Mutanen Edo

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Edo people
Edo
The Edo Cultural Group.jpg
An Edo children's cultural assembly
Jimlar yawan jama'a
3.8+ million[1]
Yankuna masu yawan jama'a
Niger Delta
Harsuna
Edo language
Addini
Predominantly Christianity
Kabilu masu alaƙa
Afemai, Esan, Isoko, Urhobo and Akpes

Mutanen Edo ko Benin ƙabilun Edoid ne da aka samo asali a cikin jihar Edo, Najeriya. Suna magana da yaren Edo kuma zuriyar waɗanda suka kafa daular Benin ne . Suna da kusanci da sauran ƙabilun da ke magana da yaren Edoid, kamar Esan, da Afemai, da Isoko, da kuma Urhobo.

Sunan "Benin" (kuma "Bini") ne a Portuguese cin hanci da rashawa, da kyakkyawan daga kalmar "Ubinu", wadda ta zo a cikin yin amfani a zamanin mulkin Oba (m) Ewuare girma, c. 1440. "Ubinu", kalmar Yarbanci mai ma'anar tashin hankali, anyi amfani dashi don bayyana cibiyar gudanarwa ta masarauta ko babban birni na masarautar, Edo. Daga baya ya gurbata Ubinu ga Bini ta hanyar cakuda kabilyun da ke zaune tare a cibiyar; kuma ya kara lalata zuwa Benin a wajajen 1485 lokacin da Turawan Fotigal suka fara hulɗar kasuwanci da Oba Ewuare.

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Yankin Gudanarwa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Ana iya samun mutanen Edo a cikin jihar Edo ta Najeriya wacce ta samo sunanta daga manyan mazauna yankin sanannen taron hada-hadar tarihi, garin Benin, wanda kuma shine babban garin tsakiyar mutanen Edo. Hakanan mutanen Edo suna da ƙungiyoyi masu alaƙa da yawa a cikin kewayen su kuma sun haɗa da iyakokin siyasa da mulki na jihar Edo. Yawancin waɗannan ƙungiyoyin sun gano tarihinsu zuwa tsakiyar gari mai tarihi kusa da mutanen Benin, Garin Benin . Misalan irin wadannan kungiyoyin da ke kusa da su sun haɗa da wasu ƙungiyoyin Afemai daban-daban, da mutanen Esan na jihar Edo da kuma mutanen Akoko Edo da ke kan iyakokin arewacin jihar.

Jihar Edo a da tana daga cikin tsohuwar jihar Bendel na farkon mulkin mallaka a Najeriya, wanda kuma aka fi sani da Yankin Tsakiyar-Yamma, Najeriya . Tasirin wannan yanki da al'adunsa suna nuni da na Edo, Urhobo, Esan da sauran mutanen Edo masu alaƙa.

Yankin jihar Edo da garin Benin a Najeriya
Adon al'adun Edo tare da rawanin ado da kayan ado
Saukewa

Miya tufafi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mutanen Edo suna da ɗayan al'adun gargajiya masu kyau a nahiyar Afirka. Kayan aikinsu na kayan kwalliya suna riƙe da sarauta kuma galibi sun hada da beads ja, alamomin jiki, bangilis, anklit,, aikin raffia da sauransu .[2][3]

Akidun gargajiya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A cikin addinin gargajiya na Edo, akwai wasu, banda duniyar ɗan adam, wata duniyar da ba ta ganuwa ta halittun allahntaka waɗanda ke aiki a matsayin masu roƙo ga duniyar ɗan adam. Ana yi masu hadaya a wuraren tsafinsu. Osanobua shine mahalicci kuma Allah Maɗaukaki. Sonansa / Oloa Olokun shine ke mulkin dukkan ruwan ruwa kuma shine ke da alhakin wadata da wadatar mabiyan sa. Wani ɗa kuma Ogun, shine allahn mashawarcin ƙarfe . Kalmar kalmar Osanobua Noghodua tana nufin Allah Maɗaukaki . Kalmar Osanobua ta ƙunshi adadin ƙa'idodin allahntaka masu yawa - gami da yanayin allahntaka na jinƙai, mara lokaci, kyautatawa, adalci, ɗaukaka, da ɗaukaka. A Edo imani tsarin, Osanobua yana allahntaka halayen omnipresence orhiole sanin kome da kome ajoana kuma mai iko dukka udazi Isaukacin Allah yana da imani yana nan a ko'ina kuma a kowane lokaci. [4]

Hoton hauren giwa na ƙarni na 16 na Sarauniya Uwargida Idia

Zane da gine-gine[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Hoton Oba Oguola, sarkin Edo

Abubuwan gargajiyar Edo sun ƙunshi zane-zanen da za'a iya ganewa da yawa, alloli da abin rufe fuska waɗanda ke nuna fannoni daban-daban na ruhaniya da tarihi na al'adunsu na gargajiya. Wasu daga cikin sanannun kayan fasahar Edo sun hada da abin rufe fuska na Sarauniya Uwargida Idia da tarin tarin kayan tarihin Edo da ake kira Benin Bronzes wanda ba za a iya samun sa ba a cikin Najeriya kawai ba amma kuma kara yaduwa a duniya.

Sanannun Benin a Najeriya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  • Victor Uwaifo, mawaki, marubuci, sculptor, kuma m kayan aiki kirkiro.
  • Peter Odemwingie, kwararren dan wasan kwallon kafa .
  • Charles Novia, daraktan fina-finai, furodusa, marubucin allo, jarumi kuma mai sharhi kan zamantakewa.african l
  • Osayuki Godwin Oshodin, tsohon Mataimakin Shugaban Jami'ar Benin .
  • Benson Idahosa, mai bishara, kuma wanda ya kirkiro Cocin of God Mission International .
  • Samuel Ogbemudia, dan siyasa kuma tsohon Gwamnan soja na jihar Mid-West
  • John Odigie Oyegun, dan siyasa kuma shugaban jam'iyyar APC na kasa na farko a Najeriya
  • Victor Ikpeba, kwararren dan wasan kwallon kafa.
  • Godwin Obaseki, gwamnan jihar Edo kuma dan kasuwa
  • Gabriel Igbinedion, ɗan kasuwar Nijeriya da esama na masarautar Benin.
  • Erhabor Emokpae, mai fasaha
  • Guosa Alex Guosa Igbineweka, Masanin Juyin Halitta na Guosa, Mahalicci: dan asalin Najeriya da ECOWAS na yankin shiyya-franca
  • Abel Guobadia, tsohon Shugaban Hukumar Zabe Mai Zaman Kanta ta Kasa a Najeriya
  • Farfesa Osasere Orumwense, Mataimakin Shugaban Jami'ar Benin
  • Suyi Davies Okungbowa, mai tatsuniyar Afirka bucin ƙirƙiraren labari
  • Akbishop John Edokpolo, Mai Girma Ministan Ciniki kuma Wanda ya Kafa Makarantar Edokpolor Grammar
  • Cif Jacob U. Egharevba, masanin tarihin Bini kuma basaraken gargajiya
  • Rema, mawaƙin kiɗa
  • Kamaru Usman, Miwararren wararren Marigayi na Nigerianasar Nijeriya

Hanyoyin haɗin waje[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Mutanen Edo[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. Shoup III, John A. (2011). Ethnic Groups of Africa and the Middle East: An Encyclopedia: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 130. ISBN 9781598843637.
  2. Peavy, Daryl, Kings, Magic, and Medicine, p. 5, 08033994793.ABA [1]
  3. Paula Ben-Amos, Flora Edouwaye S. Kaplan: Edo Religion. In: Lindsay Jones: Encyclopedia of Religion. Thomson-Gale, 2005. 08033994793.ABA
  4. Paula Ben-Amos, Flora Edouwaye S. Kaplan: Edo Religion.