Zariya

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Globe icon.svgZariya
Zaria (en)
Flag of the Zaria Emirate.svg
Zaria 130085554 1ac87fb1d9.jpg

Wuri
 11°04′N 7°42′E / 11.07°N 7.7°E / 11.07; 7.7
Ƴantacciyar ƙasaNajeriya
Jerin jihohi a NijeriyaJihar Kaduna
Yawan mutane
Faɗi 408,198 (2006)
• Yawan mutane 725.04 mazaunan/km²
Labarin ƙasa
Yawan fili 563 km²
Tsarin Siyasa
Majalisar zartarwa supervisory councillors of Zaria local government (en) Fassara
Gangar majalisa Zaria legislative council (en) Fassara
Gidan sarkin Zazzau.

Zariya (ko Zaria, Zazzau) Zaria gari ne dake cikin arewacin Najeriya, karamar hukuma ce a jihar Kaduna, tana da iyaka da Funtua, babban birnin Kaduna, Igabi, duka a ƙasar Najeriya. A bisa ga ƙidayar jama'a na shekarar ta 2006, jimillan mutane dubu dari bakwai da sittin ne a garin Zaria, amman daga bisani an kimanta yawan su a shekarar ta 2017, ga jimilar mutane miliyan ɗaya. Birnin Zaria kilomita dari biyu da sittin ne daga Abuja, kilomita tamanin ne daga Zaria, kilomita dari ɗaya da sittin ne daga Kano.[1] garin Zazzau an saka masa suna ne daga Sarauniya Amina.[2]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Asalin zaria sarakunan Haɓe ne ke mulkin su, wanda sukayi sarauta tun daga shekarar ta 1505 zuwa ta 1802, A shekarar ta 1804 ne Shehu Usman Ɗan Fodio yayi jihadi, inda ya yaƙi sarkin gobir mai suna Yunfa, a Yaƙin Ƙwoto, daga nan ne ya fara yaɗa sarautarsa da musulunci zuwa masarautun Hausawa, A zariya akwai Mallam Musa wanda ya daɗe yana da’awar zuwa ga addinin musulunci, Mallam Musa Bafillatani ne, Jin Jihadin Usman Ɗan Fodio yas shima ya karɓa Tuta daga Usman Ɗan Fodio. Da Mallam Musa da Yamusa mutumin fulani Barno suka doso zaria suka yaƙi sarki Makau ɗan ƙabilar Haɓe, Makau sai ya gudu shi da mutanensa zuwa Zuba, wani gari ne na Gwari da Koro a yankin Abuja a yau, Mallam Musa sai ya zama Sarkin zazzau na farko daga ƙabilar Fulani, bayan rasuwarsa sai aka naɗa Yamusa a shekarar ta 1821 a matsyin sarkin zazzau, shi kuma fulanin Barno ne, daga nan ne Bare-Bari da Fulanin Mallawa Suka fara sarauta a kasar zazzau.[3]

Birni ne a kasar Hausa wanda kuma yana daya daga cikin garuruwan da Shehu Usman ya bada tuta kuma addinin musulunci ya tabbata. Birni ne mai dadin zama saboda yanayinsa gashi kuma cibiyar ilimin addini dana boko a arewacin Najeriya. Wannan gari Allah ya albarkace shi da kasa na noma da kuma ilimin addinin musulumci dana zamani wanda a dalilin haka ne baki daga makotan garin suke zuwa domin neman ilimi kai harma da na kasashen waje da kuma mutanen garin zaria su kansu, Waɗnnan garuruwa a wancen lokacin duka suna ƙarƙashin mulkin garin zazzau ne, inda zaria take a matsayin babban birni, amman yanzu wasu daga cikin waɗannan garuruwan basa ƙarƙashin zazzau.[3]

s/n Garuruwa Garuruwa
1-2 Anchau Zaria
3-4 Soba
5-6 Damo Likoro
7-8 Ɗan Alhaji Igabe/Igabi
9-10 Garu Ikara
11-12 Gimba Zuntu
13-14 Giwa Richifa
15-16 Fatika Kargi
17-18 Funkwi Kauru
19-20 Ɗan Maliki Lere
21-22 Durum Kubau
23-24 Ɗan Lawal Kudan
25-26 Faki Kuadaru

Mutane[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Asalin mulkin zaria tana ƙarƙashin Sarakunan haɓe ne, ana kiran garin da zazzau, zazak ko zegzeg,dukkan waɗannan sunayen ana kiran garin zazzau dashi, amman daga bisani sunan zazzau ya canza zuwa zaria, A inda kuma sarautar aka fi kiranta da zazzau, shiyasa sarkin garin ake kiran shi da sarkin zazzau, Mutanen da suka fito daga garin ana kiransu da suna Bazazzagi, jam’i kuma Zazzagawa.[3]

Sarauta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Asalin mulkin zaria tana ƙarƙashin Sarakunan haɓe ne, wadanda ke mulkan masarautan Zazzau, amman daga baya sarakunan Mallawa da fulani suka hada hannu da Ƙarfi suka yaka sarakunan haɓe a shekarar ta 1804. sarakunan Haɓe na farko sun rayu ne a Ƙarni na 15, wadanda a wannan lokacin ba'a iya tina shekarun da sukayi sarauta, amman sarakunan habe na biyu sunyi mulki ne a karni na 16, inda aka taskace shekarun mulkin su, har zuwa lokacin da sarakunan Fulani suka yake su, sarkin su na karshe shine Makau a Zaria, a Gobir kuma shine Yunfa.

Sarakunan Haɓe na Farko
s/n Sarakuna Shekara
1 Gunguma
2 Matazo
3 Tumsah
4 Tamusa
5 Suleimanu
6 Maswaza
7 Ɗinzaki
8 Nayoga
9 Kauchi
10 Nawainchi
11 Machikai
12 Kewo
13 Bahikarr
14 Majidada
15 Dahirahi
Sarakunan Haɓe na biyu
s/n Sarakunan Haɓe Shekara
1 Moman Abdu 1505 – 1530
2 Gudan Dan Masukanan 1530 – 1532
3 Nohirr 1532 – 1535
4 Bakwa Turunku 1535 – 1536

Arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Masana'antu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Garin zaria an sansu da sana’o’i daban daban, Garin jere da kajuma suna ƙarƙashin zaria, sunyi suna akan saƙa ta hannu.[4] Abu mai muhimmancin gske a ƙasar zaria shine Audiga, wanda ake ɗiba daga zaria da kano zuwa kasashen turawa domin amfanin masana’antu, garin Zaria sun shahara da sakan kayan sakawa, hula, da kuma rini.[5]

Kasuwanci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Noma[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sifiri[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Zaria suna da sifirin jirgin ƙasa da hada garin Lagos , Kano, Abuja da kuma Kaduna (birni).[6][7]

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Addini[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Musulunci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Kiristanci[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Masana'antu[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Garuruwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Da a garin Zaria akwai Ganuwa, amman daga baya duk an cire su.[8][9]

Bibiliyo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Professor lavers collection: Zaria Province, Arewa House.
  • Maiwada, Salihu and Renne, Elisha P. (2007) "New Technologies of Embroidered Robe Production and Changing Gender Roles in Zaria, Nigeria, 1950–2005"
  • Gihring, Thomas (1984). "Intraurban Activity Patterns among Entrepreneurs in a West African Setting". Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography.
  • Smith, Michael G. (1960) Government in Zazzau 1800–1950 International African Institute by the Oxford University Press, London, OCLC 293592; reprinted in 1964 and 1970.
  • Dan Isaacs (28 September 2010). "Nigeria's emirs: Power behind the throne". BBC News. Retrieved 29 September 2010.

Diddigin bayanai na waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9078266/Zaria
  2. https://www.britannica.com/place/Zaria-Nigeria
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 professor lavers collection: zaria province.
  4. Maiwada, Salihu and Renne, Elisha P. (2007) "New Technologies of Embroidered Robe Production and Changing Gender Roles in Zaria, Nigeria, 1950–2005" Textile History 38(1): pp. 25-58, page 25
  5. Gihring, Thomas (1984). "Intraurban Activity Patterns among Entrepreneurs in a West African Setting". Geografiska Annaler. Series B, Human Geography. 66 (1): 19–20.
  6. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-21364541
  7. https://www.economist.com/news/middle-east-and-africa/21571481-renovated-railway-line-welcome-more-are-still-sorely-needed-slow
  8. https://web.archive.org/web/20091027035909/http://www.abu.edu.ng/bsn/zaria.php
  9. http://www.abu.edu.ng/bsn/zaria.php