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Naira

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
Naira
kuɗi
Bayanai
Ƙasa Najeriya
Currency symbol description (en) Fassara naira sign (en) Fassara
Central bank/issuer (en) Fassara Babban Bankin Najeriya
Wanda yake bi Nigerian pound (en) Fassara
Lokacin farawa 1 ga Janairu, 1973
Unit symbol (en) Fassara da
Manufacturer (en) Fassara Kamfanin Tsaro na Najeriya da ke Abuja da Legos
Naira 500

Naira itace sunan da aka ba takardu, ko silillan kudi da ake amfani dasu a kasar Najeriya, kobo dari (100) ne ke bada Naira daya (N1). [1]

Rabe-raben Naira[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Kwnadala 2, (Amman, tuni aka daina amfani da su a kasar)

Akwai adadin Naira da ake amfani dasu daban-daban a fadin Najeriya.

  • 50 kobo = ½Naira
  • Naira daya = N1
  • Naira Biyar = N5
  • Naira Goma = N10
  • Naira Ashirin = N20
  • Naira Hamsin = N50
  • Naira Dari = N100
  • Naira Dari biyu = N200
  • Naira Dari biyar = N500
  • Naira Dubu daya = N1000

[2][3][4]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An bullo da Naira ne a ranar 1 ga Janairun 1973, ta maye gurbin fam na Najeriya a kan kudi £1 = ₦2. Tsabar kudin sabon kudin dai ita ce tsabar farko da wata ‘yar Najeriya mai cin gashin kanta ta fitar, domin duk wasu kudaden da ake zagayawa na Fam na Najeriya duk gwamnatin tarayyar Najeriya ta turawa mulkin mallaka a shekarar 1959, da sunan Sarauniya Elizabeth ta biyu a bayyane. Wannan kuma ya sanya Najeriya ta zama kasa ta karshe a duniya da ta yi watsi da tsarin kudin £ sd don neman tsarin kudin decimal. Akwai wani shirin gwamnati na sake canza Naira da karfe 100:1 a shekarar 2008, amma an dakatar da shirin. Alamar kudin ita ce U+20A6 ₦ NAIRA SIGN.[5]

An samo sunan “Naira” daga kalmar “Nigeria” ta Obafemi Awolowo.Sai dai kuma, Naira a matsayin kudin da Shehu Shagari ya kaddamar a matsayin ministan kudi a shekarar 1973.

Babban bankin Najeriya ya yi ikirarin cewa sun yi yunkurin shawo kan hauhawar farashin kayayyaki a duk shekara kasa da kashi 10%. A shekarar 2011, CBN ya kara yawan kudin ruwa sau shida, inda ya tashi daga kashi 6.25% zuwa kashi 12%. A ranar 31 ga watan Janairun 2012, CBN ya yanke shawarar kiyaye babban kudin ruwa a kashi 12%, domin rage tasirin hauhawar farashin kayayyaki sakamakon raguwar tallafin man fetur.[6]

Daga ranar 20 ga watan Yunin 2016, Naira ta samu damar yin iyo, bayan da aka sanya ta a kan ₦197 zuwa dalar Amurka 1 na tsawon watanni. Ciniki[a cewar wane?] ya yi hasashen yawan adadin naira zai kasance tsakanin ₦280 da ₦350 zuwa dala. A watan Oktoban 2021, Shugaba Muhammadu Buhari ya kaddamar da eNaira, nau'in dijital na kudin jihar a Najeriya.[7] Rikicin kudin Najeriya na 2023 ya yi kamari ne a cikin watan Fabrairun 2023 sakamakon karancin kudaden naira da kuma yunkurin gwamnatin Najeriya na tilastawa 'yan kasar yin amfani da sabon kudin dijital da babban bankin kasar ya samar da gwamnati. Wannan ya haifar da gagarumar zanga-zangar tituna a tsakiyar Fabrairu 2023.

A ranar 14 ga watan Yunin 2023, Naira ta fadi da kashi 23% a rana, zuwa dalar Amurka 600, yayin da babban bankin kasar ya yi watsi da takardar kudinsa, ya bar Naira ta yi ciniki cikin 'yanci. A ranar 19 ga Yuli, 2023, Naira ta fado zuwa wani sabon matsayi na ₦853 zuwa dalar Amurka 1.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. "Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) | On the Category, Currency Management". www.cbn.gov.ng. Retrieved 2022-12-20.
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named africanews20230216
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ktrend20230216
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named dpost20230216
  5. "Central Bank of Nigeria:: History of The Currency". www.cbn.gov.ng. Retrieved 2022-12-20.
  6. David (2022-09-10). "Queen Elizabeth is featured on several currencies. Now what?". The Sun Nigeria (in Turanci). Retrieved 2022-12-20.
  7. "10 interesting facts you should know about Nigerian currency". Pulse Nigeria (in Turanci). 2018-03-02. Retrieved 2021-04-17.