Al'adar Nok

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Al'adar Nok
Nok Kultur, Nigeria. Fragment eines Gefäßes mit mehreren Figuren im Halbrelief..jpg
archaeological culture
farawa1500 BCE Gyara
named afterNok Gyara
ƙasaNijeriya Gyara
coordinate location9°30′11″N 8°0′58″E Gyara
end time500 Gyara

Al'adar Nok, da turanci Nok culture takasance wata al'umma ce da suka rayu tun a Zamanin Karfe, kuma ayyukansu da kayayyakinsu wadanda akasamu a yankin ake dangantasu da sunan mutanen kauyen Ham dake garin Nok din jihar Kadunan Nijeriya, wanda ananne aka samu shahararrun sarrafe sarrafan ayyukan su na farko a shekara ta 1928. Al'adun Nok dai ansamesu ne a arewacin Najeriya tun a 1500 BC [1] kuma sun lalace ne a shekarar 500 AD batare da wani abu ba, amma dai sun sauki kusan shekaru 2,000 kafin lalacewarsu.[2]

Amfani da karafa, da kyere kyeren kayayyaki da kira anfara su a garin Nok tun kusan 550 BC ko kafin nan ma, Bayanai da aka samu musamman cikin amfani da harsunan su ya nuna cewar anfara sune tun a kafin shekarar 1000 BC.[3][4] ayyukan dasuka shafi kimiyya sun faro ne a 2005, kawai Dan ayi binciken yankunan da akwai birne birne a garin, da kuma dan fahimtar sarrafe sarrafan aladun mutanen musamman na zamanin karafa.[5][6][7]

Anazarci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Breunig, Peter. 2014. Nok: African Sculpture in Archaeological Context: p. 21.
  2. Fagg, Bernard. 1969. Recent work in west Africa: New light on the Nok culture. World Archaeology 1(1): 41–50.
  3. Duncan E. Miller and N.J. Van Der Merwe, 'Early Metal Working in Sub Saharan Africa' Journal of African History 35 (1994) 1-36
  4. Minze Stuiver and N.J. Van Der Merwe, 'Radiocarbon Chronology of the Iron Age in Sub-Saharan Africa' Current Anthropology 1968. Tylecote 1975 (see below)
  5. Breunig, P. (2014). Nok. African Sculpture in Archaeological Context. Frankfurt: Africa Magna.
  6. Breunig, P. (2013). Nok - Ein Ursprung afrikanischer Skulptur. Frankfurt: Africa Magna Verlag.
  7. Breunig, Peter, Kahlheber, Stefanie, and Rupp, Nicole. Exploring the Nok enigma. In: Antiquity Vol 82 Issue 316 June 2008