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Yaƙin Tsuntua

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Infotaula d'esdevenimentYaƙin Tsuntua
Iri faɗa

Yakin Tsuntua, wanda aka yi a watan Disamba na shekarar 1804, yana daya daga cikin manyan fadace-fadacen yakin Fulani .

Fage[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A cikin shekarar 1804, Yunfa na Gobir ya fahimci ƙarar barazanar da tsohon malaminsa, Bafulatani mai kawo sauyi a Musulunci Usman dan Fodio, ke yi wa jihohin Hausa. Da yake neman taimako ga sauran sarakunan Hausawa, Yunfa ya tara runduna domin su kamo Usman suka kashe shi. A halin da ake ciki, mabiya Usman sun yada labarin jihadi a kan sarakunan Hausawa, wanda ya jawo hankalin Fulani makiyaya da dama, suka bayyana Yunfa a matsayin kafiri.[1] A wata rigima tsakanin su Yunfa ya yi yunkurin kashe Usman, amma bindigarsa ta samu matsala, sai dai ya raunata hannunsa.[2] Usman ya koma ƙasar Fulani ta Gulu, inda ya tara sojoji masu yawa domin murƙushe Hausawa.

Yakin[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Daya daga cikin farkon shiga yaƙin shine Tsuntua. Yunfa wanda ya mallaki rundunar da ta kunshi jaruman Hausawa da abokan Abzinawa, ya yi galaba a kan sojojin dan Fodio, wadanda suka yi asarar sama da mutum 2,000 zuwa 3,000, wadanda aka ce 200 daga cikinsu Hafiz ne (mutanen da suka san Al- Qur'ani a zuciya).[3] Abzinawa na Kel Gress da Kel Itesen da Kel Tegama sun fito ne daga kewayen Gobir . Suna amfani da kwaruruka da ke kewayen wurin don kiwo a lokacin lokacin sanyi kowace shekara. Wadannan Abzinawa sun yi kawance da Yunfa domin ba su yi tunanin mayakan jihadi na Fulbe za su iya yin nasara a kan Gobir ba, don haka suna son ci gaba da amfani da wadannan kwaruruka wajen kiwo na hunturu. Abzinawa sun taka rawar gani a yawancin nasarorin da Gobir ya samu musamman a Tsuntuwa da Alwassa.

Musulmin sun yi sansani ƙasa da tafiyar kwana guda daga Alƙalawa, kuma da alama an watse ana neman abinci. Wannan ya ba da kyakkyawar dama ga rundunar Yunfa ta kai hari. Sojojin sun kai hari a Tsuntua wanda ya kai ga hasarar musulmi. Wataƙila wannan yaƙin ya kasance a cikin watan Ramadan, don haka ƙila Musulmai suna azumi. Manyan jagororin jihadi ba za su iya shiga wannan yakin ba saboda wasu dalilai. Bello ba shi da lafiya, Abdullah ya samu rauni a kafa kuma ba a ambaci Ali Jedo ba. Shugaban musulman kane ne ga Bello, Sa’ad bin al-Hasan kuma daga cikin wadanda suka mutu akwai Imam Muhammad Sambo, Zaid bin Muhammad Sa’ad da Mahmud Gurdam.[4]

Sai dai nasarar da Gobir ya samu bai dade ba, domin a shekarar da ta gabata sojojin Uthman suka kwace garuruwan Kebbi da Gwandu, inda suka tabbatar da wanzuwar jam’iyyarsu da ci gabanta.

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. Hendrix, Scott E.; Uchenna Okeja (1 March 2018). The World's Greatest Religious Leaders: How Religious Figures Helped Shape World History [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. pp. 188–. ISBN 978-1-4408-4138-5.
  2. Falola, Toyin; Genova, Ann; Heaton, Matthew M. (21 June 2018). Historical Dictionary of Nigeria (in Turanci). Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 978-1-5381-1314-1.
  3. Smith, Robert Sydney (1989). Warfare & Diplomacy in Pre-colonial West Africa. University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 34–. ISBN 978-0-299-12334-5.
  4. Last, Murray (1967). The Sokoto Caliphate. Internet Archive. [New York] Humanities Press. pp. 31–32.