalmar ta canza sunan Tuareg egerew n-iger ewen da mazauna ke amfani da shi a tsakiyar kogin da ke kusa da Timbuktu kafin mulkin mallaka na Turai na ƙarni na 19. Cite error: Closing </ref> missing for <ref> tag

Birnin Tarayyar Najeriya fadar Gwamnatin Shugaban kasar
Babban Birnin Tarayyar Najeriya Fadar Shugaban Ƙasa

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Babban Bankin Nigeria.

Tarihi ya nuna cewar Nijeriya daɗaɗɗar ƙasa ce, kuma tarihi yanuna ƙasar na nan tun a shekara ta 500 kafin haihuwar Yesu Almasihu wato Annabi Isah (A.S), a wannan lokaci suka samata suna Ƙasar Hausa . Addinin musulunci ya shiga Ƙasar Hausa ne tun a ƙarni na goma sha uku miladiya, a ƙarshen ƙarni na goma sha ɗaya zuwa tsakiyar ƙarni na goma sha hudu miladiya. Kanem Barno suka mamaye Ƙasar Hausa, kuma Fulani sun mamaye Ƙasar Hausa a farkon ƙarni na goma sha tara miladiya har zuwan Turawan Mulkin Mallaka suka mamaye Lagos a shekara ta 1881 miladiya, ana cikin Yakin duniya I na farko sai Turawan Mulkin Mallaka suka ƙaro sojojin ruwa saboda suna tsoran Jamusawa da ke Kamaru kada sumamaye Nijeriya, amma mulkin Nijeriya na farko a hannun Turawan Purtgal. A shekara ta 1885 sai Turawan Birtaniya suka mamaye duk faɗin Nijeria har zuwa 01 ga oktoba, 1960 Nijeriya ta samu 'yancin kanta daga Turawan Biritaniya.

Addinai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  • Babban Masallacin Kasa dake Abuja
    Babban Masallacin Kasa dake Abuja
    Addinin Musulunci 60%
  • Babbar Mujama,ar Kasa dake Abuja
    Babbar Mujama,ar Kasa dake Abuja
    Addinin Kristanci 35%
  • Sauran kashin 5% basuda kowanne irin Addini.

Tsarin Mulki[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Muhammadu Buhari Shugaban kasar Najeriya
Muhammadu Buhari Tsohon Shugaban Najeriya.

A shekara ta 1966 zuwa shekara ta 1979 sojoji ne ke da ikon a kan ƙasar, a shekara ta 1979 a ka yi tsari wanda ya bawa talakawa ikon zaɓen gwamna. A shekara ta 1983 sojoji suka rushe wannan tsarin da juyin mulki har zuwa shekara ta 1998 bayan rasuwar Sani Abacha, sai aka dawo da tsarin mulki na dimokaraɗiya aka bawa talakawa ikon zaɓen shugaban da suke so, a shekara ta 1999 aka yi zaɓe a ƙasa.Obasanjo ya lashe zaɓe ya zama shugaban ƙasa na farko wanda talaka suka zaɓa, ya hau karo na biyu har zuwa shekara ta 2007, A wannan shekara aka yi zaɓe, Umaru Yar'Adua ya lashe shi ne shugaban ƙasa a 2011. Dukkansu sun fito daga jam'iyya ɗaya ne, wato (jam'iyyar PDP).

Jihohi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Jeri Sunan Jiha Babban Birnin Jiha Gwamna
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
  1. .Abia
  2. Adamawa
  3. Anambra
  4. Akwa Ibom
  5. Bauchi
  6. Bayelsa
  7. Benue
  8. Borno
  9. Cross River
  10. Delta
  11. Enugu
  12. Edo
  13. Ebonyi
  14. Ekiti
  15. Filato
  16. Gombe
  17. Imo
  18. Jigawa
  19. Kano
  20. Katsina
  21. Kaduna
  22. Kebbi
  23. Kogi
  24. Kwara
  25. Lagos
  26. Neja
  27. Nasarawa
  28. Ogun
  29. Osun
  30. Oyo
  31. Ondo
  32. Rivers
  33. Sokoto
  34. Taraba
  35. Yobe
  36. Zamfara
Hoton Taswirar Jihohin Najeriya 36 har da Babban Birnin Tarayyar Abuja
Hoton Taswirar Jihohin Najeriya 36 har da Babban Birnin Tarayyar Abuja

Babban birnin tarayya Abuja

Yarika[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manyan yarika a Najeriya sune guda uku kamar haka: Harshen Hausa da Yarbanci da Inyamuranci. Yaren Fulatanci ma yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan yaruka a Najeriya.

Hausa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ibo[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yoruba[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Yarabawa sun kasance na biyu a wayanda suka fi kowa yawa a cikin ƙasar Najeriya, suna zaune a garuruwa irin su, Legas da Ondo da Oyo da Osun da Kwara da kuma Kogi.

Sauran yaruka sun haɗa da: Fulani da Ibibio da Kanuri da Tiv da Bura da Shuwa Arab daMarghi da Kare-kare da Ɓachama da Mandara da Higgi da Kilba da Kibaku da Mafa da Glavda da Jukun da Waha da Gamargu da Igala da Nufe da Idoma da Ibibio da Efik da Anang da Ekoi da Awak da Waja da Waka.

Arzikin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Wasanni[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Fannin tsaro[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kimiya da Fasaha[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sifiri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sifirin Jirgin Sama[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Sifirin Jirgin Ƙasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Al'adu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Mutane[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Matasa sanye da kayan Fulani a lokacin biki a Arewacin Najeriya.

Yaruka[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Abinci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Tufafi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ilimi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Addinai[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Musulunci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kiristanci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Hotuna[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&opi=89978449&url=https://www.voahausa.com/amp/ecowas-nazari-kan-dalilan-juyin-mulki-a-afirka-ta-yamma-/7337186.html&ved=2ahUKEwjOsPSs6fOGAxWhB9sEHUt2CtwQyM8BKAB6BAgFEAI&usg=AOvVaw2NCWIateDSWwtYCSOo6PrG
  2. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&opi=89978449&url=https://amp.scmp.com/news/world/africa/article/3267740/coup-hit-niger-was-betting-china-backed-oil-pipeline-lifeline-then-troubles-began&ved=2ahUKEwjWhrzXvvSGAxWHrpUCHXf0D3IQyM8BKAB6BAgFEAE&usg=AOvVaw0IqGnxi9xE7AEs-SbJGSdu
  3. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&opi=89978449&url=https://www.thehealthsite.com/news/chad-first-country-eliminate-neglected-tropical-disease-2024-african-trypanosomiasis-sleeping-sickness-1102210/amp/&ved=2ahUKEwiowPbwvvSGAxWjpZUCHXrfDzMQyM8BKAB6BAgOEAI&usg=AOvVaw06192SscI8sTJrAnyIhehV
  4. http://www.unep.org/news-and-stories/story/unep-ogoniland-oil-assessment-reveals-extent-environmental-contamination-and
  5. https://www.greenleft.org.au/content/shell%E2%80%99s-nigeria-ecocide-creating-refugee-crisis,%20https://www.greenleft.org.au/content/shell%E2%80%99s-nigeria-ecocide-creating-refugee-crisis[permanent dead link]
  6. https://web.archive.org/web/20141205124719/http://www.punchng.com/news/us-sends-medical-experts-to-study-how-nigeria-contained-ebola/
  7. Muhammadu Buhari
  8. Achebe, Nwando, 1970-. The female king of colonial Nigeria : Ahebi Ugbabe. Bloomington. ISBN 978-0-253-00507-6. OCLC 707092916.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  9. https://www.theguardian.com/society/2015/may/29/outlawing-fgm-nigeria-hugely-important-precedent-say-campaigners
  10. "Buhari wins historic election landslide". Reuters (in Turanci). 2015-03-31. Retrieved 2020-05-25.
  11. https://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/headlines/520849-number-of-poor-people-in-nigeria-to-reach-95-million-in-2022-world-bank.html
  12. https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2019/09/16/official-us-poverty-rate-is-based-hopelessly-out-of-date-metric/
  13. https://www.fao.org/nigeria/fao-in-nigeria/nigeria-at-a-glance/en/


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