Kaduna (jiha)

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Kaduna
state of Nigeria
farawa1976 Gyara
native labelKaduna State Gyara
named afterKaduna Gyara
ƙasaNajeriya Gyara
babban birniKaduna Gyara
located in the administrative territorial entityNajeriya Gyara
coordinate location10°20′0″N 7°45′0″E Gyara
office held by head of governmentgwamnan jihar Kaduna Gyara
majalisar zartarwaexecutive council of Kaduna State Gyara
legislative bodyKaduna State House of Assembly Gyara
wanda yake biNorth-Central state Gyara
official websitehttp://www.kadunastate.gov.ng/ Gyara
category for mapsCategory:Maps of Kaduna State Gyara

Kaduna tana daya daga cikin jihohin Nijeriya a arewa maso yammaci kasan, kuma a arewa masu yammacin kasar, Kaduna jiha ce ta kasuwanci, ilimi, da masana'antu. jihar ta kasance babbar birnin jihohin arewacin Nigeria, kuma tanada cunkoson jama'a sosai, wanda adadin jama'an yakai kusan mutane 6,006,562 a bisa ma'aunin kidaya ta shekarar (2006).[1]

Asalin suna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jihar Kaduna ta samo sunan Kaduna ne daga kalmar kada, jam'in kalmar kuma shine Kadduna, sai aka cire harafin ''K" sai ya koma "Kaduna". A wani fadan kuma ance kalmar kaduna ta samo asaline daga yaran Gwari, su kance "Odna" suna nufin "Kogi" kasancewar kaduna a zagaye take da ruwa. Tambarin jihar kaduna dai shine hoton Kada.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A zance mafi inganci ba'a san lokacin da mutane suka fara rayuwa ba a yankin Kaduna, amman akan iya tini garin a wasu ma'auni na tarihi da suka shude, kuma hakan ya faru ne kasan cewar yawan kabilun dake zaune a cikin garin,Hakika birnin ya kafu ne tun kafin zamanin Usman dan Fodiyo wato tun tale-tale a shekarar , birnin kaduna ta kasance cibiyar jamhuriyyar Arewa tun daga shekarar (1917) har zuwa (1967), tarihi ya nuna cewar an mallake kaduna ne ga masu mulkin mallaka na turawan Birtaniya, babban kwamandan yakin mulkin mallaka Frederick Lugard ya kwace Kaduna a 1897, da shi da sauran yan koran sa. daga baya kuma sukayi hadin gwiya tsakanin Kudanci Najeriya da kuma arewacin Najeriya a shekarar 1913. wasu daga cikin tsofaffin garuruwan kudana sune Zaria, Kafanchan da kuma Nok, wanda wadannan garuruwan tarihi ya kasa riskan farkon garuruwan da tarihin su tin asali. Garin Zaria shine tsohon gari a duk fadin yankin Kaduna, wanda ake tinanin an kafa garin a shekarar 1536, wanda a wannan lokacin garin baya da suna, daga baya kuma aka saka ma garin sunan wata shahararriyar sarauniya wato Amina.

Sannan kaduna ta kasance cibiyar addinin musulunci a yankin arewa, kuma daga cikine aka baiwa Katsina jiha, birni ne na Hausawa ko dayake daga baya kaduna ta kasance tana daya daga cikin manyan biranen da sukafi tara kabilu daban-daban, a kalla akwai kabilu acikin kaduna kusan 57. jihar kaduna a da ta hada mayan jihohi a cikinta irinsu Katsina, kafin daga bisani aka cire su aka mayar da su jihohi masu zaman kasanu, a da jihar kaduna ita ce babban birnin tarayyar yankin arewacin najeriya a zamanin mulkin mallaka na turawa, kafin a bata babban birnin, da Zungeru (1903–1923) da Lokoja (1897–1903) sune manyan biranan. a shekarar 1923 zuwa 1966 aka bama kaduna babban birnin tarayyar yankin arewacin najeriya. Jihar Kaduna itace na hudu 4th a jadawalin jihohin da suka fi fadin kasa a Najeriya, kuma sannan itace na uku 3rd a jihohin da suka fi kowanne yawan mutane Najeriya. Babban Birnin Jihar Kaduna Shine Kaduna

Babban Kogin Jihar Kaduna kenan wanda ake tinanin jihar ta samo suna daga gare shi







Taswira[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jihar Kaduna tana da matukar fadin kasa, wanda fadin kasar ta ya kai kimanin kilomita 46,053 km2 k, Kaduna itace jiha na Hudu data fi kowanne jiha girman kasa, kuma tanada kananan hukumomi guda 23, kowanne karamar jiha yana da shugaba da kananan garuruwa, kananan hukomomin sune kamar haka:

jihar kaduna
wannan sashin jihar kaduna kenan daga cikin taswirar Nijeriya.
Adadi Karamar Hukama Fadin Kasa Shuwagabanni
1 Birnin Gwari
2 Chikun
3 hukumar Giwa
4 Igabi
5 Ikara
6 Jaba
7 Jema'a
8 Kachia
9 Kaduna ta arewa
10 Kaduna ta kudu
11 Kagarko
12 Kajuru
13 Kaura
14 Kauru
15 Kubau
16 Kudan
17 Lere
18 Makarfi
19 Sabon-Gari
20 Sanga
21 Soba
22 Zangon-Kataf
23 Zariya

Mulki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A jihar kaduna akwai masu mulki daban daban da suka hada da sarakuna da zababbun shuwagabanni na mulkin damakwaradiya, a jihar Kaduna akwai Gwamna, Yan Majalisa, Sanatoci, da kuma Sarakuna, masu mulkin gargajiya. shuwagabanni a bangaran damakwaradiya ana zaban sune duk bayan shekara Hudu, sukuma sarakunan gargajiya suna gada ne a wajen iyaye da kakanni, amman gwamna yana da cikakken ikon da zai iya cire kowanne sarki a jihar.

Damakwaradiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A jihar kaduna akwai gwamna da mataimakin gwamna[2][3] wadannan sune masu cikaken mulki a cikin jihar Kaduna, kuma zaban su akeyi a duk bayan shekara hudu, wanda yanzu haka Mallam Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai shine gwamnan jihar Kaduna da kuma Hadiza Sabuwa Balarabe a matsayin mataimakiyar shi. A tsarin mulkin damakwaradiya akwai yan majalisun jiha masu kula da dokokin jihar da kuma tsarinta, sannan akwai sanatoci uku masu kula da yanki uku na Jihar Kaduna sune; Suleiman Abdu Kwari , Danjuma Laah da kuma Uba Sani.

Mulkin Gargajiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Akwai sarakuna da hakimai a kowanne karamar hukuma da kuma gunduma, amman da manyan sarakunan gargajiya sune kamar haka; sarkin Zazzau Shehu Idris, sarkin birnin gwari, sarkin Nok da kuma sarkin Kafanchan, wadannan sarakunan suna da ka'idajjen salan mulki ga iya mutanan su kadai, sannan gwamnan jihar yana cikakken ikon da zai sauke su ya daura wanda yake so.

Tambarin kasar Hausa
Wannan tambarin kasar Hausa kenan. Kaduna tana daya daga cikin jihohin Hausa.





Al'ada[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Addini[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Addinai biyu sune manyan addinan jihar kaduna, wato addinin Musulunci da kuma addinin kiristanci, kasancewar addinai ne manya akwai alaka mai tsami a tsakaninsu musamman a shekarar 2000 da 2001 an samu rikicin addini a jihar kaduna a bisa dalilin sharia'ar Musulunci da musulmai sukai kokarin assasawa amma sai aka samu rashin jituwa da kiristoci wai suna tsammanin in har shari'ar musulunci ta kafu, to suma zai shafesu shi yasa suka ki amincewa a dalilin haka rikici ya balle inda aka samu asarar rayuka da dimbin dukiya mai tarin yawa, bayan haka akasara Mutane 1000 suka rasa rayukansu. Bayan haka an kara samun rikicin addini a shekarar 2002 amma a halin yanzu akwai zamantakewa mai karfi tsakanin addinan guda biyu.

Kiristanci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]


Musulunci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ilimin Zamani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A fagen ilimi kaduna ce cibiyar ilimi a arewacin Nijeriya kaduna ce cibiyar makarantar horas da jami'an tsaro ta kasa wato (NDA) an kafaTa tun a shekarar (1964). Sai kuma babbar makarantar POLY dake kaduna, wato kaduna polytechnic an kafata a (1968), sai kuma jami'ar Ahmadu Bello dake Zariya ita kuma ta kafu a shekarar (1962).

ABU Zaria
Wannan wani sashi ne daga cikin Jami'ar Ahmadu Bello Zaria.

Bayan haka akwai Jami'ar jihar Kaduna (kasu) da Nuhu bamalli polytechnic Zaria, da dai sauran manyan cibiyoyin ilimi.

Lallai kaduna duniya ce ta ilmi wannan dalilin ne yasa kaduna tayi fice a Nigeria ta ko'ina ana barkowa daga sassa daban-daban na Nijeriya ana zuwa neman ilimi a jihar kaduna domin ita jihar kaduna ta bambanta da sauran jihohin arewacin Najeriya.


Jadawalin manyan makarantu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ilimin Addini[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin jihar kaduna ana karantar da ilimin addini matuka, cibiyar addini na bangaren Izala, shi'a, tijjaniya da salafanci duka suna cikin garin jihar kaduna

Gina gine[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gina-ginan al'ada[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Gina-ginan zamani[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kiwon Lafiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jihar kaduna tana da manya asibitoci da kananan gurin kula da lafiya sama da dubu 10 a fadin jihar


Wasanni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Akwai dandalin Murtala Mohammed Square inda ake wasanni da kuma motsa jiki, a ciki akwai Kaduna Polo Clubda kuma Kaduna Golf Club kuma akwai sitadium mai suna Ahmadu Bello Stadium da Ranchers Bees Stadium


Sadarwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]


Kafofin yada labarai (Talabijin)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • NTA Kaduna ( which offers a Digital TV service as Starcomms)
  • Kaduna State Media Corporation TV (KSTV)
  • Desmims Independent Television (DITV)
  • Liberty TV

Kafofin yada labarai (Gidan Rediyo)[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A.M masu nisan zango sun hada da:

  • 639 MW – Kada 1 (KSMC)
  • 747 MW – Nagarta Radio
  • 594 MW – FRCN (Hausa), Kaduna
  • 1107 MW – FRCN (English), Kaduna

F.M masu matsakaicin zango sun hada da:

  • Brila FM
  • Kada 2 FM, Kaduna (KSMC)
  • Capital Sounds FM, Kaduna (KSMC)
  • Liberty Radio (English) Kaduna
  • Karama FM, Kaduna (FRCN)
  • Freedom Radio FM, Kaduna
  • Supreme FM, Kaduna (FRCN)
  • Alheri Radio FM, Kaduna
  • Invicta FM, Kaduna
  • Liberty Radio (Hausa) Kaduna
  • Ray Power FM Kaduna

Tattalin arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kaduna cibiya ce ta masana'antun arewa, kamar masana'antun karafa, masaka, matatar man fetur, ginin tukwane , Kaduna garine wanda ake kasuwanci kasancewar yawan mutane da kuma cunkosa, akwai kasuwanni dayawa a cikin garin kaduna, galibi ma kusan kowanne anguwa a cikin babban birnin kaduna tana da kasuwan ta.

Masana'antu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin kaduna akwai babban kampanin matatan mai, me suna kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company (KRPC), wanda daya ne daga cikin manyan kampanonin matatan mai da'ake dasu a Najeriya [4][5]

Kasuwanni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jihar tana da manyan kasuwanni kaman su kusuwan sheikh Abubakar gumi, fanteka, chechenia, kasuwan magani, kasuwan kawo, kasuwan bacci, kasuwan tudun wadan zaria.

Sufuri[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Babbar hanyar data ratsa ta cikin gari ana kiranta Ahmadu Bello way. Kaduna tanada babbar kasuwa wadda aka gina tun a shekarun 1990s bayan ta fuskanci mahaukaciyar gobara. Acikin garin kaduna akwai hanyoyin jiragen kasa wadda ake sufuri daga kaduna zuwa wasu sassan Nigeria.

Jiragen kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Akwai hanyoyin layin dogo na jiragen kasa wadanda aka gina tun a watan satumba shekarar 2009 mai nisan tazarar kilomita 1,435 mm (4ft 81/2) zuwa babban birnin tarayya Abuja.[6]

layin dogo
Hanyar jirgin kasa daga Abuja zuwa kaduna





Jiragen sama[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

bayan haka akwai filayen jiragen sama guda biyu wato Filin Jirgin Saman Jihar kaduna da kuma filin jirgin sama na chanchangi wato Chanchangi Airlines wadda ake sufuri daga jiha zuwa jiha ko daga Nigeria zuwa kasashen ketare.

Sufurin motoci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jihar kaduna tana da hukumar dake kula da tafiye tafiye a fannoni sifirin motoci, wacce ak kira da KSTA.

Wuraren bude ido[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

[7]

  • Lugard Hall
  • Government Monument Bridge
  • General Hassan park
  • Man-made kaduna
  • Nok Terra Cotta
  • Nok Village
  • Cultural kaduna
  • National museum
  • Jakaranda pottery
  • kaduna souvenir

Sanannun mutane mazauna kaduna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]


Jihohin Najeriya
Babban birnin tarayyar (Abuja) | Abiya | Adamawa | Akwa Ibom | Anambra | Bauchi | Bayelsa | Benue | Borno | Cross River | Delta | Ebonyi | Edo | Ekiti | Enugu | Gombe | Imo | Jigawa

Kaduna | Kano | Katsina | Kebbi | Kogi | Kwara | Lagos | Nasarawa | Neja | Ogun | Ondo | Osun | Oyo | Plateau | Rivers | Sokoto | Taraba | Yobe | Zamfara