Jump to content

Umaru Musa Yar'adua

Daga Wikipedia, Insakulofidiya ta kyauta.
(an turo daga Umaru Yar'Adua)
Umaru Musa Yar'adua
shugaban ƙasar Najeriya

29 Mayu 2007 - 5 Mayu 2010
Olusegun Obasanjo - Goodluck Jonathan
gwamnan jihar Katsina

29 Mayu 1999 - 29 Mayu 2007
Joseph Akaagerger - Ibrahim Shema
Rayuwa
Haihuwa Katsina, 16 ga Augusta, 1951
ƙasa Najeriya
Harshen uwa Fillanci
Mutuwa Aso Rock Villa, 5 Mayu 2010
Makwanci Jihar Katsina
Yanayin mutuwa  (Churg-Strauss syndrome (en) Fassara)
Ƴan uwa
Mahaifi Musa Yar'Adua
Abokiyar zama Turai Yar'Adua  (1975 -  5 Mayu 2010)
Ahali Shehu Musa Yar'Adua
Karatu
Makaranta Kwalejin Barewa
Jami'ar Ahmadu Bello
Harsuna Turanci
Fillanci
Hausa
Sana'a
Sana'a ɗan siyasa, university teacher (en) Fassara da entrepreneur (en) Fassara
Imani
Addini Musulunci
Jam'iyar siyasa Peoples Democratic Party
Umaru Musa Yar'adua

Umaru Musa Yar'adua ( an haife shi a ranar 16 ga watan Augusta shekara ta alif ɗari tara da hamsin da ɗaya, 1951  – ya rasu a 5 ga watan Mayu shekara ta dubu biyu da goma, 2010) ɗan siyasan Najeriya ne wanda ya kasance shugaban Najeriya daga shekarar dubu biyu da bakwai, 2007 zuwa shekarar dubu biyu da goma, 2010. An ayyana shi a matsayin wanda ya lashe zaɓen shugaban ƙasar Najeriya da aka gudanar a ranar 21 ga watan Afrilun shekarar dubu biyu da bakwai, 2007, kuma an rantsar dashi a ranar 29 ga Mayun shekarar dubu biyu da bakwai, 2007.

Ya taɓa zama gwamnan Jihar Katsina daga shekarar alif ɗari tara da chasa'in da tara, 1999 zuwa shekarar dubu biyu da bakwai, 2007; kuma ɗan jam'iyyar PDP ne. A shekarar dubu biyu da tara, 2009, Ƴar'adua ya tafi Saudi Arabia don neman magani na pericarditis. Ya dawo gida Najeriya a ranar 24 ga Fabrairu, shekara ta dubu biyu da goma, 2010, inda ya rasu a ranar 5 ga watan Mayu na wannan shekarar.

Rayuwar Farko[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An haifi Ƴar’aduwa a garin Katsina ; mahaifinsa Musa ’Yar’aduwa, ya kasance Ministan Legas a jamhuriyya ta farko kuma ya riƙe sarautar Matawalle ( mai kula da taskar sarauta) na Masarautar Katsina, laƙabin da Ƴar’adua ya gada kenan. Kakansa, Malam Umaru, shi ma ya taɓa rike mukamin Matawallen Katsinan yayin da kakarsa Binta, Bafulatana ce daga ƙabilar Sullubawa, ta kasance gimbiya a masarautar Katsina, kuma ƙanwar Sarki Muhammadu Dikko . [1]

Alhaji Umaru Ƴar’adua ya auri Turai Umaru Yar’adua na Katsina a shekarar alif ɗari tara da saba'in da biyar, 1975; sun haifi ƴaƴa bakwai (ƴaƴa mata biyar da maza biyu) da jikoki da dama. Ƴar su mai suna Zainab tana auren tsohon gwamnan jihar Kebbi Usman Saidu Nasamu Ɗakingari .

Wata kuma, Nafisa tana auren Isa Yuguda tsohon gwamnan jihar Bauchi ; kuma Maryam ta auri Ibrahim Shema tsohon gwamnan jihar Katsina . Ƴar’adua ya auri Hauwa Umar Radda daga shekarar alif ɗari tara da chasa'in da biyu, 1992 zuwa shekara ta alif ɗari tara da chasa'in da bakwai, 1997, kuma ya haifi ƴaƴa biyu.

Karatu[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Ya fara karatunsa a makarantar firamare ta Rafukka a shekarar 1958, sannan ya koma Dutsinma Primary School a shekarar 1962. Ya halarci Kwalejin Gwamnati da ke Keffi daga 1965 zuwa 1969. A 1971 ya sami takardar shedar Sakandare a Kwalejin Barewa . Ya halarci Jami’ar Ahmadu Bello da ke Zariya daga 1972 zuwa 1975, inda ya samu digiri na farko a fannin Ilimi da hada magunguna, sannan ya dawo a 1978 inda ya yi digiri na biyu a fannin hada magunguna . [2]

Kafin Zama Shugaban Kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Aikin farko da Yar'adua ya fara yi shine a Holy Child College da ke Legas (1975–76). Daga nan ya yi aiki a matsayin malami a Kwalejin Fasaha, Kimiyya da Fasaha da ke Zariya, Jihar Kaduna, tsakanin 1976 zuwa 1979. A cikin 1979, ya fara aiki a matsayin malami a Kwalejin Kimiyyar Fasaha, ya ci gaba da kasancewa a wannan matsayi har zuwa 1983, lokacin da ya fara aiki a fannin kamfanoni.

'Yar'adua ya yi aiki a Sambo Farms Ltd da ke Funtua, Jihar Katsina, a matsayin babban Manaja a tsakanin 1983 zuwa 1989. Ya taba zama mamba a kamfanin samar da kayan noma na jihar Katsina tsakanin shekarar 1984 zuwa 1985, kuma memba a majalisar gudanarwa ta kwalejin fasaha ta Katsina Zariya da Katsina Polytechnic tsakanin 1978 zuwa 1983, shugaban hukumar zuba jari da raya kadarori ta jihar Katsina tsakanin 1994 zuwa 1996.

Ya kuma yi aiki a matsayin darakta na kamfanoni da dama, ciki har da Habib Nigeria Bank Ltd, 1995 zuwa 1999; Lodigiani Nigeria Ltd, 1987 zuwa 1999, Hamada Holdings, 1983 zuwa 1999; da Madara Ltd, Vom, Jos, 1987 zuwa 1999. Ya kasance Shugaban Kamfanin Jarida na Nation House, Kaduna, daga 1995 zuwa 1999.

Siyasar jam'iyya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A lokacin Jamhuriyya ta Biyu (1979 – 83), ‘Yar’aduwa ya kasance memba na Jam’iyyar Fansa ta Jama’a ta hagu, yayin da mahaifinsa ya kasance Mataimakin Shugaban Jam’iyyar ta Kasa a takaice. A lokacin shirin mika mulki na Janar Ibrahim Babangida zuwa jamhuriya ta uku, Yar'adua na daya daga cikin jiga-jigan jam'iyyar Peoples Front of Nigeria tare da wasu mambobi irin su Atiku Abubakar, Baba Gana Kingibe, Bola Tinubu, Sabo Bakin Zuwo, Wada Abubakar. Abdullahi Aliyu Sumaila, Abubakar Koko and Rabiu Musa Kwankwaso, kungiyar siyasa karkashin jagorancin babban yayansa marigayi Manjo-Janar Shehu Musa Yar'Adua . Daga baya waccan kungiyar ta hade ta kafa jam’iyyar Social Democratic Party . 'Yar'Adua ya kasance mamba ne a Majalisar Zartarwa ta 1988. Ya kasance dan jam’iyyar APC na kasa kuma sakataren jam’iyyar SDP a jihar Katsina kuma ya tsaya takarar gwamna a shekarar 1991, amma ya sha kaye a hannun Saidu Barda, dan takarar jam’iyyar Republican Convention kuma abokin Babangida.

Gwamnan Katsina[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A shekarar 1999 Yar'Adua ya lashe zaben gwamnan jihar. [1] Shine gwamna na farko da ya bayyana kadarorin sa a bainar jama'a. Gwamnatin Yar’adua ta ga abubuwa daban-daban a jihar. Katsina ta zama jiha ta biyar a arewacin Najeriya da ta dauki shari'a, ko kuma shari'ar Musulunci. An ba da fifiko ga ilimi kuma an gina makarantu da yawa a yankunan karkara. Yar'adua ya kuma cika alkawarinsa na gudanar da ingantacciyar gwamnati, tare da dakile cin hanci da rashawa. A 2003, daga baya aka sake zaɓen shi a karo na biyu a kan mulki kuma wanda ya gaje shi shine Ibrahim Shema .

Zaben shugaban kasa na 2007[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  A ranakun 16 zuwa 17 ga Disamba 2006, an zabi ‘Yar’Adua a matsayin dan takarar shugaban kasa na jam’iyyar People’s Democratic Party a zaben Afrilun 2007, inda ya samu kuri’u 3,024 daga wakilan jam’iyyar; Babban abokin hamayyarsa, Rochas Okorocha, ya samu kuri'u 372. Nasarar da 'Yar'adua ya samu a zaben fidda gwanin dai an alakanta shi da goyon bayan shugaban kasa mai ci Olusegun Obasanjo ; [3] A lokacin da aka nada shi mutum ne da ba a sani ba a fagen kasa, kuma an bayyana shi a matsayin "dan tsana" na Obasanjo wanda ba zai iya lashe zaben ba a cikin kyakkyawan yanayi. [4] Jim kadan bayan lashe zaben, Yar'adua ya zabi Goodluck Jonathan, gwamnan jihar Bayelsa, a matsayin dan takararsa na mataimakin shugaban kasa. [3] [4] Wani ra’ayi na goyon bayan da ya samu daga shugaban kasa Olusegun Obasanjo shi ne, yana daya daga cikin gwamnonin da ba su da tabo, ba tare da wani tuhuma ko tuhume-tuhume na almundahana ba. [4] Ya kuma kasance dan jam'iyyar People's Democratic Movement (PDM) – wani katafaren siyasa mai karfi da dan uwansa, Shehu Musa Yar’adua ya kafa, wanda kuma shi ne mataimakin shugaban kasa na Obasanjo a lokacin mulkin soja .

A zaben shugaban kasa da aka gudanar a ranar 21 ga watan Afrilun 2007, 'Yar'Adua ya yi nasara da kashi 70% na kuri'u ( kuri'u 24.6 million ) bisa ga sakamakon da aka fitar a ranar 23 ga Afrilu. Zaben ya kasance mai cike da cece-kuce. An yi kakkausar suka daga masu lura da al’amura, da kuma ‘yan takarar jam’iyyar adawa guda biyu, Muhammadu Buhari na jam’iyyar ANPP da Atiku Abubakar na jam’iyyar Action Congress (AC), sakamakon da aka yi watsi da shi da cewa an tafka magudi a zaban ‘Yar’aduwa. .

Fadar shugaban kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Bayan zaben, 'Yar'adua ya ba da shawarar kafa gwamnatin hadin kan kasa. A karshen watan Yunin 2007, jam’iyyun adawa biyu, ANPP da Progressive Peoples Alliance (PPA), sun amince su shiga gwamnatin Yar’adua.

Majalisar ministoci[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

An rantsar da sabuwar majalisar ministocin Yar'adua a ranar 26 ga Yuli 2007. Ya kunshi ministoci 39, ciki har da guda biyu na jam'iyyar ANPP. [5]

Ajanda na kasa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A watan Agustan 2007, gwamnatin ta fitar da wani ajandar guda bakwai da za ta zama jigon warware matsalolin da gwamnatin ke fuskanta tare da bayyana burin daukaka Nijeriya ta kasance cikin kasashe ashirin mafi karfin tattalin arziki a duniya nan da shekarar 2020:

  • Kayan aiki, iko da makamashi
  • Samar da abinci
  • Habaka Tattalin arziki
  • Sufuri
  • Gyaran ƙasa
  • Tsaro
  • Ilimi

Sakamakon rashin lafiya da mutuwarsa, gwamnati ta kasa fahimtar ajanda. [6] Ba'a samu isassun kudade a fannin wutar lantarki ba, ba a rufe gibin ababen more rayuwa da kuma matsalar yin garambawul ga dokokin amfani da filaye ya kawo cikas ga sake fasalin dokar mallakar filaye. [6]

Sauye Sauyen Dokokin Zabe[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Umar Musa Yaradua ya kafa kwamitin sake fasalin zaben shugaban kasa domin duba al’amuran shari’a, cibiyoyin zamantakewa da siyasa da kuma matsalolin tsaro da suka shafi inganci da ingancin zabe a kasar da kuma bayar da shawarwari kan inganta sahihancin zabe. Kwamitin garambawul din ya kasance karkashin jagorancin Muhammadu Uwais, tsohon babban alkalin kotun koli . Daga cikin shawarwarin da kwamitin ya bayar akwai matakan da kundin tsarin mulkin kasar ya shimfida na tabbatar da hukumar zabe ta INEC da gaske, tare da kawar da wasu ayyukan INEC tare da kafa hukumar zabe da hukumar rajistar jam’iyyu. Har ila yau, ta ba da shawarar a gaggauta warware kalubalen shari'a na zabuka, mai yiwuwa kafin bikin rantsar da wanda ya lashe kujerar da ake kalubalantarsa.

Rashin lafiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Shugaba 'Yar'adua ya bar Najeriya ne a ranar 23 ga Nuwamba, 2009, kuma an ruwaito yana jinyar cutar sankarau a wani asibiti a Saudiyya . Ba a sake ganinsa a bainar jama'a ba, kuma rashinsa ya haifar da rashin wutar lantarki wanda wata kabila ta kwace. A ranar 22 ga Janairu, 2010, Kotun Koli ta Najeriya ta yanke hukuncin cewa Majalisar Zartarwa ta Tarayya (FEC) ta ba da kwanaki goma sha hudu don yanke hukunci kan ko ‘Yar’Adua ba zai iya gudanar da ayyukan ofishinsa ba. Hukuncin ya kuma bayyana cewa ya kamata Majalisar Zartarwa ta Tarayya ta saurari shaidar likitoci biyar, daya daga cikinsu ya zama likitan Yar’adua.

Kayarwar Lalura[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 10 ga Fabrairu, 2010, Majalisar Dattawa ta yi amfani da "rukunan zama dole" wajen mika wa mataimakin shugaban kasa Goodluck Jonathan ikon shugabancin kasa, tare da ayyana shi a matsayin mukaddashin shugaban kasa, tare da dukkan madafun iko, har sai Yar'Adua ya dawo cikin koshin lafiya. Mika mulki da wasu ke ganin ya sabawa doka, lauyoyin ‘yan adawa da ‘yan majalisar dokoki sun kira juyin mulki ba tare da maganar ba. Duk da haka, akwai wasu da suke jin rashin ikon zai haifar da rashin kwanciyar hankali da yiwuwar kwace sojoji.

Rayuwa ta sirri[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Lafiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A shekarar 2007, Umaru ‘Yar’aduwa, wanda ya yi fama da ciwon koda, ya kalubalanci masu sukarsa da su yi watsi da cewa a kokarinsa na kawo karshen cece-kuce game da lafiyarsa. A ranar 6 ga Maris 2007 an kai shi Jamus don dalilai na likita, wanda ya kara haifar da jita-jita game da lafiyarsa. Mai magana da yawunsa ya ce hakan ya faru ne saboda damuwa kuma ya ruwaito Yar’adua na cewa yana cikin koshin lafiya kuma nan ba da jimawa ba zai dawo yakin neman zabe. Wani rahoto da mai magana da yawun 'Yar'adua ya ki amincewa da shi, ya ce 'Yar'adua ya fadi ne bayan ya samu bugun zuciya.

Dukiya[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

A ranar 28 ga watan Yunin 2007, Yar'adua ya fito fili ya bayyana kadarorinsa daga watan Mayu (wanda ya zama shugaban Najeriya na farko da ya yi haka), a cewarsa yana da ₦ 856,452,892 ( US $ 5.8 million ) na dukiya, ₦19 million ( $0.1 million ). wanda na matarsa ne. Ya kuma ci bashin ₦88,793,269.77 ( $0.5 million ). Wannan bayanin da ya cika alkawarin da ya dauka kafin zaben, an yi shi ne domin ya zama abin koyi ga sauran ‘yan siyasar Najeriya da kuma dakile cin hanci da rashawa.

Mutuwa da bayansa[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  A ranar 24 ga Fabrairun 2010 Yar’adua ya koma Abuja cikin duhu. Ba a dai san halin lafiyarsa ba, amma akwai rade-radin cewa har yanzu yana kan injin taimakon rayuwa . Masana siyasa da addini daban-daban a Najeriya sun ziyarce shi a lokacin da yake jinya, inda suka ce zai samu sauki. Yar'Adua ya rasu ne a ranar 5 ga Mayu a fadar shugaban kasa ta Aso Rock . An yi jana'izar Musulunci a ranar 6 ga watan Mayu a mahaifarsa da ke Katsina .

Gwamnatin tarayyar Najeriya ta ayyana zaman makoki na kwanaki bakwai. Mukaddashin shugaban kasa Goodluck Jonathan ya ce “Najeriya ta yi hasarar kayan ado da ke kan rawanin ta, har ma sama da kasa suna makoki da al’ummarmu a daren yau. A matsayinmu na daidaiku da kasa baki daya mun yi addu’ar Allah ya ba shi lafiya. Amma muna yin tawassuli da cewa Maɗaukakin Sarki shi ne mai bayarwa kuma mai ɗaukar rai gaba ɗaya.”

Shugaban Amurka Barack Obama ya yi ta'aziyya, yana mai cewa: "Ya himmatu wajen samar da dawwamammen zaman lafiya da wadata a cikin iyakokin Najeriya, da kuma ci gaba da wannan aiki zai kasance wani muhimmin bangare na girmama abin da ya bari."

Duba kuma[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

 

Nassoshi[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Daily Trust, Yar'Adua Interview, 3 March 2007
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named biography
  3. 3.0 3.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Ashby2
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Bloomfield2
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named APA
  6. 6.0 6.1 Robert, Dr & Dode, Oghenedoro. (2019). Yar'adua 7-Point Agenda, the Mdgs and Sustainable Development in Nigeria.

Hanyoyin haɗi na waje[gyara sashe | gyara masomin]

Media related to Umaru Yar'Adua at Wikimedia Commons Quotations related to Umaru Musa Yar'adua at Wikiquote

Political offices
Magabata
{{{before}}}
Governor of Katsina Magaji
{{{after}}}
Magabata
{{{before}}}
President of Nigeria Magaji
{{{after}}}
Party political offices
Magabata
{{{before}}}
People's Democratic Party presidential nominee Magaji
{{{after}}}
Diplomatic posts
Magabata
{{{before}}}
Chairperson of the Economic Community of West African States Magaji
{{{after}}}

Samfuri:Governors of Katsina state