Yunfa

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Yunfa (Mulki, 1801 – 1808) ya kasance sarki ne a cikin garin hausa na kasar Gobir a cikin kasar Najeriya ta yanzu. Ana tuna shi musamman saboda rikicinsa da mai neman kawo sauyi a addinin Musulunci, Usman dan Fodio .[1]

Rayuwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yunfa ya kasan ce yayi karatu a gurin shugaban addinin Fulani Usman dan Fodio, kuma koyar dashi tun yana saurayi, Kodayake dan Fodio ya taimaka ma Yunfa ya gaji Nafata zuwa gadon sarauta a shekarar 1801, ba daɗewa ba su biyun suka shiga rikici game da garambawul na addini da dan Fodio ya gabatar. Tsoron karuwar mabiyan dan Fodio da kuma tinanin karban sarauta ne yasa Yunfa ya kira shi ya yi yunkurin kashe shi da kansa; duk da haka, karamar bindiga ta Yunfa ta yi rauni ta kuma raunata shi a hannu. Bayan wannan gazawar, Yunfa ya ba dan Fodio da sahabbansa izinin tafiya. [1]

Rikici[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A karshen shekarar 1803, Yunfa ya kama wasu Musulmai da aka kama a Gimbana, amma da masu garkuwar suka wuce garin dan Fodio na Dagel, sai shugaban addinin ya sake su.[1] Lokacin da aka yi watsi da bukatunsa na ganin an dawo da fursunonin, Yunfa ya yi barazanar lalata Degel.[1] Dangane da haka, dan Fodio da mabiyansa sun gudu zuwa Kudu a watan Fabrairun sheakara1804.

Yaki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Dan Fodiyo da sannu ya ringa kira zuwa ga sauran kungiyoyin Fulani, yana neman taimako daga gurun su, da kuma ayyana kansa da imam na wani sabon Khalifanci a jihadi da Gobir. Ba da daɗewa ba yaɗuwar tawaye ta faro cikin ƙasar Hausa, kuma a shekara ta 1804, Yunfa ya yi kira ga sarakunan jihohin da ke makwabtaka da su, don agazawa. A watan Disamba na waccan shekarar, Yunfa ya sami gagarumar nasara a yakin Tsuntua, in da aka ce sojojin Dan Fodio sun yi asarar maza 2000, 200 daga cikinsu sun san Alkurani a zuci.

Koyaya, dan Fodio ba da daɗewa ba ya ƙaddamar da kamfen mai nasara a kan Kebbi kuma ya kafa tushe na dindindin a Gwandu . A watan Oktoba 1808, masu jihadi suka kwace babban birnin Gobir na Alƙalawa suka kashe Yunfa.

Bibiliyo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • "Uthman dan Fodio." Encyclopædia Britannica Online, accessed October 1, 2005.
  • Daniel, F. "Shehu dan Fodio." Journal of the Royal African Society 25.99 (Apr 1926): 278-283.

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Waldman, Marilyn Robinson (1965). "The Fulani Jihād: a Reassessment". The Journal of African History. 6 (3): 333–355. doi:10.1017/s0021853700005843. ISSN 0021-8537.