Tanzaniya

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Tanzaniya
jamhuriya, sovereign state, ƙasa
bangare naEast Africa Gyara
farawa1964 Gyara
short name🇹🇿 Gyara
named afterTanganyika, Zanzibar Gyara
yaren hukumaSwahili, Turanci Gyara
takeMungu ibariki Afrika Gyara
kirariFreedom and Unity Gyara
nahiyaAfirka Gyara
ƙasaTanzaniya Gyara
babban birniDodoma Gyara
coordinate location6°18'25"S, 34°51'14"E Gyara
coordinates of northernmost point1°0'0.000"S, 32°30'0.000"E Gyara
geoshapeData:Tanzania.map Gyara
highest pointKibo Gyara
deepest pointIndian Ocean Gyara
fadar gwamnati/shugaban ƙasaPresident of Tanzania Gyara
shugaban ƙasaJohn Magufuli Gyara
office held by head of governmentPresident of Tanzania Gyara
shugaban gwamnatiJohn Magufuli Gyara
majalisar zartarwaCabinet of Tanzania Gyara
legislative bodyNational Assembly Gyara
language usedTuranci Gyara
ƙabilaBantu people Gyara
located in time zoneUTC+03:00, East Africa Time Gyara
kuɗiTanzanian shilling Gyara
IPA transcriptiontɑnsɑ'niːɑ Gyara
official websitehttp://www.tanzania.go.tz Gyara
tutaflag of Tanzania Gyara
kan sarkiCoat of arms of Tanzania Gyara
driving sidehagu Gyara
electrical plug typeType D, BS 1363 Gyara
has qualitypartly free country Gyara
top-level Internet domain.tz Gyara
mobile country code640 Gyara
country calling code+255 Gyara
lambar taimakon gaggawa112, 114, 115 Gyara
geography of topicgeography of Tanzania Gyara
tarihin maudu'ihistory of Tanzania Gyara
licence plate codeEAT Gyara
maritime identification digits674, 677 Gyara

Tanzania furucci (IPAc-en|US|ˌ|t|æ|n|z|ə|ˈ|n|iː|ə, IPAc-en|UK|ˌ|t|æ|n|z|ə|ˈ|n|ɪ|ə),[1][2][note 1] officially the United Republic of Tanzania (lang-sw|Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), kasa ce dake gabashin Afirka a tsakanin yankin African Great Lakes. Tanada iyaka da Uganda ta arewaci; Kenya arewa maso gabas; tekun Indian Ocean ta gabas; Mozambique da Malawi ta kudu; Zambia ta kudu maso yamma; da Rwanda, Burundi, da kuma Democratic Republic of the Congo ta yamma. Tsaunin Kilimanjaro wanda shine tsauni mafi tsawo a Afirka yana arewa maso gabashin kasar Tanzania ne.

Yancirani dasuka shiga Tanzania sun hada masu magana da harshen Southern Cushitic wadanda sukazo daga Ethiopia (Habasha);[3] Eastern Cushitic people who moved into Tanzania from north of Lake Turkana about 2,000 and 4,000 years ago;[3] and the Southern Nilotes, sunhada da Datoog, wadanda asalin su daga yankin iyakar South Sudan–Ethiopia ayanzu, tun daga shekara ta 2,900 da 2,400 dasuka shude.[3][3][4]

Mulkin mallakan turawa yafara ne da asalin garin Tanzania a karshe karshen karni na 19th lokacin da Jamus ta kirkira German East Africa, inda hakan yaba Britaniya damar kwashe su yayin World War I. Asalin garin shine Tanganyika, tareda Zanzibar Archipelago wanda aka keba dan hukuncin yanmulkin mallaka. Bayan basu yanci kai a 1961 da 1963, sai garuruwan biyu suka hade a watan April 1964 inda suka kafa Kasar hadaddiyar jamhoriyar Tanzania.[5]

Majalisar Dinkin Duniya ta kiyasta yawan mutanen Tanzania sunkai kusan miliyan 16, Tsarin mulkin kasar, tsarin Shugaban kasa ne akan bin dokar constitutional Jamhoriya tun daga shekara ta 1996, babban birnin tarayyar kasar itace Dodoma anan ne fadar gwamnati da Majalisa da wasu hukumomi na gwamnatin suke.[6] Dar es Salaam, tsohuwar babban birnin Kasar ita tacigaba da rike msfi yawan hukumomin gwamnatin, kuma itace birni mafi yawa a kasar, da babban tashar ruwa, kuma jagorar kasuwancin kasar.[5][7][8] Tanzania is a de facto one-party state with the democratic socialist Chama Cha Mapinduzi party in power.

Tanzania takasance mai yawan tsaunuka kuma tanada cunkoson mutane a arewa maso gabashin kasar, inda tsaunin Kilimanjaro yake. Three of Africa's Great Lakes sunada bangare a Tanzania. Daga arewa da yamma akwai Lake Victoria, Africa's largest lake, da kuma Tanganyika, lake din dayafi zurfi a Afirka, yashahara a iri kifayansa, gabar gabashi nada zafi da damshi, tareda Zanzibar Archipelago tsibiri. Kalambo Falls, yana nan a Kalambo River a Zambian border, is the second highest uninterrupted waterfall a Africa.[9] Menai Bay Conservation Area shine babban yankin Zanzibar marine dake samun kulawa.

Sama da yaruka 100 daban daban ne ake amfani dasu a kasar Tanzania, haka yasa yazama kasa mafi mabanbantan harsuna a gabashin Afirka.[10] The country does not have a de jure official language,citation needed|date=September 2017}} although the national language is Swahili.[11] ana amfani da harshen Swahili dan tattaunawa a Majalisar kasar, da kananan kotuna kuma harshen da ake magana dashi a primary school. Turanci kuma ana amfani dashi a kasuwanni da diplomacy, da manyan kotuna, kuma harshen a secondary da manyan makarantu,[10] dukda gwamnatin Tanzanian tana shirin daina amfani da turanci a kasar.[12] kusan kashi 10 na yan'Tanzania suke amfani da Swahili a matsayin harshen su na farko amma kusan kashi 90 a matsayin nabiyu suka dauke shi.[10]


Ƙasashen Afirka
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Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. cite web | url=https://dictionary.reference.com/browse/tanzania | title=Tanzania | Define Tanzania at Dictionary.com | website=Dictionary.reference.com | accessdate=19 February 2014
  2. cite web|url=https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/tanzania%7Ctitle=Tanzania%7Cwork=Oxford Dictionaries Online|accessdate=October 28, 2018
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Genetics
  4. cite book | author=Christopher Ehret | title=An African Classical Age: Eastern and Southern Africa in World History, 1000 B.C. to A.D. 400 | url=https://books.google.com/books?id=1i-IBmCeNhUC | date=2001 | publisher=University Press of Virginia | isbn=978-0-8139-2057-3
  5. 5.0 5.1 Central Intelligence Agency. "Tanzania". The World Factbook. 
  6. Template:Cite news
  7. "The Tanzania National Website: Country Profile". Tanzania.go.tz. Archived from the original on 25 November 2013. Retrieved 1 May 2010. 
  8. "Dar es Salaam Port". Tanzaniaports.com. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2014. 
  9. "Kalambo Falls". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 cite book | author1=Ulrich Ammon | author2=Norbert Dittmar | author3=Klaus J. Mattheier | title=Sociolinguistics: An International Handbook of the Science of Language and Society | url=https://books.google.com/books?id=LMZm0w0k1c4C&pg=PA1967 | year=2006 | publisher=Walter de Gruyter | isbn=978-3-11-018418-1 | page=1967
  11. cite web | title=Tanzania Profile | url=https://tanzania.go.tz/home/pages/68 | website=Tanzania.go.tz | publisher=Tanzanian Government | accessdate=23 July 2017 | deadurl=yes | archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20170802124344/https://tanzania.go.tz/home/pages/68 | archivedate=2 August 2017 | df=dmy-all
  12. cite news | url=https://afkinsider.com/88774/tanzania-ditches-english-education-overhaul-plan/ | agency=AFK Insider | title=Tanzania Ditches English In Education Overhaul Plan | date=17 February 2015 | accessdate=23 February 2015


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