Shafi`iyya

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Shafi`iyya
MuslimDistribution3b.JPG
Mazhab
subclass ofMusulunci Gyara
native labelالمذهب الشافعي Gyara
named afterImam Al-Shafi'i Gyara
founded byImam Al-Shafi'i Gyara
ƙasaMisra, Siriya, Irak, Indiya Gyara
Dewey Decimal Classification297.812 Gyara

Shafi'iyya, (Larabci|شافعي | Shāfiʿī, ko kuma Shafei) mazhaba ce daga cikin manyan Mazhabobin addinin musulunci guda hudu (4) da ake dasu, wadanda ake amfani dasu wurin fayyace shari'oin addinin musulunci, wadanda al'ummar ahlus-sunnah ke bin tafarki akai. [1] Kuma Mazhaban ta suma ne sanadiyar babban Malami AlShaykh Imam Al-Shafi'i yakasance daga cikin daliban Babban malami Imam Malik, a farkon Karni na 9th.[2] sauran Mazhabobi ukun sune; Hanafiyya, Malikiyya da kuma Hanbaliya.

Mazhabar Shafi'iyya itama ta dogara ne akan Kur'ani da Hadisai ne wurin kafa hujja ko kiyasi a Shari'ar musulunci.[2][3] A inda kuma aka samu wasu ayoyin Qur'ani ko a wasu Hadisai, to Mazhabar Shafi'iyya tana bin Ijma'ine wato abinda yakasance aka samu mafiya yawan Sahabbai ko Malaman dake a Lokacin sa suke kai.[4] idan kuma ba'a samu ijma'i ba to Mazhabar Shafi'iyya takan yi amfani da Ijtihadin Sahabban Manzon Allah, ta amfani da wanda yafi kusa da wannan mas'alar.[2]

Mazhabar Shafi'iyya takasance tun a farkon addinin musulunci itace take da yawan mabiya, dukda cewar tazone a bayan Mazhabar Hanafiyya da Malikiyya. Amma saidai samun karfi da fadadan Daular Usmaniyya (Ottoman Empire) sai ta rika canja duk Daular datake mulka zuwa bin Mazhabar Hanafiyya.[3] daya daga cikin manyan babban cin dake tsakanin Shafi‘iyya da Hanafiyya shine Shafi‘iyya bata yarda da IstihsanI ba a matsayin hanyar samun dokokin addinin musulunci ba, saboda hakan yadogara ne akan yarda da kuma ikon Dan'adam ne kawai a dokan.[5]

Mazhabar Shafi‘iyya ana samunta ayanzu a kasashe kamar Somaliya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, gabashin Egypt, da Swahili coast, Hijaz, Yemen, Kurdish regions of Gabas ta tsakiya, Dagestan, Chechen da Ingush da kuma yankunan Caucasus, Indonesia, Malaisiya, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Kerala da kuma yankunan gabar Indiya, Singapore, Myanmar, Thailand, Brunei, da Filifin.[6]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

wannan mafi din na nuna kasashen dake bin mazhabar Shafi‘i wadanda keda launin shudi.

Mazhabar Shafi‘iyya ta yadu ta hannun dalibansa wadanda ke birnin Cairo, Makkah da Baghdad. Mazhabar tasamu karbuwa a farkon musulunci a kasashe da dama. Inda Shugaban dake jagorantar makarantar mazhabar dake Iraqi wato Abu Ishaq al-Shirazi, dake Khorasan, da al-Juwayni da al-Iraqi Ibn al-Salah da mahaifinsa su suka hade suka yada mazhabar.

The Shafi‘i jurisprudence was adopted as the official law during the Great Seljuq Empire, Zengid dynasty, Ayyubid dynasty and later the Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo), where it saw its widest application. It was also adopted by the Kathiri state in Hadhramawt and most of rule of the Sharif of Makkah.

With the establishment and expansion of Ottoman Empire in West Asia and Turkic Sultanates in Central and South Asia, Shafi‘i school was replaced with Hanafi school, in part because Hanafites allowed Istihsan (juristic preference) that allowed the rulers flexibility in interpreting the religious law to their administrative preferences.[5] The Sultanates along the littoral regions of the Horn of Africa and the Arabian peninsula adhered to the Shafi‘i school and were the primary drivers of its maritime military expansion into many Asian and East African coastal regions of the Indian Ocean, particularly from the 12th through the 18th century.[7][8]

Anazarci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named asaeed
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Hisham M. Ramadan (2006), Understanding Islamic Law: From Classical to Contemporary, Rowman Altamira, ISBN|978-0759109919, pp. 27-28
  3. 3.0 3.1 Shafi‘iyyah Bulend Shanay, Lancaster University
  4. Syafiq Hasyim (2005), Understanding Women in Islam: An Indonesian Perspective, Equinox, ISBN|978-9793780191, pp. 75-77
  5. 5.0 5.1 Wael B. Hallaq (2009), Sharī'a: Theory, Practice, Transformations, Cambridge University Press, ISBN|978-0521861472, pp. 58-71
  6. Jurisprudence and Law - Islam Reorienting the Veil, University of North Carolina (2009)
  7. Randall L. Pouwels (2002), Horn and Crescent: Cultural Change and Traditional Islam, Cambridge University Press, ISBN|978-0521523097, pp 88-159
  8. MN Pearson (2000), The Indian Ocean and the Red Sea, in The History of Islam in Africa (Ed: Nehemia Levtzion, Randall Pouwels), Ohio University Press, ISBN|978-0821412978, Chapter 2