Time 100

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Time 100
award
conferred byTime Gyara

Time 100 (sau da yawa akan kawata shi kamar haka TIME 100) jerengen jeri ne na fitattun mutane masu tasiri 100 a kowace shekara a duniya, wanda mujallar yada labarai ta taraiyar American Time ke tattarawa. An fara bugawa a cikin 1999 sakamakon muhawara a tsakanin masana ilimi na Amurka, 'yan siyasa, da' yan jaridu, yanzu jerin abubuwan da aka gabatar duk shekara ne. Bayyana akan jerin galibi ana ganin girmamawa ne, kuma Lokaci ya tabbatar da cewa an san masu shigo da fice don canza duniya, komai la’akari da sakamakon ayyukan su. Jerin sunayen masu fa'ida na ƙarshe waɗanda zaɓaɓɓen Lokaci ya zaɓa na musamman, tare da nadin suna fitowa ne daga tsofaffin ɗalibai na Lokaci 100 da kuma ma'aikatan marubutan ƙasa. Wanda ya lashe zaben mai karatu ne kawai, wanda aka gudanar kwanaki kafin a bayyana jerin sunayen mutane, manyan jama'a ne suka zaba. Ana gudanar da bikin tunawa da shekara-shekara a Manhattan, New York.

Ka'idojin zaɓi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 2004, Editocin Time sun gano "ababe uku mabanbanta na inganci" a lokacin da za'a zaba mutanen da za a jera.Babban edita Michael Elliott ya rubuta:

Na farko, akwai wadanda suka zo matsayin su ta hanyar mallakar hannun mutane sosai; Shugaba George W. Bush shine babban misali. Sauran, duk da cewa ba a taɓa jin su ba a cikin jama'a, amma duk da haka suna da tasiri a kan manyan al'amuran zamaninmu. Tunanin Ali Husaini Sistani, da Ayatullah na Iraki ta 'yan Shi'ah . Wasu kuma suna shafan rayuwar mu ta hanyar halayensu na kirki. Ka yi la’akari da afuwar da Nelson Mandela ya yi na wadanda suka kama shi da kuma yardarsa ya yi watsi da shugabancin Afirka ta Kudu bayan wa’adi guda.

Ga jerin 2007, editan manajan Richard Stengel ya fayyace cewa Lokaci 100 ya mayar da hankali ne akan manyan mutane masu rinjaye maimakon wadanda suka fi fice, ko manyan mutane, ko kuma manyan mutane. Ya ce:

Tasirin da wuya a auna, kuma abin da muke nema shi ne mutanen da ra'ayoyinsu, wanda gurbi, wanda gwanintarsa, waɗanda bincikensu ya canza duniyar da muke rayuwa a ciki. Tasiri ba shi da ƙarfi game da ƙarfin ƙarfin ƙarfi fiye da taushi mai ƙarfi na tunani da misali. Ee, akwai shuwagabannin shugabanni da masu zartarwar da za su iya canza duniya ta hanyar amfani da wutar lantarki, amma mun fi sha'awar masu kirkirar kirki kamar Monty Jones, masanin kimiyyar Saliyo wanda ya bunkasa nau'in shinkafa wanda zai iya cutar da Afirka. Ko kuma jarumai kamar babban daraktan chess Garry Kasparov, wanda ke jagorantar yaƙin neman zaɓe don babban dimokiradiyya a Rasha. Ko Academy Award -winning actor George Clooney wanda ya leveraged ya celebrity kawo hankali ga bala'i a yankin Darfur .

Tarihi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

2004-2008[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

2009[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A shekara ta 2009, wanda ya lashe zaben ta yanar gizo shine mai kafa 4chan Christopher Poole, wanda ya samu kuri'u 16,794,368. Lokaci ya yi da'awar cewa ƙungiyar su ta fasaha "sun gano kuma sun kashe ƙoƙarin da dama don ɓata ƙuri'ar". Koyaya, an nuna shi makonni kafin a kawo ƙarshen zaɓen cewa masu haɓaka suna da tasiri sosai sakamakon. Harafin farko na manyan sunayen 21 sun bayyana "marblecake kuma wasan ". Marblecake an batsa 4chan meme, kuma #marblecake shi ne sunan Internet Relay Chat tashar amfani da shi don sadarwa da wasu daga cikin mahalarta a magudi da zabe.

2010[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A ta online gabatar, Lokaci ya gabatar da jerin kamar haka: "A cikin mu shekara-shekara Lokaci 100 batun, mun suna cikin mutanen da suka fi shafan duniya". An tsara jerin abubuwan gaba ɗaya tare da manyan jerin ƙananan :an ƙasa guda huɗu: Shugabanni, jarumawa, istsan wasa, da Tunani. Oprah Winfrey ta ci gaba da kasancewa cikin jerin abubuwanda take kasancewa cikin jerin lokuta 100, kuma tana daya daga cikin mata 31 da ke cikin jerin. Jerin ya hada sunayen mutane da yawa da ake tsammanin da kuma wasu abubuwan ban mamaki kamar su Scott Brown, wanda HuffPost ya bayyana a matsayin wanda ya fara zuwa matakin farko a lokacin aikin sa. Sauran wadanda aka yi la’akari da zaben mamakin sun hada da Elton John, Ashton Kutcher, da Taylor Swift, a cewar jaridar Daily Mail .

Jerin sun hada da Indiyawan 10, amma a cewar wata tashar watsa labarai a Indiya, Lokaci ya fuskanci sukar lokacin da suka kauracewa fitaccen jarumin fina-finan Bollywood Shah Rukh Khan daga cikin jerin, duk da cewa yana cikin 'tseren ". A cewar Rob Cain na Forbes, “Khan shi ne babba kuma babban abin girmamawa [a Indiya]”, kuma shahararren Khan da ke biye yana daya daga cikin mafi girma a Bollywood. Kamar wannan, wannan shawarar ta zo da mamaki ga masu karatu.

Sanarwar jerin sunayen ta hanyar bikin baƙar fata ta blackan wasa a Cibiyar Gargadi ta lokaci a cikin New York City a ranar 4 ga Mayu, 2010. An buga jerin sunayen a washegari. Masu karatu na lokaci sun ba da gudummawa ga zaɓin ta hanyar jefa kuri'a na kan layi waɗanda sama da 200 suka kammala.

2011[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Time ya gabatar da jerin kamar haka: "Haɗu da mafi yawan mutane masu tasiri a duniya. Su ne masu fasaha da masu fafutuka, masu kawo canji da masu bincike, shugabannin kasashe, da shugabannin masana'antu. Tunaninsu ya haskaka tattaunawa da sabani kuma wani lokacin ma juyin juya hali. Barka da zuwa Lokaci na 100 na wannan shekara. " An yi wannan sanarwar ne tare da bikin baje kolin bakar fata a New York City a ranar 26 ga Afrilu, 2011. Wadanda aka karrama sun hada da wadanda suka halarci bikin a jerin gwanon a Jazz a cibiyar Lincoln don bikin. Masu karatu na lokaci sun ba da gudummawa ga zaɓin ta hanyar jefa kuri'a na kan layi waɗanda sama da 200 suka kammala.

Jerin ya kunshi sanannun shugabanni irin su Shugaban Amurka Barack Obama da shugabar gwamnatin Jamus Angela Merkel, da kuma 'sababbin shiga' ga manema labarai na duniya. Jerin sunayen sun hada da adadi da yawa wadanda ke wakiltar lokacin bazarar Larabawa a Gabas ta Tsakiya, wadanda suka hada da 'yan tawaye, shugabannin siyasa, da kuma masu aiko da labarai. An kuma lissafa adadi na kafofin watsa labaru waɗanda basu da dangantaka da Tsarin Arab. Bugu da ƙari, Yarima William da Kate Middleton sun kasance cikin jerin sunayen yayin sati kafin bikin auren su. Jerin sunayen sun hada da Katsunobu Sakurai, magajin garin Minamisōma, Fukushima, wanda shi ne birni da girgizar kasa da tsunami ta tsunami ta shafa a shekara ta 2011 .

2012–13[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

2014[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An bayyana a ranar 24 ga Afrilu, 2014, jerin sun nuna Beyoncé a murfin Amurka da Robert Redford, Jason Collins, da Mary Barra a cikin suttukan kasa da kasa. Jerin ya hada da mata 41, wadanda suka fi yawa a tarihin. An gudanar da bikin ranar 29 ga Afrilu, 2014, a birnin New York.   [ <span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (November 2019)">Lissafi da ake bukata</span> ]Template:Quote Daga shekarar 2005 zuwa 2008, Time magazine bayar da daya daga Darko Mladenovic ta Ray crystal sculptures to kowane Lokaci 100 honoree. Swarovski ne ya samar da waɗannan zanen.   [ <span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources. (November 2019)">Lissafi da ake bukata</span> ]

Jayayya[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jayayya akan wadanda ba'a sanya su aciki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Warewar Firayim Ministan Biritaniya na lokacin Tony Blair daga cikin jerin sunayen 2004 ya haifar da takaddama mai saukin kai. Editan editan lokaci Michael J. Elliott ya kare matakin da Blae ya dauka na cewa Blair Schröder da Jacques Chirac ba sa nan. Wannan jerin duniya ne. Babu wasu shugabannin siyasa na Yammacin Turai a kanta saboda ba su da ƙarfi ko iko a wannan lokacin ”.

Kodayake George W. Bush ya kasance kan jerin mutane da yawa, amma rigima ta kunno kai lokacin da aka sauke shi daga cikin jerin a 2007 saboda nasarar Democratic a zaben majalissar na 2006 . Tsohon Sanata Rick Santorum (R – PA) na Fox News ya ce:

Gaskiyar lamarin ita ce, shugaban Amurka, ban damu ba wanene a cikin waccan ofishin, shi ne ya fi kowa karfi a fuskar Duniya kuma yana da tasiri kan bangarori daban-daban na rayuwa, ba kawai a wannan kasar ba., amma a duniya. Kuma don mujallar Time don yin watsi da hakan kawai yana nuna muku yadda ake nuna son kai kuma, zan yi jayayya, suna ƙiyayya.

Adi Ignatius, Time ' mataimakin manajan editan wanda jagoranci jerin a lokacin, ya bayyana cewa "wani shugaban Amurka yana da wani gina-in tasiri   . . . Bush ya zazzage wasu daga waɗannan tasirin. Matsayinta game da Iraki ya kashe masa goyon baya a cikin jam’iyyarsa.   . . . Zuwa wani matsayi, ya kai matsayin gurgu mai rauni "

Jayayya akan wadanda ake sanyawa aciki[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

Jerin ya kuma haifar da jayayya game da kutsawa cikin jama'a. A 2005, an yi sharhi mai sharhi Ann Coulter, wanda ya jagoranci Salon lura:

Lokacin da mujallar Time mai suna Ann Coulter ta kasance cikin mutane "100 da suka fi yin fice" a makon da ya gabata, tare da manyan maganganu irin su Ariel Sharon, Bill Clinton, Nelson Mandela, Kim Jong-il, da Dalai Lama, zaɓin sun haifar da guffaws akan layi. Da yake tofa albarkacin bakinsa kan Fox News a makon da ya gabata, Editan zartarwa na Time Priscilla Painton ya nace cewa amfani da Coulter na "dariya" ya sa ta yi tasiri sosai, ta daina takaice cewa Coulter ita ce mai ra'ayin mazan jiya Jon Stewart . Amma hatta Bill O'Reilly na Fox ba sa sayen shi. Ya matse Painton: "Kuna ganin mutane, Amurkawa, suna sauraron Ann Coulter? Shin kuna ganin tana da tasiri a ra'ayin jama'a? "

Mujallar Time ta kare Coulter a matsayin marubucin balle mai magana wanda sharhi mai jayayya ya shafi muhawara ta siyasa a cikin Coulter ta Amurka, ba ta yin ƙarin bayyanuwa a cikin jerin ba.

Kurakurai[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

A watan Fabrairun 2016, Lokaci ya haɗa da mawakiyar Burtaniya Evelyn Waugh a jerin "Mawallafin Mata 100 da Aka karanta a cikin Makarantun Kwaleji", suna haifar da hankalin kafofin watsa labarai da damuwa game da binciken gaskiya a cikin mujallar. Lokaci daga baya ya bayar da bita. A cikin hirar da BBC ta yi da Justin Webb, malamin Oxford din, Valentine Cunningham ya ce kuskuren "wani babban jahilci ne a bangaren mujallar Time ".

Yin amfani da bincike na ilimi[gyara sashe | Gyara masomin]

An ambaci Lokaci 100 a cikin bincike na ilimi da Craig Garthwaite da Tim Moore, masanan tattalin arziki a Jami'ar Maryland, College Park . Sakamakon Oprah Winfrey a wancan lokacin rike da rikodin mafi yawan lokuta akan Lokaci 100, masanan tattalin arziki sun yanke shawarar aunawa idan Winfrey yana da tasiri wanda ya isa ya yanke shawarar zaben shugaban Amurka ta hanyar nazarin tasirin Barack Obama na shugaban kasa. Masanin tattalin arziki ya rubuta kamar haka: