Abubakar Gumi

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Abubakar Gumi
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Gumi, 5 Nuwamba, 1922
ƙasa Najeriya
Harshen uwa Hausa
Mutuwa Landan, 11 Satumba 1992
Yanayin mutuwa  (sankaran bargo)
Ƴan uwa
Yara
Karatu
Harsuna Turanci
Hausa
Larabci
Pidgin na Najeriya
Sana'a
Sana'a qadi (en) Fassara
Kyaututtuka
Imani
Addini Mabiya Sunnah
Masallacin Sultan Bello dake Kaduna inda Malam Abubakar Gumi ya yi limanci tare da gabatar da wa'azinsa.
Malam Abubakar Gumi

Sheikh Abubakar Mahmud Gumi (1962 – 1967)[1] malamin Addinin Musulunci ne ɗan Najeriya kuma alƙalin alƙalai na yankin Arewacin Najeriya, matsayin da ya sanya shi zama cibiyar tafsirin tsarin shari’a a yankin. Ya kasance na kusa da Ahmadu Bello, Firimiyan Arewa a shekarun 1950 zuwa 1960 kuma ya zama Grand Khadi a 1967, aka soke wannan muƙamin daga baya.

Gumi ya fito a matsayin shugaba mai faɗa a ji a lokacin mulkin mallaka, inda yake ganin tsarin mulkin kai tsaye ya raunana ƙarfin addini na sarakuna da kuma ƙarfafa Turawan Yamma.

Tun daga shekarun 1960 ne ake samun rigingimu tsakanin jama’a tsakaninsa da shugabannin ‘yan’uwantakar Sufaye, waɗanda daga baya ya yi muhawara a shirye-shiryen talabijin a shekarun 1970 zuwa 1980. A wannan lokacin ya ci gaba da jan hankalinsa wajen gudanar da tarukan juma'a a cikin babban masallacin Kaduna ta tsakiya (Masallacin Sultan Bello). Ya yi amfani da zaman wajen farfaɗo da sukar da ya ke yi wa hukumomi bisa ga ra'ayinsa na koma baya ga tsarin tushen ko kuma buƙatar rungumar aikin tsafta na Musulunci. Ya kuma yi suka da kakkausar murya kan shigar sufanci.

Yana da ’ya’ya da yawa, daga ciki akwai Dr. Ahmad Abubakar Gumi wanda ya gaji mahaifinsa a matsayin malamin babban masallacin Kaduna (Sultan Bello), Dakta Ahmad Gumi kwararren likita ne daga Jami'ar Ahmadu Bello Zariya. kuma tsohon hafsan soji ne, ya bar aikin soja, ya yi tattaki zuwa jami'ar umm al-Qura da ke Makkah, ƙasar Saudiyya inda ya yi karatun digirin digirgir (PhD).

Gumi mabiyin mazhabar malikiyya ne, wannan ya samo asali ne ta hanyar rubuce-rubucensa da suka haɗa da tafsirin alkur'ani (Raddul azhaan ila ma'anil kur'an).

da sauran littafai kamar (hullu nizam ala nuzuul isa).

Karatu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ya yi karatu da rubuce-rubuce a kan addinin musulunci sosai, ya fassara Qur'ani zuwa harshen Hausa, kuma shi ne mutum na farko daya rubuta tarjama wato fassarar ɗai-ɗaikun ayoyin dake Alkur'ani.[2] Hakan ne ya sa ya samu nasarar samun kyautar Sarki Faisal(King Faisal Award), daga ƙasar saudiya. Malamin dai ya kasance babban aboki kuma mai ba wa Firimiya Ahmadu Bello sardaunan Sakkwato shawara. Shi ne mahaifin Dakta Shaykh Ahmad Gumi.

Shahara[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Gumi ya shahara tun lokacin mulkin mallakar Turawa a matsayin mai fada a ji, yana sukar salon Mulkin Turawa, cewa ya karya lagon sarakunan Musulmi kuma hakan yana ƙara ƙarfafa al'adun Turai a ƙasashen musulunci. A farkon shekara ta 1960 an samu ɓarkewar rikici tsakanin sa da malaman sufaye wanda daga baya rikicin ya koma muhawara a gidajen rediyo da talabijin a shekarun 1970 zuwa shekara ta 1980.[3] Ya riƙa amfani da ranakun Juma'a a matsayin lokutan yaɗa akidunsa a babban masallacin Juma'a na Kaduna mai suna Masallacin Sultan Bello.

Dangi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Abubakar Gumi ba a san takamaiman yawan yayansa ba, amma mafi shahara a cikinsu shi ne Dr. Ahmad Gumi Wanda shi ne ya gaji Mahaifinsa a matsayin mai gabatar da wa'azi a masallacin na Sultan Bello dake Kaduna. Dr Ahmad Gumi kwararren likita ne daga Jami'ar Ahmadu Bello da ke Zariya. Kuma tsohon jami'in sojin Nijeriya ne, ya bar aikin soja inda ya tafi zuwa Saudiyya domin karanta ilimin fikihu, a jami'ar Ummul Quraa da ke birnin Makka inda ya samu shaidar digirin digir-gir.[4]

Sheikh Abubakar Gumi a shekarar 1970.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. John O. Hunwick; Rex Séan O'Fahey (1994). Arabic Literature of Africa: The writings of central Sudanic Africa Vol.2. Volume 13. BRILL. p. 551. ISBN 90-04-10494-1.
  2. John N. Paden, Muslim Civic Cultures and Conflict Resolution: the challenge of democratic federalism in Nigeria, Brookings Institution Press, 2005. p 60. ISBN 0-8157-6817-6
  3. The Independent: "Obituary: Sheikh Abubakar Mahmud Gumi" by Karl Maier 16 September 1992
  4. John Owen Hunwick. Religion and National Integration in Africa: Islam, Christianity and Politics in the Sudan, Northwestern University Press, 1992. p 551. ISBN 0-8101-1037-7