Malikiyya

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Malikiyya
Mazhab
named afterImam Malik Ibn Anas Gyara
Dewey Decimal Classification297.813 Gyara
A dokokin Shari'a Mazhabar Imam Maliki itace ake amfani da'ita a kasashen ahlus-sunnah dake Arewacin Afirka, da Yammacin Afirka da wasu bangaren yankin kasashen Larabawa dake tsakiyar gabashin Asiya.[1]

Malikiyya, Mālikī (larabci-ar|مالكي), Makaranta ce dake daya daga cikin makarantu hudu (4) na manyan mazhaban ilimin fiqihu a addinin musulunci wanda dukkanin ahlus-sunnah na duniya bakidaya suke koyi dasu.[2] sanadiyar karantarwar Imam Malik Ibn Anas ne yasamar da Mazhabar tun a karni na 8th. Makarantar Imam Malik ta dogara ne kacokan akan bin alkur'ani da hadisi a matsayin tushen hujja ko yin kiyasi a karatuttukansa, ba kamar sauran makarantun Mazhaban ba, kuma yana dabbaka ayyukan addinin musulman garin Madina wadanda aka samu suna aikatawa a waccan lokacin, hakane yasa Imam Malik yake cewa watarana yana karatu, da aka zomasa da wani shubha, yace, Wannan garin Annabi ne kuma anan yarayu, anan aka birneshi ya'yansa da jikokinsa da Sahabban sa duk sune suka koyar da ibadun da mukeyi, ya wani zaizo da wani abu da bamu aikatashi! Kuma bamusan sa ba, anan Imam Malik sai yabar aikin da aka kawo masa sai yayi umurni dasu cigaba da ayyukan addinin dasuka tarar iyayensu (sahabai da tabi'ai) nayi wato sunnar Manzon Allah tsira da amincin Allah su tabbata agare shi .[3]

Mazhabar Malikiyya na daya daga cikin mafi girman al'ummar ahlus-sunnah, ana danganta ta da madhhab Shafi`iyya a yawan mabiya, amma batakai yawan masu bin hanafiyya ba.[1][4] Ana bin Shari'ar addinin musulunci akan bin Mazhabar Malikiyya a kasashen dake Arewacin Afirka (banda arewaci da gabashin kasar Misra), yammacin Afirka, Cadi, Sudan, Kuwait, Bahrain,[5] Daular masarautar Dubai dake kasar (Daular Larabawa), da wasu bangaren arewa maso gabashin kasar da kuma wasu yankin Saudiya.[1]

Ko ada can Ana bin Mazhabar Malikiyya a yankin musulmai dake turai, yankin da musulunci ke mulka a waccan lokaci a kasar turai, musamman kasar Andalus wato (Kasar Spain da inda take mulka), da Daular Masarautar Sicily (yankin dake Italiya a yanzu).[6] a tarihi Babban makarantar koyar da Malikiyya a karni na 9th zuwa karni na 11th, shine a Babban masallacin Uqba a Tunisiya.[7][8]

Madogara[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Jurisprudence and Law – Islam Reorienting the Veil, University of North Carolina (2009)
  2. Hisham M. Ramadan (2006), Understanding Islamic Law: From Classical to Contemporary, Rowman Altamira, ISBN|978-0759109919, pp. 26–27
  3. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named vjc
  4. Abdullah Saeed (2008), The Qur'an: An Introduction, Routledge, ISBN|978-0415421256, pp. 16–18
  5. cite web|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=OTx1qbA8OW8C&pg=PA427&dq%7Ctitle=International Religious Freedom (2000)|publisher=
  6. Bernard Lewis (2001), The Muslim Discovery of Europe, WW Norton, Template:ISBN, p. 67
  7. Wilfrid Scawen Blunt and Riad Nourallah, The future of Islam, Routledge, 2002, page 199
  8. Ira Marvin Lapidus, A history of Islamic societies, Cambridge University Press, 2002, page 308