Samia Suluhu Hassan

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Samia Suluhu Hassan (an haife ta 27 Janairu 1960) 'yar siyasar Tanzaniya ce wacce ke aiki a matsayin shugabar Tanzaniya ta shida kuma a yanzu. Ita mamba ce a jam'iyyar Social-Democrat Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM). Suluhu ita ce shugabar gwamnati mace ta uku a wata kasa ta Gabashin Afirka (EAC), bayan Sylvie Kinigi a Burundi da Agathe Uwilingiyimana a Ruwanda, kuma ita ce shugabar mace ta farko a Tanzaniya. Ta fara aiki a ranar 19 ga Maris 2021 bayan mutuwar Shugaba John Magufuli a ranar 17 ga Maris 2021.

Dan asalin Zanzibar Suluhu ta yi minista a yankin mai cin gashin kansa a lokacin gwamnatin shugaba Amani Karume. Ta taba zama ‘yar majalisa mai wakiltar mazabar Makunduchi daga 2010 zuwa 2015 sannan ta kasance ministar kasa a ofishin mataimakin shugaban kasa kan harkokin kungiyar daga 2010 zuwa 2015. A shekarar 2014, an zabe ta a matsayin mataimakiyar shugabar majalisar mazabar da ke da alhakin tsara sabon kundin tsarin mulkin kasar.

Suluhu ta zama mace ta farko a matsayin mataimakiyar shugaban kasar Tanzaniya bayan babban zaben shekarar 2015, bayan an zabe ta a kan tikitin CCM tare da shugaba Magufuli. An sake zaben Suluhu da Magufuli a karo na biyu a shekarar 2020. Ta yi aiki a matsayin shugabar rikon kwarya mace ta biyu a cikin EAC a takaice - shekaru 27 bayan Sylvie Kinigi ta Burundi, wanda ya kai kusan karshen shekara ta 1993.

Rayuwar farko[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An haifi Suluhu a ranar 27 ga Janairun 1960 a Makunduchi, wani tsohon gari a tsibirin Unguja, a cikin masarautar Zanzibar.

Ta yi karatun sakandare a shekarar 1977 kuma ta fara aiki.Daga baya, ta ci gaba da karatun gajerun kwasa-kwasan lokaci-lokaci.A shekara ta 1986, ta kammala karatun digiri a Cibiyar Gudanar da Ci Gaba (Jami'ar Mzumbe ta yau) tare da difloma mai zurfi a aikin gwamnati.

Tsakanin 1992 zuwa 1994, ta halarci Jami'ar Manchester kuma ta sami digiri na biyu a fannin tattalin arziki.A cikin 2015, ta sami MSc dinta a Ci gaban Tattalin Arziƙin Al'umma ta hanyar haɗin gwiwa-shirin tsakanin Buɗaɗɗen Jami'ar Tanzaniya da Jami'ar Kudancin New Hampshire.

Aiki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Bayan kammala karatunta na sakandare, Ma’aikatar Tsare-tsare da Raya Kasa ta dauke ta aiki a matsayin ma’aikaciya. Bayan kammala karatun digirinta na aikin gwamnati, an ɗauke ta aiki a wani aiki da Hukumar Abinci ta Duniya ta ɗauki nauyinta.

Aikin siyasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 2000, ta yanke shawarar tsayawa takarar kujerar gwamnati. An zabe ta a matsayin mamba ta musamman a majalisar wakilai ta Zanzibar kuma shugaba Amani Karume ya nada ta minista. Ita ce mace daya tilo da ke rike da mukamin minista a majalisar ministocin kuma abokan aikinta maza “sun raina" saboda ita mace ce. An sake zabe ta a shekara ta 2005 kuma an sake nada ta a matsayin minista a wani babban fayil.

A shekara ta 2010, ta nemi takarar Majalisar Dokoki ta kasa, inda ta tsaya a mazabar Makunduchi kuma ta yi nasara da fiye da kashi 80%. Shugaba Jakaya Kikwete ya nada ta a matsayin karamar ministar harkokin kungiyar. A shekarar 2014, an zabe ta a matsayin mataimakiyar shugabar majalisar mazabar da aka dorawa alhakin rubuta sabon kundin tsarin mulkin kasar.

A watan Yulin 2015, dan takarar shugaban kasa na CCM John Magufuli ya zabe ta a matsayin abokin takararsa a zaben 2015,[1] wanda ya sa ta zama mace ta farko da ta tsaya takara a tarihin jam'iyyar. A ranar 5 ga Nuwamba 2015 ta zama mace ta farko mataimakiyar shugaban kasa a tarihin kasar bayan nasarar Magufuli a zaben. An sake zaben Magufuli da Suluhu a karo na biyu na shekara biyar a ranar 28 ga Oktoba 2020.

Fadar shugaban kasa[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Taswirorin da ke nuna kasashen da Hassan ya kai ziyarar aiki a lokacin da yake shugaban kasa.

A ranar 17 ga Maris 2021, Suluhu ta sanar da cewa Magufuli ya mutu bayan ya yi fama da rashin lafiya; tun karshen watan Fabrairu ba a ga Magufuli a bainar jama'a ba. An rantsar da ita a matsayin magajinsa a ranar 19 ga Maris 2021, kuma za ta yi aiki daidai da wa'adin shekaru biyar na Magufuli na biyu. Jinkirin da aka samu a farkon wa'adinta ya zo ne saboda kundin tsarin mulkin kasar Tanzaniya ya fito fili ya bukaci mataimakin shugaban kasar da ya rantsar da shugaban kasa kafin ya hau kan kujerar shugabancin kasar; Shugabannin 'yan adawa sun nuna damuwa game da yiwuwar "vacuum" lokacin da 18 ga Maris ya wuce ba tare da an rantsar da Suluhu ba. Bayan an rantsar da ita, Suluhu ta zama shugabar kasa mace ta farko a Tanzaniya. Ita ce kuma Zanzibari ta biyu da ta rike mukamin, kuma Musulma ta uku bayan Ali Hassan Mwinyi da Jakaya Kikwete. Ta kuma zama ɗaya daga cikin shugabannin mata biyu masu hidima a Afirka, tare da Sahle-Work Zewde ta Habasha. A tsarin mulkin kasar dai, tun da ta hau karagar mulkin Magufuli fiye da shekaru uku, idan ta kammala wannan wa'adi za ta samu cikakken wa'adi daya ne kawai idan ta yanke shawarar tsayawa takara a zabe mai zuwa.[2]

Gwamnatin Suluhu ta fara kokarin dakile annobar COVID-19 a Tanzaniya, sabanin shakkun kwayar cutar a zamanin Magufuli.An sanya dokar hana fita ta kwanaki 14 ga matafiya masu shigowa Tanzaniya daga ƙasashen da ke da sabbin bambance-bambancen SARS-CoV-2. An ba baƙi shawarar su sanya abin rufe fuska, tsaftace kansu, da kuma aiwatar da nisantar da jama'a. Suluhu ta ba wa ofisoshin jakadanci da sauran kungiyoyin kasa da kasa damar shigo da alluran rigakafin cutar a cikin kasar don yi wa ‘yan kasashen waje allurar rigakafin yau da kullun na Tanzaniya, wanda Ma’aikatar Lafiya ta ba da taimako.

Rayuwa ta sirri[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekarar 1978, Suluhu ta auri Hafidh Ameirin, jami’in kula da harkokin noma wanda a shekarar 2014 ya yi ritaya.Suna da yara hudu. Diyarta Wanu Hafidh Ameir (an haife ta a shekara ta 1982), 'yar ma'auratan na biyu, kujera ce ta musamman a Majalisar Wakilai ta Zanzibar. A ranar 28 ga Yuli, 2021, an fara kamfen ɗin rigakafin COVID-19 a ƙarƙashin jagorancinta a Tanzaniya, tare da samun kashi na farko na rigakafin tare da yin kira ga dukkan 'yan Tanzaniya da su sami jabs suna cewa ƙasar "ba tsibiri ba ce".

Manazarta[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

  1. @ (12 July 2015). "Mgombea mwenza Urais 2015 wa Mhe. John Pombe Magufuli ni.." (Tweet) (in Swahili). Retrieved 12 July 2015 – via Twitter.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Constitution