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Jihar Edo

.

Wuri
Wurin Jihar Edo cikin Nijeriya.
Ƙidaya
Harsuna Bini da Turanci
Gwamna Godwin Obaseki
An kirkiro ta 1991
Baban birnin jiha Benin City
Iyaka 17,802 km²
Mutunci
2006 (ƙidayar yawan jama'a)

3,233,366
ISO 3166-2 NG-ED
Lambar motar jihar edo
Masallacin unguwar auchi dake birnin Edo

Jihar Edo Jiha ce dake kudu maso kudancin Najeriya.[1] Babban birnin jihar ita ce Benin. Dangane da kidayar shekara ta 2006, Jihar itace ta shida a yawan jama'a da adadin mutane kimanin 3,233,366.[2] Edo itace ta 22 a fadin kasa a Najeriya.[3] Babban birnin jihar itace Benin City, itace birni ta hudu a girma a Najeriya, kuma ta kunshi cibiyar masana'antun roba a Najeriya.[4][5] An kirkire ta a 1991, daga tsohuwar Jihar Bendel, kuma ana kiranta da suna "Heart beat of the Nation" (bugun zuciyan kasa).[6]

Manyan makarantun jihar edo

Jihar Edo tana da iyaka da Jihar Kogi daga arewa maso gabas, Jihar Anambra da ga gabas, Jihar Delta daga kudu maso gabas da kudu maso kudancin jihar, Jihar Ondo kuma daga yamma.[7]

Yankunan Jihar Edo ta yau sun hada iyaka da masarautun da dauloli da aka kafa tun a karni na 11 miladiyya, harda Masarautar Benin.[8] A shekarar alif 1897, Daular Burtaniya ta kaddamar da wata azzalimar ziyara ga yankin Benin, inda suka tarwatsa tsaffin biranen Edo, inda suka hade su acikin yankin da ta zamo Yankin mulkin mallaka na Kudancin Najeriya.[9][10]

Edo jiha ce dake dauke da mutane iri-iri musamman Harsunan Edoid da kuma Mutanen Edo ko Bini,[11] Esan, Kabilar Owan, Afemai.[12] Harshen da yafi fice daga cikin yarukan Edo shine Yaren Edo wanda akae yawan amfani dashi a Birnin Benin.[13] Mafi yawa mutanen Jihar mabiya addinin Kiristanci ne. Turawan mishanari na Portugal suka kawo addinin a yankin a karni na 15. Akwai 'yan tsirarun mabiya addinin Musulunci da addinan gargajiya.[14]

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yankin Yamma ta Tsakiya, Najeriya yanki ne a Najeriya a tsakanin shekarun 1963 zuwa 1991. Kuma ana kiranta da Jihar Bendel daga shekarar 1976. An kirkiri jihar a watan June 1963, daga yankin gundumomin Benin da Delta na Yankin Yammacin Najeriya, kuma babban birninta itace Benin City.[15] An canza mata suna zuwa gunduma a 1966, sannna kuma a 1967 lokacin da aka rarraba sauran gundumomin zuwa jihohi da dama, ta tsaya a matsayin yanki, kafin daga bisani ta zamo jiha.[16]

A lokacin Yakin basasar Najeriya, sojojin Biyafara sun kai wa sabuwar jihar Yankin Yamma ta Tsakiya hari, wacce ta hada hanya da Lagos, a wata yunkuri na tilasta kawo karshen yakin. A yayin wannan fafatawar, an sanya wa jihar suna ''Jamhuriyar Benin gabanin sojojin Najeriya su sake kwato yankin. Jimhuriyar ta zo karshe na tsawon yini daya bayan sojojin Najeriya sun kwace birnin Benin City. An kirkiri jihar Edo a ranar 27 ga watan Augustan 1991, a lokacin da aka raba Jihar Bendel zuwa jihohin Edo da Delta.[17][18]

Mutane[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Tare da Birnin Benin a matsayin babban birnin jihar, yawan mutanen garin sun kai kimanin mutum miliyan 8.[19] Jihar ta kunshi muhimman kabilu guda hudu sune: Kabilar Edo (mutanen Bini, Owan, Esan, Afemai (Etsakọ da kuma Akoko-Edo). A jihar akwai mutane daga yankuna da dama daga sassa daban daban na duniya. Birnin bini yana da tarihin zama daya daga cikin yankunan da Turawa suka zauna a zamanin ziyarar su Nahiyar Afirka daruruwan shekaru da suka gabata. Wasu daga cikin wadannan yankuna sun zamo wuraren ziyaran buda idanu a yau.[20]

Zamantakewa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Muhimman kabilun Jihar Edo sun hada da kabilun Bini, Etsako, Esan, Owan da kuma kabilar Akoko Edo.[19] Yawancin wadannan Kabilu sun samo asalli ne daga babban birnin Benin City, a dalilin haka harsunansu sun bambanta ne dangane da nisansu da babban birnin. Kabilar Bini sun mamaye kananan hukumomi guda bakwai daga cikin kananan hukumomi 18 dake jihar kuma sun kwashe kaso 57.54% na yawan mutanen Jihar. Sauran kuma: Esan (17.14%), Etsako (12.19%), Owan (7.43%), da kuma Akoko Edo (5.70%).[19] Amma kuma akwai yarukan dake zaune a yankunan Akoko Edo, su kuma Itsekiri na zaune a yankin Ikpoba-Okha, da kuma harsunan IjawIzons, Urhobos dake zaune a kananan hukumomin Ovia ta Arewa maso Gabas da Kudu maso Yamma da kuma yankunan iyakokin jihar. Har wayau, ana samun mutanen Ibo a yanki Igbanke(Ika) dake karamar hukumar Orhionmwon.[21]

Gwamnoni[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Suna Take Lokacin zama gwamna Lokacin sauka Jam'iyya Bayani
Colonel John Ewerekumoh Yeri Governor August 1990 January 1992 (Mulkin Soja)
John E.K. Odigie Oyegun Governor January 1992 November 1993 SDP
Colonel Mohammed Abul-Salam Onuka Administrator 9 December 1993 14 September 1994 (Mulkin Soja)
Colonel Bassey Asuquo Administrator 14 September 1994 22 August 1996 (Mulkin Soja)
Group Captain Baba Adamu Iyam Administrator 22 August 1996 7 August 1998 (Mulkin Soja)
Navy Captain Anthony Onyearugbulem Administrator 7 August 1998 29 May 1999 (Mulkin Soja)
Chief Lucky Igbinedion Governor 29 May 1999 29 May 2007 PDP
Professor Oserheimen Osunbor Governor 29 May 2007 12 November 2008 PDP Kotu ta sauke shi kuma ta soke zaben[22]
Comrade Adams A. Oshiomhole Governor 12 November 2008 12 November 2016 AC wacce daga bisani tayi maja da wasu jam'iyyoyi suka zama APC (All Progressive Congress) in 2013
Godwin Obaseki Governor 12 November 2016 present APC daga baya kuma ya sauya sheka zuwa PDP a ranar 19 Juni 2020 don a sake zabar sa[23] An sake zaben shi a Satumban 2020.[24]
Ososo Hills

Kananan Hukumomi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jihar Edo nada Kananan hukumomi guda goma sha takwas (18). Sune:

Yankunan Majalisar Dokokin Jihar Edo (Majalisa ta Biyar) a shekara ta 2013[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Majalisar Dokokin Jihar Edo a shekara ta 2013 ta kunshi yankuna guda ashirin da hudu (24)

Sashen Shari'a na Jihar Edo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Sashen Shari'a itace mataki na uku na gwamnatin Jihar Edo, wacce ke da alhakin zartar da shari'a da kuma sasanta rigingimu na al'umma da kuma masu laifi a jihar. A ranar 16 ga watab Mayun 2021 ne, Gwamna Obaseki ya rantsar da Mai Shari'a Joe Acha a matsayin a matsayin Alkalin Alkalai na rikon kwarya a Jihar Edo, bayan mai shari'a Esther Edigin ya ajiye aiki.[25]

Siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Godwin Obaseki ne gwamnan jihar Edo na yanzu kuma an rantsar da shi a ranar 12 ga watan Nuwamban, 2016.[26] Mataimakinshi kuma shine Comrade Philip Shaibu.[27]

Harsuna[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Turanci ne harshen gwamnati a jihar. Yarukan da ake magana dasu a jihar sun hada da:Harshen Edo, Igarra, Etsako/Afemai, Harshen Esan da kuma Yaren Okpamheri.[28] Jihar Edo gida ne ga wasu harsunan kamar; Edo, Okpe, Okpe, Esan, Ora, Akoko-Edo, Igbanke, Emai.[29][30][31]

Kabilun Etsako/Afemai ne ke da mafiya yawan musulmai a jihar. Sun mamaye kananan hukumomi shida kuma muhimmin aikinsu shine noma.[32]

Harsunan Jihar Edo dangane da kananan hukumomin jihar.[33]

LGA Languages
Akoko-Edo Aduge; Akuku; Ebira; Enwan; Igwe; Ikpeshi; Ivbie North-Okpela-Arhe; Okpamheri; Okpe; Oloma; Ososo; Sasaru; Ukaan; Uneme
Esan ta TSakiya Esan
Esan ta Arewa maso Gabas Esan
Esan ta Kudu maso Gabas Esan
Esanta Yamma Esan
Etsako Ivbie North-Okpela-Arhe; Uneme[29]
Etsako a TSakiya Etsako
Etsako ta Gabas Etsako
Etsako ta Yamma Etsako
Igueben Esan
Ikpoba-Okha Edo, Itsekiri
Oredo Edo
Orhionmwon Edo; Ika;
Ovia ta Arewa maso Gabas Edo
Ovia ta Kudu maso Yamma Edo
Owan ta Gabas Emai-Iuleha-Ora; Ghotuo; Idesa; Ihievbe
Owan ta Yamma Emai - Iuleha, Ora
Uhunmwonde Edo; Ika

Addinai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mafi yawan mutanen Jihar Edo mabiya addinin Kirista ne tare da tsiraru daga cikin mabiya addinin Musulunci da addinan gargajiya.[34][35]

Tattalin arziki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Wuraren ziyara na Jihar Edo sun hada da; Mutum-mutumin Emotan dake cikin Birnin Benin, koramar Ise, da wurin shakatawa na gabar Kogin Niger wato Agenebode. Etsako-East; Mike Akhigbe Square dake fugar, Ambrose Alli Square, Ekpoma, River Niger Beaches da ke Ilushi, BFFM Building dake Ewu, Igun Bronze Caster da ke Igun Street a birnin Benin City, Kwalejin numa da kiwon halittun ruwa (Agriculture and Aqua Culture Technology, Agenebode), Okpekpe da tsaunukan ta da wuraren kallo, tsaunin Usomege Hills, Apana-Uzairue, Somorika hills da ke Akoko Edo inda akwai wurin bude ido da gwamnati ta a shirya a Ososo da kyawawan wuraren kallon.[36][37]

Jihar tana samar da man fetur[38] da sauran ma'adanai kamar farar kasa da dutsen kwaru. Jihar tana da kamfanin siminti a Okpilla.[39] da kamfanin fulawa a Ewu wanda ke kawo karshe.[39]

Ma'adanai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ma'adinan da ake iya samu a jihar sun hada da:[40]

  • Asphalt/Bitumen
  • Clay
  • Dolomite (mineral)/Dolomite
  • Phosphate
  • Glass/Glass-sand
  • Gold
  • Gypsum/Gypsium
  • Iron ore/Iron-ore
  • Lignite
  • Limestone
  • Marble
  • Fossil fuel/Oil/Gas

Ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Makarantu na gaba da sakandare a Jihar Edo sun hada da:

Kiwon Lafiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jerin wuraren kiwon lafiya na Jihar Edo da kananan hukumomin da suke.[55]

Medical Zone Local Government Name Of Hospital Medical Zone Local Government Name Of Hospital Medical Zone Local Government Name Of Hospital
Abudu Orhionmwon General Hospital, Abudu[56] Benin Oredo Central Hospital B/City[57] Igarra Akoko Edo General Hospital, Igarra
Abudu Orhionmwon General Hospital, Igbanke[58] Benin Oredo Cottage. Hospital Obayantor[59][60] Igarra Akoko Edo Government Hospital, Ibillo
Abudu Orhionmwon General Hospital, Uronigbe[61] Benin Oredo Stella Obasanjo Hospital[62][63][60] Etete Layout Road, Benin City Dist. Hospital, Uneme-Osu
Abudu Orhionmwon Cot. Hospital Oben Ekpoma Esan West General Hospital, Ekpoma[64] Iguobazuwa Ovia South West General Hospital. Iguobazuwa
Abudu Orhionmwon Cot. Hospital Egbokor Ekpoma Esan West General Hospital, Iruekpen Iguobazuwa Ovia South West Government Hospital Usen
Abudu Uhunmwode Dist. Hospital, Egba Ekpoma Esan Central Dist. Hospital, Usugbenu Iguobazuwa Ovia North East Dist. Hospital, Ekiadolor
Afuze Owan East General Hospital, Afuze[65] Ekpoma Esan Central Dist. Hospital, Ewu Ossiomo Leprosy Clinic in All L.G.A Specislist Hospital, Ossiomo
Afuze Owan East Dist. Hospital, Otuo Fugar Etsako East General Hospital, Fugar Ubiaja Esan South West General Hospital, Ubiaja
Afuze Owan West General Hospital, Sabogida Ora[66] Fugar Etsako East General Hospital, Agenebode Ubiaja Esan South West Dist. Hospital, Ewohimi
Afuze Owan West Dist. Hospital, Uzebba Fugar Etsako East Dist. Hospital, Apana Ubiaja Igueben Government Hospital, Igueben
Auchi Estako West Central. Hospital, Auchi[67] Fugar Etsako West Government Hospital, Agbede Uromi Esan North East Central Hospital Uromi

Shahararrun Mutane[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]


Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

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